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2019, Vol., No.80

  • 1.

    Japanese Language Education Using the MOOC Model

    Kang, Yeon-Hwa | 2019, (80) | pp.5~22 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    This study is designed to introduce a new method of teaching Japanese using the MOOC Model and to determine the effects of the lectures on language acquisition. In addition, a survey was conducted to evaluate learners' awareness about MOOC as a learning method. The results show that the final test scores of those who took classes with videos improved and that the classes were effective in the learning of vocabulary and grammar. moreover participants’ listening ability and their understanding of Japanese culture also improved. In addition, learners had the opportunity of studying by themselves through videos and could share their knowledge and opinions through group activities and debates. Further, the results of the survey on classes using the MOOC Model reveal that most learners consider classes using videos to be effective and positive. They also reveal that learners need a greater variety of video contents for Japanese language learning. It is necessary to implement various Japanese language classes using the MOOC Model to share cases and to make it widespread throughout the Japanese language education field. It is also necessary to devise learning methods that are more appropriate and effective for learners.
  • 2.

    Multilingual Grammar Education Using a Neural Machine Translation Engine - Focusing on Korean, Japanese and English -

    Park Kanghun | 2019, (80) | pp.23~43 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    This paper aims to provide a Korean, Japanese, and English multilingual grammar education model using Google Translate. This research is conducted as part of a long-term research project called ‘Construction of Korean, Japanese, and English multilingual education models for Korean adult learners, especially university students majoring in Japanese language and literature’. Park (to appear) claims that the algorithm of the neural machine translation system and the multilingual education model are similar based on the following two points: (i) the theoretical background, (ii) transfer learning. Based on these facts, Park (to appear) states that we need to develop teaching methods of multilingual education using neural machine translation engines such as Google Translate in the future. Therefore, this paper proposes that Google Translate is applicable to Korean, Japanese, and English multilingual grammar education. Further, marking the first attempt of the same, this paper deals with the grammatical category of ‘tense and aspect’. The study on the multilingual grammar teaching method using Google Translate is being considered for active usage in the future, because this research and Google Translate set the common goal of ‘multilingual use’.
  • 3.

    A study of the acquisition of Japanese business-related vocabulary -by Korean learners of Japanese-

    kim sun young | 2019, (80) | pp.45~63 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    In this study, we empirically examined how Korean learners acquire Japanese business-related vocabulary by evaluating their learning levels. First, business vocabulary is gradually acquired as the Korean learner’s level increases. However, the intensive learning of business-related vocabulary is thought necessary because the total vocabulary of the learner is low. Second, in terms of parts of speech, adjectives are acquired most correctly, followed by verbs, adjectives , and nouns. Third, among foreign words, nouns are acquired most correctly, and it is difficult to acquire foreign words in the following order—Korean, Chinese characters, and mixed words. On the other hand, adjectives are acquired correctly in the following order—foreign words, and Chinese characters. Korean learners’ acquisition of Japanese business vocabulary is inadequate in the normal course of Japanese learning, which presents an urgent problem given the increasing employment opportunities in Japan and the consequent need to acquire Japanese business-related vocabulary.
  • 4.

    Language/Culture-Integrated Class Activities Applying an Action-Based Approach in -Intermediate Japanese Class-

    KIM TAE HEE | 2019, (80) | pp.65~86 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study reports on language/culture-integrated class activities applying the “action-based approach”, the recognized framework adopted by the 『Common European Framework of Reference for Languages(CECR)』. The action-based approach seeks to achieve central goals in language learning. This study designed and implemented class activities to investigate the application of language/culture-integrated education throuh the keyword of action. In an intermediate Japanese class, eight small groups were formed through ‘the gathering and analysis of learners requirements’, and the resulting Japanese culture-language class was conducted to allow learners to select the tasks of action-based communication through discussion and consulation. The analysis of learners' opinions on these class activities suggests: First, the integrated Japanese language and culture class was properly conducted. Second, active learning and use of the target language occurred. Third, the proposed class activities for learners could be conducted together with conventional lecture-style class activities, and the small-group activities could be a little shortened than the main activities. In addition, from the teacher's perspective, there was a need to conduct a different type of class than the conventional lecture-style class to support small-group activities.
  • 5.

    Commercial Function of the Vocabulary Used in Blurbs -The Use of Onajimi ‘Familiar’ in Magazine Article Titles-

    Otani, Teppei | 2019, (80) | pp.87~109 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Some commonly used Japanese expressions exhibit what the author calls commercial functions or advertisement-like nuances. These expressions often leave the impression of exaggeration because they are used to convey something more than their lexical meanings. In this paper, the author attempts to describe the characteristics of these advertisement-like expressions through an analysis of the expression onajimi ‘familiar’ as it appears in magazine article titles. For this purpose the magazine article database Web-OYA and the analysis tool KH Corder were used. For the qualitative investigation, the author applied critical discourse analysis to individual examples. The results suggest that meanings resulting from commercialization are present in the use of onajimi in the titles of magazine articles, as has been shown for the expressions wadai and tyuumoku (Otani 2017, 2018b).
  • 6.

    A Foundational Investigation into the Effects of Short-Term Volunteer Activities in Japan

    Lee Sun Hee | 2019, (80) | pp.111~129 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study introduces an ongoing Global Service Learning (GSL) program that aims to deepen students’ knowledge about Japan acquired through the course of their major studies by way of onsite learning about Japanese society and culture and conducting exchanges with Japanese people. The study further analyzed the results of a survey of students who participated in GSL activities along with the GSL program’s report on outcomes. The results showed that the GSL program sparked students’ interest to improve their Japanese language skills and conduct exchanges with the Japanese. It also helped build a consciousness among the students to become global citizens, a consciousness based on the understanding of other cultures. Moreover, the results showed that there is a need for GSL programs to consider the anxiety and fear felt by students during GSL activities. This study suggests that there is a need for a more detailed analysis of the effects of GSL programs to ensure that the results can be generalized. There is also a need for research that tracks the specific impact GSL activities have on Japanese language study and how the participating students use their GSL program experience in daily life.
  • 7.

    Interrogative Sentences Appearing in Essays by Korean Students of Japanese and Native Japanese Speakers With a focus on interrogatives ending with “-desu ka” or “-masu ka”

    Iihoshi, Kazuya | 2019, (80) | pp.131~147 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This article considers the differences and similarities among Korean students of the Japanese language (hereafter, “KR”) and native Japanese speakers (hereafter, “JP”) using both quantitative and usage analysis of interrogative sentences in essays they wrote in Japanese on the topic of “Your Opinion on Tobacco.” The focus was on interrogative sentences ending with “-desu ka” or “-masu ka” (hereafter, “-desu ka/-masu ka interrogatives”), examining the characteristics of how these -desu ka/-masu ka interrogatives were expressed and used. First, the quantitative analysis results showed that 1: KR used interrogatives less frequently than JP; 2: ten examples of -desu ka/-masu ka interrogative usage were seen in KR essays only, all of which were unnatural; 3: the KR students who wrote these -desu ka/-masu ka interrogatives had been learning Japanese for between 4 and 44 months. Next, the usage analysis results showed that 1: interrogatives were used by KR and JP in essentially the same way; 2: the -desu ka/-masu ka interrogatives seen in KR essays were found in all three classifications of interrogatives; 3: -desu ka/-masu ka interrogatives tended to be found most commonly in the usage where the writer was expressing a negative development of the proposition. Future studies will need to examine why KR use unnatural -desu ka/-masu ka interrogatives.
  • 8.

    Attributive form of a Japanese adjective and actual condition survey of the end-form accent - For Japanese adjective accent education -

    Lee, Hyang-Ran | 2019, (80) | pp.149~163 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    An actual condition survey of the accent of "fundamental form (the independent shape)" "attributive form" "end-form" was performed respectively, and 30 Japanese adjectives (12 nakadaka-types, 18 heiban -types) were analyzed and considered targeted for 13 Japanese staying in Korea at present for education of the adjective accent of the Korean Japanese learner. When this result is gathered, it seems to be the next. 1st, for, the difference between Tokyo and from the area wasn't seen so much, and the person who just has the individual differences and is teaching Japanese could see the tendency which maintains the accent of the standard language. The similar result was in in a face of the flow of a partial but big change which is slightly by pronunciation of the Japanese who is in Japan and the Japanese staying in Korea lengthily. 2nd, for, the heiban-type and the nakadaka- type had a percentage higher than 3 hakugo of the change in 4 and 5 hakugo and were investigated. In other words, it can be said that there are a lot of changes to-2 like a long word of hakusuu. 3rd, for, since putting it in the fundamental form and the end-form of the heibann-type, the nakadaka-type exceeds the heiban-type big. The heiban- type exceeds the nakadaka-type big for an attributive form contrastively with this. 4th, for, almost no-2 adjective changed with inflection, and a change in the accent wasn't seen.
  • 9.

    A Study of the Reasons for the Misuse of -tekure based on Learners’ Level

    Cho, Nam-Sung | 2019, (80) | pp.165~181 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study examines the reasons for and the extent of the misuse of the request expression -tekure based on learners’ level in order to correct the misuse efficiently and teach its usage correctly. The conclusion of this study is as follows. (1) More than 50.0% of all the learners (N1, N2, N3) had studied the use of -tekure and misused the expression. Fewer than 28.4% of all the learners have had their misuse pointed out and corrected, but more than 67.9% were aware of the misuse. In addition, the lower the learners’ level, the higher the number of learners who think that the misuse of -tekure is significant in communication. (2) The lower the learners’ level, the more the learners think of reasons for misusing -tekure. (3) Of the 10 reasons for misuse of -tekure, the reasons given are highest in the order N2, N3, N1. (4) Though the main reason of -tekure misuse differs by learners’ level, all the learners use -tekure to commonly mean “-hae jwo”
  • 10.

    A brief overview of the international love described in popular novels written in Edo era

    KOH YOUNG RAN | 2019, (80) | pp.183~202 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study focused on the international love described in popular novels written in Edo era. We had a purpose to understand the Japanse recognition and the imagination on the overcoming boder and the international love in those days. Thus we analyzed Nishizawa Ippu's Shinshoku Gokansyo and Hiraga Gennai's Huryu Shidoukenden. First of all, we could say that the real love of Chosun woman was desribed in Shinshoku Gokansyo, so the Chosun was understood as the same place as Japan where was the value and the recogniton of love existed. Second, there were the real love for international women in Huryu Shidoukenden as Shinshoku Gokansyo. But the Japanese superiority on politics and moralities also was described in Huryu Shidoukenden that meant the Japanese recoginition on foreign counturies were different in what way it was linked. In conclusion, Japanese sometimes desicribed the international love positively in popular novels wrriten around 18th century, meant they recognised foreigne counturies in variety.
  • 11.

    A Study on the Interpretation of the 31st Essay of Tsurezuregusa

    Mizutani, Takashi | 2019, (80) | pp.203~222 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    In the 31st essay of Tsurezuregusa, Kenko wrote that a person sent him a letter containing the phrase “konoyuki ikaga miru.” Most researchers interpret this phrase as “What do you feel about this snow?” The expression “ikaga miru” is often found in “kotobagaki” in the collections of tanka poems of the Heian era. In almost all cases, the expression is interpreted to demand that the poet compose a poem on a particular theme. Kenko had rich knowledge of Heian-era poems. Therefore, “konoyuki ikaga miru” in Tsurezuregusa should be interpreted as “compose a poem on the theme of this snow.” Kenko also wrote that receiving that letter was a pleasant memory. The phrase “ikaga miru” implying the demand for a poet to compose a poem was already regarded old-fashioned and almost disappeared after the Kamakura era. In Tsurezuregusa, the author often expressed the yearning for the olden days. Interchanging poems by taking advantage of the phrase “ikagamiru” was very desirable for Kenko. I would like to interpret this essay as stated above.
  • 12.

    Consideration on Mythological Elements in Process of Conspiracy and Bathing of the God Okusare of Sen and Chihiro's Spiriting Away -From the perspective of Misogi by god Izanagi in the Kojiki-

    Park, Shin Young | 2019, (80) | pp.223~237 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Sen and Chihiro's Spiriting Away was produced in 2001 by Studio Ghibli and gained global acceptance when it won awards at the Berlin Film Festival and the American Academy Awards. The hot springs for gods, the appearance of various gods, and the background itself show vague relationships with classic literature such as myths and traditions. In this thesis, we examine the relevance of Sen and Chihiro's Spiriting Away, especially in regard to Misogi, which can be seen in the story of Okusare. At first, the god appears as a stinking, muddy shape that is avoided by everyone, but when the dirt and garbage are removed, Okusare is transformed into a precious being. In addition, after the mud is washed away, gold dust remains, and he gives a valuable "Nigadango" to the Sen. This structure is similar to Izanagi in the Kojiki in which deities are generated after removal of clouding with crow. The concept of impurity that has changed with the times but has continued to influence contemporary culture, and it is a modern reproduction of this structure that noble things appear when it is removed.
  • 13.

    A New Approach To Yamada Eimi’s Novels - Focusing On Healing Perspective -

    Park, You-Mee | 2019, (80) | pp.239~255 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to analyze the discourses of healing and revitalization in the novels of Yamada Eimi (known in the West as “Amy Yamada”) and position her work as earthquake disaster literature. The novels “Pay Day!” and “Me Who Might Die Tomorrow, And You Guys”, were published two years after the 9/11 and 3/11 incidents, but do not draw directly on these or other disasters. Instead, they are both stories about the regeneration of families after collapsing from the loss of a loved one, in which problems of life and death caused by the Great Earthquake emerge as the most important themes. Therefore, her work does not focus on major political events or disasters, but instead tries to share individual stories closely tied to traumatic events to provide a kind of healing for those who have survived such events. Although Yamada Eimi is a female author writing expressing contemporary Japan, her evaluation that is covered with scandalous topics tends to shake. As her novels continuously explore the Japanese way of life and contain messages of revival, in this paper, I will argue that it is possible to reclarify the value of Yamada Eimi’s work by repositioning it as “healing literature.”
  • 14.

    On Abe Kōbō and the Differentiation of His Politics: A Database Analysis of Discourses on Anarchism in Complete Works of Abe Kōbō of 30 Volumes

    Oba, Kenji | 2019, (80) | pp.257~278 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Recent previous studies on Abe Kōbō (1924-1993) tend to argue about the works written by Abe in the 1950s Japan. This means that such previous studies paid attention to Abe as a writer of Japan Communist Party. However, after the expulsion from the party, Abe wrote works under the influence of anarchism, which cannot be reduced into Marxism. Hence, This study focuses the relationship between his anarchism and social context at the time.
  • 15.

    A Study of Ishikawa Takuboku's Tanka - In The Case of Setsuko in “Sad Toys”-

    Yun, Jae-Seug | 2019, (80) | pp.279~292 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    As above, I read the meaning of his wife, Setsuko, written in “Sad Toys” with his wife in sight. Setsuko in “Sad Toys” is not the main character of Takuboku's love. It is only a coworker reminding Takuboku's love. Takuboku is recalling love with Setsuko as a subject of old memories in order to escape from the pain of reality. In other words, Takuboku use themes of my wife and child to escape the living and literary deadlock. Moreover, it can be said that it is writing sadness under the name of love or family. For example, in Uta of 6, 124, 194, Takuboku is kindly writing a gesture calling for something to meet with his wife Setsuko. For face to face, it would be that daily kindness when my husband is talking to my wife at a normal home. However, the eyes of Takuboku on Uta are just as others. The position and circumstances of the wife Setsuko on Takuboku's eyes of sight are not written anywhere.
  • 16.

    A Study of Women in Mishima Yukio's Works -Focusing on the research trends concerning its importance-

    Lee, Ka-Hyun | 2019, (80) | pp.293~308 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This paper investigates important research that focuses on female characters who have not been sufficiently studied until now to understand the essence of Yukio Mishima’s literature. The importance of women in Mishima’s literature is emphasized by considering “narcissism,” which has been regarded as the main theme in his writing. It has been pointed out that one of the great characteristics of Mishima’s literature is that the women in many of his works express strong narcissistic personalities. These women develop their narcissism in an extreme form and are portrayed as "monsters" who boldly deviate from the social norms. However, these "monstrous" women are also attractive, determined, and active at the same time. What was Mishima’s intention in drawing such female characters? This question is the starting point of this study. It is important to pay attention to the intense female characters in Mishima’s literature who are repeatedly portrayed as subjective and dominant because it is not possible to pay attention only to men; it is a compositional diagram, a new relationship between a writer and female characters, a new dimension of Mishima’s human inquiry through literature, and a new confrontation between the writer and the era after the war. This paper introduces the study of reclaiming Mishima’s literature from the viewpoint of his female characters as a new, important approach to rethinking the general understanding of Mishima’s literary works.
  • 17.

    On the Origin of “Taiheiki-engi” and the Process of its Formation - Focusing on the Character “Taiheiki-nukigaki”-

    LEE CHUNGHO | 2019, (80) | pp.309~330 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    In this article on the “Taiheiki-engi” (published in 1719, hereinafter referred to as “engi”) that was compiled by Okajima Kanzan, we will clarify that Kanzan compiled “engi” together with “Sanko-taiheiki” (created in 1689, published in 1691) that was compiled by Imai Hirosumi and Naito Sadaaki as an original. Preceding researchers have concluded that the original was limited to only Ruhubon “Taiheiki,” and other content was created by Kanzan when he wrote “engi.” However, if we refer to the different versions, we can see that the change in the contents was based on the content of the annotation of “Sanko-taiheiki” that was recorded by comparing the different versions and corrections of various materials by the compiler of “Sanko-taiheiki.” In addition, popular opinion up until now has thought that the “engi” was composed of two parts and the upper part of the “engi” was the “Taiheiki-engi” written in colloquial Chinese, and the lower part was the “Taiheiki-tsuzoku” written in Chinese characters mixed with katakana. It was recognized that the Ruhubon “Taiheiki” was translated into “Taiheiki” and written in colloquial Chinese in the upper part and in succession the “Taiheiki-engi” was translated into Japanese in the lower part of the “Taiheiki-tsuzoku.” However, if we review the main text of the corrected parts of the different versions, it can be demonstrated that the interpretation is valid, which means that “Sanko-taiheiki” was extracted into Japanese text and “Taiheiki-tsuzoku” came into existence and subsequently, “Taiheiki-tsuzoku” was translated into colloquial Chinese as the “Taiheiki-engi.”
  • 18.

    Goto Asataro's View on the Garden ─ The Range of Orientalism─

    Zhou, Tangbo | 2019, (80) | pp.331~362 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    When entering the late Taisho era, a new concept called the Chinese hobby appeared, which became temporarily popular, and Goto was one of the founders of this concept. In this study, we will examine how the Chinese garden induced by the Chinese hobby boom was positioned, a discussion rarely mentioned in previous research. Despite being a founder of this concept, Goto does not feature in modern Japanese landscaping history. The garden association, a professional organization in the Japanese landscaping world, was founded in the late Taisho era (1918), and since then it has chronicled the development of modern Japanese landscaping until 1944. In this paper, we will analyze Goto Asataro and his relation to this garden association. Furthermore, wewill clarify Goto’s understanding of the characteristics of the garden.
  • 19.

    The Aid of Japanese Citizens Group to Korean Victims of the Atomic Bomb:A Focus on the Invitation of South Korean Survivors to Japan for Treatment in the Wake of Son Jindoo Trial

    김종훈 | 2019, (80) | pp.363~377 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This paper examines the background and importance of the activities undertaken by Japanese citizens groups to implement supportive for Korean victims of the atomic bomb. These interventions were launched in large part as a response to the legal actions initiated by the Japanese government against Son Jindoo. Following Son Jindoo’s trial, during which he advocated on behalf of Korean victims of the atomic bomb, he was able to begin taking care of survivors in cooperation withsupportive Christian groups in Japan and Korea. Additionally, he promoted fundraising activities and public relations campaigns to aidvictims. In the years that followed, and in accordance with the final judgment rendered in Son Jindoo’s case, the Japanese government which had refused to support Korean victims of the atomic bomb decided to invite them to Japan for treatment. This represented the beginning of the Japanese government’s institutional change toward Korean victims of the atomic bomb. Meanwhile, groups of Japanese citizens had been treating the Korean victims for overnight. These measures were taken in advance of the Japanese government’s actions. Furthermore, the Japanese citizens groups treated Korean victims in the same manner as Japanese victims’s Nonetheless, this equitabletreatment was underscored by a new awareness of postwar Japan's responsibilities, and grounded in an understanding of contemporary discrimination.
  • 20.

    A study on the buddist birth temple of the enlightened monk Lee Dong In

    NO, Sung Hwan | 2019, (80) | pp.379~403 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    There have been detailed studies on the activities and achievements of Lee Dong In, but little is known about his personal identity or when and where he was born. Despite the fact that there is no proof about the location of his birth temple, different studies have argued that he was from Bongeunsa, Beomeosa, Tongdosa, Haeinsa, or even Booyea in Japan. Some argue that he was not originally a monk but became a Japanese monk in 1880. Among these assertions, it is widely accepted that Lee Dong In was from Beomeosa. This is reflected in South Korean dictionaries. This is the result of carelessness by younger scholars. Despite the fact that past literature has mentioned that Tongdo was Lee Dong’s temple, these researchers neglected this information and instead trusted the writings of the great scholar Lee Neung Hwa. However, various sources have confirmed that Lee Dong In was a Tongdosa Buddhist. These include the memoirs of Seo Jae Pil in Korea; a Japanese naval service document titled「日清日露戦役時 清韓地名位置」; an article from the Choya Newspaper on November 14, 1880; the history of Jinjong Daigokpa, “The 50th anniversary of the opening of the Joseon Dynasty”; and the Josun-Pogyo journal. These sources provide specific testimonies and records from individuals who met and communicated with Lee Dong In. They clearly state that he was a monk from Tongdo Temple (Baikryeonam). In other words, Lee Dong In was from Tongdosa temple.
  • 21.

    A study on the possibility of restoration of national homogeneity through cultural content - Cooperative animation of South Korea and North Korea as a transmedia “Queen Shim Chung” and the cases of Japanese animation -

    Shim SooKyung | 2019, (80) | pp.405~424 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    In this paper, I examine the homogeneity of South Korean and North Korea. First, I examine the concept of national homogeneity. I then examine the elements of homogeneity between South Korea and North Korea. Finally, I suggest ways to restore homogeneity between South Korea and North Korea. Here, I use the example of the animated cartoon "Queen Shim Chung," co-produced by North and South Korea in 2005, and some cases of Japanese animation. Since there are many Confucian ideals in classical literature, it is necessary to think about classical literature as cultural content for the restoration of national identity between South Korea and North Korea.
  • 22.

    A Study on the Spatial Culture of Yamazato(Mountain Villages) - Focusing on Roji-

    Lee, Mi-Ja | 2019, (80) | pp.425~440 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This study examined how mountain villages were built as proposed in the “Sakuteiki”, a book on garden design in the Heian period, and the spatial characteristics of roji (gardens for tea ceremonies) designed with the theme of a mountain village. Roji are gardens created for chado tea ceremonies by bringing the landscape of high mountains and secluded valleys into an ordinary urban setting to create an atmosphere of being in a mountain village. Japanese peoples’ admiration for mountainous landscape and their shared image has continued to be passed down from the Heian period throughout the modern era and into the present. Most Japanese Cities have mountain villages nearby, and thus harbor natural scenery. Revitalizing mountain villages was identified as a recent government initiatives to create a scenic country, and research on mountain villages can be important as efforts are underway to incorporate images and ideas of mountain villages into creating a beautiful country.
  • 23.

    The 1995 Southern Hyogo Prefecture Earthquake and Theater -Plays as mediums of disaster experiences-

    Pyun Yongwoo | 2019, (80) | pp.441~458 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This paper is a thesis that clarifies the meaning of disaster plays, mainly by analyzing the theatre and earthquake disaster literature of the Great Hanshin Awaji Earthquake, specifically the “Stage Great Hanshin Awaji Earthquake.” Earthquake disaster literature often draws from the suffering, recovery, and hope of the afflicted areas and affected people. However, in earthquake dramas, the earthquake itself is the main character, and the earthquake disaster is often reproduced on the stage so that it can be felt by the audience. As a result, audiences and non-victims who are normally bystanders, watching other people suffer after disasters, can experience and understand earthquakes more accurately. It can be said that this is the biggest feature of portraying disasters in the theater. In addition, the author of this play, Takaya Okamoto, changed the ending when the play was reproduced. At the premiere, the play simply conveyed the message of the reconstruction of Kobe, the affected area of the Great Hanshin Awaji Earthquake. The reproduction of the play coincided with the first anniversary of the Chuetsu Earthquake, and so the scenes of the victims of Kobe were changed into scenes of people rushing to provide relief supplies to the afflicted areas of the Chuetsu Earthquake. This indicates that the memory of the disaster of the people of Kobe, and the intention of reconstruction were not forgotten, but can be applied to the next disaster.