In Japanese grammar, Japanese demonstratives are an aspect of grammar addressed at the beginner level and one that is easy for Korean learners of Japanese. This study investigated the Japanese demonstratives, ‘コ(ko), ソ(so), ア(a)’ which are items that appear in JapaneseⅠof Korea’s University Scholastic Ability Test, taken by learners who have acquired the demonstratives in High School Japanese.
Japanese demonstratives are described as ‘コ(ko), ソ(so), ア(a)’ and explained in High School JapaneseⅠby comparing the native Korean and Japanese languages on a one-to-one basis. This study examined the effects on problem solving in Japanese I of Korea’s University Scholastic Ability Test. As result of analyzing the test items involving dialogue sentence scenes using Japanese demonstratives and found that the usage of spatial-temporal deixis was more than discourse-reference dexis. In the case of spatial-temporal deixis, it is divided into usages for ‘when the speaker and listener are in different places’ and ‘when the speaker and listener are in the same place’. In the case of contextual directives, there seemed to be no difficulty finding the answer, even if the instruction usage was not specifically understood. Although a good score may be obtained on the test, mastery of demonstrative usage in the items was not considered to be advanced.