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2018, Vol.7, No.3

  • 1.

    Direction and Locations in University Students’ Cognitive Maps

    Minsung Kim | LEE, SANG-IL | 2018, 7(3) | pp.245~259 | number of Cited : 0
    This study examined university students’ campus cognitive maps in terms of the overall direction and specific locations. The participants were provided a blank map in which the campus boundaries and three landmark locations were marked. A list of buildings was also offered. Then, the participants determined the overall direction of the campus and identified specific locations of the buildings. In determining the direction, the participants reported that the college of education is located at the north from the main entrance, in fact the opposite is true. We interpreted this result from the notion of the metaphoric association of north; the college of education is the main target of campus wayfinding for the participants. In addition, it is located at a high elevation. In identifying the locations, the participants tended to underestimate the distances between buildings that they understood as a chunk. Furthermore, the students located buildings that are likely to be associated with their everyday lives closer to their main living base, or college of education. This study provides an addition to the literature because it empirically examined students’ cognitive maps about the campus and distortions in them.
  • 2.

    A Study on the Change of Regional Learning and Content Composition in Primary Geography Education

    Dawon Kim | 2018, 7(3) | pp.261~274 | number of Cited : 5
    The purpose of this study is to investigate the changes of regional composition and contents for regional learning in primary geography education from the first curriculum to the 2015 revised curriculum and to propose the desirable direction for regional learning. The results of the analysis and the content of the discussion are as follows. First, in the way of regional composition, it shows a widening horizon method while maintaining the framework of ‘the community → the region → the country → the world → the global’. Second, the contents of regional learning are physical environment (location, topography, climate), human environment (industry, population, city, traffic, resources, life style) and mutual exchange. It is necessary to discuss the desirable direction of regional composition and contents for interactions between regions that are required in the global and glocal era, localization in global context, and deepening of regional learning.
  • 3.

    Analysis on the Contents of ‘Sense of Place’ Represented in Elementary Geography Education

    Hye Jin Kim | 2018, 7(3) | pp.275~287 | number of Cited : 6
    This study was conducted to identify the meaning of sense of place by examining diverse studies on a sense of place and verify the relevance by comparing with curriculums and textbooks. Academic development leads to a change in contents to teach at school. For the contents to teach at school, an academic research result must be credited for validity of its educational value. One of noticeable transitions from the 2009 Revised Curriculum to the 2015 Revised Social Studies Curriculum was the emergence of ‘sense of place’. A discussion on place has been established as a crucial topic in geography education, since it was researched by Yi-Fu Tuan and Edward Relph in earnest. In recent times, there is a growing interest in place, and research on a ‘sense of place’ is being widely conducted in various academic fields, including geography. But there are a lot of differences in meaning and category of sense of place depending on academic fields, and the emergence of related concepts, such as place identity, place attachment, and place dependence is bring about confusion. On the other hand, the curriculum and the contents of sense of place to teach at school are closely associated with the advancement in place-based education and private geography, and children’s geography, based on the didactic transposition. This study was conducted to identify the meaning of sense of place by examining diverse studies on a sense of place and verify the relevance by comparing with curriculums and textbooks.
  • 4.

    Design of an Environmental Interpretation Program for Yeongsil Trail Using Value, Nature and Culture Resources of Mt. Halla National Park

    Jihee Ko | Kim Taeho | 2018, 7(3) | pp.289~302 | number of Cited : 3
    The purpose of this paper is to develop an environmental interpretation program of Yeongsil Trail at Mt. Halla National Park, focusing on how to raise environmental awareness of national park’s visitors. To enhance visitors’ amusement and educational effects, the interpretation recourses are classified into three categories, which are national park value resources (VR), natural resources (NR) and cultural resources (CR). The cognitive development stages are also considered for designing age appropriate programs. Yeongsil Trail is much shorter than other trails at Mt. Halla and has an abundance of natural and cultural resources for creating environmental interpretation programs. To make the interpretation resource table of Yeongsil Trail, twenty-five interpretation points are selected all over the trail, and fifty-eight interpretation resources are extracted from the whole points, which consist of 12 VR, 26 NR and 20 CR. Considering the learning ability and physical work capacity of participants, and examining the traveling distance, resting places, and interpretation resources of each interpretation point of Yeongsil Trail, the interpretation program for the middle school students consists of 15 interpretation points which are extracted from the interpretation resource table. It also consists of 38 interpretation resources which include 9 VR, 18 NR and 11 CR. The time required for carrying out the program is about 90 minutes.
  • 5.

    A Study on the Short-term Morphological Beach Changes of Pado-ri Using UAS-based DEM: Focusing on before and after Typhoon Soulik

    Jae Jin Yu | Dongwoo Kim | Jeong ho Yoon and 1other persons | 2018, 7(3) | pp.303~317 | number of Cited : 0
    In this study, we analyzed the morphological changes on beach before and after the Typhoon Soulik using UAS (Unmanned Aerial System) based DoD (DEM of Difference). The morphological changes of beach were explained using DoD results, weather and marine data. As a result, a slight volume reduction of about 60 m3 were detected. Even with days of high wave height and wind speed, low tidal height during the period caused slight morphological changes on beach. Berm and cusp were developed around 3 m above mean sea level, under low wave height environment during the study period. In conclusion, morphological changes of Pado-ri beach by Typhoon Soulik were insignificant.
  • 6.

    Analysis of World Geography Contents in Matteo Ricci’s World Map Kunyu wanguo quantu (「坤輿萬國全圖」)

    Tae-Yeol Seo | 2018, 7(3) | pp.319~336 | number of Cited : 2
    This paper deals with Matteo Ricci’s world map Kunyu wanguo quantu (「坤輿萬國全圖」) in terms of storytelling from beginning to climax, and analyzing the contents of world geography in the map. The process of the world map made by Matteo Ricci can be traced through ascending from the first world map in Zhaoqing (肇慶) to the world map of Kunyu wanguo quantu in Beijing (北京). This ascending way was made by Ricci's big individual progress embraced religion and a climax of the exchange of cultures between East and West. Furthermore, the map changed the contents and knowledge structure of world geography such as introducing new concept of latitude, zone etc., and new discovery of regional geography of America, Magellanica, Asia, Africa, Europe, and the concept of unity and sphericity of the Earth.
  • 7.

    An Overview of Characteristics of Fengshui Topography in Kyeryong Mountain: From the Perspective of Mountain Fengshui Study

    Wonhoe Choi | Geunwha Lee | Jeongrak Seong | 2018, 7(3) | pp.337~362 | number of Cited : 3
    Since the 1980s, the study of fengshui topography has been developed mainly focused on housing fengshui and cemetery fengshui established by Murayama Jijun in the Japanese colonial era, as a result the mountain fengshui study is assumed to have consequences that are almost extinct in the academic society. Accordingly, this study overviewed the characteristics of fengshui topography in case of Kyeryong mountain known for the model of mountain fengshui among the Korean mountains from the point that the individual mountain fengshui need to be studied for the development of mountain fengshui study in Korea. This study researched concretely about the original form and transformational form of fengshui topography of Kyeryong mountain, the element linked to the fengshui topography of Kyeryong mountain, and the phenomena caused by the element linked to the fengshui topography of Kyeryong mountain for the purpose of the overview of the characteristics of fengshui topography in case of Kyeryong mountain from the perspective of mountain fengshui study based upon the advanced studies and the field research materials by the researcher.
  • 8.

    A Study on Ryōtarō Shiba’s Gaze toward Korea as Represented in Kara no Kuni Kikō (「韓の国紀行」)

    Lee, Dong-min | 2018, 7(3) | pp.363~386 | number of Cited : 4
    This study aims to analyze the gaze toward Korea represented in Kara no Kuni Kikō (「韓の国紀行」), a piece of travel literature written by Ryōtarō Shiba. To conduct the analysis, 377 geographic concepts were deduced from the text of Kara no Kuni Kikō. Keywords from each place or region where Ryōtarō Shiba visited were extracted from the geographic concepts and were then constructed into semantic networks, through which the characteristics of the gazes toward those places were analyzed. Contextual and sophisticated meanings of the semantic networks were interpreted using the method of phenomenology. The interpretation was based on the theories of tourist gaze, developed by John Urry, and postcolonial geography. The characteristics of Ryōtarō Shiba’s gaze toward Korea as represented in Kara no Kuni Kikō are as follows: First, anthropological gaze was the majority among the gazes toward places and landscapes of Korea represented in Kara no Kuni Kikō. The main motivation of Ryōtarō Shiba’s travel to Korea was a kind of anthropological motivation to find the origin of Japanese people and Japanese ancient history. Moreover, he gazed at places and landscapes of Korea as a spatial representation of the origin of Japanese people and Japanese ancient history. Second, Kara no Kuni Kikō represented a romantic gaze toward the honest and kind-hearted Korean people and the rural landscape. Third, the gazes toward Korea represented in Kara no Kuni Kikō implied complex meanings from the perspective of postcolonial geographies. More concretely, the gazes were a mixture of respect for Korean society and culture and a negatively distorted orientalist gaze. Ryōtarō Shiba is a so-called “Japanese national writer” with a great influence on the Japanese people, and the characteristics of his outsider’s gaze are probably indicative of a gaze common to the Japanese people rather than of his own private gaze. Therefore, Ryōtarō Shiba’s gaze toward Korea represented in Kara no Kuni Kikō holds significant literary geographical meanings. The results of this study suggest the need for further research on the characteristics of Japanese people’s gazes toward Korea as well as that represented in Japanese literature.
  • 9.

    The Making of Kaisei Nihon Yochirotei Zenzu (「改正日本與地路程全圖」) and Its Significance in the Sovereignty of Dokdo

    Jaeyung Choi | Saangkyun Yi | 2018, 7(3) | pp.387~397 | number of Cited : 1
    The purpose of this study is to examine the making of Kaisei Nihon Yochirotei Zenzu (「改正日本與地路程全圖」), which was produced by Nagakubo Sekisui (長久保赤水), a Japanese geographer, and to discuss the significance of this map in the controversy over Dokdo islands. To this end, this study looked into the situation of the times in which he lived, his life, and his map making, and the status of Kaisei Nihon Yochirotei Zenzu, which is the subject of this study, in the history of cartography, several versions of this map, and the conflict between Korea and Japan surrounding this map with respect to Dokdo. Furthermore, these conflicts and the significance of this map in the sovereignty of Dokdo have been critically examined. The geographical approach to this map, which has a high cartographic status in Japan, had gained popularity, and is presented on the website of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan regarding Dokdo, can represent much to the sovereignty of Dokdo.
  • 10.

    Critical Review of Research on Child-friendly city on the Perspective of Urban Geography

    Jungyeop Shin | 2018, 7(3) | pp.399~413 | number of Cited : 4
    As an emerging concept backed by international organizations and governmental bodies, child-friendly city (CFC) is currently changing our urban characters. CFC is designed to be an ideal city for children by recognizing them as independent agents and providing them with required resources and supports for their development. Despite the concept’s increasing popularity and importance, current discussions are largely limited to institutional, policy, and promotional affairs, lacking substantive research on CFC. Against this backdrop, this article reviews conceptual and theoretical discussion related to CFC from an urban geographer’s perspective, and develops an argument that CFC should become a association is made to insights from urban studies, urban spatial structure, sense of place and place attachment, and children’s geographies and geography education.
  • 11.

    The Challenges of International Volunteering between Voluntourism and Development Volunteers

    KWON SANG CHEOL | 2018, 7(3) | pp.415~433 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    International volunteering has been increased to the regions in the developing countries mostly by young participants. It began during the 1950s with students from the developed countries who volunteered for developing the newly independent countries and became popular with governmental supports. Since the 1980s, private and NGO led voluntourism became prevalent in the form of commodified volunteering under the neoliberal circumstances. The individual experience and career seeking goals pay little consideration to the foreign partners and destinations. Rather participants expose attitudes to be neocolonial disparaging the poor conditions of developing regions. The youth international volunteering has advantages being able to have close contacts and cross-cultural exchanges with local partners. Perceptional and attitudinal change from compassion to global justice is prerequisite to establish reciprocal relationship leading to trust and intangible outcomes beneficial both to the participants and partners. The outcomes would be enhanced by accumulating the local understanding and knowledge of developing countries and the mutual benefits keep the relationship sustainable.
  • 12.

    An Essay on Entrepreneurial University and Regional Innovation Systems

    Jae-Youl Lee | Giljae Lee | 2018, 7(3) | pp.435~448 | number of Cited : 2
    While the goal of balanced territorial development in spatial policy is on the re-rise in Korea, both academia and policy circles pay growing attention to ‘regional innovation’. They are also endeavoring to shed new lights on the role of university in regional innovation. Against this backdrop, this article is designed to offer a critique on the studies of ‘regional innovation systems (RIS)’ and propose a way to examine and understand knowledge-based regional economies in association with university in action. For the purpose, this article reviews the RIS studies, and finds that early studies’ analytical interest was focused largely on firms, institutions, and regions, with little attentiveness to the role of university. The same analytical gap is still found in more recent studies, which put emphasis on the differences between ‘institutional’ and ‘entrepreneurial’ RIS with attention to the nature of ‘intermediaries’ between the subsystems of knowledge generation and knowledge exploitation. Then, we find a clue for the solution from the studies of ‘triple-helix’, which stresses on the role of ‘entrepreneurial university’ and the effect of university-business-government interactions on knowledge-based regional development. We expect that an eclectic employment of RIS and triple-helix could help deepen our knowledge about ‘path creation’ development trajectories in ‘emerging regions’.
  • 13.

    A Spatial Analysis on the Relationships between Housing Prices and Migration: Focusing on Rental Prices in the Capital Region

    Cho Daeheon | 2018, 7(3) | pp.449~462 | number of Cited : 4
    Housing is one of the most important factors in migration in Korea. In recent years, population outflows in areas where housing prices, especially rental prices, have surged have received considerable social attention. Although housing prices are considered to be a major factor in recent migration, empirical studies based on spatial analysis are still rare. The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between housing prices and migration in Si-Gun-Gu units of the capital region from a spatial perspective. The main findings are as follows. First, since the mid-2000s, the average of rental prices in the areas has increased continuously, while the average of net migration rates has shown the opposite trend over the period. Second, in general, areas with higher rental price and higher increase of rental price, especially in the southeastern part of Seoul, showed high negative net migration rates, whereas the other areas showed positive net migration rates. Third, in the inter-area migration, more than 70% of net migration flows were directed to areas with lower housing price. Fourth, OLS analysis of net migration rates showed that the spatial pattern of rental prices has a negative correlation with that of net migration rates, but the explanatory power was not strong compared to housing stock or employment opportunity. Fifth, in GWR analysis, rental prices were negatively related with net migration rates in all areas, but the power varied depending in the area, which was lower in Seoul and its neighboring areas. In summary, it is concluded that high rental prices are considered to be factors that promote out-migration or inhibit in-migration, but their impact is not strong enough at Si-Gun-Gu level in the capital region.
  • 14.

    Application of Relative Favorability Function Model for Land-use and Land-cover Change (LUCC) Prediction in South Korea

    Dongwoo Kim | Kim Jang-soo | Man Kyu Kim | 2018, 7(3) | pp.463~478 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Various LUCC forecasting models are being used to predict future land-use and land-cover change (LUCC) as interest in natural environment conservation and human sustainable life increases. This study analyzes the past LUCC regularities of the entire South Korean region using the Relative Favorability Function (RFF) model and evaluates the applicability of future LUCC predictions. Based on the Land Cover Map and Analysis Indicators in 1990 and 2000, the RFF model was developed to predict land cover in 2010 and compared with land cover maps and accuracy verification in 2010. As a result of the study, the Kappa coefficient for accuracy verification was 82.3%, confirming the applicability of the RFF model. Certain types of land covering were under-estimated and over-estimated. Typically, the area of cities and bare land is over-estimated in Seoul metropolitan region and regional metropolises. It was under-estimated in areas such as Sejong City where land was changed to cover by urban planning.
  • 15.

    Evaluation of Land Use Management Grade Using Environmental Conservation Value Assessment Map (ECVAM) and Restriction on Acts of Use District

    Geunhan Kim | Eun Jung Lee | Jeong ho Yoon and 2other persons | 2018, 7(3) | pp.479~488 | number of Cited : 0
    To prevent imprudent land development and damages in natural environment regions, it is essential to establish environmental plan based on scientific analysis. In order to build such environmental planning, environmental spatial information such as Environmental Conservation Value Assessment Map (ECVAM) is important. However, ECVAM does not reflect realistic land use and related use district. Therefore it is necessary to set the land use management grade based on the restriction on acts of use district and the ECVAM grade. In this study, we proposed land use management grade considering the environmental-ecological assessment of ECVAM and the Restriction on Acts of Use District. To do this, we set up the grade from the viewpoint of utilization considering the land use restrictions. And we derive the land management grade that overlaps this grade and the grade of environmental-ecological assessment ECVAM. As a result of land use management grade, the first level area to be absolutely conserved occupied 20.29% of the land and the second level of conservation buffer zone covered 23.40%. It is considered that the derived land use management grade can contribute as a base data in integrated land environment.