Journal of Japanese Culture 2021 KCI Impact Factor : 0.48

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pISSN : 1226-3605 / eISSN : 2733-8908
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2020, Vol., No.85

  • 1.

    A critical study of the anti-Korean phenomenon in Japan

    GiChul Kang | 2020, (85) | pp.5~27 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to critically examine the anti-Korean phenomenon in Japan—instead of dying down, it has become a cultural occurrence. This study addresses the following research question: “Why is the anti-Korean phenomenon still valid in Japanese society?” The results are as follows. First, there exists a relationship between Japanese publishing market’s structural problems and the phenomenon. Due to the recession, publishers found items that would sell well regardless of their content, and these were “anti-Korean books.” Second, I explain the relationship between new media, such as the internet, the phenomenon, and chauvinism—the guarantee of anonymity on the internet has resulted in strengthening the phenomenon and chauvinism. Last, I explore the relationship between the phenomenon and Korea-Japan relations. I also explain the relation to historical revisionism in Japan. Anti-Korean sentiment is closely related to Korea-Japan relations, and it can be demonstrated that it is a variant of Japanese historical revisionism.
  • 2.

    A Study on Nationalism of the Korean Wave in Japan -Focusing on the celebrity Phenomenon-

    Oh, hyun-suk | 2020, (85) | pp.29~44 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This study examines forms of nationalism that have been produced/reproduced in Korean society in the discourse on the Korean Wave phenomenon that occurred in Japan since the 2000s. Since its liberation, Korean society has been building various national discourses on Japan and has promoted nationalism within its own country. However, the construction of Nationalism as an ideological device has produced a national discourse along with the transformation of the social background of the 2000s. This study focused on this situation and examined what kind of national discourse of the Korean Wave phenomenon in Japan has been established in Korean society. Through this process, this study aimed to examine how nationalism has been spreading in Korean society since the 2000s. Consequently, through the drama Winter Sonata that sparked the Korean Wave phenomenon in Japan, he insisted that the male protagonist became a celebrity and played a role in establishing the national identity of Korean society. This view departs from the assertion that national-centered nationalism is declining due to the influence of post-Cold war society and globalization, and that it evokes national identity through individuals. This perspective is intended to emphasize that even if the existing social structure is transformed, nationalism is being produced and reproduced in a constantly modifying form.
  • 3.

    Why Local Newspapers in Japan Are MaintainingA Paper-Centric System: The Challenges and Future Prospects for Internet Edition

    Kim, Hye-Joo | 2020, (85) | pp.45~58 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Local newspapers are facing crisis of declining readership and it is happening all over the world. To survive, many local newspapers are rapidly shifting to digital. In contrast to this situation, the local newspapers in Japan show a relative slow trend in putting their Internet edition before paper. This research analyzes the reasons why the local presses in Japan are maintaining a paper-centric system. Especially, this study focuses on what obstacles are slowing things down in the digital shift of Japanese local press. Research shows that the Japanese local newspapers concern that boosting the Internet edition can cause a decline in the profits of the paper. Moreover, lack of stability in revenue models of the internet edition also hinders them from deciding whether to focus on paid membership or advertising. Due to these obstacles, local newspapers in Japan tend to maintain the paper-centric system and utilizing their Internet edition additionally. Based on this research, I will discuss how to improve the Internet edition service of the Japanese local newspapers.
  • 4.

    The Apologue of the Three Arrows Settled in Japan

    NO, Sung Hwan | 2020, (85) | pp.59~84 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The Apologue of the Three Arrows is well-known for the story emphasizing union of sons who respect their father’s death-bed teaching. In Japan, it is widely known as the apologue of Mori Motonari. However, this story does not exclusively belong to Japan. After collecting the numerous stories spread across the world, it is possible to set up a hypothesis as follows: In sum, the root of this story does not derive from Japan but from the Aesop’s Fables of Asia Minor. Starting from the region, it gradually expanded into Africa, the Arab world, Russia and Europe. One of the stories was delivered to the royal family of Scythia of the Northern Iran and the same story moved towards the east until being transferred to Tuyuhun, the country of the ancient Xianbei as well as Goguryeo. Later, it was passed down to Mongolia, the empire of Genghis Khan. During the early modern period, it settled as an apologue of the Mori family of Japan . Like this, in the course of a long journey, the sticks in Aesop’s Fables transformed into spears in the royal family of Scythia. The same objects changed into arrows on arriving in Tuyuhun. Finally, the story became a perfect apologue of arrows in Mongolia, Korea and Japan. This way, the story of three arrows of Mori Motonari also served as a symbol of cultural exchanges between the East and the West.
  • 5.

    Somatization of Politics and Politicization of Body -Japanese Sports Discourse and Democratization under American Occupation-

    Cho,Jung-Min | 2020, (85) | pp.85~101 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study was conducted to examine the meaning of 'democracy' which GHQ intended to propagate to Japan after its defeat in war through the sports discourse. Although GHQ tried to internalize democracy through the physical education and institution, which is, however, exactly the same as the Japanese strategy to implant the idea of militarism during war. In addition, the Japanese Athletic Association which supported the government during war was disguised as a private organization and used as a media for consolidating the position of the contemporary Japanese emperor and facilitating the American occupation. As such, GHQ dominated Japan by pacifying the old regime including the Japanese emperor, rather than revamping the Japanese society. In other words, there was structural continuity between the Japanese emperor-centered political regime and the American occupation regime, consequently leading to a contradictory ideology, the 'Japanese emperor democracy'. This is a clue allowing us to structurally understand where such irony of 'democracy' in the modern Japanese society originates from.
  • 6.

    The Allied Action after the War on the Korean-Controlled Dokdo Islands

    Choi Jang-Keun | 2020, (85) | pp.103~127 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    San Francisco Peace Treaty in the process of preparing for the Dokdo as Japanese territory for the effects of Sebold is the U.S. Department of State recognition. But Britain, New Zealand, Australia, and so forth, a Commonwealth country said Dokdo is Korean territory. U.S. State Department personnel should be Dokdo is Korean territory in geography. So, Dokdo is Korean territory before the merger, ambassador in charge of San Francisco Peace Treaty between Korea and Japan, Dokdo is Korean territory should be. " But Dean Rusk in the U.S. State Department has secretly sent a letter that Dokdo is Japanese territory to the South Korean government. Sebold's like this people affected, said Dokdo is Japanese territory. In the end, the Allies established a policy to suspend the status of uninhabited islands in territorial disputes, and to govern them as trusts. Dokdo was an uninhabited island. In San Francisco Peace Treaty And finally, not territory measures is a special about the status of Dokdo.
  • 7.

    Amateras as the sun god: centering on the story of Yamato Takeru

    kwon hyuk-sung | 2020, (85) | pp.129~142 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Iwao Yoshii has suggested that the Kojiki was "a piece of work that was carried through with a strong intention" but that it was based on the structure of Tenjin → Tenjin Imperial son → Emperors. This is because the Kojiki is not divided between the story of the gods and the story of the Emperor; both the theory and the concept of the story are consistent. Based on this structure, Takamitsu Konoshi considers Amaterasu Omikami in the Kojiki to be a "nuclear-free" deity who abandons the substance of the day. However, as Konishi states, beyond the axis of the Amenominacanush → Amaterasu, when reading Yoshii's story of Tenjin → Tenjin Imperial son → Emperors from the first volume, the story of the gods, through the story of the Emperor in the middle, to the Emperors, reading the story of the middle and the bottom lines as the story of receiving the first volume, questions arise concerning the view of Amaterasu as a god who abandoned the "substance of the sun." I therefore intend to analyze the tale of Yamato Takeru in the middle volume of the Kojiki and take a fresh look at the nature of Amaterasu.
  • 8.

    A family viewed from the perspective of “unconnected society” -Focusing on 『The Red Finger』by Higashino Keigo-

    Park, Soo-Hyun , Yun Hye Young | 2020, (85) | pp.143~160 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study looked at the keyword "unconnected society" which became a major topic of conversation in 2010 and the "family" which the author of 『The Red Finger』 had been interested in. In the novel, Akio’s family, who looked so ordinary on the surface, had problems such as severe conflict between mother-in-law and daughter-in-law and bullying; the family, however, continues to carry on, isolated and in denial. but they avoided these problems and lived in loneliness. After these problems have been revealed through the murder case, Akio is punished for putting the blame for the crime on his mother, who pretends to be suffering from dementia to cover up the offence. Kaga's father also doesn't take care of his family for work and his wife leaves home left her young son. After that, the relationship between the father and son worsens, and they go their separate ways. In the end, however, Akio confirms his relationship with his mother and confesses his guilt, while Kaga and his father begin to understanding each other after his mother’s death. After that, Kaga’s father reflected on his life and decides to die, like his wife, in the spirit of understanding her, but instead, he starts to take care of another broken family, Matsumiya's mother and children to create a new relationship. Kaga's father's change may include the possibility that Akio's life will be changed in the future. Through two families, author presents reason to live, ways of living, and attitudes rather than just a lonely death, which society is not interested in, but the most important thing is the restoration of relationships.
  • 9.

    The Kinsui ukiyozoshi -focusing on Hanagatami-

    choi tae wha | 2020, (85) | pp.161~172 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    There was a rivalry between Syotei Kinsui and Tamenaga Syunsui, rather than a hierarchical relationship. Hanagatami features many female protagonists, which is common in Syunsui’s ninjobon; therefore, it resembles his novels, in which one man has relationships with many women. However, Hanagatami emphasizes the contrast between good otsuru and bad okame. Hanagatami was a variation on compositions featuring good will and discipline, which were characteristic of Kinsui’s ninjobon. Therefore, although many women appear as characters, they share similar features. Even if the happy ending otsuru is not described without telling the whereabouts of the other heroines, the feeling of strangeness will not be felt. Kinsui differs from Syunsui, in terms of the ethical and moral compliance of his novels. For Kinsui, the use of the word “ninjobon,” coined by Syunsui and synonymous with chubon-sized novels for women, was a phenomenon to be overcome. Kinsui's assertion that he call his chubon-sized novels for women “Kinsui ukiyozoshi” was not only based on his promotion of Kinsui-style chubon-sized novels that emphasize good and evil; it was also a rejection of Syunsui’s ninjobon. Hanagatami is a good example of “Kinsui ukiyozoshi.”
  • 10.

    A Comparative Study of "Public Opinion Poll on Japanese Language" and "People's sense of Korean Language" -Focusing on the Image of Honorifics-

    Kajiwara, Yu | 2020, (85) | pp.173~192 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    This paper compares the impressions towards honorifics in both Japan and Korea to clarify the differences in social perceptions of honorifics, based on the results of the "Public Opinion Poll on the Japanese Language" in Japan and the "People's sense of Language" in Korea. As a result, concerning the "degree of interest in the 'national language,'" interest in honorifics in Japan and South Korea contributed to an increased degree of interest in the national language as a whole. Similarly, concerning the "elegance of words," honorifics were a factor in Japanese being perceived as elegant. Regarding "appropriate word use," there was a strong likelihood for Japanese people to associate misidentification of honorifics with "undisciplined word use.“ Also, the questions related to honorifics were compared. As a result of the analysis, tendencies in Japan and Korea regarding "the course of honorifics in the future," "the role of honorifics in building human relationships", and "recognition of grammatical structure and knowledge of honorifics" became clarified.
  • 11.

    Cultural Awareness and Behavioral Choices for Japanese Residents in Korea: A Qualitative Study

    Matsuki, Ryoko | 2020, (85) | pp.193~219 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    In this study, we conducted interviews to determine what kind of consciousness Japanese people living in Korea have toward accepting and adapting to Korean culture. Through the interviews, we confirmed that the subjects are adopting the Korean culture and that they continue to have a negative attitude that they cannot accept aspects of Korean culture. In addition, we found that the subjects had a gap between consciousness and choice of action. The cases may differ in terms of whether the subjects do not choose to adapt to Korean culture even if they understand it, choose to adapt to a different culture even if they are negatively motivated, or first adapt even if they do not understand Korean culture. In this survey, subjects gave more answers in cases where there was a gap between consciousness and behavior selection than in those where consciousness and behavior matched. Furthermore, there was a slight difference in the content of the interview responses between students and working adults. In particular, it was found that working adults have a greater resistance to cross-cultural events, which is still not completely understood. On the other hand, more students than working adults answered that they copy the behavior of different cultures even when their understanding is vague, which suggests that they have less resistance to different events. In addition, while students tend to actively choose not to adapt to cross-cultural behavior that does not conform to their beliefs, working adults tend to select such behavior even if they take it slightly negatively.
  • 12.

    A Study on the Conversion of Textbooks and National Ideology in Postwar Japan, Korea, and Taiwan

    song sookjeong | 2020, (85) | pp.221~242 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study compares national language education and ideology contained in national language textbooks among the educational policies implemented in the situation of South Korea and Japan after the postwar U.S. military politics with Taiwan's national language education in the days of the KMT government. saw. As a result, it was found that Japanese language education during the U.S. military era focused on the personality and social growth of each child who learns from the thoughts that forced Japan to impose militarism and nationalism. . In the wake of the three-year U.S. military politics, South Korea established an educational policy in a very confusing atmosphere, but the textbooks issued by the Governor-General of Korea during the Japanese colonial era were transferred through the early textbooks. It turned out that it was a textbook that did. On the other hand, Taiwan, where a new textbook was created by the KMT government, the appearance of decolonization was clearly visible. However, the appearance of such a deliberate decolonization, on the other hand, only changed the subject, and it was no different from the education during the Japanese colonial period.
  • 13.

    On the Actual Usage of “No Da” in Opinion Statements Made by Korean Learners of the Japanese Language

    Iihoshi, Kazuya | 2020, (85) | pp.243~260 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This paper presents a survey of how Korean learners of the Japanese language (hereinafter “KR”) use “no da” (meaning “the fact is that”) at the end of a sentence and the actual conditions of its use in comparison to written opinion statements by native Japanese speakers (hereinafter “JP”). The survey is based on opinion statements made by KR and JP recorded in the “Database of Opinion Statements of Japanese, Korean, and Taiwanese University Students” (March 2011). According to the results of the survey, no significant differences existed between KR and JP in terms of (1) the number of occurrences of “no da” per opinion statement, (2) its position in the paragraph (if the usage of “no da” is not taken into consideration), or (3) the way it appeared in predicates. However, there were differences in the form of “no da,” such as the appearance of the form “n’ desu” (an abbreviated polite form) in opinion statements made by KR. By contrast, this form did not appear in opinion statements by JP. Further, there were differences in the rate of occurrence of “no da” usage (type V), characterized by a weak relationship with the preceding context and the presentation of a certain situation to the other party as an existing fact; this was more frequent for KR. The phrase also appeared at the beginning of the paragraph in only the KR utterances. Moreover, there were three examples of unnatural uses of “no da” seen in the opinion statements of KR, including (1) the unnecessary addition of “no da,” (2) the use of “n’ desu,” and (3) the continuous use of “no da.” In conclusion, it was determined that there are distinct usages of “no da” as per written language and per spoken language, and it is necessary for KR to understand the relationship between usage and form for the purpose of language instruction.
  • 14.

    A Study of the Time Domain Adverbs of Cheophaesineo

    Jong-Hee, Lee | 2020, (85) | pp.261~283 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This study discussed the correction and syntactic properties of time domain adverbs (TDA) found in the Japanese language textbook of Cheophaesineo. The TDA can be classified into instant adverbs, persistent adverbs, and progressive adverbs, and in all, 16 categories of terms appear 46 times. Considering the correction of each adverb, “sunawachi,”for example, is revised as “satsoku” when the semantics of “sunawachi” have changed, and it is understood as “the correction of semantic use of vocabulary.” There is one example each for “haya” and “hodonaku” corrected into “mohaya” and “yagatte,” respectively, and there is a difference in meaning when the same term is corrected and when it is not. Therefore, it was possible to identify it as “the correction for embodiment and clarification” to clarify the meaning of the initial version. Moreover, “tsuneni” is corrected as “sakigoroyori” for “correction by form syntax” to avoid misinterpretation. The cause of such correction becomes more prominent when examined with the comparative Korean and discusses the syntactic value of Cheophaesineo and the value of resources in comparative linguistics. In terms of syntactic properties, the TDA appear liberally in past tense and non-past tense sentences to show that the expression of tense or aspect was not required for better sound. Furthermore, the adverbs appear in various subordinate clauses, mostly describing highly dynamic verbs, which suggests the need to reconsider classifying the time adverbs to adverbs that correspond to tense or aspect. It is believed that the TDA specify the duration of action described by the verb that follows in a statement regardless of the sentence construction.
  • 15.

    Comparing Apology Trends In Situations of Physical Damage in Korea and Japan : Focusing on trends among male and female college students

    JungHyunAa | 2020, (85) | pp.285~301 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Korean male college students are found to prefer using the trend of ‘core discourse’ after judging damage situations by ‘negotiation discourse’ and less by ‘successive core discourse,’ which continuously uses ‘apologies’. In contrast, Japanese male and female college students show the trend of continuing the interaction to solve the problem by ‘negotiation discourse’ after using ‘apologies’ first by ‘core discourse’ or ‘successive core discourse’. Moreover, it was observed that Korean female college students show almost the same rate of using ‘core discourse’ after judging the situation by ‘negotiation discourse’ and continue to use ‘negotiation discourse’ after using ‘core discourse’; they also use slightly more ‘successive core discourse’ than Korean male college students.
  • 16.

    Subject animacy and transitive sentence expression

    Choi, Seo-Young | 2020, (85) | pp.303~320 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    In this paper, we collected examples of 300 animate subject transitive sentences and 300 inanimate subject transitive sentences from Japanese literary and social books, and compared their characteristics. Based on the presence or absence of result entailment of the object, the sentences were divided into type A (result entailment) and type B (result non-entailment). Type A was further classified as cause of human action (A-1), change in human physiology or psychology (A-2), and change in an inanimate object (A-3). There is a significant difference in the appearance frequency of type A due to the causal relation expression form using the relation between the subject and the predicate. In this structure, the cause was placed at the beginning of the sentence so that it could be focused on and so that the causal relationship could be expressed in a short sentence structure. We considered type A patterns such as subject types that cause changes in human physiology and the continuity of “phenomena” and “concrete” subjects, and subject types that cause human psychological changes, connections between the subject of “a fact or case,” and “one’s own feelings and thoughts.” For type B, we pointed out that the degree of typicality of transitive sentences is not proportional to the frequency of transitive sentences. Next, we considered “Yobu” and “Tsutsumu” as a representative verb that causes a change in the meaning.