Journal of Sasang Constitutional Medicine 2021 KCI Impact Factor : 0.75

Korean | English

pISSN : 1226-4075 / eISSN : 2287-786X

http://journal.kci.go.kr/JSCM
Home > Explore Content > All Issues > Article List

2011, Vol.23, No.2

  • 1.

    A hypothesis on the form and principle of addition-subtraction of the Sasang prescription

    조황성 | 2011, 23(2) | pp.139~152 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    1.Objectives This research was proposed to find out the selection and form of addition and subtraction of the Sasang prescription. 2.Methods The related contents of the pathology and the medical action of a Sasang disease were selected in 『Donguisusebowon-Sasangchobongyun, -Gabobon, -Shinchukbon(東醫壽世保元-四象草本卷, -甲午本, -辛丑本)』, 『Donguisasangsinfyun (東醫四象新編)』. 3.Results and Conclusions 1) The change and development of the Sasang prescription. 2) The selection of drugs are caused by immunity of the ordinary times and a class of present disease. 3) Addition and subtraction of the Sasang prescription can divide 4-type.
  • 2.

    A Study on How Sasang Constitutional Diet Influenced the Formation of Eight Constitutional Diet

    정용재 , Park Seong-sik | 2011, 23(2) | pp.153~163 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    1. Objectives This study intends to identify the contents of Sasang Constitutional Diet through a book by Lee Je-Ma, to review the implied contents, and to analyze the influence of this information and principles on the formation of Eight Constitutional Diet. 2. Results and Conclusions 1) The Sasang Constitutional Diet was systematically established by Lee Je-Ma, and is composed by the principles of ‛food is on different from medicine(食藥同源)’, principles of ‘reinforcement of one organ(一臟補强)’, principles of ‘should not be mixed(混用不可)’ and principles of ‘food abstinence’(飮食節制)’. 2) The Eight Constitutional Diet has already been studied before 1962, and “Classification Of Constitutional Regimen and Diet”, which recorded harmful and good food, has been used in clinical practices since 1962. The basis that can transform Eight Constitutional Diet into Sasang Constitutional Diet can be found in the fact that the Eight Constitution is based on the Sasang constitution. However, because clinical research on the relationship between 8 constitution and Sasang constitution is still sketchy, directly transforming the current Eight Constitutional Diet into Sasang Constitutional Diet seems unreasonable.
  • 3.

    The Origin, Changes and Compositive Principles of Baekhaoleejung-tang

    Hyeon-sang Shin , Koh Byung-Hee , Eui Ju Lee | 2011, 23(2) | pp.164~173 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    1. Objectives The purpose of this study is to understand the origin, the progressive changes and the constructive principles of Packhaoleejung-tang (白何烏理中湯)2. Methods Packhaoleejung-tang and other related prescriptions were analyzed in terms of their pathological indications, based on 『Donguisusebowon·Chobongwon (東醫壽世保元·草本卷)』, 『Donguisusebowon·Gabobon (東醫壽世保元·甲午本)』, 『Donguisusebowon·Sinchukbon (東醫壽世保元·辛丑本)』, 『Dongmuyugo (東武遺稿)』, 『Shanghanlun (傷寒論)』. 3. Results and Conclusions (1) The origin of Packhaoleejung-tang is leejung-tang from 『Shanghanlun (傷寒論)』. Packhaoleejung-tang inherited some of the principles from 『Shanghanlun (傷寒論)』 Insamkeiji-tang (2) 『Gabobon(甲午本)』`s one prescription Hyangsaleejung-tang emphasizes the effect of lossen up by using Pogostemonis Herba(藿香),Amomi Fructus(砂仁). 『Gabobon(甲午本)』`s another prescription Packhaoleejungtang emphasizes the effect of warm up stomach by using Cinnamomum cassia Blume (桂枝), Allium sativum Linne (獨頭蒜), Cynanchum wilfordii(白何首烏). 『Sinchukbon(辛丑本)』`s prescription Packhaobujaleejungtang emphasizes the effect of warm up stomach by using Aconitum carmichaeli(附子)(3) The Packhaoleejung-tang is composed of 7 herbs. Atractlodis Rhizoma White(白朮), Glycyrrhizae Radix(甘草),Paeoniae Radix Alba(白芍藥) support Soeumin`s spleen root (脾元), and Zingiberis Rhizoma(乾薑),Cinnamomum cassia Blume (桂枝, Cynanchum wilfordii(白何首烏) warm up stomach. Citri Pericarpium(陳皮) circulate Qi and encourage the descension of Yin.
  • 4.

    The Origin, Change of the Time and Constructive Principle of Insamjinpi-tang

    이한신 , 이준희 , Dal Rae Kim and 2 other persons | 2011, 23(2) | pp.174~183 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    1. Objectives This paper was written to understand the origin, changes and the constructive principles of Insamjinpi-tang(人蔘陳皮湯)2. Methods Insamjinpi-tang and other related prescriptions were analyzed in terms of pathology, based on 『Dongyisusebowon·Chobongwon(東醫壽世保元·草本卷)』, 『Dongyisusebowon·Gabobon(東醫壽世保元·甲午本)』, 『Dongyisusebowon·Sinchukbon(東醫壽世保元·辛丑本)』, 『Donguisasangsinpyeon(東醫四象新編)』3. Results and Conclusions (1) The origin of Insamjinpi-tang is Doksamyangbung-tang(獨蔘良崩湯), which is combination of Yijung-tang(理中湯),and Insamkeji-tang(人蔘桂枝湯)(2) The origin of Insamjinpi-tang was derived from Doksamyangbung-tang of 『Dongyisusebowon·Gabobon』. Insamjinpitang greatly increases Ginseng Radix Alba(人參) when Insamjinpitang was compared with Yijung-tang, Insamkeji-tang. Insamjinpitang put to use Amomi Fructus(砂仁) newly first. (3) The Insamjinpitang composed of 5 herbs, Ginseng Radix Alba(人參), Zingiberis Rhizoma Crudus(生薑), Citrus unshiu (陳皮), Zizyphus jujuba(大棗) and Amomi Fructus(砂仁); Ginseng Radix Alba(人參) and Zingiberis Rhizoma Crudus (生薑) treat Taeumjeung(太陰證) of Soeumin(少陰人) through warming the Stomach(溫胃), Citrus unshiu(陳皮)makes the Yin(陰) downbearing, Zizyphus jujuba(大棗) making harmony between innerside and outerside of body and Amomi Fructus(砂仁) making stable one's mind.
  • 5.

    The Origin, Changes and Compositive Principles of Yangkyuksanhwa-tang

    박병주 , 이준희 , Eui Ju Lee and 1 other persons | 2011, 23(2) | pp.184~193 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    1. Objectives This paper investigates the origin, the progressive changes and the constructive principles of Yangkyuksanhwa-tang (凉膈散火湯). 2. Methods Yangkyuksanhwa-tang and other related prescriptions were analyzed in terms of their pathological indications, based on previous literature including 『Donguisusebowon·Chobongwon (東醫壽世保元·草本卷)』, 『Donguisusebowon·Gabobon (東醫壽世保元·甲午本)』, 『Donguisusebowon·Sinchukbon (東醫壽世保元·辛丑本)』 and 『Dongmuyugo (東武遺稿)』. 3. Results and Conclusion 1) The Yangkyuksanhwa-tang most likely originates from Sodokeum, Yangkyuksan, Baekho-tang and Indongdeung. 2) Sodoksanhwa-tang introduced in 『Donguisusebowon·Chobongwon (東醫壽世保元·草本卷)』 progressively transformed into Chungyangsanghwa-tang (『Donguisusebowon·Gabobon (東醫壽世保元·甲午本)』) and ultimately into Yangkyuksanhwa-tang (『Donguisusebowon·Sinchukbon (東醫壽世保元·辛丑本)』), a prescription appropriate for usage in the Sangso symptomatology (上消證). 3) Yangkyuksanhwa-tang is composed of 9 herbs. Of these, Schixonepetae herba(荊芥), Ledebouriellae Radix(防風),Forsythiae fructus(連翹), Menthae Herba(薄荷), Gardeniae fructus(梔子) scatter the Hwa-qi(火氣), and Rehmanniae Radix(生地黃), Gypsum fibrosum(石膏), Anemarrhenae(知母) put off the Stomach-heat(胃熱),whereas Lonicerae caulis(忍冬藤) support the prevention of carbunculosis(癰疽).
  • 6.

    A Study of Korean's Face by Sasang Diagnosis Using Questionnaire and 3D AFRA(Automatic Face Recognition Apparatus) in Middle Aged Women

    Yoo Jung Hee , 권진혁 , Eui Ju Lee and 6 other persons | 2011, 23(2) | pp.194~207 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives This study is about a development of Sasang constitutional classification algorithm using facial information. Methods We analysed the datum of middle aged (20~48) women collected by multi-center researchers in 2007. And this study analysed the data of the measurement of the face by 3D-AFRA (3-Dimensional Automatic Face Recognition Apparatus) and the items of impression by SDQ. We used multiple comparison, exploratory discriminant analysis and clinical decision to select optimal 3D facial variables which will be input in discriminant analysis model. And we used univariate F values and stepwise discriminant function analysis to choose best impression variables. Results and Conclusions In this study, derived discriminant function's explanation power was 39% in female group. Diagnostic accuracy rate was 66.0% in female group. And in test sample, Sasang constitutional diagnostic accuracy rate was 56.9%. In this process we could help improve the objectification of Sasang constitution diagnosis
  • 7.

    A Comparative Study of Sasang Constitution Diagnostic Accuracy Rate between Herb Medicine Taking and Non Taking Patients

    이현미 , 류동훈 , JEON SOO HYUNG and 2 other persons | 2011, 23(2) | pp.208~217 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    1. Objectives The purpose of this study was done to compare Sasang Constitution diagnostic rate between taking Sasang Constitution herb medicine patients and non taking group. 2. Methods We collected data from 430 patients who were visited at the Department of Sasang Constitution, College of Oriental Medicine, Dong-eui University from November 2006 to September 2010. We classified them into two group. One was taking Sasang Constitution herb medicine patients group, the other was non taking group. For Sasang Constitution Diagnosis, they all have done SSCQ-P questionnaire. and a Sasang Constitution specialist diagnosed constitution. According to reactions after taking herb medicine, the patients of taking group were confirmed their constitutions. We checked Sasang Constitution diagnostic rate from each groups'(the whole subjects, taking herb medicine patients group, non taking herb medicine patients group) discriminant function. And to find out Sasang Constitution diagnostic rate, we applied discriminant functions to each other. 3. Results and Conclusions 1) The whole subjects' diagnostic accuracy rate was 72.07%. 2) Taking herb medicine group's diagnostic accuracy Rate was 75.08%. Non taking herb medicine group‘s diagnostic accuracy rate applied taking group's discriminant function was 61.60%. 3) Non taking herb medicine group's diagnostic accuracy rate was 81.06%. Taking herb medicine group‘s diagnostic accuracy rate applied taking group's discriminant function was 57.14%.
  • 8.

    Relationship between Intima Media Thickness of Common Carotid Artery and Sasang Constitution

    Han Dong Youn , 유준상 , Sang-Baek Koh and 1 other persons | 2011, 23(2) | pp.218~229 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    1. Objectives This study is to investigate the relationship between Intima Media Thickness(IMT) of common carotid artery and Sasang Constitution. 2. Methods 839 persons, over 40 years old, participated in community-based cohort of Korea Genome and Epiedemiology Study (KOGES)in Wonju City and Pyeongchang City of South Korea from June 2006 to February 2008. The diagnosis of Common carotid Intima Media Thickness was evaluated by B Mode ultrasonography, cardiovascular risk factors were checked using questionnaire and blood samples. Constitution was verified by a Sasang constitution specialist according to the results of PSSC(Phonetic System for Sasang Constitution), facial photos and a simplified Sasang constitutional questionnaire. Multiple regression analysis and logistic regression analysis were performed with SPSS. 3. Results There were significantly high values in waist circumference, fasting blood sugar, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure,triglyceride, HOMA-IR and hsCRP in Taeeumin and low in HDL-cholesterol and adiponectin in Taeeumin. There were significantly high value in Common Carotid Intima Media Thickness in Taeeumin. Age was the significant cardiovascular risk factor irrespective of Sasang constitution in all participants. There was a positive correlation between smoking and Soyangin in all participants and men. There were positive correlations between LDL-cholesterol, BMI and Taeeumin in all participants and men. There were positive correlations between hsCRP and Soeumin in all participants and men. There was significantly high odds ratio of Taeeumin over Soeumin in common carotid Intima Media Thickness. 4. Conclusions Regimens on cardiovascular diseases should be considered according to Sasang constitution. There are more sensitive risk factor in each constitution; smoking in Soyangin, LDL-cholesterol and BMI in Taeeumin, hsCRP in Soeumin.
  • 9.

    A Study about the Distributional Characteristics of Dyspepsia according to Sasang Constitution at a Korean Medical Clinic

    홍해진 , 박유경 , 김윤희 and 1 other persons | 2011, 23(2) | pp.230~239 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    1. Objectives The purpose of this study was to find out the distributional characteristics of dyspepsia according to Sasang Constitution. 2. Methods The medical records of 108 subjects who have received prescriptions and diagnosis of Sasang constitution from June 2007 to April 2009 at a Korean Medical clinic in Seoul were reviewed. General factors and the frequency of the prescriptions according to Sasang constitution are compared and analyzed. 3. Results Among the 108 subjects, 57(52.78%) persons were Soyangin, 27(25.00%) Taeumin, and 24(22.22%) Soeumin. The frequencies of the prescriptions of interior and exterior disease were compared. Exterior disease(89.47%) was higher than interior disease in Soyangin and interior disease was higher than exterior disease in Taeumin(88.89%) and Soeumin(91.67%). (p-value<0.001) The most common disease was Mangeum-syndrome(73.68%) of exterior disease in Soyangin, Dry-febrile symptom(88.89%) of interior disease in Taeumin and Taeum-syndrome(66.66%) of interior disease in Soeumin. 4. Conclusion There were significant differences on the distribution of dyspepsia in interior or exterior disease according to Sasang Constitution.
  • 10.

    The Cross-sectional Study on Characteristics between Soyangin Heat-related Diarrhea Accompanied by Headache and Soyangin Cold-related Diarrhea Accompanied by Abdominal Pain

    박유경 , 홍해진 , 김윤희 and 1 other persons | 2011, 23(2) | pp.240~253 | number of Cited : 9
    Abstract PDF
    1. Objectives The purpose of this study was to survey the Original symptoms(素證) of Soyangin's and to compare the tendency of their symptoms between Soyangin Heat-related diarrhea accompanied by headache(身熱頭痛亡陰證) and Soyangin Cold-related diarrhea accompanied by abdominal pain(身寒腹痛亡陰證). 2. Methods We recruited 56 Soyangin subjects in the Korean Medicine clinic and researched their original symptoms. Subjects were diagnosed by the Sasang Constitutional specialists and Sasang Constitutional Medication. Subjects were two groups,confirmed to Soyangin Heat-related diarrhea accompanied by headache and Soyangin Cold-related diarrhea accompanied by abdominal pain. All subjects answered the questionnaire about their Original symptoms. We found the differences between 2 groups using the Independent-Samples T-test. Analysis was conducted using SPSS 12.0 for Korean. 3. Results and Conclusions In Original symptoms, Tendency of overeating(p=0.01), Condition of digestion(p=0.04), Perspiration after exercise (p=0.02), Usual perspiration(p=0.00), Tiredness after perspiration(p=0.05) Cold intolerance on extremities(p=0.04),General edema(p=0.01) etc. are different between 2 groups. We found the differences of heat and cold in symptoms between two Soyangin syndromes.
  • 11.

    A Case Report of Soeumin Tidal Fever Patient with Pelvic Pain

    김민지 , 배효상 , Park Seong-sik | 2011, 23(2) | pp.254~262 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    1. Objectives We report a case of Soeumin tidal fever patient presenting with pelvic pain who was successfully treated with Sasang therapy. The purpose of this case is to report that a Soeumin patients with tidal fever and pelvic pain who improved with Sasang Constitutional treatment 2. Methods We treated a female Soeumin patient presenting with tidal fever and pelvic pain. We prescribed Palmulgunja-tang(八物君子湯) for her symptoms. Body temperature and physical symptoms were measured to assess improvement. 3. Results The Soeumin patient's fever and pain improved with a dramatic drop in the highest body temperature from 39.1℃to 36.6℃. Activities of daily living(ADL) improved from bed ridden to independently ambulatory state. 4. Conclusions This case study shows that Palmulgunja-tang was in effective treating tidal fever and pain in this Soeumin patient.
  • 12.

    Approaching obesity through constitutional therapy: a series of 4 obesity cases who were classified as the Taeeum constitutional type.

    박윤성 , Hyeon-sang Shin , 이준희 and 2 other persons | 2011, 23(2) | pp.263~274 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    1. Objectives We report a series of 4 obesity cases who responded well to the weight-loss therapy based on the Taeeum Sasang constitutional therapy. 2. Methods In treating 4 obese patients who were constitutionally typed as the Taeeum type, Case 1 and Case 2 fell into the category of the Lung Dry-Cold symptomatology, Case 3 into the Dry-Heat symptomatology, and Case 4 into the Exterior-Interior Combined symptomatology. Each patient was given Sasang medication according to protocol:Taeeumjowi-tang (Taiyintiaowei-tang) to Case 1 and Case 2, Cheongpyesagan-tang (Qingfeixiegan-tang) to Case 3, and Seunggijowi-tang (Chengqitiaowei-tang) to Case 4. On each visit to the clinic (7-21 times in total), the patients were checked on their general condition and change in body weight. 3. Results and Conclusions All patients showed improvements in their general condition and a satisfactory decrease in weight (Case 1 showed a decrease of 12.7 kg in 84 days, Case 2 a decrease of 8.9 kg in 39 days, Case 3 a decrease of 33 kg in 250days, and Case 4 a decrease of 29.3 kg in 155 days). Treating obesity based on Taeeum constitutional therapy was found to be effective for weight loss and general improvement of health. The sustained effects of the therapy should be checked during the following visits. The obesity treatment protocol suggested in this investigation should be explored and verified in future studies.