International development cooperation has been changed in two aspects; horizontal cooperative partnership among countries replaces foreign aid by developed countries to developing countries and the implementation of SDGs targeting all countries includes diverse agencies and regional focus in addition to national governments. Local governments play important roles in which the real experiences in providing public services could be shared with those in partner regions who are in short of resources. European decentralized development cooperation begun rather early to put efforts on the recipients’ needs by diversifying target sectors and their circumstances. Local governments’ ODA in early stage could improve in several aspects. It needs to coordinate the ODA recipients’ lists designated by OECD DAC and the priority partner countries selected by Korean government into account with individual local government’s twin regions. Targeting sectors, sector-wide approach would be preferable after considering local conditions and priorities rather than donors‘ competency approach. Also important is sharing knowledge and experiences for better service provision and strengthening local governance. Collaborations among local governments and other agencies would enhance civil society participation. It leads to better understanding of development assistance, and further realizing the SDGs both in domestic and foreign localities.