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2019, Vol.8, No.2

  • 1.

    Exploring Self-directed Inquiry-type Primary Geography Textbook: A Case Study of Primary Geography Textbook in UK and USA

    Dawon Kim | 2019, 8(2) | pp.109~120 | number of Cited : 0
    The purpose of this study is to explore the alternatives of constructing contents of inquiry type primary geography textbooks in the future. The primary geography textbooks of the United Kingdom and the United States of America was analyzed. As a result of the analysis, I found that there are devices as inquiry textbooks in the following three aspects. First, textbooks provide relevant learning contents to acquire core concept knowledge related to topics necessary for inquiry, and to acquire related functions, so that learners can naturally carry out the inquiry process. Second, it presents a set-type inquiry task by level. The basic problem that can check the subject matter by each subject and the deepening task that needs to utilize in depth thinking can be used to help the students to develop high-order thinking ability through simple thinking activities. Third, the core concepts, related data, and related functions presented in the textbook reflect well the concept of geography and generalization knowledge. Based on this, students learn naturally to acquire conceptual knowledge and inquiry process of geography and help to form geographical perspective.
  • 2.

    A Study on the Place Attachment Structure of College Students through Place Remembering

    Hyongsang Lee | 2019, 8(2) | pp.121~138 | number of Cited : 1
    The purpose of this study is to understand the structure of place attachment and to grasp the correlation between place attachment elements by using grounded theory. In order to collect the data of the study, 77 college students were asked to write about the memory of place attachment, and the research results were derived by analyzing it as a grounded theory. According to the results of the study, the college student was recalling the places of daily life, intense experience, the search and discovery of places as memories of attachment. Emotional priming effect, sensory priming effect, change of place, and the excellence of the natural environment was working as positive factors in remembering places, and personal resting place, kinship, group membership, and place convenience were affecting the college students equating themselves with place or giving meaning to place by individuals grew into independent identities, improving inner competency, forming a network of relationships. In this study, the results of the paradigm model were abstracted to derive a structured model of place attachment. The results verified that place attachment lies in causal correlation between place discovery and recognition, embodied cognition, place dependence, place identity, place meaning.
  • 3.

    An Explorative Study of Perception on Environmental Awareness of Elementary School Students Using Q Methodology

    Hong Suh Young | 2019, 8(2) | pp.139~154 | number of Cited : 2
    This study empirically analyzed the environmental awareness types of elementary school students using Q methodology. Q methodology is well developed to figure out person’s subjectivity on specific issues. In this research 25 statements on ecological awareness are sorted by 21 Q sorters, then 4 types of perception on ecological awareness in elementary school students are extracted; ecological cosmopolitanism, territorial civicism, global futurism, romantic anthropocentricism. First, ecological cosmopolitanism considers environmentally friendly attitudes and behaviors related to their practice to be important. Second, territorial civicism perceives the consideration of future generations as negative nonetheless, emphasizes problem solving of the present generation. Third, global futurism cares about consideration for future generations. And they look at environmental issues more macroscopically. Finally, romantic anthropocentricism recognizes that environmental advances can be solved by technological advancement. This result shows us ecological awareness of elementary school students, then suggests the direction of environmental education in the future.
  • 4.

    Incision Rates of Mountain Streams in the Southern Part of the Taebaek Mountain Ranges

    Gwang-Ryul Lee | 2019, 8(2) | pp.155~168 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    This study tries to calculate incision rate by topographical analysis and age dating on 18 fluvial terrace sites in 12 mountain streams in the southern part of the Taebaek Mountain Range, Gyeongbuk and Chungbuk Provinces. Based on characteristics in spatial distribution of incision rate, stream incision and ground uplift of the Taebaek and Sobaek Mountain Ranges are also estimated. Higher incision rate areas are found in the central and western slopes in the southern part of the Taebaek Mountain Range as well as in the western slope of the Sobaek Mountain Range. Areas at least 30 km and 20 km away from the Taebaek and Sobaek Mountain Ranges, respectively, show lower incision rate. These results suggest that the Taebaek and Sobaek Mountain Ranges are uplift axes where have experienced active ground uplift, the most important factor in stream incision, in the southern part of the Korean Peninsula. Uplift rate in the Taebaek Mountain Range seems to be higher than that in the Sobaek Mountain Range. It is likely that both the Taebaek and Sobaek Mountain Ranges have experienced tilted uplift with more active uplift in the western slope than in the eastern slope.
  • 5.

    A Study on Time-series Topographical Changes in Haman Seongsan Fortress

    Hea Kyung Jung | PARK JIHOON | 2019, 8(2) | pp.169~176 | number of Cited : 1
    The purpose of this study is to investigate the topographical changes of the top of Mt. Jonam, where Haman Seongsan Fortress is located using GIS analysis (elevation, slope, aspect analysis). For this purpose, this study uses four topographic maps (1: 5,000 scale) with different timings: ① 'summit-level map based on the topographic maps of 1975', ② 'topographic maps of 1975' ③ 'topographic maps of 1996' ④ '2008 digital topographic map'. As a result of the analysis, some changes in the topographical environment were identified during the three periods, Ⅰ (? ~ 1975), II (1975 ~ 1996), and III (1996 ~ 2008). First, as a result of the elevation analysis, it was confirmed that due to natural (or anthropogenic) erosion or denudation at the top of the hill, the area ratio of the lower elevation zone was increased in the III period than in the I and II period. As a result of the slope analysis, the area ratio of the slope of 0~10 ° range decreases and then grows from the period I to II to III. This implies that hilly erosion (or denudation) prevailed during periods I to II, and artificial actions (e.g. fill, landfill), such as excavation, during the period II to III. As a result of aspect analysis, periods I and II have almost similar aspect composition. Compared to the previous periods, the III period showed a change in aspect, so that northward, northeastward, trend and southwest increased, and southeast and northwest decreased. As a result of fragrance analysis, periods I and II have almost similar fragrance composition. Compared to the previous periods, the III period showed a change in incense, increasing northward, northeast, trend and southwest, and decreasing southeast and northwest. As in the result of the slope analysis, it is thought that the artificial behavior caused the change in the slope composition during the period from the II to III.
  • 6.

    The Definition and International Research Trend of Geodiversity: Focused on Presentations at EGU

    Kim, Jong-yeon | 2019, 8(2) | pp.177~192 | number of Cited : 0
    Geodiversity refers to the overall landscape and interaction of geologic features, terrain, and soil, and hydraulic features among the Earth's components. It includes the interrelationships between these individual elements, their combination, structure, system, and overall landscape. Geodiversity is a concept that is paired with biodiversity and is a collective entity where creatures interact and ecosystem services are achieved. Meanwhile, the European Geosciences Union (EGU), the largest association of geo-sciences in Europe held annually in April, is the meeting where many research results related to the geodiversity are presented. The presentation session opened in 2012 at the first time. A total of 272 papers were presented at the meetings from 2012 to 2018. The presentations include aspects of description of geological sites itself; geodiversity including geological and geological resources and relationships with human life, history, and culture; research on systems and management techniques for designating and managing geoheritage-related sites or areas; the technical aspects including mapping and utilization of the related techniques; the development of field trip courses, education programs and geotourism to introducing educational contents and programs, and so on. The studies of geodiversity are changing emphasis on the relevance of human societies from the study of the academic values and characteristics of various geoheritage sites. In particular, the relationship between landforms and human history has been emphasized. On the other hand, in terms of linking education and tourism, it is emphasizing the use of various new technologies, introduction of active participation method of education and visitors, diversification of knowledge delivery method and level at each site.
  • 7.

    Analysis of Spatial Distribution Characteristics in the Natural Environmental of Oreum Using the Likelihood Ratio at the Mid-mountain Area of Jeju Island

    Hye-Yeon Yoon | Dong-Ho Jang | 2019, 8(2) | pp.193~203 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This study analyzed the natural environmental spatial distribution characteristics of Oreum, located in the mid-mountain area of Jeju Island by employing a likelihood ratio based on Bayesian probability. The result of the likelihood ratio did not display a clear correlation between the aspect, effective soil depth, geologic and Oreum. However, a high correlation was displayed with the elevation, slope, soil drainage, forest type, and land-cover. The result of ascertaining in the mid-mountain area based on thereon demonstrated that the greatest distribution is seen mostly at a elevation of 300-400m (33.8%). Eventually Oreum was highly distributed at the angle of 20-30° (48.3%) and with a South-Southeast direction (26.8%). Furthermore, the soil drainage level of Oreum was found to be well drained at 70.2% and the effective soil depth was highly distributed at 50-100cm (66.0%). In terms of forest type, the highest distribution of coniferous plantain (27.8%) and broad-leaved forest (24.0%) was seen in Oreum, and in terms of geological map was shown trachy-basalt (Ⅲ) of Quaternary (43.6%) is the highest distribution. Moreover, the land-cover of Oreum was highly distributed of forest areas (79.9%) and grass land (19.1%) individually. The likelihood ratio results to be calculated and would be used as basic data for analyzing the spatial distribution characteristics of Oreum using a GIS spatial integration model.
  • 8.

    Relationship between Railroad Station and Local Central Place on Jeolla Railroad Line

    Sungwook Cho | 2019, 8(2) | pp.205~219 | number of Cited : 0
    The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between the railroad station and the local central place on the Jeolla Railroad Line opened in 1937. The findings of this study are summarized as follows; First, the Jeolla Railroad Line completed by purchasing Jeonju ↔ Iri section opened in 1914 and Suncheon ↔ Yeosu section opened in 1930, and constructed Jeonju ↔ Suncheon section in 1937. After that, moving to the outer region in Jeonju city in 1981, and upgrade and double-rowing improvement from 1989 to 2011. Secondly, the Jeolla Railroad Line started with 34 stations at the time of opening in 1937, and added 9 stations after that. In 2015, 30 stations are operating. The Jeolla Railroad Line had more stations than the Honam Railroad Line despite of the short length. Thirdly, Jeolla Railroad Line passing through the mountain region which had many restrictions on the railroad course and station location compared to the Honam Railroad Line (plain region). There are many terrain obstacles such as the Mangyeong River, the Seomjin River, Sulchi (uphill pass), Songchi. Fourthly, Honam Railroad Line focused on the connection of the local central places, but Jeolla Railroad Line focused on connecting the major points. The result is that Honam Railroad Line made new local central places by the introduction of railway traffic. However, the Jeolla Railroad Line did not affect on the formation and change of local central places.
  • 9.

    Gender Landscape of The Strength Trial between Brother and Sister Folk Tales

    Jung-Min Choi | 2019, 8(2) | pp.221~233 | number of Cited : 1
    This paper explored the gender landscape of The Strength Trial between Brother and Sister folk tales from the viewpoint of new cultural geography. Gender space is derived by analyzing numerical data and also studied through abstraction and generalization. Gender place communicates with the gender identity in which subjective and special experience is embedded. Gender landscape, which is the specific screen in which the third person gazes, hides gender ideology. There is no gender identity in the material attributes of the landscape, but femininity as a victim of the preference for boys and a tool of reproduction was in the process of subjective subordination. Because it is textualized in combination with narrative. To supplement credibility of narratives, castle, bridge, grave, and rock landscapes were used to perjure. Gender landscapes reflecting the social aspect of the time were not immutable but invented, competing and disappeared.
  • 10.

    A Study on Transformation and Formation of Religions of Sindoan Religious Village in Kyeryong Mountain

    Wonhoe Choi | Geunwha Lee | 2019, 8(2) | pp.235~259 | number of Cited : 1
    Based on existing materials on the Sindoan religious village in Kyeryong mountain, this study identified the transformation of the Sindoan religious village and the formation of religions in the Sindoan religious village in the level of restoration. The transformation of the Sindoan religious village was identified in terms of occurrence, existence, crackdown and closure of the Sindoan religious village, and relocation from the Sindoan religious village. The most striking of the characteristics of the religious lineage of the Sindoan religious village was the mixture of religions of various religious lineages. The main characteristics of individual religious composition in the Sindoan religious villages are the maintenance of uniqueness of individual religions, the coexistence of individual religions, the mix of emerging and orthodox religions, the uncertainty of the religious lineage belonging to individual religions, and the divergence of individual religious members from time to time.
  • 11.

    A Study on Internal Structure and Landscape of Sindoan Religious Village in Kyeryong Mountain

    Wonhoe Choi | Jeongrak Seong | 2019, 8(2) | pp.261~287 | number of Cited : 0
    This study identified the internal structure and landscape of the Sindoan religious village in Kyeryong mountain at the level of the restoration of its original form through a number of pictorial materials, including maps from the 1910 ~ 1980s. As a result of investigation of the internal structure of the Sindoan religious village, various characteristics were identified in terms of topography, administrative name, village, infrastructure, general functional establishment, religion and land use. The landscape of the Sindoan religious village was identified in terms of the general and religious landscape. In the general landscape of the Sindoan religious village, the foundation of physical and humanistic geography and the foundation of the feng shui and feng shui docham in the village are well revealed. The characteristics shown in the religious landscape of the Sindoan religious village can be summed up by differences in religious orthodoxy and authority between Sichonism, religions outside of Sichonism and shamanism, active acceptance of the feng shui and feng shui docham characteristics in Gyeryong mountain of the new religion and shamanism, the preservation of uniqueness of the new religion and shamanism and the coexistence of the two.
  • 12.

    A Study on the Environmental Factors Influencing Elderly Pedestrian Traffic Accidents in Busan

    Joonbum Park | Namgung Mi | 2019, 8(2) | pp.289~303 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    This study examines the effect of physical environment on elderly pedestrian accidents in Busan. We analyzed the 2016 Traffic Accident Analysis System (TAAS) data and employed a negative binomial regression analysis. The empirical analyses show that there are differences in the effect of physical environments between the elderly and the non-elderly. Specifically, the crosswalk density shows negative assciations with elderly pedestrian traffic accidents, while the level of land-use mix shows positive associations. For the non-elderly, the number of car lanes and commercial area ratio show positive associations with pedestrian traffic accidents. In addition, there are differences in the effects of physical environment between elderly pedestrian traffic accidents which result in serious injuries and the accidents which result in minor injuries. The findings in this study suggest that there should be efforts to introduce policies that can improve elderly pedestrian safety.
  • 13.

    The Spatial Distribution and the Change of Regional Characteristics of Urban Regeneration Types in Seoul: Focus on the Urban Landscape Change by Building Use

    Lee, Gunhak | 2019, 8(2) | pp.305~319 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    Recently urban regeneration has focused on various non-residential urban revitalization by the construction of new commercialized areas or cultural space beyond the improvement of old deprived residential neighborhood environments. Although there are some positive aspects from urban regeneration including regional economic and social renewal, a vicious circle repeats that original residents are forced out and regional economy becomes decayed again due to the re-increased living expense and cost of rent. At this moment, it is very important to look into the spatial distribution and the change of regional characteristics of regeneration and gentrified urban areas for systematically diagnosing and improving social problems led by urban renewal. In this context, this paper attempts to characterize various urban generation types based on the urban landscape change according to the building use in Seoul. And then the spatial distribution and temporal change of regional characteristics are examined for regenerated areas. As a result of analysis, we successfully identified significant areas of Seoul by time period showing the substantial change of the building use related to residential, commercial, and cultural regeneration, and derived more detailed clusters with specific change of regional characteristics for each regeneration type. This research would help us extend spatial understanding of various urban regeneration and gentrification and could be utilized for urban planning and regional economic policy. Moreover it is expected to give a clue for micro-scale research for unknown areas of urban regeneration by providing the temporal change of regional characteristics systematically.
  • 14.

    Exploring Spatial Heterogeneity in Factors for Apartment Prices in Seoul Using Moran Eigenvector Spatial Filtering Based on Spatially Varying Coefficients

    Hyeongmo Koo | 2019, 8(2) | pp.321~335 | number of Cited : 1
    Spatially varying coefficients models have been used as a tool for exploring spatial heterogeneity in regression coefficients. But, among various spatially varying coefficients models, only a geographically weighted regression (GWR) has been used for exploring spatial heterogeneity in factors for housing prices although it suffers from its low explanatory power and high multicollinearity between local coefficients. This study applies another type of a spatially varying coefficients model based on Moran eigenvector spatial filtering (MESF) to explore factors to apartment sale prices. The analysis results are compared to those of GWR and global MESF. The result shows MESF outperforms GWR in terms of explanatory power, spatial autocorrelation in model residuals, and multicollinearity between local coefficients. In additions, a variation in local coefficients against their global coefficients suggests that exploring spatial heterogeneity is necessary for a housing price estimation model.