“Hora” is a discourse marker that is used in communication to emphasize information that has already been shared, or can be shared in the future, to direct conversations on the basis of the information. In this paper, differences in the usage pattern of “hora” between the younger generations in Tokyo and Osaka were analyzed.
It was observed that the discourse marker “hora” appeared more often in Tokyo than in Osaka. This suggests that the younger generation in Tokyo has a communicational tendency of reminding listeners of their shared information, and leading the conversation accordingly. This tendency was comparatively weaker in Osaka.
Therefore, we can infer that differences in the usage pattern of discourse markers can lead to miscommunication among various regional people despite the fact that a common language might be used in those regions.