Journal of Japanese Culture 2022 KCI Impact Factor : 0.22

Korean | English

pISSN : 1226-3605 / eISSN : 2733-8908
Home > Explore Content > All Issues > Article List

2017, Vol., No.74

  • 1.

    Analysis of the Present Situation on Claims of Japanese Dokdo Sovereignty: About Gumi Jukdo History Museum in Oki

    Kim Do-Eun | 2017, (74) | pp.5~24 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This paper examines the current state of operation of the historical museum in Gumi, Oki Island, which opened on June 1, 2016, along with archives of Shimane Prefecture related to Dokdo. The Gumi Jukdo Historical Museum has a map of Dokdo, which explains mining rights, which include the mining of phosphorus. In addition, Japan insists that it can confirm that the lighthouse, which was allegedly installed by the Korean side in 1954, is not illuminating. From 1905 to 1965, the fishermen of the Gumi district licensed the fishermen of Dokdo Island, except for the post-war period, during which Dokdo was allowed to fish on Dokdo Island. Since 1953, Shimane Prefecture has issued licenses to the OkinoSima Fisheries Cooperative Federation for the Dokdo Co-Fishery and the private Yahata Isaburo(八幡伊三郎). It records the date, the weather, the catch, and the conversion of the fishery in Dokdo (over the period 1936-1938). The Japanese government, through the colonial occupation of Korea at that time, looted everything using all possible means and methods, if there was any benefit to Japan. In this paper, the charts of Japan's individual capture of Dokdo evidently indicate that Dokdo belongs to Korea.
  • 2.

    Dokdo and Korea-Japan Relations: An Analysis of the San Francisco Peace Treaty

    Kwak, Jin-O | 2017, (74) | pp.25~43 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    In the San Francisco Peace Treaty, there is a so-called ‘Korean article’ in Chapter 2 (Territory), Article 2 (a): “Japan, recognizing the independence of Korea, renounces all right, title and claim to Korea, including the islands of Quelpart, Port Hamilton and Dagelet.” While this suggests that Japan recognizes Korea’s independence and that it relinquishes all rights to Korea, Dokdo is not explicitly mentioned as part of the territory that Japan has to return to Korea, thus leading to a discord in the interpretation of article (a). Therefore, this paper argues that through the interpretation of article (a), there is a limitation to the claim that Dokdo is Japan’s territory.
  • 3.

    A Study on the Narrative Structures of Television Comedy Jidaigeki -A Case Study on SinKaishaku․Nihonsi -

    Yoo, Da-Geon | 2017, (74) | pp.45~66 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The study analyzed the works of a TV Comedy Jidaigeki dealing with historical figures. SinKaishaku・Nihonsi is part of a comedy genre, but it does not have a happy ending because it deals with historical figures. It is distinguished from many different types of comedy genres. Also, laughter is created through comical characters in addition to a new etc. For example, there is use of satire, repetition, reversals, gag techniques, Laughter is also created through instruments or makeup. Such laughter always begins with a departure from common sense or conventional values. Accordingly, it can be said that it is a laugh of Jouissance and based on the concept of carnival. The production of history and comedy can be expected to appeal to the public regardless of the existing Jidaigeki, and it can also enhance interest in history among the public. Since the 2000s, both production of TV Jidaigeki and demand have been declining. One way to break down this social atmosphere is to find a way to look at the new genre. In this sense, it is very meaningful to combine comedy with history.
  • 4.

    A Study of Masanori Ezaki's Meijin Godokoro : Focusing on the Japanese Go Culture

    Kim, Chung-Gyoon | 2017, (74) | pp.67~82 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study aimed to analyze Go (game) culture in modern and contemporary literature of Japan by focusing on Japanese writer Masanori Ezaki's literary works. Masanori Ezaki's Meijin Godokoro clearly reveals the different aspects of the development of Go in Japan in the late 17th century as well as features of Japanese Go culture. Meijin Godokoro is about many years of Go competitions by Sanchi of the Yasui family and Doetsu of the Honinbo family. The Go competition between Sanchi and Doetsu was a heated rivalry over the honor and power of the Yasui family and the Honinbo family. This literary work portrays not only the Go competition between two individuals, Sanchi and Doetsu, but also the group Go competitions between the two families. By analyzing such aspects, this study discovered that the development of Japanese Go culture was possible due to the competition among Go families under the Go promotion policies implemented by the Edo Bakufu.
  • 5.

    A Study of Shiina Rinzo’s Devil : The Meaning of Being a Devil and a Christian

    KIM KYOUNG HO | 2017, (74) | pp.83~95 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    In this paper, I discussed Shiina Rinzo’s Devil. The theme of this work, as it was understood at the time of its release, “Devil” does not refer to “the egoism of man” as it has been suggested, but rather the “evil nature” of “believing too much.” As I discussed, the author reveals in his work what is necessary to fight said “evil nature” and how it works. Necessity is here understood as idealistically arming the hero as Christian, and thus allowing him to fight “evil nature” through the mechanism of “duality.” This “duality” is supported by the “death” and “birth” of the “resurrection” of Jesus Christ. In other words, it involved the situating of personal faith with the resurrection of Jesus Christ. This work is a warning on believing something “absolutely,” and it conveys the gospel of “duality” according to Shiina’s unique understanding of Christ.
  • 6.

    A Study on the Ethnic Magazine of Zainichi Koreans with a focus on the 1950s

    So, Myung sun | 2017, (74) | pp.97~124 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Historically, the study of ethnic magazine of Zainichi Koreans was mainly conducted by the magazine which represented each period. But, in the case of the 1950s, there was a gap due to data restrictions. This blip was fortunately resolved as interest in post-war cultural movements which was developed in the form of a Life-Record Movement and a Circle Movement in the 2000s(the circle poetry magazine "Jindalle" and "Garion" by Osaka Korean poet group were issued as a reprint version). This was the epoch-making development that elucidated the cultural activities of Zainichi Koreans of the 1950s. With this new availability of data, in this paper, I am able to present the overall image of the cultural movement of Zainichi Koreans in the 1950s, as opposed to research focusing on specific magazines like the previous research. In the 1950s, organizations or associations representing Zainichi Koreans ranged from Choryŏn to Minjŏn and later to Chongryŏn. The character of the magazine changed somewhat according to the above-mentioned organizations and these changes can be observed by the following periodicals. The first is a magazine that inherits the genealogy of "Minjuchosŏn", the second is "Jindalle" and its affiliate magazines, and the third is a journal related to the Zainichi Chosŏn Bungaku-kai. Analysis of these three trends shows not only the current situation of the magazines published by Zainichi Koreans but also the negotiations between the magazines and the aspect of the solidarity and exchange with the post-war cultural movement of Japanese society. It also highlights the struggle of Zainichi Koreans who fought against the GHQ and the Japanese government, which threatens their right to live as an ethnic minority, further demonstrating that ideological war is on the rise in the homeland.
  • 7.

    A Comparison of the Discourse after the Nuclear Plant Accident and 'Post-war' Literature : Reference to the Thoughts of Ooka Shohei

    Yeonhee Woo | 2017, (74) | pp.125~140 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    On March 11, 2011, a major earthquake and tsunami that penetrated the northeastern part of Japan caused radioactive spills in the Fukushima nuclear power plant. After the accident, Tokyo Electric Power, government and experts tried to calm the public but did not provide accurate information. A series of social changes after the nuclear accident have similarities with post-war Japan after the atomic bombing in 1945. The government, which was not responsible after the war, repeated the same mistake after the radiation spill. In addition, the shape of Japan today, which is currently on the path of right-wing nationalism, is like postwar Japan. Ooka Shohei's warning about nationalism and the criticism of the 100th anniversary that was held in 1968 is also relevant in Japan today, as it is on a similar path right now.
  • 8.

    An Analysis of the Japanese Expression ‘~すぎます’ and ‘~すぎです’

    Kim, Chang-Nam | 2017, (74) | pp.141~153 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    By studying various examples of the usage of ‘~すぎます’ and ‘~すぎです’, this paper reviews the sentence patterns used before the expression ‘~すぎます’ and ‘~すぎです’ and the difference between the usage of ‘~すぎます’ and ‘~すぎです’. It also reviews the usage of patterns before both these expressions. First, it distinguishes between the patterns that come before ‘~すぎる’ by parts of speech. Verbs are used most frequently, followed by the adjective い and the adjective な. Next, it distinguishes between the patterns that come before ‘~すぎます’. In the examples, the adjective い was used most frequently. Particularly, the frequency of the term ‘多い’ used before ‘~すぎます’ was the highest. Lastly, before the expression ‘~すぎです’, verbs are used most frequently in the examples of the expression. Particularly, the frequency of the term ‘考える’ used before ‘~すぎます’ was the highest. Furthermore, in the case of the adjective な. it is more often used before ‘~すぎます’ compared to its usage before ‘~すぎです’. Therefore, through the examples of the expression ‘~すぎます’ presented in the paper, many combinations are made with the most frequently used adjectives, い and な, to express character and condition. Conversely, ‘~すぎです’ has many combinations with verbs.
  • 9.

    The “Active Learning” Lesson Using Japanese Student Newspapers

    Cho, Young-Hee | 2017, (74) | pp.155~172 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    As the socioeconomic environment is rapidly changing, the paradigm of university education cannot help but also change. This is especially true, as the unemployment of young people is becoming a serious social issue. At the same time the employment rate is becoming the standard of university evaluation, as a result university education should be changing to cultivate vocational abilities necessary to survive in the future. Indeed, in the future era represented as the Forth Industrial Revolution, rather than the simple accumulation of knowledge, self-directed learning ability and communication skills will be more important. Considering such changes of the time, this paper explored the idea of the “active learning” lessons which students actively participate in and then reported the results. It also introduced the method of using Japanese student newspapers as teaching material. In the lessons, the preliminary learning based on LMS motivated students to study on their own. In the main lesson, after completing the preliminary learning of vocabulary and current terms, the contents of LMS preliminary learning were shared, and then it was checked to see if the contents of the text were accurately understood through questions and discussions. After thr lessons, the students were asked to paraphrase the text or write on essay to see if the contents of the text were accurately understood. The results showed that, thanks to the introduction of “active learning”, many parts of the lessons were student-directed, which eventually led to the improvement of students’ self-directed learning ability and communication skills with others.
  • 10.

    “National Language” of Japan in Modern Times and the Linguistic Viewpoint of Otsuki Humihiko

    Jini Hyong | 2017, (74) | pp.173~187 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Otsuki Humihiko played the most important role in dictionary publications and grammar research in Japan. In addition, Otsuki Humihiko played a pivot of role to make standard language norms of “current language use” for establishing “national language” in modern Japan. A Theory of Japanese Grammar written in the 8th year of Meiji, he recognized a concept of “current language use”. And based on the concept, he conducted grammar research and dictionary publications. ‘Current language use’ is a linguistic view based on Western language studies and the view is same as the concept of “actual language use” which was central to “national language” establishment in modern Japan. Based on this linguistic viewpoint, Otsuki insisted “Kanadukai” in terms of letter improvement and led to the Kana letter movement in the 1880s. And, in the same context, the first standard language norms of Japan, “Kogo-ho” and “Kougo-ho beki”, were published. In modern countries, “national language” is a system, in which policies play a key role, extremely. Therefore, the linguistic viewpoint of the person who makes this system is important.
  • 11.

    The study of Meaning and Possibility of Elderly’s Life Worth Work -On the Basis of Silver Manpower Center in Japan-

    pak ki hun | 2017, (74) | pp.189~211 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study aims to explore the meaning and possibility of life worth work of the elderly in japan. For this, the study analyses the life worth work of senior manpower center. As the result of the study, a silver manpower center’s life worth work which is trying to achieve labor and welfare integration is unique because it is trying to target at once. But, A silver manpower center is confronting problems. Those are working fields restriction, different managing style between silver manpower centers according to an interpretation of the meaning of the life worth work, strengthening labor than welfare, a silver manpower center’s life worth work is invading to private labor market, decreasing of silver manpower center’s member. To these problems, A silver manpower center must maintain their life worth work which excludes the meaning of employment. For sustainable life worth work, this study offers ‘Work sharing life worth work’ as an idea.
  • 12.

    Observing the Different Quality of Emotion Between Japanese and Korean Movies ―Devotion of The Suspect X as a Case Study-

    Joo Hye-Jeong | 2017, (74) | pp.213~232 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study compared the Japanese movie based on the novel Devotion of the Suspect X by Higashino Keigo with its Korean equivalent in terms of emotions, These movies were very popular in both countries because the audience could emphasized with the characters who lost devotion and love and felt lonely as a result. It is believed that visual media produced in different countries based on the same novel can reveal the social and cultural characteristics of a country behind the adaptation. While the Japanese version of the movie was relatively faithful to the original storyline, the Korean version was adapted to satisfy the Korean emotional palate. This study explored the reasons on the followings: First, it analyzed emotions as a basis for plot change. Second, it examined emotions produced by certain institutions. Finally, it analyzed how loneliness as a “cultural emotion” formed culture and what comprises culture in each country. In the Japanese version, isolation maximized devotion to love, but in the Korean version, devotion to love was not as strong because Korean people even want to share feeling of loneliness. Because of this difference, Japanese version was surely more exciting as a mystery movie while the Korean version still put an emphasis on a sense of community and sharing as a universal Korean emotion.
  • 13.

    Analysis of research trends on Japanese festival culture

    lee deok ku | 2017, (74) | pp.233~255 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This research is aimed to investigate the study trends of Maturi in Japan. The studies of Maturi in Japan were mainly conducted by folklorist until 1950. Yanagita and his fellow researchers were mostly focused on gods in Maturi and tried to capture the society and the culture of the Middle Ages. However the meaning of itself was not considered seriously since it studied about the custom and the culture of the past rather than how its effect on the current lives. However, the main-focused area of the research has been moved from gods to human beings thanks to religious scholar since 1960, which were able to allow for scholars to interpret the Maturi itself. It was also possible to analyse the structure of Maturi by investigating the aspect of both ritual and festivity. The research has been carried by anthropologist and sociologist since 1970 as looking into how Maturi has been influenced by society such as the relationship with local communities and the participants of Maturi.
  • 14.

    Comparing and Contrasting Korean and Japanese Animal Proverbs with a Focus on Foxes

    HAN TAK CHEOL | 2017, (74) | pp.257~277 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    In this study, I analyzed Korean and Japanese proverbs about foxes by comparing and contrasting six categories. The findings are the following. Firstly, I found that both countries have many proverbs related to the behavior and habits of foxes. Secondly, the proverbs related to fortune/misfortune are more present than the proverbs pertaining to cunningness in Korea compared to Japan because of the negative image of foxes in Korea. Thirdly, the common proverbs on foxes that both covntries share mostly come from the Chinese classics. Finally, the similarities and differences of fox images in both Korean and Japanese proverbs are summarized. Regarding the similarities, Firstly, the image of foxes is mostly negative. Secondly, foxes are cunning and can harm people by figure- transformation. Thirdly, foxes have a symbolic image of women. And,, Lastly, fox fur is recognized as a valuable goods. First, pertaining to the differences, the sound of fox presents a bad fortune (death) in Korea but a fortune in Japan. Second, Korean proverbs use foxes to look down upon women, but no such proverbs are found in Japan. Third, in Korean proverbs, the food of foxes are rotten meat and chicken; however, in the Japanese proverbs, they are fried tofu and red bean rice.