Journal of Japanese Culture 2021 KCI Impact Factor : 0.48

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2016, Vol., No.71

  • 1.

    Dakeshima Issue Research Institute of Shimane Prefectural Government in Japan makes false documents about Dokdo(Liancourt Rocks or Dakeshima) -Focusing on the San Francisco Peace Treaty and Dean Rusk's letter-

    유병구 | 2016, (71) | pp.5~24 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Dakeshima Issue Research Institute of Shimane Prefectural Government in Japan makes false documents about Dokdo(Liancourt Rocks or Dakeshima) -Focusing on the San Francisco Peace Treaty and Dean Rusk's letter- Yoo, Byeong-Koo Korean people have known Dokdo or Liancourt Rocks from ancient times and have been catching fish around the island. However, Japan incorporated the island into the Shimane Prefectural Government illegally without asking the Korean Government's permission. Such behavior of Japan means an act of territorial aggression. Japan has deceived the U.S.A and the world by giving them false information about Dokdo. Japan says that Dokdo had not belonged to any country before 1905. But Korea has many old documents showing that Dokdo belongs to Korea. For example, Kim Bu-Sik's book, Samkusaki(1145), says that Dokdo belonged to Korea in 512. The Korean Empire Ordinance 41 on October 25, 1900 also says that Dokdo belongs to Korea. The first five drafts of the San Francisco Peace Treaty says that Dokdo belongs to Korea. But because Japan gave false information to U.S.A and other countries, the final draft of the treaty does not include Dokdo. However, the San Francisco Peace Treaty does not mean that Dokdo belongs to Japan. This paper shows how Japan has been deceiving many countries including the U.S.A. about the island from the past up until now. The Japanese government and Dakeshima Issue Research Institute of Shimane Prefectural Government in Japan should stop the fabricated reports about Dokdo.
  • 2.

    A study of <Hime Daruma> in Ehime Japan

    NO, Sung Hwan | 2016, (71) | pp.25~45 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    A study of <Hime Daruma> in Ehime Japan No, Sung-Hwan This paper is about the research on the origin and the feature of Hime Daruma in the Ehime prefecture. It is believed that Hime Daruma was originated from the Kouno Machitoki or Empress Jingu. Recently, however there are strong signs that Empress Jingu’s legend is gaining ground. Because of this, it is very hard to hear the story of the Kouno machitoki’s legend from the local people. Even though these perspectives are from the Ancient times and Middle-Ages, is a the making of Hime daruma begins from the Meiji period. The Empress Jingu’s legend, successful story of the overseas invasion arrested politicians and public attention during the Meiji period. In fact, the Hachiman beliefs and Empress Jingu’s legend starts to be reproduced and spread all over the Japan from this time. The Ehime region is the place where many Hachiman shrines and Empress Jingu’s legends are located across Japan. From these historical and regional characteristics, Ehime’s Hime Daruma is originated from the Empress Jingu’s legend.
  • 3.

    The development path of the entrepreneurial ecosystem in Japan

    Jaesue Park , Kim, Tae Young | 2016, (71) | pp.47~71 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The development path of the entrepreneurial ecosystem in Japan Park, Jae-Sue · Kim, Tae-Young Countries around the world have been supporting business establishments in order to promote entrepreneurship. Even though number of companies grew, it was a limited impact on economic growth. Thus, establishment policies began to change. So-called 'a gazelle enterprise' creating many new job opportunities has been the subject of policy. As a rule a gazelle is an extremely fast-growing company, which maintains consistent expansion of both employment and turnover by at least 20% per annum over a period of four or more years. In the case of Japan, policy on entrepreneurship has focused on technological innovation and environment. In order to construct an innovative environment, the location, cluster policy, and quantitative expansion policy of the university venture need to be considered to promote entrepreneurship. However, policy on Japan's entrepreneurship is unlikely to support enterprises with high growth potential. Japan's innovation environment has been limited by the formation of an ecosystem that facilitates the growth of the enterprise. The reason is that the socio-economic order to support the challenge and adventure of the entrepreneur is not clear. In the recent situation, instead of the innovative induction of the market through a direct investment of government, large and medium-sized enterprises have adjusted the policy to allow adventurous investment in the start-up. Nevertheless, in the investment and excavation of enterprises with high growth potential, venturing of large enterprises can not ensure whether or not to lead the innovation in the market. We are expecting active participation of large enterprises in the entrepreneurial ecosystem, but it supports the independent growth of the venture with high growth potential. As a member of the ecosystem, the role of large enterprises should be to observe whether or not to support the independent entrepreneurship in the creation and growth of the start-up.
  • 4.

    Differentiated policies for the Japanese disability welfare service needs

    Chong Hee Kyong | 2016, (71) | pp.73~95 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Differentiated policies for the Japanese disability welfare service needs Chong, Hee-Kyong In this paper, we analyze the social welfare policy of Japan's failure to the elderly. An object of the present invention is to provide a direction for disabled elderly Korean people related policies established that created confusion. Analysis, using the analytical framework of Gilbert and Terrell being used in social welfare policy analysis, based on the analysis results, presents proposals for improvement of the policy for disabled elderly Korean people, is as follows: First, the revision of related laws and regulations, even if a disabled person becomes 65 years of age to respect the will of the person, should be available for persons with disabilities welfare services rather than the elderly welfare. Second, we must realize the disability pension corresponding to the cash salary. In the case of failure of the elderly, general physical characteristics other than age, it may be often cost occurs. Moreover, the pursuit of diversity in kind salary, various services failure elderly available must be developed. Third, there is a need for the development of a transmission system and the support system. For this purpose, there is a need for training of professionals to help people with intellectual disabilities and mental disabilities of the physical characteristics are of the disabled elderly. In addition, facilities such as short stay and small group homes also required. Fourth, to limit the abolition and the maximum amount of self-contribution for the service use, failure of the elderly must not occur if you want to abandon the services available in the burden of self-contribution.
  • 5.

    A Contrastive Study of Korean 'jugda(die)' and Japanese 'shinu(die)'

    LEE CHUNG KYU | 2016, (71) | pp.97~116 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    A Contrastive Study of Korean 'jugda(die)' and Japanese 'shinu(die)' Lee, Chung-Kyu  The purpose of this study is to present the similarities and differences between the Korean verb 'jugda(die)' and the Japanese verb 'shinu(die)'. It has revealed that i)There is a meaning area that shows equal correspondence, ii)A kind of ‘~eo・jugda(die)’ such as ‘eoleo・jugda(freeze to death)’ and a kind of ‘~te・shinu(die)’ such as ‘kogoete・shinu(freeze to death)’ can be classified as verb phrases, and iii)As individual examples, ‘gae・jugeum(useless death)’ and ‘inu・jini(useless death)’ take the form of ‘noun+transformation noun’ on morphologic construction and ‘gae-(dog-)’ and ‘inu-(dog-)’, preceding factors, function as a prefix that means <useless>. In addition this study has also clarified another difference that i)There is a meaning area that shows a difference in correspondence, ii)As an individual example, ‘aigo juggessda(oh, I am dying)’ is a particular expression of Korean that is frequently used in a variety of situations, so it is necessary to select a fitting Japanese response to it for situations and scenarios, and iii)Assistant adjectives ‘~eo・jugda(die)’ and ‘~te・shinisouda’ show a difference in frequency in use and range of use. Use of the former is more frequent than use of the latter, and The usage range of the former is wider than the usage range of the latter. Therefore, there are many cases in which it is more natural to select expressions such as ‘~te・tamaranai’, ‘~te・sikataganai’, and ‘~te・syouganai’ or other expressions with proper nuance as a correspondence form of an adjective ‘~eo・jugda(die)’
  • 6.

    A consideration of the lexical meaning use of the Japanese verb-focusing on asobu-

    김도은 | 2016, (71) | pp.117~134 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    A consideration of the lexical meaning use of the Japanese verb -focusing on asobu- Kim, Do-Eun This study is to classify the Japanese verb Asobu based on the actual usage, by the difference of composition with other words, and to deal with the structural type of semantic relation. Among them, Asobu's favors are most visible in Asobu as a willing act = motive with a certain purpose of the sate (subject), including leisure, education, etc. In addition, there are a lot of travel and Aso departure as well as Asobu as a studying and studying abroad, and there is also a lot of movement that is necessary for Asobu, such as "to go to play" , Asobu It was able to confirm that movement is not necessarily indispensable. In terms of not doing anything like this, Asobu specialized can take other than Hito (person, person) noun as subject. When a human body part such as "the eye is playing, the hand is playing" is shown, it indicates that it does not perform necessary action. The same is true of 'horses (car) playing in the long run'. A compound word such as 'Asobigoma' means the meaning of Asobu. If a machine says that the facility is playing, this also means that it does not function properly and does not perform its original role. This usage is also natural in the form of a continuation of "things are playing" in the terminative predicate, just as "man is playing". As a non-verbal reality event, this kind of Asobu is not as if a "person's case" or "non-person case" receives a positive evaluation.
  • 7.

    Issues and Initiatives for Overseas Training in Japanese University Education-Changes in Japanese Students’ Learning Culture and Education from Passive to Active-

    Morihara, Aya , 林炫情 , EunHee Jung | 2016, (71) | pp.135~148 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Issues and Initiatives for Overseas Training in Japanese University Education: Changes in Japanese Students’ Learning Culture and Education from Passive to Active Morihara, Aya・Lim, Hyun-Jung・Jung, Eun-Hee Along with increased globalization, there have been radical changes in a variety of fields in society, including education. The needs of society have also changed drastically to include the ability to think about things from perspectives wide enough to transcend national borders, cultures, and languages. These drastic changes also include the ability to synthesize one’s own and others’ existing knowledge and experiences in order to further create new things. In order to adapt to the changing social needs in the world, it is crucial for the education system to respond flexibly and appropriately. This paper first considers the “generic skills” demanded in the 21st century by the global economy and then will review the current educational state in the world, and issues at Japanese Universities for cultivating those skills. Furthermore, it introduces an overseas training program as an example of its effectiveness. The program has been carried out in South Korea for two years by authors aiming to foster university students’ learning autonomy and personal growth. The analyses of the participants’ self-evaluations show that the program was effective for developing students’ generic skills and was able to become a students’ “learning scaffolding”. The results also show that in order to implement the program that prompts students’ personal growth, it is important to keep a good balance between students’ “independence” and teachers’ “support”, and offer students time or situations to reflect on what they have done. In another words, it is crucial to provide a learning environment in which participants can recognize their growth and changes.
  • 8.

    Various Aspects of the Sino-Japanese Compound Words Adopted by the writing of Choi Namseon in Japan

    白 南 徳 | 2016, (71) | pp.149~164 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Various Aspects of the Sino-Japanese Compound Words Adopted by the writing of Choi Namseon in Japan Paek, Nam-Deok This study is a review of characteristics of the Sino-Japanese compound words in writing by Namseon Choi during his studies abroad in Japan who had a great influence on the future generations of international Korean students in Japan as a pioneering intellectual. The summary is as follows: first, it was confirmed that Namseon Choi published his writing in the bulletin for international Korean students in Japan, and, most notably, he used the Sino-Japanese compound words in translation articles. Next, the analysis results of technical terms of Sino-Japanese compound words in his writing showed that the technical terms included mostly terms in the fields of science (physics, astronomy, chemistry, and biology), math and geography. Finally, it was shown that he referred to or published the articles he had translated in the journal named ‘Boy’. As shown above, he continued writing using his experience and literary activities in Japan after he had returned to Korea. Considering the influence on modern Korean literature he had, he is considered as having acted as a medium of introducing the Japanese to Korean.
  • 9.

    The meaning of「Oboyu」in ancient language-Focused on its conversion to the modern language「oboeru」-

    柳 椿 姬 | 2016, (71) | pp.165~184 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The meaning of「Oboyu」in ancient language -Focused on its conversion to the modern language「oboeru」- Yu, Cuoun-Hee This study attempts to examine the cases that the meaning of「oboyu」can be converted or not to「oboeru」. The result of the study showed that the classical language「oboyu」can not be all covered by the modern language「oboeru」. The context that the meaning of「oboyu」appeared has three tendencies and the meaning of the word,「oboyu」, could be also identified.「omowareru」was mainly focused on expressing feelings or moods of characters. 「kiokusuru)」was largely employed in connecting the characters with past events. 「niru」was mostly used in connecting the characters with things. These three tendencies could not be clearly divided. This study points out the tendencies based on the following that most「oboyu」was used to express the feelings and moods of characters. There is a difference that the modern language「oboeru」is used without spontaneity, while it is positively necessary in the classical language「oboyu」.
  • 10.

    Early poetry to The Broken Commandment (破戒, Hakai) - Christianity in Tōson Shimazaki’s Works -

    Im, Sung-Gyu | 2016, (71) | pp.185~199 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Early poetry to The Broken Commandment (破戒, Hakai) -Christianity in Tōson Shimazaki’s Works - Im, Sung-Gyu The writers who led Japanese Literature during the period of the Meiji Restoration(1868-1912) joined Christianity or had a strong interest in Christianity in their youth. This paper briefly describes the perspective of Christianity of the young baptized authors during that period. And based on the review of literature, this paper investigates how their view of Christianity changed and why they become renegades and left the churches. This is followed by key issues of Tōson's thoughts on Christianity in his transition from Christianity to apostacy with respect to his distresses and conflicts in his works. Tōson was baptized in the university, but Christianity did not lastingly affect either his thoughts. Through a study into Tōson's perspective on Christianity, this paper presents the clash of old and new values and the turbulence in a Japan feverishly modernizing itself during the period of the Meiji Restoration. Tōson deals with the internal and external struggles of men on the fringes of society and with the tension between his worldliness and the Christian spirituality in a community that preached morality and ignored humanity.
  • 11.

    The Aspect of Woman with Experience of Maternal Loss- Focused on 「Thailand」and 「Drive․My․Car」of Murakami Haruki -

    Youmee Park | 2016, (71) | pp.201~219 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The Aspect of Woman with Experience of Maternal Loss - Focused on 「Thailand」and 「Drive․My․Car」of Murakami Haruki - Park, You-Mee I analyzed the formative features of the characters in the Murakami Haruki short story 「Thailand」and 「Drive․My․Car」. Both stories are organized in a similar pattern and had women who lost their children, which is uncommon in Haruki's novels. Satsuki in 「Thailand」has the distorted thinking between maternalism and feminity because of the experience of abortion in the past. In 「Drive․My․Car」, the death of Kafuku's daughter from a congenital disease made his wife constrain her life as a woman and give up herself as mother. Whether it was willful or against her will, women who had lost their maternalism started to have distorted thoughts of maternalism and feminity while they obsessed about their feminity. The characters that lead the main characters in the way of healing are described as the characters who varied from the social norm and have both male and female tendencies. Therefore, they perform as the advisors role with their unbiased and balanced thought.
  • 12.

    A Study on the Position of the Koreanology and Prospect in Japan

    HEO SONG TAE , Youngeon Yim | 2016, (71) | pp.221~240 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    A Study on the Position of the Koreanology and Prospect in Japan Heo, Song-Tae・Yim, Young-Eon The purpose of this study is to check the actual state of the Koreanology progressing in Japan and to examine the research task and prediction. Also it is focusing if how the concept of the Koreanology which begins to be established in Japan and Korean language course and Koreanology had been being developed after 1950 especially. Four main study results show below. First, in the academic field which the initial Korean and Koreanology relation is various, the Japan Koreanology research appeared in the tendency that it is gradually subdivided. Second, the Koreanology related university was primary organized in Japan TENRI university after 1950 years and it had been being across the country gradually expanded. Third, the Koreanology professional educational institution established the doctor's course 3 universities among 7 universities in Japan. Fourth, the Koreanology researchers started from the historical studies and field of the anthropology in 1945 before and it was gradually diversified in Japan. Fifth, it had been being gradually developed from Japan until the Koreanology conference reached from the TENRI university to Waseda University Koreanology research institute beginning with ‘Chosunhakbo’ since 1950. In conclusion, the Koreanology is expecting the appearance of the new change and Koreanology with the Korean wave and government support policy in globalization.
  • 13.

    A study on aspects of Korea and Japan Employment process through Job support program for college Studants in Dae Jeon.

    Jun yun sun | 2016, (71) | pp.241~259 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    A study on aspects of Korea and Japan Employment process through Job support program for college Studants in Dae Jeon. Jun. Yun-Sun According to Korean Employment Information, Service employment has decreased by 50 thousand since 2013, amounting to about 3,793,000 people employed in 2014. However, there has been a 23.6% increase, by about 313 people, in international employment since 2012. This points to an increase in awareness about international employment amongst young Koreans. To solve this unemployment crisis, the government, schools, and the work industry need to work closely together to find a solution. One solution that was under consideration was analysing the process that the government uses to assist with employment locally and internationally.
  • 14.

    Zhèng Chénggōng, regarded as Jeongdoryeong - with a focus on Yeonpyeongchoryeonguimodo -

    CHUNG, Eungsoo | 2016, (71) | pp.261~279 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    Zhèng Chénggōng, regarded as Jeongdoryeong -with a focus on Yeonpyeongchoryeonguimodo- Chung, Eung-Soo The present paper, with a focus on Yeonpyeongchoryeonguimodo, discusses the connection between Jeongdoryeong and Zhèng Chénggōng, who campaigned against the Cheong Dynasty and for the Myeong Dynasty. Yeonpyeongchoryeonguimodo depicts the early childhood of Zhèng Chénggōng living with his mother in Hirado, and its author is unknown. It is assumed that it was painted by a Korean in the late 18th century, as Choi Book's trip to Japan was recognized in the work. At that time, Jeonggamrok was very popular in the Chosun Dynasty. Zhèng Chénggōng, whose last name happened to be the same as Jeongdoryeong, had a base on the island in the south(Taiwan), and also very strong military power. That is, he possessed all the qualifications to be considered as the naval True Man, who was expected to raise troops in the south, destroy the Chosun Dynasty and construct a new Kingdom. Thus, it can be interpreted in such a way that Yeonpyeongchoryeonguimodo depicted the early childhood, not adulthood, of Zhèng Chénggōng in order to imply the messiah Jeongdoryeong.
  • 15.

    Consideration of Changes in Ethnic Identity of Korean-residents in Japan- A Focus on the region of Osaka-city in 2000 and 2015 -

    HyeKyoung Hwang | 2016, (71) | pp.281~300 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    Consideration of Changes in Ethnic Identity of Korean-residents in Japan - A Focus on the region of Osaka-city in 2000 and 2015 - Hwang, Hye-Kyoung This study was done in order to examine the changes in the ethnic identity of Korean residents in Japan. The survey was done once to target Korean residents in Japan in Osaka in 2000 and was compared with those carried out once again in the same place in 2015. As a result, compared with the 2000 fiscal year, South Korea's culture and customs have been changed little by little to adapt to Japanese society. Here I want to note that negative responses to the question of taking care of the ethnic lifestyle were found to increase significantly as compared with the survey of the 2000s. Will it be concluded that the ethnic identity of Korean-residents in Japan keep on fading? Two points can beconsidered. One is a household change of Korean residents in Japanese society. The other is the relationship of the host society of the Japanese society and the society of Korean residents in Japan. At the moment, the author thinks there is a need to consider the results of this study seriously from the aspect of diversification of the ethnic identity of Korean residents in Japan.