The purpose of this study is to introduce the meaning of embodied cognition scholars in cognitive psychology and diverse subject matter education have increased their interest in. In addition, this research investigates how the notion of embodied cognition can be applied to geography education. Embodied cognition attempts to overcome the limitations of traditional cognitive science that builds on the dichotomy between body and mind. Embodied cognition researchers note the interactions among human mind, body, activity, and the environment and try to combine them. Strategies to incorporate the ideas of embodied cognition examine the importance of physical manipulations, the effects of gestures, the use of diverse sensory experiences, and elements of embodied cognition in virtual environments. This study discusses applications of embodied cognition in geography education as follows: 1) embodied geographic experiences through physical manipulations and/or physical activities, 2) embodied design of virtual environments, and 3) geographic assignments that lead to effective embodied experience. This research represents a preliminary attempt to introduce the notion of embodied cognition into geography education and to further relevant discussions.
Geographic research is a study method, which finds and organizes a new knowledge through inquiring subjects and investigating clues rather than simply accepting fixed information. Naturally, geographic research contributes for raising future talents through education. Among geographic research methods, fieldwork is very effective in education because fieldwork enables students’ in depth understanding of study regions through students’ physical experiences and corresponding direct learning process. This study aims to develop students’ geographic research ability by applying fieldwork in Chinatown area in Incheon. The procedure and results of the fieldwork are analyzed. In the fieldwork process, GPS mobile technology was applied. The results present that the fieldwork contributes to develop high school students’ geographic research ability and learning satisfaction rate.
The primary purpose of this research is to analyze the statistical relationship between particulate matter 10㎛ or less in diameter (PM10) of Korea and that of China. Specifically, the pattern of transboundary influence from China to Korea is analyzed, if the relationship turns out statistically significant. Using cross-correlation analyses and autoregressive models, data on PM10 of Seoul, Korea, and Beijing and Tianjin, China are analyzed in accordance with climatic data of Seoul, namely mean temperature, precipitation, average wind speed, prevailing wind directions, and average sea-level pressure. According to the results of crosscorrelation analysis, PM10 of Beijing and Tianjin have affected the air quality of Seoul in a consistent manner; according to the result of autoregressive models, the air quality of Seoul has been affected by its domestic emissions and transboundary PM10 from Beijing and Tianjin that were emitted the day before. Seoul’s PM10 tends to get lower when the wind blows from East to West but to get higher when atmospheric circulation decreases.
In this study, we analyze the surface temperature change in the urban during the heatwave, we constructed a time-series orthomosaic image with thermal infrared camera based on UAV (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle), and analyzed the surface temperature change by the difference calculation by orthomosaic image. As a result, from the morning to the afternoon, the increase in surface temperature was found to be higher in the order of artificial facilities such as buildings, roads, barrens, fields, and vegetations. Also, it was found that the surface temperature was lowered due to the influence of the shadow due to the sun altitude, and the surface temperature change was also different depending on the material and color of the facility of roof. The results of this study are meaningful as a study to analyze the surface temperature changes according to the land use and building in the urban surface based on the high resolution thermal image.
The ‘Yeongdeok 19m marine terrace’ and the ‘Yeongdeok 11m marine terrace’ distributed along the Yeongdeok coast of the southeastern Korean peninsula are assumed to have been formed in the MIS 5e and MIS 5a respectively, judging from the comparison between the ‘Yeongdeok 19m marine terrace’ - the ‘Yeongdeok 11m marine terrace’ and the ‘lower marine terrace 1’ - the ‘lower marine terrace 2’ respectively, which have been known as the marine terraces of MIS 5e and 5a in the Gangneung ~ Uljin coast and the Ulsan ~ Pohang coast respectively. If we assume that the sea level of MIS 5e was 6m higher than that of the present, as is generally known, the uplift rate in the Yeongdeok coast since the MIS 5e(125ka BP) is calculated as about 0.1mm / year (1.0m / 10,000years) because the estimated former shoreline altitude of the ‘Yeongdeok 19m marine terrace’ is about 19m. The uplift rate derived from this study is lower than those of the other studies which have been made in the same and adjacent coasts of this study. The further investigation on the differences of the uplift rate between this study and the other studies is required.
In this study, archaeological excavation results obtained from Haman Sungsan Fortress ancient environmental restoration research and soil organic matter analysis method in sediment layer were utilized and we discussed a comprehensive and ancient climate and environmental change. Soil organic carbon analysis and Humus analysis were used for soil organic matter analysis. As a result of the analysis, it can be deduced that there were at least four different environments during the formation of the sediments and considering this as a result of archaeological era, it is as follows. The pre-6th century was relatively warmer and humid than the upper layer. The period from the middle of the 6th century to the late 6th century was inferred to be a relatively cooler or drier environment before the middle of the 6th century. It is inferred that the period from the late 6th century to the 7th century reflects the effects of agriculture rather than reflecting the effects of the climate environment. The period from the 7th century to the 8~9th century was also deduced that agriculture affected soil formation conditions rather than the effects of climate environment.
This study aims to explore the spatial patterns of public CCTV nationwide, and to examine requirements for the spatial diffusion of CCTV. Despite privacy threats, citizens are favorably inclined towards public CCTV. Accordingly, the demand for installing CCTV cameras has increased, and the government has also appropriated the budget in installing public CCTV cameras and establishing integrated operation control centers. However, the spatial patterns of public CCTV show that CCTV cameras are located densely in heavily populated areas, particularly downtown areas of metropolitan cities, which means there are regional disparities in spatial distributions of public CCTV cameras. Thus, this study discusses how to reduce the cost on installation and management of CCTV systems by adopting new technologies, how to maximize the utilization of CCTV by converging diverse Smart City services, and how to reform regulations.
Since the 1997 financial crisis, Korea has become more important to social innovation companies that can provide jobs and social services due to the rising unemployment rate and the aging population. This study analyzed the positional distribution of social innovation enterprises in the Chungcheong region by using the location quotient and multiple regression analysis. The results showed that the major location distribution areas of social enterprises are high population density, high number of consumers and suppliers of social services, as well as high traffic levels. Furthermore, it was found that social enterprises were located for the purpose of providing jobs to areas with a large number of elderly people, such as agricultural regions. The main distribution areas of social cooperatives are located in areas where economic activity has stagnated due to population reduction focus on saving the region. In addition, social cooperative finances are found in agricultural regions and regions with many minorities in order to create employment and increase income. The main location distribution of community enterprises were selected self-supporting regional community demonstrative project in 2010 or were found to be considered the cooperation among the residents, generally agricultural-based community enterprises. The results of this study above could provide the implications for nurturing and positional policies related to social innovation enterprises.