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pISSN : 2287-4739 / eISSN : 2733-8991

2020 KCI Impact Factor : 1.28
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2020, Vol.9, No.1

  • 1.

    Investigating University Students’ Everyday Life Space Using an Online Visualization Platform

    Minsung Kim | 2020, 9(1) | pp.1~15 | number of Cited : 0
    The purpose of this study is to examine the pedagogical effects of investigating everyday lives from the perspective of time geography using an online visualization tool. The participants observed and reflected on their daily lives and recorded their movements and experiences on a Google-based online platform. This project represents an embodied visualization activity in which individuals described what they perceived, experienced, and thought in their everyday lives with diverse data. The thematic analysis of the participants’ opinions resulted in the following themes: the rediscovery of everyday life space, an evaluation of range of movement, a basis for understanding people’s behavioral patterns, and applications to class. The instructor emphasized students’ interest and active participation, the meaning of the activity and the continuous implementation of the project. This study contributes to the literature because it combines the notion of time geography, 3D visualization, and online geospatial technologies in a productive manner and futhermore connects them to a concrete pedagogical activity.
  • 2.

    An Action Research on the Application and Effect of Process-based Geographical Writing Using e-NIE in Middle School Geography Classroom

    Hyongsang Lee | 2020, 9(1) | pp.17~35 | number of Cited : 0
    The purpose of this study is to verify the effectiveness of process-based writing using e-NIE in geography class and to examine the impact on students' geographical competencies. In this study, we developed a process-based geographical writing model based on cognitive writing to collect research data, and conducted 24 hours of geographical writing activities over 12 weeks for 12 students. The results of this study were analyzed by a mixed methods research method that uses both quantitative and qualitative research. As a result of the research analysis, the process-oriented geographical writing model developed in this study provided significant effect on students' geographical writing ability in terms of content, organization, expression, format and grammar. In addition, the process-based geography writing model is effective in developing interests in geography subject, use of geographical knowledge, use of geographical information, development of geographical values and attitudes, problem solving ability, communication ability, and self-directed learning ability.
  • 3.

    Development of “Geography Learning Styles” Scale Using Sense and Perception

    JaYeon Yang | 2020, 9(1) | pp.37~49 | number of Cited : 0
    The purpose of this study is to develop a sensory and perceptual geography learning style scale for understanding geography learners. Learning style is an educational psychology method for understanding learners. Sense and perception affect the foundation of private geography in each geography learner and are also elements of learning style in case of information recognition. Based on sensory and perceptual factors, a questionnaire was selected to understand geography learners. The questionnaire can be categorized into three parts: senses and perceptual elements set through prior research analysis, geography learning contents, and teaching methods and materials in geography education. High school students in Korea and Japan participated in the questionnaire survey. Exploratory factor analysis of the data revealed that 14 items comprised 3 factors: “preference for Visual materials,” “preference of Aural/Oral activities in peer-group,” and “preference for Drawing.” This scale is proposed as a means to understand geography learners through sensory and perceptual aspects.
  • 4.

    Application of the Aristotle Phronēsis Concept to Foster Ecological Citizenship in Geography Education

    Suh-Young Hong | 2020, 9(1) | pp.51~65 | number of Cited : 0
    To solve today’s ecological crisis, it is important to introduce the concept of ecological citizenship as a new citizenship in geography education. Ecological citizenship is characterized by the emphasis of obligations and responsibilities even on the private sphere of the individual. This ecological citizenship is a concept that presupposes that an individual’s internal motivation and practice to solve problems of community problem arising from an ecological crisis should be expressed based on environmental justice. With the intellectual virtue presented by Aristotle, the concept of phronēsis refers to each person’s ability to discern and judge in the context of life. In this paper presented Aristotle’s concept of phronēsis as a philosophical basis for fostering ecological citizenship in geography education and explored whether phronēsis could be a conceptual basis for ecological citizenship. To this end, the process of fostering ecological citizenship by applying the concept of phronēsis was largely considered as setting goals, inducing internal motivation, and forming habits. Through this, it was considered sustainability of the community can be realized.
  • 5.

    Reading Mudeungsan Mountain as ‘Landscape’, ‘Place’, ‘Image’

    Park Chul woong | 2020, 9(1) | pp.67~89 | number of Cited : 1
    Mountains are a main subject of geomorphology, a subfield of geography, are different landscapes and places reconstructed by people. In geographical research, the interpretation of landscape has been theorized in a number of ways. However, few attempts have been made to understand the overall and collective nature of Mudeungsan mountain. In this regard, this study is a geographical approach to Mudeungsan as a natural ‘landscape’, a ‘place (sense of place)’ in humanistic geographical viewpoint, and a representational ‘image’. In order to clarify the point that ‘landscape’, ‘place (sense of place)’ and ‘image’ of Mudeungsan, it is analyzed materials that are the results of geomorphological studies, fieldwork, and humanistic ‘Yusangi’ literature and school song. Research results have shown that Mudeungsan is revealed the attributes of manifold by landscapes, Yusangi, school song. Also, It is founded, how natural landscapes were read in humanistic Yusangi, and its converse. The columnar joint of landscapes is a represented landscape of Mudeungsan. In addition, the altitude, shape, and volume, and accessibility of Mudeungsan is still affected, affecting the formation of various the sense of place. Mudeungsan has been imaged deeply through school songs. This turns out that the relationship between mountain and humans is closely related and continuing. It is further suggested that such this approach will be necessary to overcome the limitations of the comprehensive description of the geographical approach to mountain landform that is smaller scale than a region.
  • 6.

    Fragmentation Analysis for Conservation Planning: The Case of Seoul Metropolitan Area

    Hyuksoo Kwon | Kim Jang-soo | 2020, 9(1) | pp.91~102 | number of Cited : 0
    The purpose of this study was to measure the degree of landscape fragmentation in the metropolitan area with high development pressure and to utilize it in environmental planning and traffic planning. The Effective Mesh Size (EMS) was applied to evaluate the probability that two randomly chosen points in a region are located in the same non-fragmented patch. In the northeastern region of the metropolitan area, the degree of landscape fragmentation was low and the landscape fragmentation was relatively high in Seoul and Incheon. In the case of Seoul, the northern and southern regions were evaluated to have low landscape fragmentation due to the influences of Mt. Bukhan, Mt. Gwanak and Mt. Umyeon. While the center of Seoul had a high degree of landscape fragmentation due to the lack of large green spaces during urbanization. In Seocho-gu, there was a difference between landscape fragmentation and biotop map of Seoul. This is attributable to the differences between vegetation-based evaluations and assuming animal mobility. Since it is difficult to secure large green areas in an urbanized area, it is necessary to connect existing green areas and to preserve a wide habitat by selecting the optimal way to pass when establishing a transportation plan. If you expand the analysis to the national scale, it can be effectively used for planning a protected area or environment at the national level.
  • 7.

    Construction of the Invasive Alien Plants Distribution Using Drone and Image Learning

    Dongwoo Kim | Daeyong Jin | Yong Myong Song and 3other persons | 2020, 9(1) | pp.103~114 | number of Cited : 1
    The invasive alien plants that cause ecological, economic, and public health disturbances are highly reproductive and thus must be controlled at the early stage of development. This study is intended to establish the system to construct the invasive alien plant distribution map based on spatial DBMS (Database Management System), obtain ortho-images using drones, classify invasive alien plants using CNN (Convolution Neural Network)-based image learning, and present how to generate the invasive alien plant distribution map using them. We obtained ortho-images by photographing the area where Sicyos angulatus, one of the invasive alien plants, inhabited in two test areas of Daejeon to examine the applicability of this system. In the first experiment, we conducted the image learning and classification using only the images photographed in test area a. In the second experiment, we conducted the image learning using the image photographed in test area a and classified the images photographed in test area b. In the last experiment, we conducted learning using the images photographed in test area a and the imagse of Sicyos angulatus on web sites and classified the image photographed in test area b. The analysis results showed the average classification accuracy of 95%, 45%, and 61% in the first experiment, the second experiment, and the third experiment, respectively. Construction of the distribution map of invasive alien plants requires the metatable of the ortho-images that contain various invasive alien plants. Additional information on the search targets of invasive alien plants in consideration of the expansion of new invasive alien plants can help to manage them with the spatial DBMS and carry out the automated classification of various invasive alien plants and to manage various ecosystem disturbances. Using them in the analysis system would help control invasive alien plants.
  • 8.

    Janghang, Formation and Transition of Modern Industrial City, and Local Industrial Heritages

    Pak Sungsine | 2020, 9(1) | pp.115~134 | number of Cited : 4
    Janghang is a city that was built with large-scaled land reclamation in order to seize rice and gold during the Japanese colonial period. Janghang’s modernization took place in the 1930s with the construction of major urban infrastructure such as smelter, railway and port. Over the past 90 years, Janghang has undergone a life cycle of the formation, development, decline and leap of modern industrial cities. As a result, Janghang has become a symbol of Korea’s compact economic development, urbanization and industrialization. The three urban infrastructures formed local identity and left industrial heritages reflecting locality and local life. This study is based on the field survey conducted from September 2018 to December 2019 and the list presented in the preceding study. The list of 30 industrial heritages was derived by evaluating the following factors: ① existence of the building, ② current space program, ③ extension of period, ④ original value of place, and ⑤ local identity. The list of industrial heritages was provided by identifying their characteristics and relationship to the three infrastructures and assigning the serial numbers. Currently, various regeneration projects are underway in Janghang under the local government’s control. Local regeneration has to start from understanding of the local heritage and recognizing as an asset based on the survey, archiving and research. Janghang has still the industrial heritages with potential such as abandoned railways, warehouses and residential houses. Therefore, it is possible to realize the ideal local regeneration when all concentrate on remodeling remaining spaces and developing contents, the residents has to be the final beneficiaries.
  • 9.

    Resident’s Perception on Possibility of Domiciliation in Daejeon Metropolitan City: A Case Study of Middle School Students in Daeduk-gu

    Yang-Yi Chang | 2020, 9(1) | pp.135~146 | number of Cited : 0
    This study aims to analyze the resident’s perception on the possibility of domiciliation in Daejeon Metropolitan City. To understand the domiciliating conditions for future generation, the questionnaire and interview were administered to middle school students in Daeduk-gu. More than half of the respondents supplied a negative response for domiciliation in Daejeon; the main reason was a lack of entertainment and youth facilities. Many respondents chose Seoul as the city in which they want to dwell because of abundant entertainment and youth facilities. These are related to culture and leisure, and this factor is regarded as necessary for the students’ choice of domiciliated city. In a survey on one’s satisfaction with the current residential area, the majority of students gave a positive response. Three main reasons were cited for their satisfaction: abundant commercial facilities, a clean environment and public safety. For subjects’ reason for dissatisfaction, the lack of entertainment and youth facilities was chosen. Therefore, to enhance the possibility of domiciliation for future generations, cultural and leisure conditions need to be improved in Daejeon Metropolitan City.
  • 10.

    Regional Development Policy Focusing on the Urban Decline and Urban Management Costs

    Jong-Geun Kim | 2020, 9(1) | pp.147~156 | number of Cited : 2
    As low-growth in economy sustains, the need for a development of coping urban management policies has much increased. This paper aims to analyze the impacts of urban decline on the urban management costs and to discuss policy instruments that deal with the urban and regional decline. In order to do so, this paper reviews the theories of urban decline, urban management, local government expenditure, and shrinking city. As a result, this paper suggests empirical evidence that supports the impact of urban decline on the urban management costs. Based on the theories of urban growth and the experiences of domestic and overseas where urban regeneration planning policies are implemented and practiced, this paper discuses some urban regeneration policy instruments to mitigate the financial burden of urban management including the provision of administrative bases to implement right-sizing plans, promotion of private investments on the urban regeneration projects, and the increase of the accessibility to the daily-life SOC.
  • 11.

    Place-Dependent Path Creation of the Regional Industry: Concrete Research on the Locational Process of Photovoltaic Lead Firms in Solar Valley, Chungbuk Province

    Jae-Youl Lee | Geunyong Jang | 2020, 9(1) | pp.157~175 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The Province of Chungbuk has risen to the largest photovoltaic industry region, which is called Solar Valley and specialized in solar cells and modules, in South Korea for a decade now. Crucial to the path creation of a new regional industry is attracting and locating industry lead firms including Hyundai Energy Solution, Shinsung E&G, and Hanwha Solution. Against this backdrop, this study examines the place-dependent nature of the new regional path creation in Chungbuk from an evolutionary economic geography perspective focused on such place-dependent processes as economic geohistories and purposeful strategic actions in the region, critiquing geographical economics and California School approaches centered on historical ‘accident’ and geographical ‘randomness’ in their explication of regional path creation. Particular attention is paid to how the geohistorical trajectory of branch plant economy and the unfolding of proactive policy strategies condition and contextualize the formation of Solar Valley. Coupled with detailed explications on the issues, this paper also offers a discussion of potential problems rising from such an ‘entrepreneurial’ mode of regional policy-making, as well as a reflection on the study’s policy implications.
  • 12.

    Analysis of Changes in Urbanized Areas in Daejeon Metropolitan City by Detection of Changes in Time Series Landcover: Using Multi-temporal Satellite Images

    Park hyun su | Dong-Ho Jang | 2020, 9(1) | pp.177~190 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This study detected changes in land cover based on multi-temporal satellite images in order to analyze patterns of changes in past urban areas in Daejeon Metropolitan City. In addition, the pattern of land cover changes in Daejeon Metropolitan City over the past 30 years was analyzed through an overlapping analysis between the area of change in the urban area and the data of the topographical in each of the five districts of Daejeon City. Studies have shown that changes in land cover over the past 30 years have shown an increasing trend in urbanized areas, water areas, grasslands and wetlands, while rice paddies, fields, forests and barelands tend to decline. As a result of the districts analysis, the largest increase in the area of the urbanization area is Yuseong-gu, followed by Seo-gu, Daedeok-gu, Dong-gu, and Jung-gu. In particular, Yuseong-gu has seen the largest increase in the area of urbanized areas due to the development of large-scale housing sites and the expansion of commercial areas, and most of the changed urbanized areas include paddies, fields, and forest areas in the past. As a result of the analysis with the topographical data, it was confirmed that urban expansion took place around flat land of less than 100 meters. The detection of changes in land cover and analysis of patterns of change in land cover for these urbanized areas could be used as important basic data for future urban development and management planning in Daejeon.
  • 13.

    A Study on the Spatial Strategies in Response to Heat Waves through Analyzing Urban Thermal Environment by UAV: Based on the Urban Regeneration Project in Yeongdo-gu, Busan

    Keonhyeong Kim | Youngeun Kang | Seung Woo Son and 2other persons | 2020, 9(1) | pp.191~203 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    In this study, we constructed a orthomosaic image with thermal infrared camera based on UAV (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle) to identify the factors affecting surface temperature during heat wave. Based on this, surface temperature of each type of LCZs (Local Climate Zones) and land cover was analyzed and the factors of surface temperature influence were identified. As a main result of this study, the surface temperature was high in the order of ‘Bare rock or paved’, ‘Compact row rise’, ‘Compact high rise’, ‘Low plants 1 (Greenery with flowerpot)’, ‘Low plants 2 (Farmland)’, and ‘Brush, scrub (Greenery between buildings)’, based on the type of LCZs. On the type of land cover, the surface temperature was high in the order of ‘Roads’, ‘Education and administrative facilities’, ‘Commercial and business facilities’, ‘Detached residential area’, ‘Other bare land’, ‘Unarranged farm’, ‘Co-residential area’ and ‘Other greenery’. Also, it was found that the surface temperature was different depending on the meterial and color of the facility of roof, and whether or not surrounding green land was present. Based on high-resolution thermal infrared images, this study are meaningful as it has constructed and analyzed the surface temperature distribution map of the target area of urban regeneration, a residential area with dense population of vulnerable people.
  • 14.

    Analysis on the Characteristics of IIRSA: Focusing on the Construction of Infrastructure

    Heesoon Kim | 2020, 9(1) | pp.205~222 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This paper analyzed the characteristics of IIRSA (Iniciativa para la Integración de la Infraestructura Regional Suramericana), which had organized for construction of South American infrastructures, such as transportation, communication, trans-border, and energy. The main theme of studies on IIRSA had focused on the political and social meaning of it. However, this paper is focusing on analysis of IIRSA on particular projects for infrastructure. This paper analyzed the 562 unit projects of IIRSA. The MERCOSUR members are of great importance and the majority of unit projects are allocated for domestic transportation facilities, especially for road maintenance. Two field works were performed for the analysis of characteristics of unit projects. The unit projects were appropriate and essential for local society and economy. Although the political crisis of UNASUR made the future vague, the experience of IIRSA would be a lodestar for South American countries.
  • 15.

    Reflections on the Naming Dispute between Korea and Japan about East Sea/Sea of Japan at the International Hydrographic Organization (IHO) and the Alternatives for the Revision of S-23

    Ryu, Yeon-taek | 2020, 9(1) | pp.223~235 | number of Cited : 0
    Taking into account the unresolved naming differences of IHO (International Hydrographic Organization) member states for the same sea area, this paper proposes four alternatives to enable the publication of the 4th edition of IHO publication S-23. For the sea area between the Korean peninsula and the Japanese archipelago, the first alternative could be the most plausible. Naming ‘East Sea’ for the Korean-side sea area and naming ‘Sea of Japan’ for the Japanese-side sea area without the delineation of the limits of each sea would be the most neutral solution, which is also consistent with IHO Technical Resolution A 4.2.6. Delineating the limits of each sea can have the possibility to bring another dispute between Korea and Japan. Another possible solution could be to use ‘East Sea’ for the Korean EEZ (or Korean territorial waters) and to use ‘Sea of Japan’ for the Japanese EEZ (or Japanese territorial waters) with the delineation of limits of each sea.