Japan has publicly claimed its sovereignty over Dokdo since its Shimane Prefecture adopted the “-Takeshima Day-” Ordinance in March, 2005. In response, Gyeongsangbuk-do, which has jurisdiction over the island, decided to restore and rebuild territorial tombstones in Dokdo that were destroyed in the past in commemoration of the 60th anniversary of Korea’s liberation on August 15 of the same year. Three tombstones were restored by the Provine, namely the -‘Dokdo Island Memorial Tombstone of Shipwreck Victims’-, the - ‘Memorial Stele by Corea Alpine Club-’, and the- ‘Korean Territorial Tombstone’- which were erected in the 1950s.
The purpose of this study is to explore the three tombstones and stele that were rebuilt by Gyeongsangbuk-do, focusing on the year of establishment, process, and reason for erection. The study found that Japan had installed its territorial tombstones four times since June, 1953, and Korea removed them one by one and established the ‘-Korean Territorial Tombstone-’ in August, 1954. Japan’s territorial tombstones were permanently eliminated and only the Korean territorial tombstone was left on the island, which serves as a testament to the effective occupation of Dokdo by Korea.