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pISSN : 2287-4739 / eISSN : 2733-8991

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2016, Vol.5, No.2

  • 1.

    Korean Preservice Geography Teachers’ Attitude towards Implementing Geospatial Technologies (GSTs) into Classrooms

    Jinhee Lee | Injeong Jo | 2016, 5(2) | pp.85~97 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    Teacher’s positive disposition is an important factor for successful implementation of educational technologies into classrooms. This study examines Korean preservice geography teachers’ beliefs and attitudes regarding the uses of geospatial technologies, such as GIS and GPS, in their future classrooms. The results show that preservice teachers acknowledge the possible benefits that GSTs have for geography education but lacking confidence in using GSTs for own teaching practice. In order to develop positive attitudes towards implementing GSTs into classrooms, it is desirable that teacher preparation programs provide preservice teachers with more opportunities to learn how to teach with GSTs.
  • 2.

    An Analysis on the Effect of a Field Trip Using Outside-School Creative Activity Resources: Focusing on Village-Based Project Field Trips

    이두현 | 2016, 5(2) | pp.99~106 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract
    The study aims to analyze the effect of outside-school creative activity resources programs. Accordingly, the study analyzed the effect of a program of ‘village-based project field trips,’ accredited materials for identifying crezone creative activity resources and developing metropolitan areas. For this, a ‘tool for measuring the effect of field trips’ was developed and utilized. The analysis results are as follows: First, with increases in all areas such as global leadership, initiative for exchange, cooperative attitude, understanding of multiculturalism and local culture, the effect on teenager exchange activities was statistically significant. Second, with increases in all areas such as curiosity, confidence, challenge spirit, achievement motivation and autonomy, the effect on adventurous activities was statistically significant. Third, with increases in all areas such as problem-solving ability, creativity, convergence thinking, self-efficiency and career development, the effect of self-development activities was statistically significant. Fourth, with increases in all areas such as qualification of democratic citizens, democratic attitude, morality, respect for others, and self-respect, the effect of nurturing attitude as democratic citizens was statistically significant.
  • 3.

    A Retrieval of User-Customized Weather & Climate Information Services For Better Economic Activities in Jeju, Korea

    Gwangyong Choi | 박혜정 | 허택산 | 2016, 5(2) | pp.107~119 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study is to identify the contents of user-customized weather and climate information services that the residents in Jeju, Korea need with priority for the improvements of local economic activities. Analyses of survey data from local residents demonstrate that among many services, the typhoon monitoring system at local levels is most needed by residents in Jeju for better performance of major economic activities including agriculture, fisheries and tourism. In addition, weather and climate information service systems that support aviation/navigation, urban flooding, mountain hazardous conditions, marin sports, insurance, IT-based tourism, droughts, crop production and wildland fires are recognized as important systems with higher priorities for local residents. These information obtained from local residents may help to establish the user-customized weather and climate information systems improving their economic activities compared to the conventional producer-centered ones displaying the simple observed weather and climate records.
  • 4.

    A Study on the Burial Age of Sediment Deposits of Miho River: Material from the Earth Wall and Floodplain of Jeongbuk

    Kim, Jong-yeon | SEONG JEONG YONG | 2016, 5(2) | pp.121~131 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    Depositional environment changes of drainage basin of Geum River during Pleistocene and Holocene have been studied by some researchers. Previous studies classified fluvial terraces along the channel of Miho river by the relative height from the current river channel. The lower terraces of this area supposed to be formed after the last glacial maximum. However, the burial age of fluvial sediments of Miho river have not estimated using numerical method. Samples for age estimation were collected from the Jeongbuk earth wall and adjacent area. The Jeongbuk earth wall is supposed to be constructed on the natural levee of Miho river. Sand layer forms the basis of fluvial depositional layers of the study area. The fluvial gravel layer, can be found from the channel bed, overlain the basal sand layer and are covered by upper sand and finer particle layer. The burial age of upper sand layer and finer particle layer are estimated as 13.65±2.04ka BP and 4ka BP respectively. At the south-east part of the wall three burial ages are estimated from samples of the lowest part (sand; 9ka), middle part (finer particles; 6ka) and the upper part (sandy: 9ka). The soil wedges are found from clay layer at the bottom of south part of the wall and adjacent floodplain area. The burial age of these layer estimated as 17~12ka BP and it is the time global warming after the last glacial maximum. It was reported that precipitation of that period also increased.
  • 5.

    Oscillating Rainfall Simulator Using Veejet Nozzle: Set-up and Calibration for Soil Erosion and Failure Studies

    Jin Kwan Kim | 김민석 | Han Min and 1other persons | 2016, 5(2) | pp.133~142 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    To perform appropriately indoor or field experiment for soil erosion and failure studies, the understanding characteristics of raindrops from a rainfall simulator is much important. The set-up and characterization of the portable oscillating rainfall simulator using Veejet nozzle 80150 are presented. The proper input current is suggested via the analysis of spatial rainfall intensity changes from input current changes. Size distributions and velocities of raindrops from the rainfall simulator within proper input current were measured by an optical laser disdrometer and compared with those of the natural rainfall from previous studies. Size distributions and velocities of raindrops from the rainfall simulator are similar to those of the natural heavy rain storm but rainfall intensities from the rainfall simulator exceed much those of the natural heavy rain storm. These differences in rainfall's physical characteristics between artificial and natural rainfall has to be considered when this rainfall simulator is applied to the experiment of soil erosion and soil failure. This study will contribute to the development of an erosion and failure experiment.
  • 6.

    A Study of Geographical Location on Cultural Relics in Gongju, Korea: Using Geomorphological Analysis and GIS Analysis

    Ae Jin Lee | PARK JIHOON | 2016, 5(2) | pp.143~154 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    The objective of this study is to find out the geomorphological characteristics cultural relics in the Gongju area of Chungnam. For this, 84 relics (i.e.: tomb, fortress, Buddhist, and Confucian relics) for which quantitative analysis can be carried out on were extracted to carry out topographic analysis and GIS analysis. The results are as follows. Cultural relics in the Gongju area are located on the place where is less than 55m relief area. Especially, highest relief of fortress relics area is 55 m, and tomb, Buddhist, and Confucian relics are located at 25m relief area. Also, distance from all cultural relics to river of water available for use was about 1km. Buddhist relics have a high accessibility about the small scale river (1st-2nd river), tomb and Confucian relics are have high accessibility about medium scale river (3st-6nd river). Fortress relics are associated with large scale river (7st-8nd river). The results of this study will be used importantly as basic data for research in the future of cultural relics in the Gongju area.
  • 7.

    The Preliminary Study on Regional Identity of Traditional Rural Areas: A Case Study of Gyeolseong-myeon, Hongseong-gun, Korea

    Wonhoe Choi | 2016, 5(2) | pp.155~180 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract
    The theoretical background of this study was based upon the institutionalization theory on formation of regional identities, and institutionalization theory was based upon the new regional geography toward humanism since 1970s. According to this theoretical background in this study, regional identity of traditional rural areas was analyzed in a case study of Gyeolseong-myeon, Hongseong-gun, Korea. The results of this study are as follows: Fistly, the regional identities per period of Gyeolseong-myeon in terms of territorial shape and symbolic shape were arranged as agricultural development region adding a sea-land transshipment location in the case of period between ancient times and modern times, as castle-type central place in the case of Baekjae Dynasty era, Silla Dynasty era and Korea Dynasty era, regional administrative center in the case of Choson Dynasty era, rural region being degrading to myeon-level administration district and sacred place of independent movement in the case of Japanese Colonial era, and less developed and pure agricultural region in the case of era after liberation from Japanese colony. Secondly, the regional identities of Gyeolseong-myeon in terms of symbolic shapes such as symbol mark, bird, flower, tree, and song were appeared as the composites of history, geography, culture, ideal and others. Thirdly, Gyeolseong-myeon Office and Gyeolseong Elementary School were regarded as the institutional subjects having formed the regional identities of Gyeolseong-myeon from era after liberation from Japanese Colony to recent date, and the regional geography books of Gyeolseong-myeon as the compressed archival data in the period from ancient times to recent times were appeared as taking the place of roles of subjects like mass media and academic body in formation of regional identity. Fourthly, recently, Even the historical old territory consciousness of pre-modern times existing as the territorial shape in ideological dimension was regarded as verging upon extinctive crisis because of so-called ‘restoration movement of Hongju, old place name of Hongseong’ being developed in dimension of Hongseong-gun region for Hongju’s thousandth anniversary.
  • 8.

    Movement and Cause of Central Place in Tsushima

    Sungwook Cho | 2016, 5(2) | pp.181~195 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    This study looks into the movement of central place in Tsushima by dividing into three periods, since dispatching the central managers in 667. The results of this study can be summarized as follows. First, Gechi (鷄知) and Izuhara (嚴原) were estimated as the central place from 667 to 1245. So (宗) family had been the dominant force since 1245, there was the movement of central place which is Izuhara (嚴原, 1245~1349), NiI (仁位, 1349~1398), Shitaka (志多賀, 1398~1408). Second, Saka (佐賀) period (1408~1468), there were the conquest by Lee Jongmu (Chosun) in 1419, but Saka was more convenient region for exchanges with Chosun because it was located in the northern than Izuhara. Third, Izuhara (嚴原) period (1468~1869), So (宗) family had been broken relationship with Shoni (小貳) (1477) and had been incorporated into the Feudal lord (1588) and took part in Japanese invasion war to Chosun. There was the movement of the central place in Izuhara inner region. Dobunsha (島分寺) was central place from 701 to 857, and after being relocated in 1468, there was movement of the central place from Naga-mura (中村), via Ikeno-chi (池の地), and Kane-ishi (金石), and finally into Sajiki-hara (棧原). The major regions as central place in Tsushima were Gechi, Nii, Shitaka, Saka, and Izuhara. Especially, Izuhara is the central place in Tsushima during the longest period. The causes of central place movement were the location of administration office on central dispatch, internal dominant force changes in Tsushima, the regime changes of mainland Japan, and relationship with lord of Kyushu.
  • 9.

    Creative Geovisualization: A Humanistic and Artistic Possibility with/in GIS, Mapping, and Geovisualization

    Jin-Kyu Jung | 2016, 5(2) | pp.197~212 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    Creative geo-visualization is the visual representation of creative forms of data and thinking with spatial information - visualization that preserves, represents, and generates a more nuanced, contextual, and deeply contingent meanings of place and people with humanistic and artistic approaches. Creative geovisualization expands the capacity of geovisualization and maps by building a new space that intersects digital spatial humanities, critical mapping, and the convergence of geography and arts. Various encompassing concepts and debates around non-representational theory, creative geographies, and deep maps and spatial narratives are discussed as a theoretical ground of this discussion. I also present diverse modes of creative engagements and practices as a newly generated form of geographic visualization, particularly through the use of emerging digital mapping technologies. Creative geovisualization allows us to go beyond the Cartesian understanding of space, and move towards imagining and producing qualitative, artistic, and humanistic visualizations that engage different forms of embodied, processual, relational, and even affective geographies. This reifies that the power of visualization and mapping are more than re-presentation of reality, but becomes creative as it evolves in process and takes a creative turn.
  • 10.

    A Theoretic Review of Emotional Language Analysis on Twitter Microblog and the Geography of Emotion

    Corey Warburton | Lee, Gunhak | 2016, 5(2) | pp.213~223 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    Social networking services (SNS) have become an increasingly important source of data for various fields of research. In particular, lexical analysis of microblogs such as Twitter have become important sources of data both because of the content of the microblog itself and the metadata that provides a wealth of alternative non-lexical information about a tweet such as geographic location and network of acquaintances. Among various lexical approaches, this paper attempts to theoretically review the cutting edge issues of microblog analysis, particularly focusing on emotional language and the geography of emotion. For doing this, this paper explores the evolution of three distinct fields of research in relation to emotion and geography. First, we discuss the theoretical framework of emotional analysis in modern psychology which might affect research in both geographic and computational fields. Next, major issues and computational advancements into emotional language analysis on microblogs are discussed. And then, microblog analysis in relation to emotional geography is generally discussed focused on Twitter. Lastly, what should be conducted for future research and how computational methods can be improved for geographic research purposes are discussed.