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2015, Vol.4, No.2

  • 1.

    Development of the G-STEAM Program and Its Application with the Application of Project Based Learning: Focusing on ‘Green City Project'

    Du Hyun Lee | 2015, 4(2) | pp.169~186 | number of Cited : 4
    This study as part of the project supported by 2015 STEAM Teachers‘ Research Group aims to develop the G-STEAM program which has undergone since 2013 and verify its effectiveness through the field application of the program. In this regard, this research selected a topic for project based learning called ’Green City Project‘ and attempted for the convergence of project based learning by selecting representing subjects of several curricula: Korean geography, world geography, and economics from social studies, life science from scientific studies, industry from industrial and technological studies, math 1 from mathematical studies, fine arts from artistic studies, and speech and writing from Korean language studies. This study developed G-STEAM program and applied it to the classroom to test its efficacy on the homogeneous group, and as a result, the experimental group showed more meaningful outcomes than the comparative group. Expert teachers in the classroom viewed the activity criterion of this project as one that sufficiently reflects the mechanism of STEAM and is very effective in applying to the field.
  • 2.

    Development and Application of Coteaching Model in Geography Education

    CHUN, BO AE | 2015, 4(2) | pp.187~200 | number of Cited : 2
    The primary focus of this study is to develop a coteaching model for geography education on the basis of Shulman’s Pedagogical Content Knowledge and to apply it to a specialized subject, “Global Issues” in a global high school in Seoul. After a semester-long implementation, the discourse between two co-teachers through computer-mediated communication were collected, and analyzed by qualitative research methods. The themes that emerged from data included (a) vigorous and active communication, (b) continuous reflection and feedback for contextualizing general pedagogical knowledge, (c) resultant content knowledge of specific region and context-specific pedagogical knowledge to plan instruction, make interactive decisions during lessons, and evaluate outcomes, and (d) full of enthusiasm for “working together” coteaching experience.
  • 3.

    Study on the Origin of Geographical Name ‘Gozan’

    Sungwook Cho | 2015, 4(2) | pp.201~216 | number of Cited : 0
    Geographical name ‘Gozan’ was known to be mainly originated from topography 'headland', but it is also necessary to consider possibility of origination from 'pier’. The research results can be summarized as follows. First, geographical name ‘Gozan’ is only located in the Western Coast region between Pyongnam and Jeonbuk Province, especially highly clustered around the Gulf of Gyeonggi. Second, all the locations of ‘Gozan’ are closely associated with the tidal ebb area of the Western Coast. Third, ‘Gozan’ has a variety of chinese names with different characters, but among them, ‘Gozan(古棧)’ is the most frequented and rear letter(棧) is almost same. It can be assumed that ‘Gozan(古棧)’ reflected the characteristic of the pier, which is the most close expression to the original meaning. Fourth, in terms of hierarchy of area, it can be assumed that there was a function related with the ‘Gozan’ in the past, but the function disappeared, and now remains the name as a relics. Fifth, by considering village's location, relation with the surrounding area, and relative elevation differences, it is difficult to make sure that the name was originated from 'headland' terrain. Sixth, in terms of presence with a ferry or catch geographical name, it can be assumed that ‘Gozan’ existed before the village which had the ferry or catch function, and lost the function which is a berthing facilities related fishing.
  • 4.

    Comparison of MIS 5e Marine Terraces between the Eastern Coast of Korea and Ajigasawa Coast of the Western Tsugaru Area of Northeastern Japan

    Seong-Gil Choi | Naoto Koiwa | 2015, 4(2) | pp.217~229 | number of Cited : 1
    The comparative study of MIS 5e marine terraces between the eastern coast of Korea and Ajigasawa coast of the western Tsugaru area of northeastern Japan was done to clarify the geomorphological charateristics of MIS 5e marine terrace of the eastern coast of Korea. The heights of paleoshoreline altitudes of MIS 5e marine terraces of the western Tsugaru coast of northeastern Japan are distributed from 15 meters (eastern area) to 160 meters (western area) above sea level, but those of the eastern coast of Korea are distributed at almost similar level of about 18 meters a.s.l. This difference of height distribution of paleoshoreline altitudes between the eastern coast of Korea and the western Tsugaru coast of Japan reveals that the characteristics of tectonic movement of these two regions have been different. The above-mentioned height distribution of paleoshoreline altitudes means that the western Tsugaru coast of Japan belongs to the present mobile belt, whereas the eastern coast of Korea belongs to stable landmass. The soil color of MIS 5e marine terraces of the eastern coast of Korea is redder than that of Ajigasawa coast of the western Tsugaru area of northeastern Japan. This fact reveals that the climate of the formation period and after of MIS 5e marine terrace of the eastern coast of Korea was warmer than that of Ajigasawa coast of the western Tsugaru area of northeastern Japan.
  • 5.

    An Applications of Remote Sensing Data for the Land Surface Characteristics Analysis of Ecological Stream Restoration Area in Daejeon Stream

    김재엽 | Dong-Ho Jang | 2015, 4(2) | pp.231~240 | number of Cited : 3
    Periodic monitoring of stream is an important activity on the long term stream restoration project in terms of supplement and inspection. In the systematic management method, new scientific approaches are also necessary. Through this study, for the purpose of scientific management method, land-cover, NDVI and land surface temperature has been analyzed before and after ecological stream restoration of Daejeon Stream. To achieve this, the land-cover and NDVI distribution maps have been prepared from KOMPSAT-2 images and Landsat-5 and 8 images were used to produce the land surface temperature distribution maps. As a result of the study showed that after ecological stream restoration, urban and bare land was decreased, whereas vegetation was increased. Particularly in stream covering section, the area of water and vegetation were sharply increased. After stream restoration NDVI result shows the high value for all sections, especially the upstream region of the study area. In the land surface temperature change calculation, temperature was risen in most sections. However, those are presumed it this is because used image resolution was not high enough for the real size of stream. According to analysis of surface temperature by distances, the more distance from stream, the more temperature decrease. Therefore, the measurement of land surface temperature as well as analysis of the land-cover and NDVI would be useful to evaluate about land surface properties of ecological stream before and after restoration.
  • 6.

    Morphology of Shore Platforms and Sea Cliffs Controlled by Rock Strength and Tidal Range

    이수용 | Choi, Kwang Hee | 2015, 4(2) | pp.241~250 | number of Cited : 3
    This study describes the morphology of shore platforms with sea cliffs along the coast of South Korea as well as rock surface strength and tidal environment in which they are located. In ten study areas, topographic surveys for cross-sectional analyses and N-type Schmidt hammer tests for rock stength were applied in the field. Horizontal or subhorizontal shore platforms with gradient less than 0.5 degree, occur along the eastern shore while seaward sloping platforms are developed in the western and southern shores. Rock rebound values do not depend on rock types or regions, but they are higher in shore platforms than in cliffs. In particular, mean width of shore platforms are generally increased as increase of the differences of rebound values between the two landforms, regardless of tidal ranges. This indicates the shore platforms are developed by the retreat of sea cliffs and the rocky shoreline with weak sea cliffs can be retreated faster than that with strong cliffs.
  • 7.

    A Study on the Complementary Effect of the Bamboo Forest on the Taehwa Riverside

    woo chan hee | 2015, 4(2) | pp.251~263 | number of Cited : 3
    The bamboo forest on the side of the Taehwa River of Ulsan forms the colony on a large scale, and it was originally formed in the early Joseon Dynasty. The major purpose of the bamboo forest was to form the flood damage control forest for preventing the damage of the agricultural land by the flooding of the river and also to perform a role of the shelterbelt for blocking the wind flowing from the lower region of the Taehwa River. But this study attempts to investigate the real efficacy of wind-breaking first as specific studies have thus far never been conducted concerning the complementary effect of the bamboo forest on the Taehwa riverside. To investigate the effect of the bamboo forest, it attempted to measure the wind speed by installing the anemometer at three points of the river. As a result, it was found that the wind speed reduced by 50% in the upper region of the river compared to its lower region and that temperature rose in its upper region by 3℃ compared to that of its lower region. Accordingly, it was found that the bamboo forest on the Taehwa riverside not only performed a role as the bank of preventing the flooding of the river but also excelled in the effect of protection against the wind. Like this, it is thought that the complementary forest using the bamboo will perform a large role in both reducing the damage induced by flooding on the riverside and protecting against the wind because of its strong viability and the possibility of its dense forest.
  • 8.

    Critical Review on Urban Structure Model of Latin America and Its Implication of Geography Education in High School

    Hanseung Kim | Jungyeop Shin | 2015, 4(2) | pp.265~277 | number of Cited : 4
    The purpose of this paper is to review urban structure models of Latin America and to propose an implication of geography education in high school. In order to do it, the prior researches on the urban structure models of Latin America were reviewed critically, and based on it, the contents of urban structure models of Latin America in the Curriculum of the subject ‘Geography of World’ was analyzed. The researches on the urban structure model of Latin America began since 1970s, and Griffin and Ford (1980), Crowley (1995) and Ford (1996) proposed the models. In addition, the debates between Ford and Crowley, and the contemporary researches on the recent fragmented and polynucelated urban structures was critically reviewed. Based on the critical review, the contents of Latin American urban models in the subject ‘Geography of World’ were also analyzed in the 2007’ and 2009’ Modified Education curriculum. As a result of research, we identified the inadequacy of applying the original Ford model (1996), and limitation of the related contents. Also, the application of the current fragmented urban structure of Latin America and the proper selection of the models ne ed to be considered.
  • 9.

    A Study on Renewal of the Area around the Old Jeollabuk-do Hall in Jeonju Urban Core: Concentrated on the Reuse of the Old Jeollabuk-do Hall

    Jun-Young Kim | 2015, 4(2) | pp.279~291 | number of Cited : 4
    This study aims to propose an urban renewal plan for the old downtown Jeonju with conservation and reuse of old Jeollabuk-do Hall. I discussed the factors that form the urban identity which is recognized as a critical factor in post-modern city. Architecture and landscape provide physical space which constitute urban identity and these meaningful space become the place that provides the background and the space for action and specific memory. The old town has more potential to reflect urban identity, because it has a lot of layer of time with historical legacy and industrial heritage. However, some places in urban area are fallen into derelict places with losing their vitality with the growth of the city. It is required to regenerate these derelict areas for us to give the new program and features for the city in post-modern era. The trend of the regeneration is developed from one precious spot restoration to area generation which is networking various specific meaningful locations. Because it can facilitate a variety of actions and events that are essential elements for people's gathering. Gamyeong 5th gil in Jeonju old town has been formed in the Joseon Dynasty. It was the longitudinal axis of the city connecting from Pungnam gate to Gaeksa. But it has been changed into an unattractive street with physical problem such as generation of derelict space, discontinuity of walking route, and mass with scale of buildings recently. It is possible to reproduce the place by inserting a public space with the new features and programs for solving these problems. The first step is to paving with pedestrian oriented environments. Next is to transferring current court yard parking space into urban public park for gathering and resting. The third is to reuse old Jeollabuk-do Hall into the library or the museum for the public destination or attraction.
  • 10.

    The Imagination of Neoliberal Development and Postdevelopment: Focusing on the Sharing Economy

    Lee Yong Gyun | 2015, 4(2) | pp.293~306 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract PDF
    Neoliberal development has brought about lots of problems on income distribution, environmental contamination and power concentration, focusing on the efficiency and economic growth by market principle. The purpose of this study is to reveal the value and limitation of sharing economy as the postdevelopment for the substitution of neoliberal development. Sharing economy has attracted a great deal of attention since the economic crisis in 2008. Sharing economy are regarded as valuable one which increases the duration of products, lessens the social consumption, deriving the conservation of resource and the improvement of environmental problems. However, the corporationalization of sharing economy brought about several problems such as labor exploitation, tax imposition, discrimination, and consumer protection. For postdevelopment, sharing-economy companies have to lessen the dependency of market, increase the collaboration and share between provider and consumer, and also pursue the pro-environmental and sustainable social construction.
  • 11.

    Concept, Types, and Prospects of Tax Havens in Europe

    Ryu Ju-Hyun | 2015, 4(2) | pp.307~317 | number of Cited : 0
    World financial markets have been growing rapidly in a deindustrialization. At the same time, it was rapidly increasing financial transactions, the method of its financial cross-border transactions become increasingly diverse and easily. The international tax avoidance activities also increased. However, because of the lasting economic crisis lately, the world's politicians have been forced to take notice of tax havens. So tax paradise(no-tax rate region) will no longer be growing. On the other hand, Offshore Financial Centers that have accumulated financial know-how and abundant skilled labor will continue to grow. We need ‘Offshore Financial Centers’ that have special ability to attract and support global companies, specialized professional financial services, the means to increase asset rather than tax avoid. European tax haven countries including Switzerland are expected to continue to evolve by means of global Offshore Financial Centers.
  • 12.

    A Study on the Core Competencies of the Rural Village Leader

    Jun-Sang Yoon | 김소윤 | Kim Sung Rok | 2015, 4(2) | pp.319~327 | number of Cited : 11
    This study assumed that the role of a leader who can lead the local residents and organization is important for the development of rural areas. To ascertain the hypothesis, transformational leadership, one of the core competencies of the village leaders, was measured. The result showed that rural villages led by leaders with a high transformational leadership have deep knowledge about financial and non-financial operating performance of village projects and also had high annual sales. In addition, it showed that there were differences in the number of educations in a year, agreements with outside networks, and the achieved licenses of the villagers. It can be interpreted as rural village project is closely related to the core competencies of the village leader. These facts can lead to the interpretation that there is a close relationship between the leader’s transformational leadership competence and the performance of the village project. In this research, we put a meaning on the fact that not only the perception of project’s outcome but the focus was also on the comparison of the annual sales based on the leader’s transformational leadership. In order for the village project to be more successful and be continuously developed in the future, we can conclude that more diverse educational training and human resources developing policies are needed for village leaders and core manpower.
  • 13.

    Comparing Univariate Spatial Association Statistics (I): Focusing on Global Lee’s S Statistics

    LEE, SANG-IL | Cho Daeheon | Minpa Lee | 2015, 4(2) | pp.329~345 | number of Cited : 10
    The main objective of this paper is to elucidate the characteristics of a new spatial association statistic, S, in comparison with Moran’s I and Geary’s c. A general statistic, S, is defined and two derivative statistics, S0 and S*, are subsequently proposed with a strong guidance for an exclusive use of the latter. S* is defined as a rate of the variance of one variable’s spatial moving average vector to the original variance suggesting that the presence of a strong positive spatial autocorrelation results in a smaller reduction in variance which leads to a higher S* with a culminating point of 1 in a theoretical sense. In order to examine the properties of S* , two methods are introduced; one is to derive the first four central moments and the other is to extract eigenvalues and eigenvectors. The former aims at determine the distributional characteristics of the statistics, and the latter seeks to the obtain their feasible ranges. Regular tessellations of triangles, squares, and hexagons with three different sample sizes (64, 256, 1,024) are generated and used for an investigation. The smallest administrative spatial units for the 7 big cities in South Korea are also utilized to examine the practical research implications. The major findings are twofold. First, S*, unlike other spatial association statistics, turns out to yield a constant feasible range of zero to one regardless of different spatial unit shapes, different contiguity types, and different spatial proximity matrices. This is the most important merit of the statistic convincing its usability. Second, the skewness and kurtosis of S* are considerably deviant form the norms with even a large sample size such that the normal approximation based on the first two moments may not be valid. This is the most important defect of the statistic precipitating the use of more advanced significance testing procedures.