Journal of Japanese Culture 2021 KCI Impact Factor : 0.48

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pISSN : 1226-3605 / eISSN : 2733-8908
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2019, Vol., No.83

  • 1.

    The Shape of Female Hair in Early Modern Japanese Literature -focusing on Saikaku’s Novels-

    Yang, Seon-Hee | 2019, (83) | pp.5~26 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study reviewed the presence of female hair and hairstyles in the novels Kojiki, Manyoshu, Sarashina Nikki, and Tsurezuregusa, as well as in Ihara Saikaku's novels of the early modern period. In Saikaku's novels, “kurogami” means “young”, which is the same context in which kurogami is used to symbolize youth in classical literature. The ancient word kaminaga means “long hair” and is used in Saikaku's novels to mean “a woman”. Such uses can be regarded as the modernization of language meaning. It is considered that unlike the typical modern women who cut their hair to “seclude”, women of Saikaku's time cut their long ebony hair and handed it to male guests to captivate them, since the hair was the most attractive and sensual part of their bodies. In Saikaku's novels, the female characters' occupations and character are described along with their hairstyle and clothing. In particular, one can assume thet the intention of expressing the inclinations of the protagonist of The Life of an Amorous Woman through her hair shape stemmed from Saikaku's insightful perception of people and customs at the time.
  • 2.

    History -Engraved Woman’s Body — The Concept of Body in Lee Yangji’s Kazukime —

    Jang, Youlee | 2019, (83) | pp.27~40 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    In comparison with autobiographical works produced by other writers, Lee Yangji’s Kazukime has a notably strong flavor of fiction in the overall structure of the novel. This flavor of fiction lend the work a unique worldview, distanced from Lee herself. This feature contrasts with her other literary works, which are ultimately reduced to her character. In Kazukime, “she” lives alone with her Korean-Japanese mother. After the death of her mother, the concept of Chosun is only internal to her and no longer serves as a point of connection with the outer world. The notion of Chosun represented inside her is expressed through her body in the novel. It is a distinctive feature of Kazukime that this notion of body is manifested in the body of a woman isolated from mainstream society. In the present work, I attempt to provide a new perspective from which the literary works of Lee Yangji can be studied without merely examining them in terms of the writer. To this end, I shall analyze the expressions of body used in Kazukime in light of the history-engraved woman’s body.
  • 3.

    Attempt to incorporate CBI perspective in Japanese class practice -Focus on class activities for students who return to school after military service-

    Kaneko Ruriko | 2019, (83) | pp.41~64 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this paper is to examine the possibility and effectiveness of class design with the concept of content-based instruction(CBI). We designed a Japanese language class based on a skill-based and a CBI approach for male students who returned to school after military service and reported on their activities. We examined the following based on the results of class analysis and questionnaires. (1) Did it meet the needs of students? (2) Was it effective in helping students to acquire language knowledge or skills and improve communication skills? (3) Was it a class that took into account the learner's intellectual level? (4) Was it an activity that encouraged critical thinking? (5) The specific gravity of language and content learning. The students who participated gave a positive evaluation of the contents of the lessons that incorporated the CBI perspective. Students want to hear, read, and speak “content” using Japanese, regardless of the level of the language. Therefore, it indicates that the possibility of teaching Japanese language by incorporating the CBI concept is expanding.
  • 4.

    A Study on the Vocabulary Related to Customer Service – Analyzing Previous Papers of the National Trade Skill Test for the Restaurant Service –

    kim sun young | 2019, (83) | pp.65~81 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    In this article, we present an analysis of the vocabulary used in the previous exam papers of the “National Trade Skill Test for the Restaurant Service,” a qualification exam concerning beverage serving in restaurants. The results are summed up as follows. First, regarding the frequency of words in each part-of-speech, we found that nouns are the most frequently used word type they, account for 77.96% of the total number of word types and 69.61% of the total number of word tokens. Verbs are the second most frequently used part-of-speech, followed by na-adjectives, adverbs, and i-adjectives. Second, we determined the coverage rate of word tokens in each part-of-speech and pound that. the 569 most frequently used nouns account for 74.80% of the total number of nouns that appeared in the exam papers. Furthermore, the 45 most frequently used verbs account for 72.65% of the total number of the verbs used while, the 30 most frequently used na-adjectives account for 76.03% of the total number of the na-adjectives used. We also found that the 18 most frequently used i-adjectives account for 79.92% of the total number of the i-adjectives used, and the 25 most frequently used adverbs account for 72.30% of the total number of the adverbs used. These results suggest that if a learner learns 30 of the most frequently used words for each category of na-adjectives, i-adjectives, and adverbs, he/she will be able to understand at least 70% of the total number of related words.
  • 5.

    A Study on Japanese Language Policy Used in Japanese Colonies

    song sookjeong | 2019, (83) | pp.83~99 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study is investigated the Japanese language usage policy that Japan carried out in the colony. As a result, it can be seen that, first of all, it was a policy that was forced by the Japanese language usage policy implemented by Japan and abroad. The students were forced to use the Japanese language regularly through dialect tags, punishment cards, etc., which had a strong relationship with grades and commendations, and they were overwhelming. Secondly, the Japanese-language policy that Japan carried out in the colonies was cruel, as it was forced to receive it through differentiation. As an example, the “Japanese language regular family” is a sneaky system that provides various benefits, deprives the public of their hearts, and raises their knees in front of economic benefits. Because I was able to go to migrant inland, I had to accept it. Thirdly, the Japanese language usage was a policy that was thoroughly made according to the needs of Japan. In order to secure the necessary human resources for recruitment in accordance with the Wartime General Mobilization Order, they forced the use of Japanese. On the other hand, when examining the colonial language policies of the powers, they expanded various policies, the UK changed the language according to the governing country, and France implemented the language policy most similar to Japan. The Netherlands implemented a foolish policy, and the United States implemented a language policy with the principle of autonomy. In other words, in the case of the British colonial language policy, which is the most common in France and France, and the British who discriminate against those who speak the language, when the powers rule the colony, the language is the best. Obviously, as a great weapon, it influenced the lives of the people.
  • 6.

    A Study of the Historical Change of the Japanese Compound Particle

    An, Jiyoung | 2019, (83) | pp.101~116 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    In this paper, we investigate the origin of the compound particle “kotoga aru”, which is one of the modern Japanese grammar, and its transition process. It is analyzed and discussed from the historical point of view. In this study, we have confirmed that "ta kotoga aru" was already being used as a compound word in the Muromachi period. It was used in “Kyogenshu” in combination with the “ta” type as an expression that was used 200 years ago from the example in the “Japanese Dictionary”. It has also been confirmed that “ta kotoga nai” has been used since the late Middle Ages without a change in its current meaning and usage. Moreover, the extracted examples from the late Middle Age period displayed various sentence ending expressions depending on an individual’s social status. After the late Middle Age period, it was used as a compound word regardless of social status. “Ru kotoga aru” began to be used from the late medieval period but not always as a compound word. However, it was confirmed that “ru kotoga nai” was never used as a compound word since the Edo period.
  • 7.

    A Study on the Use of “Yu(与)” and “Ji(及)” in the Nihonsyoki

    Ahn, Hee-Jung | 2019, (83) | pp.117~142 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This paper analyzes “Yu(与)” and “Ji(及)” in the “Nihonsyoki (The Chronicle of Japan)”, and clarifies their general usage. In addition, it examines how the classification theory of Nihonsyoki is reflected in the use of “Yu” and “Ji”. The results are summarized as follows: 1. The conjunction “Yu” appears in 239(55.7%) of 429 cases, while “Ji” appears in 287(68%) of 422 cases. 2. The preposition “Yu” is used in 115 cases, while “Ji” is used in 11 cases. All 114 examples in the “Nihonsyoki” are used as “to(tomoni)”. We believe that “Yu” was established as the Japanese particle “to” in Old Japanese. 3. There are 38 appearances of the verb “Yu” with the rising tone, while the verb “Yu” with the departing tone has a single appearance in the β group. There are 118 cases of the verb “Ji”. 4. The adverb “Yu” has 14 appearances, and it seems that it was well established as a kun reading of “tomoni(both) in the “Nihonsyoki”. “Yu” has 11 “on” readings or phonograms, 10 idioms, 4 modal particles, and only 1 particle. There are 3 proper noun uses of “Ji”, appearing only in the α group, and there are also 3 idiomatic uses of “Ji”. 5. In the case of conjunctions, “Yu” is predominant in the α group, but “Ji” appears more in the β group. There is a possibility that the scribes of the α group have reduced the frequency of “Ji” and increased the frequency of “Yu” during the correction process. 6. The scribes of the α group used a variety of expressions, whereas the ones of the β group used fixed and typical expressions. This further substantiates the “classification theory of Nihonsyoki”.
  • 8.

    An analysis of the noun lexicons in basic Japanese language teaching materials

    yiyunchong | 2019, (83) | pp.143~160 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    In studies analyzing vocabulary , words are classified by part of speech, word type and word structure, and then are presented starting with high-frequency words to establish priority for vocabulary learning and to present suggestions for efficient vocabulary learning. This manuscript targets the noun vocabularies of basic Japanese language teaching materials, classifies highly relevant words by meaning into groups, and presents high- frequency words by groups. By allowing the determination of priorities for vocabulary learning, such lists allow for efficient Japanese vocabulary learning. The number of vocabulary items analyzed in three basic Japanese language textbooks ranged from 853 to 4,214 words in 『다-뉴』, from 1,298 to 7,424 words in 『시-민』, and from 841 to 3,412 words in 『동-도』. Although the number of words in each group varies from one textbook to another, words that appear frequently have similar features.Considering the influence of vocabulary power on Japanese conversation, forming a mind map and learning words in each group together is thought to be very useful to improving learner's speaking abilities. In future studies, we will not only analyze vocabulary, but also offer efficient guidance for using the analyzed vocabulary.
  • 9.

    Historical changes of the Oni used by the young generation

    Lee, Jee-Eun | 2019, (83) | pp.161~175 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This paper describes the historical change of Oni, focusing on the development of language spoken by the younger generation, one of the linguistic phenomena of modern Japanese. Oni first appeared as a noun with a meaningless spirit in the relative era. After that, the meaning was extended to the existence of tangibles in the middle ages, and it became an object of metaphor that ‘like an Oni’ was used. A prefix directly combines with an object that is ‘like an Oni’. This prefix began to be used in earnest in recent years; Particularly, it is a change of usage from the Wakamono kotoba, used by a certain generation after 1990. In Wakamono kotoba, the adjectives expressing emotions were combined to use Oni as adverbs.. The reason why Oni was able to settle down in the language of the younger generation is because of the humor and convenience of the language has.
  • 10.

    Subclassification of '~komu(込む)' According to Its Case Patterns -An attempt with Korean learners in mind-

    LEE CHUNG KYU | 2019, (83) | pp.177~199 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to subclassify '~komu' according to its case patterns. The investigator selected 55 high-frequency examples of '~komu' based on the list of high-frequency '~komu' in previous studies and present study's survey results. Each of the 55 examples was checked for its case patterns in the "Compound Verb Lexicon" (National Institute for Japanese Language and Linguistics); then, they were categorized into 1)ガ, 2)ガ・ヲ, 3)ガ・ニ, and 4)ガ・ニ・ヲ types. Finally, the study discussed the corresponding forms in Korean and individual characteristics for specific examples in each type. The analysis results are as follows: 1) examples of high-frequency '~komu' 2) case patterns of each example, 3) representative corresponding forms in Korean for each example, 4) diversity in the corresponding forms in Korean, and 5) individual characteristics of each example.
  • 11.

    The use of the honorific expression "O/Go~ninarareru" -In "Diet Conference Proceedings"-

    LEE HYEONJIN | 2019, (83) | pp.201~219 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    This study examined the use of "O/Go~ninarareru" in "Diet Conference Proceedings" and found the following: 1) There was no change in is frequency of use between the 1940s and the 1970s, but since the 2000s, it has been used more than twice as frequently as in the 1970s. 2) According to a survey of frequently used words by age, those used rarely between the 1940s and the 1980s were used more frequently in the 1990s when the use of "O/Go~ninarareru" rapidly increased. 3) As the frequency of use of "O/Go~ninarareru" increases, the words used tend to be chosen not to be polite but rather to be similar to spoken words. 4) "O/Go~ninarareru" is predominantly not "question" but "response" related words. 5) This expression tends to reduce the impression that the speaker is attacking the listener when making a strong demand for something. 6) "Onakunarininarareru" is a phrase that has been used frequently since the 2000s and is interpreted as a statement made in consideration of other people, the third listener.
  • 12.

    Study of the difference between issyoukenmei-ni and nessin-ni -using the Balanced Corpus of Contemporary Written Japanese-

    Cho eun young | 2019, (83) | pp.221~239 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    This study examines the differences between issyoukenmei-ni and nessin-ni. It first extracts examples from the Balanced Corpus of Contemporary Written Japanese (BCCWJ) and then investigates the differences in the words appearing within them. In addition, the characteristics of the semantic distribution of medium-frequency verbs are identified for the verbs of the two expressions. ① Based on an examination by genre and as used in dialogues in literature, issyoukenmei-ni is more colloquial than nessin-ni. ② Analysis of the words collocating with the verb ‘suru’ which are common with both expressions, finds that issyoukenmei-ni is used for acts and judgments in daily life, whereas nessin-ni is prominent in expressions of argument, determination, and belief. ③ The review of medium-frequency verbs regarding abstract relations and human activities showes that issyoukenmei-ni indicates the attitude or mindset of a speaker, whereas nessin-ni. expresses a behavior towards an object. In terms of natural phenomena, only issyoukenmei-ni accompanies ‘sinu’, which appeares only to express a speaker’s attitude and mindset toward the situation of the speaker. ④ Nessin-ni occurs with adverbs of degree at a higher frequency than does issyoukenmei-ni, and in most cases, it expresses the increasing gravity of a phenomenon.
  • 13.

    The Effect of Prospective Japanese Teachers’ Experience of Japanese Culture on their Teaching Efficacy

    Jung, Ug-Sung , Han Mi Hee | 2019, (83) | pp.241~255 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between Japanese cultural experiences and teaching efficacy of preservice teachers who major in Japanese. The subjects of the study were 31 students who completed the Japanese language teaching course at N University in Cheonan, Chungnam. SPSS 21.0 was used for frequency analysis, descriptive statistics, one-way batch variance analysis, correlation analysis, and regression analysis. The results showed that Japanese cultural experiences had a significant positive correlation with and influnce on teaching efficacy. Therefore, it was found that education is not only theoretical learning. education also needs to be converged with a wide variety of experiences.
  • 14.

    A Study of Shiina Rinzo’s Innocent Sin : - The Detective Novel of a Christian Author -

    KIM KYOUNG HO | 2019, (83) | pp.257~268 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This article discusses Shiina Rinzo's Innocent Sin. The theme of this novel revolved around being cautious in considering misfortunes and setbacks as "absolute" which was related to the reversion of the vertebral name. The term "Resurrection" is rewritten using the term "duality" a term that reflects the conflict between "death" and "life" and the dimensionality of Jesus Christ, which are never compatible. Based on this understanding of the "Resurrection" of the name did not "handle evil" while preaching the words of Jesus, but rather made Jesus's teaching of "Loving our enemies" in the form of a detective novel.
  • 15.

    War of a modern female thinker ─Focusing on Tadano Makuzu thoughts on governing the world view and nation state ─

    KIM Harksoon | 2019, (83) | pp.269~288 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    While many suggest that a nation’s merits and demerits are directly linked to its ruler, Takizawa Bakin’s theory of ethics directly connects the merits and demerits of a nation to life and death itself. Theories that try to confirm the dominance of Japan through its merits and demerits suggest that Japan is simply a foreign nation that is in the background, while the Chinese empire is at the center of the world. Some even suggest that Japan is a nation of uncivilized barbarians. Bakin, however, uses the term “barbarians” to describe the great Western powers, suggesting that the quality of being barbaric lies in the limbs. Despite having a similar cultural background as China, Japan is often considered to be a foreign, barbaric nation. Bakin recognized the discriminating structure of Western powers as their core, and implied that civilized societies were also discriminated against by the superior consciousness of the Chinese, who discarded them as inferior barbarians. Upon re-examining this notion, Bakin frees Japan from this structural discrimination by attaching significance to the Sinosphere of Japan, his homeland, which shares a rich culture with China, particularly in terms of kanji, the traditional script. If being uncivilized stems from the limbs, Bakin views Japan at par with China, or focused detachment-in this case, from the traditional concept of China. In this way, Bakin describes China as an abstract, intellectual, and cultural concept, and by this logic, places Japan at par with China, conquering the traditional worldview.
  • 16.

    Waka, its Possibility as a Text of Traditional Japanese Language Culture

    Nam, Yi-sug | 2019, (83) | pp.289~308 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    In this article, we considered the nature and phases of Waka. We then looked at how these traditional language cultures were inherited by later generations and influenced modern culture, centering on the formalities of waka, utamakura, and Hongkadori. Waka is the foundation of Japanese literature and culture, and has influenced other forms of expression, contributing greatly to the development of modern Japanese literature. The Waka form of 5‧7‧5‧7‧7 has produced many rhyme forms and played a major role in expressing the spirit peculiar to the Japanese and has a significant influence on the Japanese language.  Utamakura, written in waka, has contributed to the creation of a new local culture by giving literary inspiration to younger poets such as bassou.  Hongkadori is an ancient and sophisticated technique that reflects the history of the antecedent Waka, and is also a source of new literature creation for later writers. In this respect, it is worth utilizing Waka as a textbook for traditional Japanese culture.
  • 17.

    Influence of Hysterical representation in Yukio Mishima's Music -Wilhelm Stekel's Frigidity in Woman in Relation to Her Love Life-

    Park, Mi-Jeon | 2019, (83) | pp.309~320 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Yukio Mishima's novel Music is about a story of a psychoanalyst, Shiomi and his patient, Reiko, who suffers from sexual arousal disorder with hysterical symptoms such as loss of appetite, vomiting, and tic (facial spasm).As psychoanalysis is the main theme, there are many scenes Freud‘s and Stekel’s theories are used. In particular,Mishima mentioned in his interview about the work that he had written this novel according to Stekel's theory. In the story, Shiomi refers to Stekel's work to treat sexual arousal disorder and directly quotes its passages. It seems that Stekel‘s theory influenced on the novel, but that has not been fully discussed. In this article, I would like to examine the influence of Stekel's Frigidity in Woman in Relation to Her Love Life : Disorders of the Instincts and the Emotions, which Yukio Mishima used as a work of reference when he wrote this novel. In particular, I would like to analyze the role of hysteria, which is described as the main symptom of Reiko's sexual arousal disorder.
  • 18.

    Representation of Chima-jeogori in the Bulletin of Chongryon (1950s–1960s)

    Oh, Eun-Young | 2019, (83) | pp.321~343 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The bulletin of Chongryon played a vital role in conveying the circumstances and culture of North Korea to Korean residents in Japan. Under the influence of the North Korean movement for gender, equality, and literacy, Japan’s female Korean residents were encouraged to receive education and seek employment in society. The Democratic Korean Women’s League in Japan, which was affiliated to Chongryon, was invited to join Chongryon’s activities to promote the values of their homeland. Since the late 1950s, however, the role of “motherhood” has become prominently emphasized despite the spread of gender equality. This indicated a return to patriarchy, with women’s primary roles effectively reassigned to the raising of children—the future of the nation republic. On the other hand, the roles of “fatherhood” and “father” became less pronounced. In this process, projecting an appearance that emphasized the identity of “Korean women” was encouraged. The chima-jeogori, a Korean women’s traditional dress, was connected to ideals of “ethnic consciousness,” “homeland,” and “patriotism” and represented “women” and “mothers” as great heroic figures.
  • 19.

    Significances and Characteristics of the Story of Tadakoso in Utsuho-monogatari

    Yoon Seong MIn | 2019, (83) | pp.345~362 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Tadakoso appears as the protagonist of the Story of Mamako-ijime in Utsuho-monogatari. Tadakoso became a priest because he was disappointed with the curt attitude of his father, Chikage, who was enticed by his step mother. The volume of Tadakoso, where the stories of Tadakoso are found, is said to be a collection of short narratives in virtue of its structure, but it suddenly becomes a long narrative once the clan of Toshikage appears in the story. After he becomes a priest, Tadakoso comes back to the story as a virtuous priest, but he is soon described as a person who pursues Atemiya for marriage; he is portrayed as a figure whose image is far from close to that of a priest. In order to interpret this discrepancy, it is not sufficient to resort to the view that the writer attracts the readers through the strange story where the virtuous priest fell in love with Atemiya. It would be more appropriate to interpret the story in such a way that the writer intended to shape the nature of humans who suffer, provided that Tadakoso has difficulty in maintaining his ambition as a priest, which suggests that even a virtuous priest struggles with his worry and his conflicting ideas. In this respect, the writer’s intention is related to the molded image of Kaoru and Ukifune in the Tale of Genji, and this is where the molded image of Tadakoso is significant and characteristic.
  • 20.

    Border crossing of food culture through ekiben

    Kim, Young-Soon | 2019, (83) | pp.363~378 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This paper addresses the border crossing of food culture through ekiben. From the perspective of border crossing, the history of ekiben can be divided into three stages. The first stage comprised the movement of long-distance railway travelers to places where ekiben was made (people movement). The second stage encompassed the movement of both ekiben and customers (mainly food movement) due to ekiben tournaments in department stores and permanent sales at major railway stations. In the third stage, ekiben moves toward consumers (only food movement), which is made possible through online sales. International expansion has allowed ekiben even greater border crossing. In line with the Japanese government’s efforts to promote Japanese food globally, aggressive initiatives toward ekiben’s global expansion are observed, such as easy-to-understand package descriptions for overseas visitors, sales demonstrations, and store openings. Such expansion is accompanied by cross-border culture issues that must be addressed, such as the creation of menus inspired by local foods, the use of local ingredients, and removes the Kakegami (wrapping paper).
  • 21.

    A Study on Religion and Education Policy in Modern Emperor State ーFocusing on the Meiji periodー

    Shin, Jang-Ho | 2019, (83) | pp.379~394 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    As soon as the restoration of the monarchy was completed, the Meiji government restored Gion to promote the nationalization of Shintoism with the aim of achieving the unity of the church, and pushed ahead with the separation of gods and the prohibition of Christianity.However, the Christian ban was lifted in 1873 due to opposition from Western imperialists, and the principle of freedom of religion was accepted by modern nations. In addition, the ministry's Shintoism policy, which was defeated by opposition to Buddhism and lack of control over Shintoism, was given way to nationalism policy.Under this assumption, the government was promoted to form national Shintoism and separate Shintoism as a religion as a sect of Shintoism by eliminating religion and merging it with Imperial Shintoism. Such a policy has been clarified in the Constitution of the Empire of Japan, but the Constitution declares the religious system of the Meiji State by inviolating the Emperor's sacredness, while guaranteeing the inclusion of contradictions and religious freedom. From this perspective, we will examine and understand the ideological policies of Meiji State, which set forth the establishment of a national Shinto system through the conversion of religious policies in the state of the Emperor in educational policies.
  • 22.

    Japanese theory from the perspective of creative traditionalism

    Lee, Jin-Ho | 2019, (83) | pp.395~413 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Today, there are many theories on Japan and Japanese people. However, there is no theory that can explain globally unprecedented elements and macroscopic cultural phenomena or systems that exist in Japan today, including the emperor system of the unbroken imperial line existent since ancient times, the Japanese calendar system since the Taika, the number of the world’s best old stores, or the Nō, which is still performed with the same lines since more than 600 years ago. Thus, this paper presents creative traditionalism as a source of such elements and as a universal ideology of another Japan and the Japanese. However, considering the background related to the origin of traditionalism, Japan being a country that actively imported cultures, the main subject of cultural propagation is the voluntary importation of cultures by the upper class and therefore has vitality. This could in turn lead to traditionalism. In addition, Japan has past geopolitical conditions such as being an island country bordered by the Straits of Korea and being a stop-culture or a site of culture associated with the Western winds blowing through Northeast Asia or the seasonal winds. Furthermore, traditionalism retains creativity mainly due to the Japanization of foreign cultures that occurred during the process of focusing on tradition, and it can be said that this creative traditionalism has greatly influenced the establishment of Japan’s status today.