Though there were many kinds of cosmetics used from ancient times in Korea and Japan, those cosmetic skins and creams existed as basic cosmetics to make much fairer skin was similar between two countries. And there were some similarities in the aspects of cosmetic skins and creams between two countries as follows; fundamentally each home directly made and used cosmetic skins and creams with raw materials which could be easily obtained in the neighborhood; each home used raw materials which could be easily obtained each season; each home used juices of grain, vegetables, herbs, fruits and others, and used those things which were pounded and mixed with other materials; each home mostly used plant materials to make cosmetic skins and creams. However, when the aspects of cosmetic skins and creams of contemporary Korea and Japan are generally examined, there were wide differences between them in points of manufacture, circulation and advertisement. Although the uses of cosmetic skins and creams and the raw materials used then were similar between them, Japan got ahead of Korea in the aspects of westernization and popularization of cosmetics. And Japanese cosmetic skins and creams influenced by the West were more diversified and westernized from the traditional cosmetics than Korea.
Traditional modes of business and management in Edo period played the role as preconditions in modernization process of Japan. Those business customs exhibit a strong connection with the country’s history. The legendary commercial capital of the modern businesses led the way to the emergence of some business magnates. Their capital contributed a great deal to the modernization of Japan. In addition, the respect for business was compatible with the culture and traditional value systems of Japan, which also conduced to the modernization process. Meanwhile, premodern business customs has been transmitted to the contemporary business world of Japan. This research covers the meaning, behavior patterns, and systemic development of merchant's family in Edo period of Japan.
The Japanese government require territorial sovereignty on Takeshima, Senkaku Islands, northern territories. Current Korea actually has managed Takeshima, and Japan has actually managed Senkaku Islands, and Russia has actually managed the Northern Territories. this study are analyzed Japan's territorial disputes between 1950 to 1970. In particular, The Japanese government was not claimed the Senkaku Islands and the Northern Territoriesfor less than Dokdo. The reason is as follows. South Korea managed effectively before the signing of the peace treaty. The reason is that Union recognized Dokdo as Korea territory in the peace treaty. In addition, The Japanese government has recognized Dokdo as Korea territory implicitly in the peace talks between Korea and Japan. However, the Government of Japan strongly argued for the sovereignty on Northern Territory. Okinawa was returned to Japan from the United States. then the United States had given the Jurisdiction right of Senkaku Islands to Japan. Taiwan and China demanded Senkaku Islands territorial sovereignty to the Japanese. Currently Japan and China are surrounding on the ownership of Senkaku Islands. Japan are in trouble for China to claim ownership of Senkaku Islands. Japan got in trouble for Russia does not give up ownership of the archipelago kulril.