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2018, Vol., No.77

  • 1.

    Japanese Literature and Criminology of Korea Residents in Japan -Focusing on Mishima Yukio's 『A Defense of Culture』-

    Lim, Sang-Min | 2018, (77) | pp.5~23 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This study aims to examine self-representation of Korean writers in Japan and the others-representation of Japanese writers by focusing on the most-cited crimes committed by Korean residents in the post-war Japan, including the case of Lee Jin-woo in 1958 and the case of Kim Hee-ro in 1968. As a result, in his work, Kim Seok-beom has come to the conclusion of the asymmetrical relationship, which is just built when the identity of Korean residents in Japan passes through Japanese as perpetrators, as the defeat of the Koreans themselves in Japan. This is consistent with the need for self-reliant self-construction in the relationship of irrelevance, emphasized by Kim Seok-beom in the dispute of the contemporary 'third way'. In addition, Mishima Yukio's 『A Defense of Culture』 has been criticized so far for its jump in the logic, but it sharply points out that the Japanese as both victims and as perpetrators, who refer to the Kim Hee-ro incident, misuse ‘nationalism as a means’ as needed. In this sense, it can be seen that contemporary Korean-Japanese media reports and the Korean government's recognition of Kim Hee-ro also relied heavily on 'nationalism as a means' rather than considering the specificity of Korean residents in Japan.
  • 2.

    A Study on the Narratives of Korean-Japanese Writers as a Double Minority

    Yang, Myung-Sim | 2018, (77) | pp.25~42 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Korean-Japanese literature started to be noticed in the late 1960s; it has become a part of Japanese literary history and has been mentioned in Japanese literary circles since the 1980s. In this process, a dozen writers who maintained the flow of Korean-Japanese literature have won prestigious literary awards in Japanese literary circles, leaving marks on literary history. This made them parts of Japanese literary circle, but the others expelled from it, and, as a result, in turn oversimplified the potentials of Korean-Japanese literature. In this study, the narratives that have been unnoticed in Korean-Japanese literary history were analyzed from the perspective of “double minorities.” These double-minority narratives show that Korean-Japanese writers have been identified as a double minority (first by their nation or ethnic group as a Korean-Japanese [Zainichi], and second as another minority due to the hierarchy within Korean-Japanese literary circles). In this regard, this study focused on interpreting the possibility of embracing and, at the same time, transforming the historicity, that is, the ethnic and nation-centric meaning of Korean-Japanese narratives in double-minority narratives.
  • 3.

    A smuggling and a sea trader appeared in 『TAKESIMATOKAIIKENKI』 -Hachiemon's marrine commerce-

    JUNG KWON | Kwon,O-Yub | 2018, (77) | pp.43~59 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This study is a research to examine Hachiemon's statement appered in『TAKESIMATOKAIIKENKI』. Hachiemon was executed in 1836, because he went over the water to go to Takesima which was forbidden island. He wrote untruth in his book. The fakes are that he didn't know the truth which Takeshima is the territory of The Joseon Dynasty and he went to the Takeshima just one time at 1833. He and Hamadahan knew that the central government. forbade the traffic to the Takeshima. Although knowing the prohibitional law he went to the island under the name of going to the Matushima. The political backing of Hamadahan makes the voyage possible. He promise a large profit. In this book, We can see the description which he got arms from a retainer. A smuggling of arms were popular at that time. The word of smuggling is not appeared in this book, there were similar contents in scontemporary books such as『Tenpozakki』・『Takeshimakijiryakudan』・『takeshimakoshow』. There are reports like that Hathiemon secretly trades arms which got from Edo with Chinese and Koreans at Takeshima, Hachiemon and Hamadahan expected a large profit from smuggling. So they knew the prohibition law, Hamadahan allowed Hachiemon sailing to the island under the name of going to the Matushima.
  • 4.

    The Evolution of Cosplay from Japanese Culture to Global Culture -A Comparison and Analysis of Global Cosplay-

    Kim, Tae-Yeon | 2018, (77) | pp.61~80 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Once an idiosyncratic subculture in Japan, cosplay has developed into a global phenomenon. Costuming catapulted into popularity to become a significant aspect of popular culture in Japan in the 1980s, when anime and manga fandom embraced it as a favored form of expression. In order to understand cosplay as a global phenomenon, cosplayers from various countries were interviewed in 2013 and 2017. Based on the interviews from both years, changes were compared across seven countries by analyzing cosplay characteristics of nine countries. The results confirmed the continued spread of the cosplay phenomenon around the world, and revealed the development of distinct cosplay cultures and characteristics that shared similarities to, but were also distinct from, the Japanese model. In summary, though the modern form of cosplay stems from Japan and has since spread across the world, it has undergone a process of diffusion to emerge as a generalized culture shared by the world.
  • 5.

    A study on Japanese Sewha and Munbae paintings

    NO, Sung Hwan | 2018, (77) | pp.81~116 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The main purpose of this article is to provide a critical overview of the Japanese New Year tradition Sewha and Munbae paintings, and the influences on the development of these folk paintings. For Sewha paintings, Egoyomi, Seven Lucky Gods treasure ship, Fuji, hawk, eggplant, folding fan, cigarette, straw and beans were themed in belief of the lucky dream as examples. In some cases, as a solution of the bad dream, Mack (imaginary creature) was also themed in Sewha paintings. On the other hand, Kadomatsu, Jonggyu, Tsunodaesa, Sominjanrae, Hiiragiiwashi were used for the Munbae paintings. These materials were not only used as the New Year customs, it was assimilated into folk paintings and emerged as multiple forms. Especially, Seven Lucky Gods treasure ship, Fuji, hawk, eggplant were adopted into Ukiyoe. In some cases, Seven Lucky Gods were divided as an individual, Daeheukchun and Sunoin were humorously depicted in the Otsue and Gotee. Hokusai, One of the most famous Ukiyoe painter, drew the Mack in details to describe the handling the bad dreams. While Jonggyu, which has been passed down from China, was widely accepted as a material of Ukiyoe, Otsue, Gotee, Tsunodaesa and Sominjanrae, by its strong character as a Charm, were not used as a material of paintings. Lastly, while Hiragiiwashi was barely seen in the Gotee, it can be found in some of the Ukiyoe and Otsue. Although the usage of materials were differ from the characteristic features, it’s hard to deny that Sewha and Munbae paintings have influenced in folk paintings sphere.
  • 6.

    A Study on the Aspects and Characteristics of Japanese Marriage Tales about the Horse and Girl

    Song Young Sook | 2018, (77) | pp.117~137 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Japanese marriage tales about the horse and girl can be classified roughly into two stages: the first is the establishment stage of a heterogeneous marriage between different species such as a marriage between a horse and human: the second is the non-establishment stage, where they cannot have a marital relationship. This study discovered that marriage tales about the horse and girl are not always premised on their marital relationship. Instead, regardless of whether a heterogeneous marriage occurs, the common narrative structure of marriage tales about the horse and girl is based on the story of the birth of silkworm on the ground after the horsehide like horse-skin takes the girl and ascends to heaven. This ascendance represents the beginning of sericulture and the origin of the horse-attended goddess of sericulture. The girl and horse having a marital relationship forms the outstanding characteristic of marriage tales about the horse and girl. Although the marital relationship is not established, the examples where the girl criticized or reprimanded the horse as animal were almost non-existent. In comparison, the attitude of the girl who appears in Love of the Horse is criticized the girl is taken in marriage but fights back by kicking the horse. This shows the difference of viewpoint on the heterogeneous marriage that constitutes a marital relationship between the girl and horse as different species eveloped by further generously transforming in Japan.
  • 7.

    Abe Kōbō as a Listener of Rock Music: Progressive Rock and Synthesizer

    Oba, Kenji | 2018, (77) | pp.139~155 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Recent previous studies on Abe Kōbō (1924-1993) tend to argue about the relationship between Abe and other media such as playwrights or movies. On the other hand, this article discussed about Abe’s acceptance of music. Abe wrote about Pink Floyd, a British rock band in UK, in his novel Kangaroo Notebook (1991). He adapted Pink Floyd in the viewpoint of the history of “music concrete.” He accepted such electronic music under the influence of postmodernist such as Karatani Kōjin (1941-).
  • 8.

    A Study on the Aspects of Reception and Changes of Komachi legend in Tai Dokuro by Kōda Rohan —The influence of the classics and misogyny in the Meiji period—

    Jeonghoon Yoo | 2018, (77) | pp.157~181 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This article discusses Otae heroine who does not easily follow the will of menconsider her to ugly on the inside outside.Otae is portrayed as a leper by heredity, but her illness and ugliness are regarded as a punishment for refusing to love men and for trifling with them, a "divine punishment." In it is possible to interpret that not complying with men's will is equivalent to an act against heaven. Otae's depictions have a deep connection with the story of Komachi's debauchery, in which a woman who refuses to love a man is punished and becomes ugly. It is proved through comparison with the legend of Onono Komachi as a woman who did not accept men's love. Otae is considered to be the same as Komachi, but can also be understood as a representation of a woman like Komachi who avoided marriage and continued her studies among female students in the Meiji period.
  • 9.

    Desirable self-concept of modern human beings is reflected in kasya (fire chariot)

    Yun Hye Young | 2018, (77) | pp.183~197 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    This paper focuses on the key concept of self-delusion in Miyabe Miyuki’s kasya (fire chariot) and examines the desirable self-concept of people in modern society through Sekine Shoko and Honda Ikumi. The characters in these works live by various self-delusion. In the novel, an anecdote is introduced to remind the reader of the actual state of a snake, an animal without any legs. This implies that it is important to acknowledge and accept the actual circumstances of one’s own life and identity. Specifically, Shoko is a woman who is miserable because of her wrong choices, “who bought a mirror that reflects her delusional self-concept instead of reflecting her actual self ”. However, Ikumi, who had been in a similar situation, is portrayed as a wise woman who lives a life that Shoko could have lived too. Ikumi, who accepts the reality of her own life and works hard to improve her circumstances, represents the desirable life of human beings in modern society.
  • 10.

    Intimacy and Discourse Development -Focus on the situations of disagreement-

    Kim, Ah-Ran | 2018, (77) | pp.199~217 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study reveals that the way dissent is expressed varies according to the degree of intimacy between the parties involved. An analysis of natural conversations between Japanese college students yielded these findings: first, in contexts with ahighdegree of intimacy, dissenters explicitly expressed their disagreement, using linguistic forms such as demo [‘but’], iya [‘no’], and/or rated the other person’s opinion negatively. There were also instances of utterances designed to elicit the other person’s counterargument, as well as instances of dissenters securing a psychological distance through a shift in speech style from the plain to the polite form. Contexts with amediumorlowdegree of intimacy shared several features, such as the fact that dissenters only partially negated the other person’s opinion, and that when dissenters expressed their own opinions, they used a large amount of fillers. However, some differences were also observed between these two groups. Inmediumintimacy contexts, while dissenters expressed partial agreement with the other person, they did not change their own opinions. Inlowintimacy contexts, on the other hand, dissenters ultimately expressed an opinion or personal story that supported the other person’s opinion, and then ended the conversation.
  • 11.

    A study on the usage of reru and rareru in high school Japanese textbooks

    Kim, Chang-Nam | 2018, (77) | pp.219~231 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this paper is to examine the usage of the auxiliary verbs reru and rareru in high school Japanese textbooks. Base on the analysis of six kinds of textbooks, the following results were discovered. First, the frequency of reru and rareru usage varied significantly between the textbooks. Second, in terms of verb types, 53.60% of examples were related to “Godan verbs,” whereas 38.40% were related to “Ichidan verbs.” Third, when examples were categorized according to the meaning of reru and rareru into “passive,” “potential,” “respect,” and “voluntary,” distinctive differences between the textbooks were observed. The above findings show that the teaching of reru and rareru differ greatly depending on the textbook that is chosen by the high school. Therefore, frequently used phrases like reru and rareru require particular attention when writing and developing Japanese textbooks.
  • 12.

    The Usage of SNS in Japanese Language Education and Japanese Language Acquisition Research –The present state and the future-

    Matsushita,Yumiko | Nishihana, Keiko | Sakamoto,Tadashi | 2018, (77) | pp.233~250 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    This paper discusses the potential and challenges of using SNS in Japanese language education and Japanese language acquisition research. Along with the rapid spread of Internet usage, the Japanese language education field has been undergoing a rapid retrenchment. Against this background, this paper sets out to review and evaluate past research on SNS as well as to analyze the results of a questionnaire given to Japanese language learners at two Korean Universitiesconcerning their awareness and usage of SNS and how it meets learner’s needs. The written questionnaire results show that over 80% of Japanese learners answered “yes” to the question of whether they want to use SNS in their learning. The results also show that a larger number of learners would like the possibility of communicating directly with Japanese speakers two or three times per week, for about thirty minutes each time. Moreover, SNS can be used in Japanese language acquisition research, allowing for communication with remote subjects. By using ZOOM, not only can messages and conversations be recorded and analyzed, the analysis of non-verbal communication is also possible Furthermore, SNS can be used not only for quantitative but also qualitative research, since our ability to make comments while viewing a file allows us to analyze internal processes. However, there are still many questions to consider, including not only how best to meet learners’ needs, but also how to reduce the emotional burden of learners when they face native Japanese speakers, how to prevent information disclosure, and the role of teachers’ networks. These are all issues that still need to be addressed.
  • 13.

    The distribution of evaluation vocabulary and the influence of "setting" -The case of a word of mouth for the Ramen shop -

    Otani, Teppei | 2018, (77) | pp.251~273 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Vocabulary categorization and word distribution cannot be specified only through observation of words’ forms and meanings. That is to say, “setting,” including the media, may act as an external factor. Thus, in this paper, the author examined the actual vocabulary items that viewers recognize as evaluation vocabulary, and the possible variations of those items, when words in multiple vocabulary categories (including words that were not originally categorized as evaluation vocabulary) appear on a specific medium. To do so, the author used a quantitative investigation about how “the word of mouth for the ramen shop” contributed to a web bulletin board. As a result of the investigation, many adjectives appeared as “evaluation vocabulary.” In addition, many onomatopoeic words with striking impressions also appeared in that category due to the influence of the characteristics specific to the “community on the web.” In addition, after categorizing the evaluation items as “simple evaluation,” “attribute evaluation (ramen),” and “attribute evaluation (store),” two trends became clear. Words of “pure evaluation” tend to be recognized first by their meaning (they were originally defined as evaluation vocabulary) in a dictionary. On the other hand, words of “attribute evaluation” tend to be recognized as such due to the influence of context and “setting.”
  • 14.

    Computer Aided Three dimensional Interactive Application lexical analysis study

    yiyunchong | 2018, (77) | pp.275~292 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    This paper used "Automobile CAD Basic Course Text", which is actually used in a course for automobile design, as a research and analysis material.The analyzed vocabulary is classified by word types, and the vocabulary classified by word types is again classified by form of word constitution.Among the 857 different words, Japanese accounted for 11.55 percent of 99 words, Chinese 47.26 percent of 405 words, foreign words 29.75 percent of 255 words, and mixed words of 98 words of 11.44 percent.The highest number of occurrences among Chinese words is the word 「作成」that has appeared 231 times, followed by the word 「選択」that has appeared 177 times.In the Chinese language, there were many technical terms directly related to automobile design, such as「拘束」「保存」「平面」「要素」「表示」「形状」「構成」「挿入」and so on.In loanwords, 「スケッチ」 appeared the most often in 110 times, and then 「ファイル」appeared 93 times and 「サーフェス」 appeared 71 times.In the case of loan words, we confirmed that most of them are loan words directly related to design or vocabulary used in computers. Since many automobile design terms are loan words, we confirmed that even mixed words contain more foreign words than Japanese and Chinese words.By investigating the frequency of appearance of these vocabulary, presenting and learning the vocabulary in order of frequency, it is considered that efficiency can be enhanced not only in the domestic training course for machinery and automobile engineers, but also in related work.
  • 15.

    Analysis of a Survey on the Use of Compound Verbs by Japanese University Students -Including learning vocabulary such as -込む, -切る-

    Cho, Nam-Sung | 2018, (77) | pp.293~312 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    In this paper, a compound verb (verb 1 + verb 2), which requires Korean learners to be taught first and learn, is regarded as a compound verb; these are used by Japanese university students who are learner's communication opponent. For this study, I selected compound verbs (verb2 : -込む, -切る, -抜く, -通す, -終わる, -始める, -過ぎる) that have a high frequency of use and compared them to various preceding data . Based on this comparison, I propose a new compound verb that can be used when learning vocabulary. Results show the importance of 断ち切る, 追い抜く, 言い切る, 押し通す, 入り込む, 駆け込む, 引き抜く, 突き通す, 貫き通す as new learning vocabulary items among the compound verbs that many Japanese university students use. However, of those, やり抜く, 言い通す, やり切る, 噛み切る is considered to be somewhat inappropriate.