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2017, Vol., No.75

  • 1.

    The Instigation and Fabrication of the Sovereignty of Dokdo by the Takeshima Issue Study Group in 2017

    Choi Jang-Keun | 2017, (75) | pp.5~24 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The Takeshima Issue Study Group is fabricating the logic that Dokdo is Japanese territory. Also, Dokdo is being invaded as Japanese territory. This time, middle school students in Korea sent letters to 56 middle schools in Shimane Prefecture. These middle school students criticized the distorted Dokdo education of Shimane Prefecture. Initially, Shimane Prefecture did not disclose the letters of Korean students. However, Masao Shimozo made it public, criticizing the Japanese government's Dokdo policy. Then, the 4th Takeshima Issue Study Group was convened. Simojo praised his achievements. He also exaggerated that he had been involved in developing Takeshima territory education for the Shimane students. Shimozo posted articles in various media. This time Shimozo used letters from Korean students. However, Japan became aware of the reality of Dokdo education in Korea.
  • 2.

    Rethinking the Name Change of Ulleungdo and Dokdo

    Hwi-Young Song | 2017, (75) | pp.25~44 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This paper examined the purposed logic of the "Theory of Name Reversion," which takes an important Japanese defensive role in territory dominion conflict between Korea and Japan. In Japanese, Ulleungdo is called Takeshima, which originally from iso-takeshima(磯竹島). However, its name was changed to Matsushima, which was caused by the Japanese territorial encroachment of Ulleungdo. Similarly, Dokdo was initially called as Matsushima, and then changed to Liancourt Rocks, which finally turned into Takeshima during Japan's territorial annexation. These name changes were for the purposes of Japanese territorial invasion. Furthermore, according to Kawakami Kenzo, who studied Dokdo's name change, the insistence of "The Logic of Name Reversion" was also a kind of acute manipulation.
  • 3.

    A Study of Various Methods for Diversification of Japanese Cultural Education and Exploring its Possibilities

    An, Jiyoung | 2017, (75) | pp.45~61 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    This paper is a report of a study that attempted to introduce student-centered cultural education into Korean Japanese culture education. Currently, although the importance of cultural education is emphasized in Korean foreign language education, only items stereotyped in the actual curriculum and class are taken up. This is because Japanese culture education in Korea only focuses on the specialty of Japanese culture and teaches only this component to learners. Recently, in the field of education, the idea of learner-based theory has come to attract attention and it attempts a multi-angle practice. It is necessary to connect such theory to Japanese culture education and make use of it in education. By doing so, learners have opportunities to compare and reflect their own culture and Japanese culture and to conceptualize Japanese culture in the process. As an example, Japanese television program "COOL JAPAN - Discover! Cool Nippon "can be cited. By having foreigners living in Japan discuss Japanese culture, you can see the process of recognizing and conceptualizing them . That is exactly connected to a learning-centered education as well. In this research, we also conducted a questionnaire survey on Japanese learners in Korea using the data obtained from them and analyzed the results. What become clear from that is that there is a strong tendency to recognize what is still stereotyped in Korea as Japanese culture. In the future, based on these analyzes, I would like to clarify the process by which Korean learners recognize Japanese culture entirely and I would like to explore further possibilities of "learner subject" education.
  • 4.

    Social Factors to Explain Dokdo-related Research Trends in South Korea

    Youngeon Yim | Kim, Tae Young | 2017, (75) | pp.63~80 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to examine research trends regarding Dokdo involving both Korea and Japan after 1993. The method of study analyzes contents related to Dokdo from the Research Information Service System and the National Library of Korea. The results of this study are as follows. First, in many cases, social and political factors in Korea and Japan sparked interest in Dokdo-related research. Second, interest related to Dokdo emerged, as people became interested in history and territorial issues within the fields of education and international law after 1993. Third, Dokdo research suddenly increased after 1993, and the research topics became more diversified. Fourth, Dokdo research has a tendency to be influenced by the social factors of Korea and Japan. In conclusion, regarding Dokdo research, Japan’s approach was through print and mass media, while Korea tightened its control over Dokdo.
  • 5.

    The Instruction Effects of Japanese Unvoiced/Voiced Sounds: Using Phonetic Instruction

    Kang, Yeon-Hwa | 2017, (75) | pp.81~101 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This study aims to analyze Japanese unvoiced/voiced sounds with lots of misuses, when they are perceived by Korean learners of the Japanese language, and seeks to understand how the results could be applied to Japanese language education. The listening research examined the tendency of misuses in the perception of unvoiced/voiced sounds targeting 45 low/intermediate Korean learners of the Japanese language. The listening research entailed instruction and practice using the VT method (Nursery Rhyme stimulation) and minimal pair in order to identify more effective phonetic instruction methods. The listening research showed that Korean learners of the Japanese language had lots of misuses in the perception of unvoiced/voiced sounds, especially lots of misunderstandings of voiced sounds as unvoiced sounds. Also, regarding the misuse in accordance with the position of unvoiced/voiced sounds, there were many misuses of voiced sounds in the middle of words. In the listening research with instruction and practice using phonetic instruction, the number of misused unvoiced/voiced sounds was largely reduced in the group with instruction and practice compared to the group without them. Especially, the group with instruction using VT method showed the most remarkable decrease of misuses compared to the group with instruction using minimal pair, which showed the effect of VT method. Just as shown in the results above, it would be important to continuously instruct even for a short time after accurately understanding difficult phonetic items to learners and then introducing proper phonetic instruction methods.
  • 6.

    Indirectness of Expressions for Reported Speech the Effects of Interpersonal Relational Utterances in Japanese

    Oh, Tae-Kyoon | 2017, (75) | pp.103~135 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This paper is intended to analyze “expressions for reported speech” from a pragmatic point of view with information under different contexts and to explore into social deixis where a speaker becomes aware of his or her interlocutor in producing specific-bound utterances and the effects of interpersonal relational utterances in light of indirectness of expressions for reported speech. When using reported speech, in concrete settings, adjustment of the degree of indirectness of the information contents may be necessary each time, via the involvement of elements such as “who is the utterance related to” and “what are the contents of the utterance” pertaining to the information obtained by the speaker, depending on the context. This adjustment of indirectness of reported speech can be viewed as a kind of hedge, in terms of relaxation of the degree of FTA, by making the information contents imprecise. Such linguistic behaviors that give consideration to the listener’s face or attempt to protect the speaker’s own face can, from the viewpoint of Grice’s cooperative principle, be said to be motives that produce non-compliance with the cooperative principle via intensification of the indirectness of reported speech.
  • 7.

    A Study of Campaign Poster Transcriptions: The 45th House of Representatives Election as a Case Study

    Yoon Sanghan | 2017, (75) | pp.137~161 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study explores the relationship between “characters as personality” with “characters as font,” the specific attributes of the style of font, the color, character decorations, etc. Through analyzing Japanese election posters, the researcher was able to connect the above-mentioned attributes with candidates. As a result of the analysis, it can be said that the character representation of candidates is directly related to the character language aspect such as the font, the writing direction, etc. More specifically, the position of the candidates is strengthened by creating associations with the elements of readability and tradition; clarity; and legitimacy. Furthemore, the attributes of the candidates are strengthened through readability, tradition, and the lettering of election posters. The results of this study demonstrate that these three elements of character representation do not work independently but reflect the political, biological, and regional attributes of candidates and electoral districts.
  • 8.

    A Study on “The Mirror Containing A Soul” -with a Focus on the Source of a “The Mysterious Magic Mirror”-

    Lee, Jong-Hwan | 2017, (75) | pp.163~186 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Kitamura Tokoku's short story titled “The Mirror Containing a Soul” recouts a sad, sorrowful love story between the male and female protagonist. Previous studies on his short story reveal that its publication was met with many negative criticisms including "this is a mysterious novel" and "it reflects Tokoku's morbid aspects." These negative criticisms stem from the fact that the story is bizarre and mysterious. That is, the writer failed to help readers clearly understand the composition and topic of the story, which is centered around sex between the two main characters via “the mysterious magic mirror.” their love token. As a clue to reveal its bizarre nature, the investigator addressed the issue of Tokoku's acceptance of “Eight Samurais Named Do,” one of his short stories’ sources. Hints was found in his comments about “Eight Samurais Named Dog” and in his essays “Discussing the Chastity of a Girl” and “The Lotus Flower of the Mind Pond.”
  • 9.

    A way to “The Time When Cherries Are Ripening”

    Im, Sung-Gyu | 2017, (75) | pp.187~200 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    By the Time of Cherries' Getting Ripe is a novel of reminiscences describing Meiji 20 years in the vicissitudes of dark life in the eighth year of Taisho. According to Dohson, this novel explores the agonizing youths’ sexual awakening period as symbolic evidence of happiness. It also obviously represents many optimistic youths who are planning to go toward the new world far and near, which everyone expects, shaking with fright about the unspeakable future. The youths' sexual awakening and awareness of love; the anxiety of the future and misunderstandings surrounding it; the reception and denial of Christianity; and friendship along with other issues of youth are clearly expressed throughout this novel in the light of Dohson himself. Therefore, this novel can be considered both an autobiographical  and educational novel.
  • 10.

    A Study on “Landscape with Flatiron”-Focusing on the Avoidance and Potential Dangers-

    Lee, Hye-In | Yun Hye Young | 2017, (75) | pp.201~216 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    In this paper, we focused on the aspect of evasion and the dangers experienced by Junko and Miyake, the main characters, in order to concretely investigate messages of self-indulgence inherent in “Landscape with Flatiron” They can say that they are wanderers who have problems with their families and currently live a lonely life in other places. They prefer avoidance to solving their problems. They recall their problems while watching the bonfire, but there is not much improvement. The appearance of Miyake who has been suffering from a nightmare for a long time can be said to be Junko's future which can be predicted when Junko’s avoidance continues. They promise to die together and they think that death will give them eternal comfort; they seek death to try to be fully released from their own troubles. However, as opposed to Junko who falls asleep in the last scene, the words of Miyake, "If the bonfire disappears, it gets cold, if it gets cold, you will wake up." are meaningful. They say that the death of the boy appearing in Jack London's “Bonfire” is "quiet and beautiful" and the phrase "prepare to die" from “Thailand” in order for them to get comforted; this message shows that the problem should be solved properly. From this point of view, the fact that the temporal background of the work is set in February 1995 does not signify that the "earthquake" is opportunity for change. Rather, problems accumulated over the years have begun to appear on the surface; so, it can be said that it was a setting to show one result.
  • 11.

    A study on the “Fuso no kyositsu” -Focusing on the Human Figure Amy Yamada Asked for-

    HONG JINHEE | 2017, (75) | pp.217~233 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Amy Yamada(1959∼) is one of the most representative female novelists in modern Japanese literature. In 1985, she made her debut in the literary world through “Bedtime Eyes”, a novel based on love between a Japanese woman and a black man. She presented an unconventional romance novel with female-led sexuality, which is rarely seen in existing literary works. On the other hand, Amy Yamada also wrote youth novels about the worries of teenagers and their transition into adulthood. “Fuso no Kyositsu”(1988), which was analyzed in this paper, belongs to the category of youth novel. This work shows us collectivism inside the classroom and the disbelief of teachers by a fifth grade female student named "Motomiya An", who is the main character. It also compares the community that lost it’s morality as a human being to the beast’s world. After all, the human figure which the author, Yamada requested through this work is an independent person with responsibility and morality. Remarkably, it is noteworthy that “Fuso no Kyositsu” refers to a youth that is not treated as the main character in contemporary Japanese literature and the problems of an educational settings. Furthermore, it can be said that this novel has more significance, because it challenges young people as well as teachers to reconsider the reality of education.
  • 12.

    Criticism of Children's Literature and ‘Douwa’ as a Literary Genre

    Matsumoto, Ken | 2017, (75) | pp.235~253 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    For more than 10 years since the latter half of the Showa 20s, many argued that traditional Douwa, symbolized by Ogawa Mimei's works, should be rejected and new types of children's literary works should be created. However, since there was no common agreement among the debaters regarding the exact definition of traditional Douwa, the discussion was not constructive and ended without producing a meaningful end result. Among them, only Huruta Taruhi expressed his opinion on what traditional Douwa was. But, because the essay “Sayonara Mimei” was too difficult to understand, it did not contribute to the consolidation of that discussion. What was his opinion? The essay states that traditional Douwa doesn't depict “Human” but “something already decided,” and it should select the style of “prose” that depicts “human” as a method of children's literature. This achievement was a genre division of literature. This view had the possibility to lead the new proper criticism of children's literature without mixing genres and the creation of new children's literature.
  • 13.

    A story from what Akutagawa Rhunosuke Once Said -"Shanghai" by Yokomitsu Riichi-

    Kurisaki, Aiko | 2017, (75) | pp.255~276 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    In this paper, I focus on the fact that Yokomitsu Riichi wrote"Shanghai"following advice from Akutagawa Ryunosuke. I will examine similarities between Akutagwa and Yokomitsu and Akutagawa’s influence on Yokomitsu through considering Akutagawa’s discourse on China. This article focuses on these writers’ rhetoric, rather than their political opinions on China. By doing so, I will reveal a new relationship between Akutagawa and Yokomitsu. This study only mentions Yokomitsu’s motive in writing Shanghai, but this will be an important clue to unravel the possibility of Akutagawa’s influence on Yokomitsu.
  • 14.

    A Study of Japan’s Representative “Atomic Literature” Black Rain by Ibuse Mmasuji

    Chong-Hee Lee | 2017, (75) | pp.277~301 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    In August 1945, the atomic bomb dropped in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, resulting in Japan’s unconditional surrender World War II. Mankind's first atomic bomb caused untold casualties and countless people died of even after the blasts due to acute radiation exposure. Later, authors began making presentations by using the materials and materials that they experienced in their experiences and artifacts they uncovered in the rubble. These efforts led to the creation of “Atomic Bomb Literature” or simply “Atomic Literature.” In order to review this literature in Japan, we analyzed "Black Rain" written by Ibuse Masuji, a representative of Atomic Literature. First of all, we looked at the structural features of "Black Rain", including the significance of "Black Rain". And for the sake of collecting data for this study, I read and analyzed "Black Rain" in addition to holding discussions on the novel, collecting students’ impressions of the literature, and introducing their writing of appreciation in the abstract.
  • 15.

    The Reorganization of a Folklore Day in Okinawa

    Kim,Hee-Young | 2017, (75) | pp.303~317 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Generally, Okinawans live according to the solar calendar, but they celebrate the traditional town occasions or ceremonies for their god and family events according to the lunisolar calendar. Both the solar calendar and the lunisolar calendar exists in their daily lives. This paper is to study the different layers of the community in regards to the reorganization of the time for enforcement of the ritual “Hatsugan” among the traditional events for New Year's Day. It is based on the field survey results in Shinzato, Nanjo-city, carried out from December 2015 to January 2016. Because New Year's Day is a public holiday and the community members can be assembled, “Hatsugan” is celebrated on the date indicated on the solar calender; it is not on the lunisolar calendar, which is more related to their everyday lives in Shinzato. However, the primary purpose of “Uganbutuchi,” celebrated on December 24th of the lunisolar calendar, is to remove the hope in the year “Hatsugan.” By erasing the existing hope, they can pray for the new year. Originally, the new year “Hatsugan” is followed by “Uganbutuchi,” but because the date of “Hatsugan” is celebrated according to the solar calendar, the new year's prayer is offered up without removing the last year's hope. It is the same with the case of Minei, Nanjo-city. Considering the purpose of the ritual, the change of the time for enforcement of “Uganbutuchi” can lead to the destruction of the ritual. Through this example, it was confirmed that a folk ritual could be reorganized and destroyed by the changing circumstances and its adaptabilities.
  • 16.

    Child Care Administration System as a Solution to the low Birthrate Problem: Japan as a Care Study

    JUN HOSUNG | 2017, (75) | pp.319~336 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study explores solutions in Korean society, where there is a crisis: it is an ageing society with a low birth rate. The reason is because the introduction of Children Allowance System does not provide a solution to the declining birthrate. There searcher looked for solutions in Japan (whose situation is to South Korea’s)based on trial and error and discovered three important lessons for South Korea. First, it is necessary to grasp the exact number of children in hopes of using the public child care support system, including national and public kindergarten and private nursery to accommodate all children. Second, entrance procedures to schools including private kindergartens need to be improved. Third, the child care support system should take into account both the parents’ perspective of raising children and the educational side.
  • 17.

    A Study on Korean Shamanistic Beliefs and Japanese Shinto -Based on Shiba Ryotaro's Shamanistic Idea-

    Lee, Bok-Lim | 2017, (75) | pp.337~355 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    In this article, I studied shamanistic beliefs and Shinto, which are folk religions in Korea and Japan, respectively. I approached these beliefs from the perspective of Shiba Ryotaro. In the literatures, he discussed the differences in cognition of folk religions between Koreans and Japanese, focusing on shamanism and foreign religions. He put emphasis on the similarity of the role of the shaman, which is called as “Mudang” and “Mico” in Korea and Japan, respectively, in that behavior and appearance of shamans are similar in both Korea and Japan. He also argued that shamanistic beliefs in Korea were considered superstition, and even restricted, since Confucianism originated from the other countries’ suppressed folk religions. On the other hand, he discussed the superiority of Shinto based on the fact that it has become a distinct and unique religion by combining foreign and folk religions in Japan. However, I argue that Shiba Ryotaro’s shamanistic idea is based on Japanese nationalism, as he discriminatingly described the superiority of the combinatory nature in Shinto, ignoring that shamanistic beliefs in Korea had been combined into folk culture, while the shamanistic beliefs were largely suppressed after the Joseon Dynasty.
  • 18.

    The Establishment of the Crafts Section and the Argument on Folk in the Korean Art Exhibitions

    Lee, Sang-Jin | 2017, (75) | pp.357~379 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This paper deals with the ‘folk’concept of the Korean Art Exhibition, which was held during the colonial period. The word ‘folk’ comesfrom the word ‘Heimat- Kunst (folk art)’,which came into existence in Germany during the 19th century. In the1910s, many young Koreans came to Japan and saw the process of young Japanese receiving the western culture for the modernization of Japan. After they returned to Korea, they took the modern western culture that they had learned in Japan into their literary activities, which is when the concept ‘folk’ was born in the Korean art world. By analyzing the background for the establishment of the ‘crafts section’ and the argument on ‘Folk, I clarified the influence of the actions by Asakawa Noritaka and Yanagi Muneyoshi. Asakawa and Yanagi found the National Folk Museum of Korea in the 1920s, and by that, a ‘crafts fad’ was arising in both, Japan and Korea. Their actions made an influence to the styles of the works, and to the judges’ screening standard of the Korean Art Exhibitions. These led to a strong consciousness of ‘Folk’ expression.