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2015, Vol., No.66

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    The Use of Japanese First-Person Pronouns Corresponding to Korean "jeo" "na" - Focused on the analysis of the Korean-Japanese translation text -

    KWAK EUN SIM | 2015, (66) | pp.5~27 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This thesis analyzes texts of Japanese translation from a Korean novel in order to study how Japanese first-person pronouns are used in Korean-Japanese translation First, when the speaker is female, "watashi" corresponds to "jeo" and "na" and "atashi" corresponds to "na" which is relatively less polite than "jeo". This shows that "watashi" which is used by female speakers is used both in formal and informal circumstances in general. Second, when the speaker is male, "watashi" corresponds to "jeo" and "na" as is used by female speakers but there is a gender difference in the identification of level of treatment in a sense that "watashi" is used in more formal circumstances when spoken by male speakers. "boku" is a first-person pronoun that is used only by men in more informal circumstances than "watashi" but in reality, it can correspond to "jeo" and is used more widely than its traditional perception. "Ore" has been perceived to be used in much more informal circumstances when compared with "watashi" and "boku" but the analysis shows that it can correspond to "jeo" and is used even in polite expressions in Japanese in some cases. Also according to the analysis, the male speaker distinguishes "boku" and "ore", depending on the top-bottom relationship and close/distant relationship with the listener, the gender of the listener, the change of close/distant relationship, and the change of speaking scenes. Lastly, the result of analysis demonstrates that the distinction among "watashi", "boku", and "ore" is becoming blurred in line with changing times and therefore, a Japanese first-person pronoun that corresponds to "jeo“ is not limited to "watshi" and a Japanese first-person pronoun that corresponds to "na” is used in diverse ways according to speaker's relationship with the listener, speaking scenes, and speaker's characters.
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    An Image of An Yong-bok the Japanese remember - Focused on An article on Jukdo and A study on Jukdo -

    Byungwoo Kim | 2015, (66) | pp.83~108 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    The dispute over possession of Dokdo in Korea and Japan should move on to ascertain historical truths, based on it and seek means of common awareness. Therefore, a clear criteria about fact verification and value judgement should be built and the reality of An Yong-bok should be clarified according to the criteria. Hitherto the viewpoint of ‘Sano’ that paid attention to an identity tag the Japanese citizens prescribed, ‘Busangdaego’ of the status of station house, and ‘Jamsang’ need to be reviewed. It have been took criticism that the Japanese selected historical materials and facts in the process of documentation and recorded to be subjectively favorable. The fact that we can assure through Japan's record is that the Japanese did not define a particular status or person but wrote very different according to their purpose. An Yong-bok was a person, but they described as a person with a variety of positions and status. It have to be recognized the fact that An Yong-bok turned out not to be slaves or the criminal, he was Chosun people had commercial ventures and related to civil administration of county magistrate.
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    Study on the Incense and Hieankyo

    KIM YOUNG | 2015, (66) | pp.109~122 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    It is possible to find the following characteristics through the manufacturing process of incense indicated by "Genji". First, incense women these Genji and Rokujoin is made for Akashi princess becomes a gift of the best celebration for after the ceremony, was supposed to go to the temple to become the Crown Princess princess. Second, spring, summer, autumn, winter, four seasons of residence, when it was a case manufacturing incense to women that live in Rokujoin, in order to best match with yourself, smell each personality appears best I'm making. And select the scent combined in four seasons, that it is than had been manufactured, that it was a four seasons theme combined to match the fragrance on the season, it was the age that the world of peace dynasty had enjoyed a golden age my shows. Third, Genji, scent purple on over, three of morning glory was making in common is more black. At that time, as has been rated as the best flavor, is a contemporary best wind flow people, through was educated person they black how manufacturing, than is was hoping to be evaluated their artistry and aesthetic eye. In this way Murasaki Shikibu to produce the what incense, due to some kind that you have made a, and in the work the person who character, identity and the position of the characters in this work, in order to further shape the culture and intelligence of the person I have the means of.
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    “Active aging and elderly image (Part 2)”

    김혜원 | 2015, (66) | pp.181~197 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    It is almost certain for most of people will experience old-age over a long period. In order to investigate the various factors to determine “Quality of Life (QOL)”, it is crucial to consider the cultural influence with the perspective of “life course”. Based on “Annual Report on Health and Welfare”, this study discusses the transition of the image of Japanese elderly in postwar years and its background factors. The analysis period is from 1970, in the year that the proportion of elderly has reached to 7%, to 2000, in the year that “Long-term Care Insurance System” has introduced. From the postwar to the mid-1960s, the strong image for elderly had been isolation from their families and societies with the needs of financial supports. However, around 1970s, the years when Japan became the aging society, media often brought up the social activities by elders. In 1980s, elderly population increased as personal and social interests in health in old age have increased. As the result, the public’s attitude of encouraging a sense of ownership toward the aging society by focusing on intergenerational cooperation in the society and sustainable preparation for old age are remarkable. Moreover, diverseness in elderly generation is approved and elders are also expected to serve their social roles. In 1990s, the image of elderly groups has changed dramatically; from dependent and unified to lifetime leaders in the longevity society.
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    Study on the Korean captive During the Japanese Invasion of Korea in the Shikoku, Japan

    NO, Sung Hwan | 2015, (66) | pp.199~222 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study is about the Korean captive during the Japanese Invasion of Korea in the Kagawa, Dokushima, Kouchi, Japan. At that time, local lords who were commanded by Hideyoshi, they plundered Korean animals, plants, cultural assets, Korean people. From this reason, there were a wide variety of Korean class people lived in Shikoku area. There were characteristic differences between Social classes. Firstly, There are different attitude toward the returning to native country. YangBan(aristocratic class) were more eager to going back to Korea due to social and economic rights in Korea. Secondly, YangBan had been exchange letters with other inhabitance. In other words, they were having a social network, and trading informations. Thirdly, They played an important role as a Korean culture introduce. For example, KyungDong introduced Medical practice, ChosenKokujyo introduced weaving technique to the local area. From this kind of forced personal exchange, contributed to cultural diffusion. Lastly, There were local Japanese people who were sympathize with the Korean prisoners and honoring their souls. Especially honoring process were appeared more towards woman prisoners. For example, Ozoe and Kozoe in Kagawa, Chousenkokujyo in Kouchi, Chousenjyo in Dokushima. For these captive Korean, Monuments and information board were built, and memorial events were held by local people. Personally I hope that this movement will contribute to prevent repetition of Korea-Japan historical tragic event.
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    Macao - Nagasaki - Raw silk trade in early modern times of Japan - Mainly on an appearance of the Netherlands East India Company and the trade intervention of the procurador(padre)

    Dukhoon Lee | 2015, (66) | pp.245~272 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The 1570s was an important period in the world trade history. Both Manila Galleon trade that began in 1571 and Nagasaki harbor that opened in 1571 focused on the Macau-Nagasaki trade. These are connected by the China’s single whip tax reform that started in 1570s. The single whip tax reform is a tax system that the tax payment of several methods were unified to be paid in silver, which were able to the first step of globalization among Europe, China, India, Japan and Southeast Asia. In this period, one of West-East trades was Macao-Nagasaki Trade composed of several characteristics, such as trade, propagation, and cultural communication. The most important factors were international political economy trade among China, Japan, Portugal, Spain, and Netherlands.
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    Controversy over the ODA Budget Cuts after the Tohoku earthquake in Japan

    정기숙 | 2015, (66) | pp.317~337 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    On March 11, 2011, a magnitude 9.0 earthquake occurred near the Northeast coast of Honshu, Japan. The earthquake subsequently affected the Tohuku region (Northeastern Honshu) with a series of large tsunamis. However, this terrible disaster brought not only a huge amount of suffering, but it also presented an opportunity for the Japanese people to strengthen sympathy and solidarity with people from all over the world. Many people expected that the tremendous amount of support from countries around the world would change the Japanese people’s negative views towards Official Development Assistance (ODA) and cause them to rethink the significance of it. My study is an analysis of the changes in the Japanese public opinions on ODA after the Tohuku earthquake. Specifically, this research focuses on the controversy surrounding the ODA budget among ruling-opposition parties, non-government organizations, and citizens, as well as an examination of the main factors leading to the conflict.
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    The minority aspects of Choi Yang-il films -About Human isolaiton and violence

    Joo Hye-Jeong | 2015, (66) | pp.379~397 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This study aims to speculate on how human isolation and violence mass-produced through the structural contradiction in Japanese society was reproduced in the minority lives as shown in movies directed by Choi Yang Il. This study gave focus to minority who were considered weak in Japanese society in movies produced in the early period of director Choi's career in the 1980s. The subjects of this study were <Mosquito on the 10th Floor> and <ASUKA gang of flower>. These films depicted different aspects of the minority due to the structural contradiction in Japanese society. In <Mosquito on the 10th Floor>, a policeman who is in a higher place in society is reduced to a robber who is in the minority of society. This indicates a change in status moving from a higher level to a lower one. In <ASUKA gang of flower>, a girl who was minority moved up and became part of a majority class. Choi Yang-Il explored human isolation based on the nature of the drop or rise in class through movement. Choi Yang Il considered a violent minority used as a means to overcome human isolation as an attack on the structural contradiction in society. He configured minorities inherent in the Japanese as violence derived from the structural contradictions in capitalism.
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    Increased Insecurity in Chinese Economy and Japanese Companies’ Coping Strategies

    Choi, Sung-Baek | 2015, (66) | pp.399~425 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Presently, the Chinese real estate market is facing the increased possibility of a price collapse due to the imbalance between supply and demand. The risk is coming from the government, particularly the bubble in the governmental system. It is needed to pay attention to how great roles urbanization policy plays for the real estate’s oversupply and price maintenance, but if urbanization fails, it will be impossible to avoid the bubble in its governmental system. In this situation, there is a phenomenon that overseas companies are leaving the Chinese market. Due to the increase in production costs inside China and severer competition against indigenous companies, they are leaving China successively. Since the phenomenon of overseas companies leaving China leads to not only reduction in investment but deprivation of advanced technology, Chinese economy will face negative effects after all such as difficulty in its advancement and its deteriorated image shown to other countries. Especially, among non-overseas Chinese, we have to pay attention to Japanese companies making a lot of investment to China. Lately, Japanese companies are increasing their investment to ASEAN regions while reducing their investment to China significantly. But the phenomenon of Japanese companies leaving China can be seen as their strategic correction for business. First, they are reducing overseas transfer or business expansion for areas where competition is fierce and are looking for the ways of aggressive advancement into the areas with high potentials for new business.
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    The analysis of Shimozyo Masao"s concept on Dokdo territory

    Choi Jang-Keun | 2015, (66) | pp.427~449 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The Takeshima issue between Korea and Japan came after World War II. Japan admitted to South Korea the effective jurisdiction of Dokdo in the Korean-Japanese normalization treaty, 1965. The issue of Takeshima was quiet up until today. The New Fisheries Agreement between Japan and Korea was signed in 1998. It was not a convention on territory but an agreement on fisheries. However, Shimozyo Masao insisted that it was on Dokdo territorial agreement. He argued that Dokdo is Japanese territory, and that the relationship between South Korea and Japan is very bad. This study analyzes Shimozyo Masao's perception on the Takeshima problem and his perception of history. The study of Shimozyo Masao did not get recognized for academic studies. So he proposed a workshop on Takeshima issues. He moved the governor of Shimane Prefecture. He also moved some congress members of the Shimane Prefecture. He suggested the ordinance of the ‘Day of the Takeshima.' He persuaded the lawmakers of Shimane Prefecture. He also persuaded the Japanese Foreign Ministry through the Congress. He finally moved the Prime Minister Shinzo Abe. His logic on the Takeshima issue is not originally his. His logic is the studies of Okuhara Hekiun, Kawakami Kenzo, and Tamura Seizaburou. Shimozyo Masao premised that Takeshima is the territory of Japan. He denied that Dokdo is Korean territory. He deliberately incorrectly interpreted historical data. He completely denied the logic of South Korea, China and Russia. Therefore, his logic is not logical. It is not objective. It is unfair. It is not academic.