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2017, Vol.6, No.3

  • 1.

    Aleni's World Geography Chih-fang Wai-chi (「職方外紀」) and It’s Organization and Description of Geographical Knowledge

    Tae-Yeol Seo | 2017, 6(3) | pp.305~318 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    This paper aims to illuminate the origin, knowledge structure, characteristics of geographical description in Chih-fang Wai-chi (「職方外紀」) in terms of life, activities and it's generational background of author Aleni who are called “Confuscious from West”. Chih-fang Wai-chi (「職方外紀」) is the first world geography book in chinese character with geographical knowledge. This book cast great shock on Chinese view on the world which characteristics are china-oriented and center(華)-periphery(異) dichotomy. This book in which western missionaries provide Asia firstly with world geography knowledge is not a personal meeting between East and West, rather a meeting between East and West through book which contains the structural body of world knowledge.
  • 2.

    A Study on Basic Concepts for Geography Education: Centered on the Analysis of Korean and Foreign Geography Curriculums

    Dawon Kim | 2017, 6(3) | pp.319~337 | number of Cited : 9
    Abstract
    The selection of basic concepts for geography education is an important task to make the identity of geography education and it is also necessary for developing geographical thinking of students. In this context, this study analyzed the basic concepts for geography education through analysis of geography curriculums of 2015 revised geography curriculum and six countries, USA (California), Canada (Ontario), UK, New Zealand, Australia and Singapore. The purpose of this study is to provide basic data for discussing the basic concepts for geography education in Korea.
  • 3.

    Conceptualization and Application of Spatial Citizenship: Understanding the Daegu Modern Street from the Perspective of the Disabled

    Minsung Kim | 2017, 6(3) | pp.339~354 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study is to discuss the meaning of spatial citizenship and to introduce relevant geographic activities. This study defines spatial citizenship as the comprehensive competence that includes knowledge and skills for using geospatial information effectively to participate in democratic decision-making processes and attitudes toward creating a wide range of spatial scenarios and taking part in social issues actively. In addition, this research conducted a project to promote spatial citizenship in which students created an alternative tour plan in the Daegu Modern Street from the perspective of the handicapped. The students visualized their routes on Google Earth, an interactive online platform, and furthermore shared their activities with peers. This study adds to the literature because it discussed the definition of spatial citizenship and conducted an empirical research in the context of spatial citizenship.
  • 4.

    A Semantic Network Analysis of the Current Trends in Global Geography Education Research

    Lee, Dong-min | 2017, 6(3) | pp.355~368 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract
    This study aims to understand and analyze the current trends in global geography education research. Academic articles published in the Journal of Geography, Journal of Geography in Higher Education, Geography, and International Research in Geographical and Environmental Education during 2000-2017 were chosen as the subject of this study. These journals are considered to be representative international academic journals in the field of geography education, and therefore provide insight into global research trends in geography education. The titles, abstracts, and keywords of the articles were analyzed using the method of semantic network analysis in order to develop a systemic understanding of the international trends of geography education research. The analysis was conducted using KrKwic and UciNet 6, and the results were interpreted under consideration of the five agendas of geography education research suggested in A Road Map for 21st Geography Education Research. As a result, 38 core concepts related to the five agendas were drawn. These included geography teaching and learning, teacher preparation, field trips, geospatial technologies, and geography curriculum. These core concepts composed a close and tightly interconnected pattern in the semantic network. The semantic network included concepts related to several agendas of geography education research. In comparison, South Korean research tends to focus on geography learning and curriculum. This suggests that South Korean geography research needs to approach more diverse subjects in a more intensive manner, including geography teacher preparation and field trips. In addition, South Korean geography education researchers should consider the results and discussions of international geography education research on geospatial technologies, geography teaching and assessment, and field trips in order to improve future research on South Korean geography education.
  • 5.

    The Appearance, Institutional Status, and Utilization of Croquis in French Geography Education

    Saangkyun Yi | Magali Hardouin | 2017, 6(3) | pp.369~380 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    Geography education has a relatively lower status in South Korea than in Western countries. South Korea needs to review some cases in those countries with a high level of geography education in order to stabilize and improve the geography education in curriculum and content. While France is one of the countries with high status of geography education, scholars of South Korea tend to have little knowledge about croquis close to the key competence in french geography education. The purpose of this study is to investigate the historical background of the appearance of croquis for French geography education, its institutional status and importance, and its utilization. This research reveals that croquis drew academic attention in France since R. Brunet published his book Le croquis de géographie régionale et économique in early 1960s and made a principal mode of geography classes in France in 1970s. It can be said that croquis, presented by R. Brunet, caused a greater sensation in emphasizing the practical aspect of map-reading after the defeat in the Franco-Prussian War. As a result, croquis was settled as a major evaluation framework for history and geography in baccalaureate; now it is used as closure activities in geography classes. To sum up, I contend that croquis is a learning activity that best meets the goal of geography education in France: ‘to understand spatial organization’.
  • 6.

    A Study on the Characteristics of Warm Wind Hole Zone of Talus Slope in Mt. Mudeung National Park

    Park Chul woong | 2017, 6(3) | pp.381~393 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    In winter season, at the inclined talus slope of the north side of Mt. Mudeung, there are holes (Warm Wind Holes; WWH) with no artificial heating, which are warmer than the surrounding area. These holes are usually referred as the wind hole (Poong-hyul in Korean). More precisely speaking, it is referred so when warm air comes out of the entrance of wind holes during the winter season. The effect of winter warming in wind holes in relation to the outside climate has not been well explained. This study, conducted from January 2014 to february 2016, observed and analyzed the annual variations of temperature/humidity of wind hole inside and outside. Based on the result of this analysis, I found several characteristics as follows. First, the annual average temperature/humidity of the WH10 (In) showed 12.01°C/96.12% during two years, while WH19 (Out) showed 7.59°C/84.5%. Second, the difference in maximum temperature during the period was 23.25°C in summer season, but it was 43°C in winter season. This reveals that WWH event has an outstanding phenomenon than cold wind hole event in Mt. Mudeung. This phenomenon is assumed to be caused by the effect of thermal mechanism between inside and outside of wind holes. In other words, it is changed from latent heat to changed sensible heat. In this way, Wind holes zone of Mt. Mudeung is a continuum which is formed by a set of column joint, talus slope, is a infrequent topographical landscape that creates a natural warm hole phenomenon.
  • 7.

    Impacts of Different Hiking-trail Use Frequency on Soil Erosion: A Case of Mt. Mudeng National Park, Korea

    Jisu Kim | Jin Kwan Kim | 2017, 6(3) | pp.395~405 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    To identify erosion properties of trail with the different trail use, a comparative study was conducted in Mt. Mudeung National Park (Gwangju, Korea) in Jeungsimsa~Jungmeorijae area of high traffic (Ta) and Second catchment area~Jungmeorijae of low traffic (Tb). The two hiking trails were located on sidehill of valleys, and the gradient difference was not large. However, Ta has more points of gully shape more than Tb in trail structure. The bottom of the trail was composed of bedrock (Ta) and gravel (Tb) at most points. Root exposure problems were commonly found in two trails, but multiple trails were found only in the upper part of Ta. Soil erosion rate estimated by the measurement of cross-section area of the trail was significantly bigger on the Ta than Tb. However, the significant difference between Ta and Tb was occurring from trail-width not trail-depth. The difference of trail erosion characteristics according to the intensity of use is led by the expansion of the trail. Therefore, this study suggests that the attention and countermeasure about trail widening will be needed with increasing hiking trail use.
  • 8.

    A Strategy on Extracting Terrestrial Protected Areas of the Republic of Korea under the Convention on Biological Diversity

    Geunhan Kim | Seok-Jun Kong | Kim, Oh Seok and 2other persons | 2017, 6(3) | pp.407~423 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract
    As the importance of protected areas has increased over the world, the 10th Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD COP10) suggested that at least 17 percent of terrestrial and inland water areas and 10 percent of coastal and marine areas should be conserved by 2020. In this regard, each country has been establishing the expansion and reinforcement of their protected areas. Currently, protected areas in the Republic of Korea that are designated and managed by ten legislations cover 14,177.9km2. Among these, excluding the duplicated areas, terrestrial protected areas occupy 11.2 percent (11,175.7 km2) of the total land area. These figures are lower than the suggested protected areas by CBD, lacking 5.8 percent (5,787.4 km2) compared to the figures suggested by CBD. However, since the way to expand protected areas by designating new protected areas is difficult in the reality, it is suggested that protected areas that are designated by national legislations able to be accepted at global level be newly designated as protected areas. Therefore, this study aimed to designate newly protected areas; areas within domestic land regulation under definitions and categories of IUCN protected areas, which are prohibited to develop consisting outstanding natural environment, natural landscape, and cultural landscape. As a result, the following areas were selected as newly protected areas; natural reservation area in the Natural Environment Conservation Act, mountainous districts for public interests in the Mountainous Districts Management Act, uninhabited islands under absolute conservation in the Act on the Conservation and Management of Inhibited Islands, traditional temple preservation area in the Korean Traditional Temples Preservation and Support Act, absolute conservation zone in the Special Act on the Establishment of Jeju Special Self-Governing Province and the Development of Free International City. By including such areas, the legal terrestrial protected areas will occupy 21.2% (21,128.1 km2) of the total land area. Including the national legal protected area into the international natural protected areas’ categories is more realistic and efficient than designating new protected areas. This result will play a significant role in implementation of protected area expansion suggested by CBD for the future, serving as current data of national protected areas.
  • 9.

    The Regional Geography of Namhae Island

    Keun-Doh Kee | 2017, 6(3) | pp.425~439 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    Namhae Island is the 4th largest island in Korea. Since the island is originally isolated by sea, the unique natural and human environment is relatively well preserved. Because Namhae Island is a large island, it has higher self-sufficiency than other small islands, but it is unfavorable place to settle down because it is mostly mountainous. Namhae Island, which has such regional characteristics, has undergone a lot of changes since the construction of the bridges such as Namhae Bridge and Changseon Bridge. This paper focuses on the regional characteristics of Namhae Island, focusing on the place, the resident’s life and the change with unique landscape characteristics that can be seen only in Namhae Island. Representative sites include the Ji-jok Strait, the Mulgun coastal village foreast, the Angang Bay and Kangjin Bay, the Sangju sand beach, and the Gachon Darangyi village. In order to preserve these unique places and resident’s lives in Namhae Island, local governments and local residents are making efforts in various angles, but their original features are being faded one by one.
  • 10.

    A Study on the Spacial Layout in Elementary School since Modern Era: Focused on Elementary Schools which can Show Four Different Periods in Educational Policy in City of Jeonju

    Jun-Young Kim | 2017, 6(3) | pp.441~453 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    School system was created to educate people for the new modern era. This is the same case for Korean elementary school system. It was initiated in Japanese colonial period of Korea. The school was required to adjust the spacial structure in accordance with the new educational policy and social environment, as it passes through history. This study looked at five elementary schools in Jeonju to explore the spatial change of them with educational policy. These five schools are Jeonju and Pungnam elementary school which were opened during the Japanese colonial period, Hwasan elementary school opened in 1971 of industrial era, Jungsan elementary school opened in 1995, when democratization and personalization was emphasized, and Hongsan elementary school opened recently. The spatial structure created as a device for a discipline during the Japanese colonial time was continued after the independence because it was easily adapted into Korean elementary school system of industrialization period. However, as we look at Jungsan elementary school, the spatial structure of it was modified to reflect reformed educational policies in mid of 90’s. Recently opened Hongsan elementary school contains open and flexible spaces which can accomodate the creative experiential activities. It also places a rentable special rooms in lower level to meet the school’s role to neighborhood community. These trends of school are also addressed in the Architecture Competition of Educational Facilities which was committed since 2010.
  • 11.

    A Study on the New Possibility of Public Space in Contemporary Cities

    KIM MEEYOUNG | 2017, 6(3) | pp.455~463 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract
    This study is an attempt to discover new possibility of public space in contemporary cities. The new modern public space is very complicated and diverse to be viewed only as a traditional interpretation of the public domain and publicity. It is necessary to contain the conditions and values of reality that are changed and interpreted more flexibly and positively beyond the function of the public space, which should be secured with ‘community’ and ‘publicness’ which have been emphasized as classically important values. First, the new possibilities of public space can be found in the reinterpretation of the boundaries of public and private sphere. Second, the autonomy and subjectivity of individuals in the use of the public space is being strengthened. Lately, it is changed the public values of private space. The effort to capture the real conditions and changes of the public space has practical implications to discover the public spaces at various levels and to lay the foundations for flexible urban planning and urban design.
  • 12.

    Characteristics of Rural Community Capacity

    KIM DOO SOON | Kim Sung Rok | 2017, 6(3) | pp.465~477 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    Rural community capacity is a core element for a successful rural community with regards to the development of a bottom-up rural development which is based on the principle of residents’ participation. The purpose of the present study is to analyze the characteristics of residents’ capacity in rural communities by classification as well as the disparities between clusters. Data was collected using self-administered surveys on 251 residents with no leadership experience. The results were deducted the factors of job resolution capacity, communication capacity, organizational commitment capacity, and organizational harmony capacity. The results of analyzing these clusters, in turn, resulted in a high capacity group (n=136, 54.2%), and a low capacity group (n=115, 45.8%). The high capacity group consisted of males and high income earners. Also, the high capacity group was revealed to score higher in community attachment, community participation, community involvement, and community satisfaction. The results of the present study is useful for community activist of rural communities while dreaming of their success.
  • 13.

    Localization of Oversea Korean Companies and CSR: Focusing on Cases in Indonesia

    EOM EUNHUI | 2017, 6(3) | pp.479~493 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    In terms of economic cooperation with Southeast Asia, Indonesia is the largest trading partner and major investment destination of South Korea. After the promulgation of the Law No. 40 on Limited Liability Companies in 2007, Indonesia was the first nation in the world to adopt a mandatory approach to CSR (Corporate Social Responsibility). Based on the understanding of the process of introduction and legislation of CSR, this study aims to provide the practical suggestion for promoting the CSR activities of Korean companies operating in Indonesia and the Korean government’s supporting efforts. For these purpose, I review on the CSR support activities for Korean companies conducted by KOICA Jakarta office and KOTRA Indonesia office through the mechanism of public-private partnership. As a result of review, KOICA and KOTRA office in Indonesia have actively encouraged Korean companies to perform various CSR programs in accordance with the international trends that emphasize private sector’s engagement in the field of international development cooperation.
  • 14.

    An Analysis of the Efficiency of Social Enterprise Using Data Envelopment Analysis

    Suk-Kyung Kim | Jun-Sang Yoon | Tae-Shek Kang | 2017, 6(3) | pp.495~506 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    The purpose of this paper is to measure and analyze efficiency of social enterprise using DEA (Data Envelopment Analysis) models. This study was evaluate the CCR and BCC efficiency in DEA models and the return to scale of the social enterprise. The benchmarking areas and efficiency value for the social enterprise with inefficiency are also provided to improve their efficiency. This study was analyzed The Social Enterprise Management Notice of 228 social enterprises of Korea Social Enterprise Promotion Agency in 2016. The analysis results show two areas whose values of CCR are 1, and five areas whose values of BCC efficiency are 1. By the efficiency evaluation analysis of both of the CCR model and BCC model Seoul and Gangwon area have been valued as ‘efficiency 1’. Eventually the efficiency analysis can provide the valuable information for inefficient areas to find benchmarking areas and to improve their efficiency.
  • 15.

    Marine Terraces of the Hwatae-do(island), Mid-southern Coast of the Korean Peninsula

    Seong-Gil Choi | 2017, 6(3) | pp.507~514 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    Many marine terraces have been developed in the Hwatae-do (island), mid-southern coast of the Korean peninsula. The formation periods of the marine terraces below the ‘Hwatae 43m terrace’ whose paleoshoreline altitude is 43m above the sea level among the terraces of the Hwatae-do (island) were estimated by the comparison between the marine terraces of the Hwatae-do (island) and the marine terraces of the mid-eastern, southeastern and southwestern coasts of the Korean peninsula. Temporarily, the Hwatae 43m terrace was assumed to be the marine terrace which has been formed in the MIS 9 and the Hwatae 33m, 24m, 19m and 11m terraces correlated to the MIS 7e, MIS 7c or 7a, MIS 5e and MIS 5a respectively. The possibility of the notable vertical displacement by the large-scale different tectonic uplift which had occurred among the marine terrace surfaces in the mid-eastern, southeastern, mid-southern and southwestern coasts of the Korean peninsula was considered not to be high, judging from the comparison of the paleoshoreline distributions in the marine terraces of the above-mentioned coasts after at least the MIS 9.