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2019, Vol.8, No.3

  • 1.

    Elementary School Space from the Perspective of Pre-service Teachers and the Implications in Geography Education

    Okkyong Yoon | 2019, 8(3) | pp.337~348 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    This study examines how elementary school teachers and students use school spaces, how teachers and students are related to school spaces, and changed in their perceptions about school spaces using records observed by pre-service teachers during the four weeks of practice teaching in elementary schools. Pre-service teachers recognize that elementary school spaces are not a useful structure for instruction in terms of facility safety and space efficiency. Elementary school students distinguish their own space from the space of others in the school, and are reluctant to enter the other classrooms that they perceive as spaces for others. The main entrance of the school was inaccessible to students in the past, but today it serves as the activity space for students. This case suggests that the perception of school space is not fixed but can be changed by the opinions and wills of the educational subjects.
  • 2.

    Influence of Community (Town)-based Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) on Global Citizenship: Our Town, Fair Travel Project

    Du Hyun Lee | 2019, 8(3) | pp.349~362 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study is to develop and apply the Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) programs based on communities (towns), and to analyze the impact of the results on learners’ global citizenship. After selecting the theme called ‘Our town, Fair Travel Project’ and investigating the relevance between the curriculum by related class subject and the core themes of ESD, ESD programs of the 10th-lesson education program by 5-theme were developed by reconstructing the curriculum. In order to verify these programs, the main lessons were conducted on the experiment class, and the influence of the developed programs on global citizenship was analyzed. As a result, it showed significant results in a human universal value, respect for the value of diversity, attention and interest in world problems, a consciousness of participation in the solution of world problems, and a world-oriented attitude.
  • 3.

    Analysis of Research Trends in Geography Education Using Text Mining

    Euihan Lee | Bae Sunhak | 2019, 8(3) | pp.363~375 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study was to analyze the research trends by applying text mining techniques to keywords and abstracts of geography education articles published after 2000. Through the frequency analysis, the keywords in geography education were geography, learning, education, and region. In the topic analysis, topics such as curriculum, contents of learning, purpose of geography education, research subjects, and methods were derived. The analysis of the abstract produced meaningful results at a specific level, rather than the analysis of keywords. In the topic analysis, however, similar results were obtained in the keyword and abstract analysis. The results of this study suggest that data mining-based research trend analysis is highly applicable.
  • 4.

    A Study on World Geography Contents Included in Seoyu-gyeonmun (「西遊見聞」) by Yu Kil-Chun

    Tae-Yeol Seo | 2019, 8(3) | pp.377~397 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    This study tried to examine roles and characteristics, meaning of contents and it’s structure of Seoyu-gyeonmun (「西遊見聞」) by Yu Kil-Chun (兪吉濬, 1856-1914), particularly focusing on contents of geography. Yu started to open the viewpoint and vision on the world society through Haegug-dogi (「海國圖志」) guided by Park Khu-Su, and tried to suggest the road-map of enlightenment and illumination in Korea through his experience of studying abroad in Japan and The United States. Yu learned ideas of enlightenment through Fukujawa Yukichi (福澤諭吉), and Social Darwinism through Edward S. Morse. Yu positioned geographic knowledge at the starting point and concluding part of his book Seoyu-gyeonmun to recognize the situation of Korea and to enhance the relationship between Korea and World, and to expand the horizon and viewpoint on the world.
  • 5.

    A Study on Characteristics and Countermeasures of Fine Dust Discharge Sources in Cheongju

    Kim, Jong-yeon | Dae Ok Youn | YOUNG HOON KIM and 1other persons | 2019, 8(3) | pp.399~415 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    According to the 2016 National Air Pollutant Emissions Statistics (CAPSS) released by the Ministry of Environment, Cheongju produced about 4,776.8 tons of fine dust and ultrafine dust in 2016, of which about 2,910 tons (60.9%), Secondary fine dust is about 1,866.4 tons (39.1%). The ratio of secondary fine dust in Cheongju is higher than that of nationwide average of 70:30, which is the ratio of primary fine dust to secondary fine dust. This may be due to the high percentage of pollutants causing secondary fine dust compared to other regions. Among the air pollutants emitted from Cheongju region, sulfur oxides are rapidly decreasing and nitrogen oxides are insignificant but overall tend to decrease, while the amount of volatile organic compounds increases. As a result of the chimney remote monitoring system (TMS), NOX also increases in the waste incineration plant. Estimates of volatile organic compounds have also been shown to be quite high in the processing of waste. Accordingly, the main sources of fine dust in Cheongju are estimated to be road transport pollutants (23.3%), non-road transport pollutants (9.4%), biomass combustion (8.7%), manufacturing combustion (6.3%), and waste treatment (4.9%) to be. The rate of fine dust discharged by waste disposal is more than seven times the national average of 0.67%. In particular, Cheongju seems to have a high proportion of incineration of industrial wastes from outside, and research on the movement of waste incinerators between regions and governmental regulation are essential. It seems necessary to establish a research infrastructure and foster human resources to enable accurate analytical research and policy research in the region.
  • 6.

    Multi-proxy Records of Environmental Changes in a Freshwater Wetland in Louisiana during the Late Holocene

    Junghyung Ryu | Kam-biu Liu | 2019, 8(3) | pp.417~428 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    This study reports on a palynology-based multi-proxy analysis of a 360 cm sediment core retrieved from a freshwater marsh near Lake Pontchartrain in southern Louisiana, U.S.A. The site has experienced significant geological and eco-logical alterations during the late Holocene. Palynological and geochemical data suggest that four stages of ecological succession occurred during the last 5,000 years. The site changed from an oyster reef in the back-barrier system (5.0-4.0 cal yr BP) with elevated marine elemental concentration of Ca to a transitional stage (4.0-3.5 cal yr BP) with high Zr/Br ratio, and then to a lake stage (3.5-2.0 cal yr BP) during the St. Bernard delta complex with increasing terrestrial elemental concentration of Zr. It finally changed to a Sagittaria-Typha freshwater marsh (2.0 cal yr BP to present) with elevated Br concentration. The high charcoal concentration suggests an intense fire event that occurred prior to the establishment of the Sagittaria-Typha freshwater marsh around 2.0 cal yr BP. These findings suggest that our multi-proxy data are useful for identifying the origin of sediments and reconstructing the paleoenvironment in coastal wetlands.
  • 7.

    Overseas Travelling and Writing as a Woman in Colonial Chosŏn: A Case Study of Western Travel Writing by Na Hye-Seok

    Han Jieun | 2019, 8(3) | pp.429~447 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    This study examined the first Western Travel Writing by Na Hye-Seok in 1920-30s colonial Chosŏn. As a result of spatial and material practices, Na’s Western Travel Writing is understandable that travelling and writing/painting about travel. Her travelling was a new type of overseas tourism, the first trip to the Europe by Trans-Siberian Railroad, and the destination was represented as ‘Paris, Capital of Flowers’. And her travel writing/painting came into the world owe to new types of writing/painting in those days. In particular, this study examined Na’s multiple positionalities and how feminist identity was frustrated after travelling.
  • 8.

    An Analysis on the Contents Construction of Historical Atlas of Korea Published in North Korea

    Saangkyun Yi | Choi, Hee | 2019, 8(3) | pp.449~462 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    The purpose of the study is to discover the recognition for North Korean side of history and territory which had been sharing the same history and culture prior to division of territory, by analysing North Korea’s Historical Atlas of Korea in the current circumstance in which Korean people’s history is in danger of being partly distorted or lost due to China’s Northeast Project about History. In particular, to analyse the characteristics of the atlas’s contents composition and find out the character ideology of North Korean regime that has fundamentally influenced the historical events and the process of map selection. As the result of the study, firstly, it finds that in the aspect of clear statement the purpose of creation for Historical Atlas of Korea is allegedly to install in North Korean peoples and soldiers ethnic pride and confidence, nationalism, and to help the nation’s history education, yet implicitly it is to justify the establishment of the North Korean regime and results in the reification of the Kim’s family. Secondly, in terms of the content composition maps of prehistoric era focus on the historical sites, old age maps the distinction between national territory, middle ages maps on the circumstances of war against exterior invasions, and modern maps on the events that won over the imperial vessels’ invasion from America and France alike. Then the later part of the atlas, from late 19th century to early 20th century, deals with the history of revolutionary struggles such as the peasant’s revolution, anti-Japanese wars and 3.1 revolution. Thirdly, North Korea places 1926 as the beginning of “contemporary” as Kim Il-Sung started Down-with-Imperialism Union, and constitutes that such revolutionary activities of Kim Il-Sung runs along with the establishment of North Korean government (1945). Fourthly, it foregrounds Pyeongyang as the foundation of Koreans, battleground for the exclusion of the outer forces, and the holy ground for revolution, while it doesn’t mention only one sentence about Seoul which was the capital for Joseon dynasty for 500 years. The Daehan Empire does not exist in the North Korean history. Even though the viewpoint and content between the South and the North varies largely, we need to make continual efforts to narrow the different gap between the South and the North in preparation for the era of unification.
  • 9.

    One Livelihood Hansalim Movement of Jang Il-Soon and Its Implication for Sustainable Future

    Chan Rhan Huh | 2019, 8(3) | pp.463~475 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    This article introduces one livelihood Hansalim thought of Jang Il-Soon and suggests a comprehensive and ethically conscious understanding of ecosystem integrating natural and religious worldview. A crisis in the ecosystem was first diagnosed as a problem within the ecosystem itself caused by political, economic and social factors. It is now understood that the problem is rooted in the way humans think about nature. The Life Thought of Jang Il-Soon comprises social and spiritual pursuits emphasizing ethical thinking and practice to overcome environmental crisis. One Livelihood Hansalim Movement of Jang Il-Soon integrates Donghak and Christian teachings, and emphasizes that we as human beings have unique rights and obligations, but are a part of all living things where these rights and obligations must be reconsidered through integrated aspects. The main principles of life-centeredness and One Livelihood give us the foundations for ecological awareness and depth of religious mind. These thoughts will allow us to transform ourselves and their practices could be begun in local communities. The Hansalim Movement propose an integrative environmental ethics, and could be used for the base of environmental education toward sustainable future.
  • 10.

    Nodeulseom in Seoul as a Postcolonial Landscape: A Geohistorical De/Reconstruction, 1910-1995

    Jae-Youl Lee | 2019, 8(3) | pp.477~495 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    Nodeulseom in Seoul has evolved from a natural geographic feature to a cultural landscape for a century. This article nonetheless does not aim to offer a Sauerian account about the cultural landscape. Instead, it distantiates from the Berkeley School tradition in order to unveil the island’s hidden landscape history. To do so, this article examines and deconstructs the official geohistorical narrative of Nodeulseom that Seoul Metropolitan Government offers, and finds out its association with planning, design, and architectural professionals, whose accounts are centered solely on artificial structures. On the other hand, they neglect the history of Nodeulseom inhabitants. Thus, shifting away from such a ‘situated knowledge’ and calling for a more grounded approach centered on inhabitants, this article also develops a set of alternative geohistorical narratives attentive to displaced working class villages, scenes behind place of attraction, and squatter settlement conditions. These narratives help to understand the presence of ordinary people at Nodeulseom and the actual reason for their displacement during the colonial era and the geohistory’s continued effects in the subsequent postcolonial condition. In conclusion, Nodeulseom is discussed as a postcolonial landscape that bears both colonial legacy and its postcolonial reinvention.
  • 11.

    Review on Theories of Urban Origins of Jane Jacobs Based on Her Urban Thoughts

    Jungyeop Shin | 2019, 8(3) | pp.497~516 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    The purpose of this paper is to offer a detailed review on Jane Jacobs’ thoughts on the city as she is considered as one of the influential urbanist in the academia and the public. To that end, the Jacobian view on urban planning is examined with particular attention to diversity and innovation in the beginning, and then her trade theory on urban origin is reviewed with some critical assessments. In the former, I highlight how jacobs’ anti-modernist urban activism especially in New York and Toronto was embedded in her confidence in the urban diversity and innovations. In the latter, my critical review is focused on how Jacobs’ trade theory is different from the conventional theory centered on the urban origins from agricultural surplus, while outlining her case study of Catalhöyük. These examinations lead the author to contemplate on Jacobs’ enormous contributions to the current urbanist theory and practices, despite the presence of critiques who indicate lacking empirical evidence and academic considerations in her works.
  • 12.

    Urban Growth Prediction Using Zoning District and Logistic Regression Analysis

    Geunhan Kim | Gilsang Lee | Kim, Oh Seok and 1other persons | 2019, 8(3) | pp.517~527 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    Sustainable conservation and use of national lands requires anticipating the expansion of urban areas and establishing national environmental plans accordingly. As such, this study compared the use district for 2006 and 2018 to predict the expansion of urban areas. It sets the areas changed to urban districts as dependable variables and the factors related to the changes of the urban districts as independent variables and then performed the logistic regression analysis. It derived a regression equation from the logistic regress analysis and applied the current data in 2018 to the derived regression equation to predict the urban growth in 2030. Since urban areas accounted for 4.0% of the total land in Korea as of 2018, it designated the top 4.0% of the urban growth prediction map derived from the analysis as urban districts. It then excluded the existing urban district districts in 2018 from the top 4.0% of the urban growth prediction map. As a result, it predicted that about 1% of the national lands, or 1,087 km2, would be changed to urban districts by 2030. The derived urban growth prediction map would be a good reference for national land plans and environmental plans related to the use and preservation of national lands, and various plans based on the urban growth prediction would contribute to sustainable use and management of national lands.
  • 13.

    Correlation Analysis between Livestock Mortality Caused by Heat Wave and News Big Data

    Jongchul Park | Kukjin Han | Yeora Chae | 2019, 8(3) | pp.529~543 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    Social big data can be a source of information for early detection of disasters. Furthermore, it contains new possibilities for understanding the spatial distribution of disasters. Understanding the relationship between information obtained from news big data and actual events is essential to do this. The purpose of this study is to improve the understanding of the relationship between the two data by comparing the results of the analysis of news big data and livestock mortality caused by heat waves. The number of news was doubled during the period livestock mortality increased. However, the number of news reached the peak after six days the livestock mortality reached the peak. In the temperature range where livestock mortality increased, the main keyword of the news was ’mortality’. In the news before mid-July, the main keywords were ‘response’ and ‘prevention’, and the main keyword was ‘mortality’ from mid-July to mid-August. Since mid-August, ‘price’ was the main keyword. Although the frequency of some key words is affected by social issues, the key word 'mortality' appeared mostly in temperature ranges and periods of actual mortality.