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pISSN : 2287-4739 / eISSN : 2733-8991

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2013, Vol.2, No.2

  • 1.

    Development and Application of CPS Model into the Instruction of Geography for Creativity Enhancement

    문영미 | 2013, 2(2) | pp.123~136 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract
    This study aimed to develop and to apply the CPS model using Creative Problem Solving (CPS) model as a class method for enhancing creativity in the field of Geography and to analyze the results. The class was developed using the CPS model, specified in six stages as the basic model by Treffinger and others. Class was held in two sessions, after which effects of the class such as change in the students’ creativity, satisfaction level towards class, and attitude towards curriculum were verified. This study’s results demonstrated that the students’ creativity increased after conducting the CPS model. Students gained the opportunity to think about the solutions in a creative manner while participating in the CPS class and they found the class interesting. Moreover, students’ level of understanding towards the environment issue increased, and they though that they participated in the class with greater interest compared to the existing lecture type of class. After the CPS model, students perceived that Geography can help to solve problems that afflict individuals or society, and that they can improve their creativity through the Geography class.
  • 2.

    Spatio-Temporal Patterns of Intra-annual Extreme Precipitation Events in the Republic of Korea

    Gwangyong Choi | Lee, Seungwook | 2013, 2(2) | pp.137~145 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study is to examine the spatial patterns of monthly extreme precipitation events across the Republic of Korea based on daily precipitation data for the period of 2002~2011 observed at automatic weather systems (AWS) and Automated Synoptic Observation Systems (ASOS) under the supervision of the Korea Meteorological Administration. According to time series analyses, the number of stations with extreme precipitation events exceeding 80㎜ of daily total precipitation increases with the onset of summer Changma, forms its major peaks in mid-July and noticeably decreases with the offset of climatological summer in mid-September. Spatially, relatively high frequency of extreme precipitation events is observed in Jeju Island and southern coastal regions of the Korea Peninsula between late spring and early summer associated with migratory low pressure systems, while such patterns appear everywhere with the onset of summer Changma including central regions. In particular, noticeable high frequency of extreme precipitation events is observed in Mt. Halla, southern coastal mountain regions, southern flank of Mt. Jiri along the Sobaek mountain ridges, northern mountain regions in Gyeoggi province and along the Taebaek mountain ridge. In contrast, relatively high ratio of cumulative extreme precitation to total precipitation appears in interior regions where annual total precipitation is relatively small. These results indicate that the interactions between topography and moisture advection by migratory lows, Changma front and typhoons are crucial to the spatio-temporal patterns of extreme precipitation events in the Republic of Korea.
  • 3.

    Exploring Urban Spatial Patterns in Seoul: Using Synthetic Deprivation Index by AHP

    채희원 | 2013, 2(2) | pp.147~163 | number of Cited : 12
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study is to produce a Synthetic Deprivation Index (SDI); using AHP for logical and systematical synthesis of various criterions on urban deprivation with analyzing spatial patterns of synthetic urban deprivation and further exploring the dynamics of spatial pattern of urban deprivation. There was not a consensus of definition for Urban Deprivation. It means that criterion and perspectives could be different in time and region. According to the various existing research on urban deprivation, huge cities are experiencing problems of prevailing and multiple deprivation in diverse areas. So, Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) was applied to explore urban deprivation and the output has named the Synthetic Deprivation Index. The object region for this empirical study is Seoul. The regional scales are Gu and Dong. The periodical scales are 1998 and 2008. First, by using 2008’s Gu scale data the output of applying AHP can be compared and non-applying AHP to search the meaning of using AHP for urban deprivation. Second, search out the urban deprivation dynamic through the exploring urban deprivation spatial pattern change from 1998 to 2008. Third, the difference of the Gu scale deprivation pattern with Dong scale deprivation pattern is analyzed. Variables for assessment of urban deprivation were selected on the basis of preceding studies, especially location quotients are useful to reflect spatial convergence of specific nature. As a result, AHP is useful to reflect relative importance among many criterions, especially in the application of detecting urban deprivation spatial patterns. Chronicle analysis shows that more deprived areas positioned northern part of Seoul and the center of deprivation moved toward north. Finally by comparing between different regional scales, I found that deprived Dongs spread over the whole part of Seoul, most especially the northern part and the border area of the Seoul city.
  • 4.

    Analysis of Spatial Characteristics and Internal Structure of Waterfront in Incheon

    홍유진 | 2013, 2(2) | pp.165~182 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract
    From long time ago, the waterfront area of coastal cities provided important economic and social base for human urban living. Specially, the port has led to the growth of cities until in the middle of the 20th century being a growth point of cities. Port created special employment structure and land use. However, todays coastal cities waterfront area has experienced continuous changes through influences from various processes other than being a port. The magnitude of direction and size of interaction between port and city has been changed, and the major stream of globalization of 21 century has imposed waterfront area renewed role different from that of traditional port area. Also the strategic waterfront development by the government in response to globalization as well as post-modern urban planning has changed totally the spatial pattern of waterfront of coastal cities. In this context, Incheon is a very proper city to verify the manifested spatial pattern in connection with current global waterfront area changing process while maintains traditional spatial characteristics of waterfront area. Therefore this study intended to analyze comprehensively spatial structure of Incheon waterfront area through verification of spatial characteristics of waterfront area contrasting to non-waterfront area of Incheon city, and to verify functional area exists interior waterfront area.
  • 5.

    Locational Characteristics of Guest Houses for Foreign Tourists: Case of Mapo-Gu, Seoul

    조세영 | 2013, 2(2) | pp.183~197 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract
    This study reports investigates guesthouse for foreign tourists located in Mapo-Gu, Seoul. It also reports location factors and characteristics of the area and issues raised by these guest houses. The main factors that they chose this location include the convenient public transportation system, relatively inexpensive land values, the rich and diverse infrastructure for cultural tourism, and government support. They are also mostly located at the backside roads mixed with residential areas rather than the main roads. As a result, many people have difficulties to find these guest houses, and it may trigger a conflict with local residents. These guest houses also produce other problems, such as excessive competition due to oversupply in a short period of time and unavailability for local tourists. For this reason, this study suggests to improve government policy and to seek a new way of peaceful coexistence of tourists and local residents.
  • 6.

    Critical GIS Twenty Years After Friday Harbor Meeting: Critical Intervention to Epistemology, Ontology, Methodology, and the Social Implication of GIS

    Jin-Kyu Jung | 2013, 2(2) | pp.199~215 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    Critical GIS is a research framework in geography that stands at the border of GIScience and human geography, and has been revolved around the epistemological ground, ontology, and methodology of GIS, and its social impacts. Since Friday Harbor Meeting in 1993 when human geographers and GIScientists began engaging in dialogue and growing climate of discussion, the past twenty years have shown a tremendous growth in efforts to understand GIS and the theory behind it, and an array of creative ways of conducting critical GIS such as GIS and Society, participatory GIS, qualitative GIS, and feminist GIS. These are all, what I consider, evolutions of critical GIS, innovative researches ‘with’ and ‘for’ critical GIS. This paper reviews primary debates and reactions vis-à-vis critical GIS by focusing on its social history and key discussions. I particularly demonstrate that the value and discussions of critical GIS still remain relevant, and seem as important as ever, with new questions and unprecedented digital and spatial technologies such as geographic web, spatial media, spatial humanity, and Big Data.