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2016, Vol., No.69

  • 1.

    Study on Japan's Claim over Dokdo based on the Theory of Terra Nullius

    Kwak, Jin O | 2016, (69) | pp.5~21 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This paper analyzes the origins of Japan's claim over Dokdo based on the theory of acquired terra nullius and the theory of inherent territory, and analyzes why the claim is problematic. Furthermore, this paper points out the controversy of Japan's later claim based on inherent territory, after it faced limits regarding the former claim of acquired terra nullius. Japan's claim over Dokdo based on the theory of acquired terra nullius originated during the Russo-Japanese War, when Japan secretly seized Dokdo after realizing that it was a strategically important place. After facing limitations of its claim based on the theory of acquired terra nullius, Japan later referred to the theory of inherent territory, which was merely a rhetoric claim which closely resembled Korea's claim over Dokdo. Therefore, this paper points out that Japan's claim over Dokdo by mixing two theories of acquired terra nullius and inherent territory is inconsistent.
  • 2.

    The Cognizance of Dokdo Island of Korea and Japan in Times of Yore and the Middle Ages and Modern Times - Focusing on the Historical Materials Before Anyongbok's Event-

    Josoon | 2016, (69) | pp.23~50 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The island of Dokdo is a hot political issue between Korea and Japan. It is necessary for Korea to respond to this issue systematically and logically. To review historically, Dokdo island belonging to Wooreungdo has no basis in a logic to support Japan's insistence that Dokdo is their island. 1. Wooreungdo(Wooleungdo) had no proof that Dokdo island belonged to Wooreungdo. If there is no clear proof Dokdo belonged to Wooreungdo in ancient times, there also is no clear proof Dokdo belonged to Japan in the very times. Isn't there? It is more probable that Dokdo belonged to Wooreungdo. That is to say, there is comparative superiority in the probability that Dokdo has been a Korean island. 2. It is important to point out that Mooreung was regarded as a portion of Woosan. In this case, Mooreung means an island as closely connected to the realm of emotions and sea­faring lives of the people who lived there. There is no different island save for Dokdo around Wooreungdo. 3. Japan has only their historical records to misinterpret and insist that Dokdo is their island. -About this, Korea has had a very passive response and attitude. Speaking more minutely, Korea only refuted it without showing many of the plain proofs that Dokdo has been our island from ancient times until now. In addition, we must insist, showing abundant and vivid proofs instead of passive refutation only about their insistence. These are the contents I feel inclined to controvert in this study.
  • 3.

    Cultural Study of Chopsticks in Japanese Preparations -An Essay for the Comparative Culture of Korea and Japan-

    Do, Kee-Hong | 2016, (69) | pp.51~69 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    This study is a review of the Chinese food culture in Japan, China, and South Korea, compared to the common "Japanese chopstick culture". for the purpose. For the Heian period from the Kamakura period, literary works, variously aged documents, ritual books, cook books, and the Emaki focus on aspects of spoons used in Japanese table settings, investigated through a diachronic viewpoint.
  • 4.

    A Study on the Unification Madang of Hantongnryeon and Unification Cultural Movement of One Korea Festival in the Zainichi Korean Society

    Kim, Tae Young | Youngeon Yim | 2016, (69) | pp.71~89 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to analyze the background of the establishment of public schools, school typology. the operation process of students living abroad within Japane’s educational policy, Japanese students within Nikkeijin's educational policy, and students Korean studying abroad within Japane's educational policy. The findings of this study are as follows: First, Japan’s government's overseas educational facility is recognized by the School of Educational Law observance, Japanese domestic educational method observance and course of study preservation on condition. Second, Japanese type schools have Japanese groups or Japanese business operations in the schools, and there are schools which Japanese domestic corporations establishe. Third, educational policy of Japanese foreigners regarded as temporary residents stick to assimilationism. But it is showing a social integration movement to secure public education for the latest Japanese society member. Fourth, Nikkeijin School pattern of Japanese domestication was classified by three patterns of experiences of teachers, Japanese enterprisers, and the establishment of Brazil school law. In conclusion, the findings of the study suggest that the Diaspora school pattern was decided in relation with the group's strategy, relationship of mother country’s government, and private purpose.
  • 5.

    A Study On the Japanese Synonyms of Temporal Adverbs from the Viewpoint of Japanese Education-Based on 'Suguni', 'Tadachini' and' Tachimachi-

    Kim, Young-Ah | 2016, (69) | pp.91~112 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    A comparative study was done on the meanings and usages of the temporal adverb "suguni" and its synonymous adverbs "tadachini" which "tachimachi", and compared them with their Korean equivalents. Japanese temporal adverbs have some features in common in that they imply an immediate realization of an activity and require a preceding event and its succeeding event. Their differences include the following: i) in terms of style, "suguni" is mostly used colloquially, while "tadachini" is usually used in formal statements or reports. ii) The three adverbs are different in the relationship between a preceding event and its succeeding event in that "suguni" implies a succeeding event has taken place immediately after the occurrence of its preceding event. "Tachimachi" suggests the preceding event has caused a significant development in the succeeding event in a short period of time, and "tadachini" connotes continuous succession of an activity between the preceeding and succeeding events without any time gap. "Tadachini" implies a human activity, "tachimachi" is for a natural phenomenon, while "suguni" is widely utilized in both instances. Korean temporal adverbs corresponding to these words may be "god", "baro", and "jeugsi". As for their differences in meanings, the former two words imply an immediate realization of a succeeding event based on the occurrence of the preceding event, but "jeugsi", which focuses on the succeeding event, suggests an occurrence of a new event that causes a new development of the situation.
  • 6.

    Japanese Language Learning Motivation A Comparison of Korean and Indonesian Learners

    ニ・ワヤン・プリリヤシンタ | 坂本正 | 2016, (69) | pp.113~131 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This paper explores the different motivations of Korean and Indonesian learners of Japanese. The results show that; 1) the length of learning significantly affects students’ motivation in both groups; 2) there is significant difference in intrinsic motivation across the two groups; 3) there is significant difference between the two groups with regard to intrinsic and extrinsic motivation; 4) some dimensions of motivation change as learners continue to study Japanese while others do not.
  • 7.

    A Study of Reason in Sentences『Syoukaisingo』 -Centering around 「hodoni」「niyotte」-

    Park-Hee-Nam | 2016, (69) | pp.133~152 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Such difference in the conjunctive particles also show the clear regularities in terms of historical change. That is, those conjuntive particles which don’t differentiate each other in their usage and meaning, cannot coexist resulting in the difference of those not in use while the conjunctive particles that differentiate each other in the usage and the meaning, can coexist thus, each assuming the role of expressing the condition of the different parts. Such difference in the meaning and the usage depends on the modality. In comparison with contemporary Japanese language, we can conclude that the above-mentioned grammatical rules are common phenomena in the history of Japanese language.
  • 8.

    Affective variables of Students in Second-language Acquisition -Focusing On the Anxiety of Chinese Students Majored in Japanese Language-

    Yao,Yao | 2016, (69) | pp.153~172 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study is a research of affective variables of students in second-language acquisition, focusing on the anxiety of Chinese students majored in Japanese Language. 575 Japanese learners of 4 universities in China were investigated in and out of the classroom on second language anxiety. The result showed grade differences. The uneasy numerical value in the classroom of three grades made little difference. As for the seniors, uneasiness in numerical value was low whereas sophomores and juniors felt strongly about the uneasiness of the speed of a Japanese class. In addition, a lower standard of the uneasiness out of the classroom and a meaningful equilateral correlation were seen in a lower standard of the uneasiness in all classrooms. From the above-mentioned investigation, the actual situation of the second language anxiety of the Japanese learners in the Chinese universities may prove better. However, such a study is unable to be conducted until an examination about the effectiveness of the uneasy relaxation by the concrete instruction method and instruction method has been taken. Therefore, it is suggested that a study about the instruction method for a tendency and the content of the emotion should be done and learners should be taken into consideration in the future.
  • 9.

    A Study of the Chain Structure Analysis in the First Meeting Conversation -Focusing on the Sequence Organization Starting from the Partial Information-

    Chang,Yang-Kwang | 2016, (69) | pp.173~194 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    This study considers small talk as a sort of communication. To discover small talk’s norms and rules, the organization of utterance sequences were established to analyze utterance sequence patterns. As a result, when a listener shows understanding/, evaluation/, or sympathy toward a speaker’s provision of information, a speaker tends to give detailed information and helps the listener understand. Next, as a consequence of analyzing sequence organizations with implanted sequence confirmation, a listener tends to show sequence confirmation to reduce unclearness that comes from a speaker’s uncertain provision of information. When the analysis of sequence organization provides information of switching roles of a listener and speaker, the tendency, to which a speaker talks about recent stuff while a listener sympathizes and provides back information with the listener’s own recent small talk, was discovered. Finally, as a result of analyzing about language form, there are numbers of hedges to describe a speaker’s ambiguousness in utterance of provision of information.
  • 10.

    'Light and Darkness' in Kim Saryang's Novel - Focus on『Into the light』 -

    Kim,Bo-Ae | 2016, (69) | pp.195~215 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Kim, Saryang's initial novel,『Into the Light』,received attention from the Japanese literary world, as it had been nominated for an Akudakawa award. 'Nam(南)', a Joseon student in Japan, written about in the’ first person was, not liberated from name calling of Minami(南), and Yamada Haruo(山田 春雄), They concealed his identity between mixed blood, having a Japanese father and Korean mother, and both were wondering due to their problems of finding themselves. 'who am I'. The image of two people, who could not escape from their identity problem, was created in 'darkness', however Kim Saryang let them reach the light by escaping from darkness through facing their problem through a 'Yigun'. This research analyzed the space between the lines of the text that goes toward the light from the darkness through Kim, saryang's『Into the light』and analyzed mandarine, a shirt, scale, cigarette, and the natural background, etc. as the props of reconciliation.
  • 11.

    Park Kyeongri's Critical Recognition of the Japanese Emperor

    Kim Yongui | 2016, (69) | pp.217~235 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this paper is to confirm and review Park Kyeongri's critical recognition of the Japanese emperor by focusing on her 『Toji』. The work of confirming Park Kyeongri's recognition of the Japanese emperor through her 『Toji』 has important meaning mainly in two points. First, vast knowledge on Japan, Japanese and Japanese culture, which is evaluated as 'a novel written as a critique on Japan' among some critics, was contained in the 『Toji』. If it is exaggerated a little, it could be a kind of 'Japanese cultural encyclopedia'. So in the study on the 『Toji』, understanding of the author's recognition of Japan, Japanese and Japanese culture has very important meaning. Second, the paper takes the position that Park Kyeongri's 『Toji』 has modern literary history in Korea. The 『Toji』 has been published, revising its editions since it had begun as a series first in 1969. It has also been widely known to the public not only as a novel, but also through movies and dramas. So Park Kyeongri's recognition of Japan, which was described in the 『Toji』, could be thought to have some influence in forming public opinion related to Japan in Korean society. Considering when Korean society began to recognize the Japanese emperor concretely in history, through what process the discussion of the emperor was produced and circulated in the time, and in what way the discussion is functioning now, takes an important part in the study of Korean's view on Japan. This study presented critical consciousness of Park Kyeongri on Japanese emperor, which was revealed in the 『Toji』, concretely dividing it as iniquity of a title, emperor, and critique on worship of the emperor and its deification.
  • 12.

    <Zainichi Korean Literature> and the Incident by Kim, Hee Ro -Focusing on「The Wall of Eyes」by Kim, Hak Young-

    Lim, Sang-Min | 2016, (69) | pp.237~253 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Focusing on「The Wall of Eyes」by Kim, Hak Young published in 1969, this paper analyzed the self-structuring process of the second-generation Korean Japanese. Especially, through the analysis on the process of inputting the incident by Kim, Hee-Ro who held hostage to cry for abolishing discrimination against Korean Japanese in February, 1968, the Korea-Japan politics focusing on the self-structuring was considered. The novel above has been positively evaluated by preceding researches, to be successful in structuring 'the middleman-like' main agent based on dual basis in Korea and Japan, and Kim, Hak Young's historical perception. Viewing the process of inputting the news article of the time about the incident by Kim, Hee Ro, however, it took a basis of self-structuring as 'a man-in-the-middle' by choosing only Japanese' opinions as an assailant in the dichotomous structure between victim and assailant. Originally, 'a man-in-the-middle' means the position that can relativize Korea and Japan through the dual basis. Viewing the interpretation of the North Korea Repatriation Project inserted in the ending scene of the novel, however, it does not pay attention to Korea-Japan politics of the time about the event. Thus, focusing on「The Wall of Eyes」evaluated as a transitional novel related to Kim, Hak Young's historical perception, this paper suggested the necessity of the research on Korea-Japan mutual negotiations, concerning the standardized forming process of self-structuring and historical perception.
  • 13.

    A Review on the Record of the Location of Pyongyang in Goguryeo -Reconsideration on the Japanese Scholars’ Argument of Movement of the Capital by King Jangsoo-

    BOK GI DAE | 2016, (69) | pp.255~273 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    The records on the capital of Goguryeo have been made by mainly Japanese scholars since the first capital. It has been a common view that the capital is Pyongyang in the Korean Peninsula so far. However, some records that the capital could not be Pyongyang in the Korean Peninsula were found in Samguk Sagi and some Chinese history documents. This study tried to retrace the Pyongyang which was transferred by King Jangsu based on the Chinese history documents. The finding of this study has shown that Pyongyang transferred by King Jangsu was the whole area of Shenyang and Liaoyang in Liaoning Province in China. It may be considered that the result of this study is worth to be reliable in the aspect of comparative analysis based on the various Chinese history documents. The most important basis for ascertaining of the location of Pyongyang was that Paesu rose from the east and flowed to the west. The reliability of this study, however, has shown that the rivers holding the direction of flows also exist in the area of Liaoyang. Based on the findings of this study, the location of Pyongyang transferred by King Jangsu should be studied again. The further study on the location of Pyongyang transferred by King Jangsu, which was also recorded in Korean history documents, should be recommended.
  • 14.

    A Study on the Comparative Study of Korean and Japanese Rabbit Tales -Focused on the type of Trickster-

    Song Young Sook | 2016, (69) | pp.275~294 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    A common type of character show in Korean and Japanese rabbit tales is the <Trickster> type. It can be divided into two types: the <Self-centered type>, and the <Decentralized type>. Korean <Self-centered type> has a variety of narrative structures. The rabbit's Trickster behavior deceived its opponent in order to save its own life at first, but the content was changed into bloody vengeance on the opponent later. In comparison, the narrative structure of the Japanese <Self-centered> type seems to be very simple, and the sole purpose of the rabbit's behavior is to be focused on thoroughly deceiving their opponent to take what it wants. As for the characteristics of the Korean <Decentralized type>, the rabbit plays a role in a judge who embodies social justice by telling good from bad from the third party's eyes. On the contrary, the characteristics of the Japanese <Decentralized type> have shown that the rabbit was good at the punishment of animals which methodically broke down the framework of common sense as a judge. The things that Korea and Japan have in common are that the rabbit punishes the wrongdoing animal thoroughly as a judge. It shows the aspect of a new creator which realizes a society of justice.
  • 15.

    An Exploratory Application of Defamilization on Elderly Care -Focused on the Characteristics of Japan and Korea-

    Lee, Sun-Young | 2016, (69) | pp.295~314 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    To reduce the family's burden of nursing and child-rearing, and to support female nursing and compatibility of child rearing labor and wages in recent years, various related policies are being implemented systematically and legally. Most of those policies, however are focusing on child rearing, while the supports to senior citizens’ nursing is very weak in both Japan and the Republic of Korea. This research is focused on Datsu “family-ization” of "nursing care for elderly people". It considers the possibility of the future effects that the introduction of the Korean public senior nursing organization brought to Datsu “family-ization” with Japan. The main result is as follows. First there is Korea in the low standard in the average standard in Japan about the standard of Datsu family-ization in the political level. On the other hand, Japan has a low standard of datsu family-ization in the recognizing level, Korea has the same level as a social democracy state on the other hand in a certain index, and a high thing became clear.
  • 16.

    Rebuilding a Plan of Study of the Korean Social Security system through the Concept Analys of Japanese 'Social Security' (1)

    JUN HOSUNG | 2016, (69) | pp.315~332 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study is aimed at clarifying the definitions of 'social security' and 'social welfare' that affect diverse social policies in Korea. This study reviewed the transitional definition and theoretical discussions of social security in Japan, which affected the definitions of two terms in Korea: social security and social welfare. It also tried to explore how major Japanese textbooks presented the relationship between these two terms. Results of this study showed that the definitions of social security and social welfare in the U. S. were translated and conceptualized in different ways in both Japan and Korea, additionally, it suggested redefining the two terms to reform social policies such as the Act on Social Service and the Act on Provision of Social Security in Korea.
  • 17.

    A comparative study on the laws relates to elderly abuse prevention of Japan and Korea.

    Jo,Yeun-Duk | Youn Ki Hyok | 2016, (69) | pp.333~362 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    The present study aimed at getting some implications for prevention of elder abuse in Korea by comparing the elder abuse prevention law of Japan and the law of elders’ welfare of Korea. This paper tries to come up with ways to improve laws related to elder abuse, focusing on the law of elders’ welfare that among domestic laws, states most specifically precautions and prevention of elder abuse. First, there should be countermeasures more specific and effective than current legislations, by a new separate stipulation written on prevention of elder abuse so that it could support the guardian in preventing elder abuse and recurrence of abuse cases. Second, there should be specific standard of age and the definition of elder abuse for prevention of and countermeasures against elder abuse. Third, the scope of the persons bound in duty to give the notification of elder abuse should be expanded. National campaign should take initiative in cultivating the sense of duty to report elder abuse to the government agencies in charge as well as civic consciousness regarding protection of elders’ rights and prevention of abuse. Fourth, the responsibilities of the national and local governments should be clearly defined. Fifth, there should be instruction and support for the actual perpetrator of abuse (the abuser).