What I have compared and analyzed above can be summarized as follows: First, there are some structural between Soseki's novels. 『The Night Dream』, The Seventh Night , and Choi's novel 『The Square』. Second, some differences were detected in describing the suicides between the two novelists' works. Third, I have uncovered the obvious differences of the motives for suicide between the two novelists. Fourth, I have pointed out the relevance between the differences of suicide and the modernization process both in Korea and Japan.There are some differences which can represent most of the characteristic differences between the two novelist's works. In The Seventh Night , we can see the conflicts and anxiety of the contemporary intellectuals against the Japan's sudden modernization and its civilization following the influx of Western culture. The novel embodies the individual anxiety and sorrow prevalent in the society of the modernization oriented Japan. 『The Square』 reflects the problematic conflicts which a young intellectual feels between the two opposing ideologies at the time of turbulence from the independence to the Korean Conflict. This fictional embodiment stands for the political thoughts and systems and the conflicting ideologies in the modernizing society of North and South Koreas.