Journal of Sasang Constitutional Medicine 2021 KCI Impact Factor : 0.75

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pISSN : 1226-4075 / eISSN : 2287-786X
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2013, Vol.25, No.3

  • 1.

    Some Problems of Reading Donguisusebowon

    CHOI DAE WOO | 2013, 25(3) | pp.135~144 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives Two conflicting readings of Donguisusebowon so far have been presented that Sasang Constitutional Medicine inherited the traditional Five Elements theory and that it was a new perspective on its own right. The main purpose of this paper is to review the theoretical ground of Sasang Constitutional Medicine to see whether it has inherited the Traditional Korean Medicine, and show that it had been developed as an original view independent of the Five Elements theory. Methods To do this, I inquired into the theoretical background of Sasang Constitutional Medicine as well as its philosophical premises and its leading ideas. Results and Conclusions As a result, I have found that Sasang Constitutional Medicine is an original medical theory developed in empirical terms on its own right, divorced from the transcendental view of the Five Elements theory, while borrowing some concepts from I-Ching and Neo-Confucianism only for technical tools. In short, Sasang Constitutional Medicine may well be put as calling for a reappraisal of the Han-medical and Confucian accounts of human being, and a transition from speculative method based on the Five Elements theory to a verifiable empirical method. In this vein, my reading of Sasang Constitutional Medicine in empirical perspective may well be appraised as presenting a new way to further inquiries into the theoretical nature of it, and to getting itself across with Western medicine as well.
  • 2.

    The Characteristics of Taeyangin on Body Shape, Face, Voice and Temperament

    jang eun su , 도준형 , Jun Su Jang and 4 other persons | 2013, 25(3) | pp.145~157 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives This study was aimed to reveal the characteristics of the body shape, face, voice and temperament in Taeyangin. Methods The subjects were recruited from November 2005 to August 2012. Sasang constitutional specialist in each clinics confirmed the Sasang Constitution. Taeyangin (TY) became a standard guidance to be compared with each other Sasang type. Anova test was used in analyzing continuous variables and factor analysis was conducted in temperament questionnaire in advance. Generalized propensity score with age and body mass index (BMI) was used in adjusted model. Significant level was .05Results 1. The TY body shape were generally smaller than Taeeumin (TE) (p<0.001) and Soyangin (SY) (p<0.05) in crude. The TY body shape were still smaller than TE (p<0.05) and there was no significant difference between TY and SY except rib circumference in males and forehead circumference (p<0.05) in females in adjusted model. 2. The size of face and nose in TY was smaller than in TE and there was different between males and females‘ TY and others in the characteristics of eye, nose and forehead variables in crude (p<0.05). Most of differences between TY and TE were disappeared in adjusted model. 3. The vocal height and speed of TY was different other types and there was different between males and females’ TY in some of frequency change rate in crude (p<0.05). Most of differences between TY and other types were similar before and after adjusted model. 4. The temperament of TY was different with SE before and after adjusted mode 1 (p<0.05). TY males showed difference in expression factor and TY females showed difference in behavior factor compared with TE respectively (p<0.05). Conclusions This study reveals characteristics of body shape, face, voice and character in the TY males females compared with each other type respectively.
  • 3.

    Comparison between Diagnostic Results of the Sasang Constitutional Analysis Tool (SCAT) and a Sasang Constitution Expert

    도준형 , 남지호 , jang eun su and 5 other persons | 2013, 25(3) | pp.158~166 | number of Cited : 18
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives Recently, Sasang Constitutional Analysis Tool (SCAT) was developed using face, body shape, questionnaire, and voice information. The purpose of this paper is to analysis the characteristics of SCAT in detail for the subjects whose Sasang Constitutional (SC) type was confirmed clearly. Methods 1) The SC types of 108 patients were diagnosed by an expert of Sasang constitutional medicine through the observation of improvements after taking more than 20 packs of herbal medicine prescribed 2) The diagnostic results of SCAT were acquired for the patients. 3) Comparison between diagnostic results of the SCAT and expert was performed according to SC probability difference, the number of packs of herbal medicine prescribed, the number of hospital visits, and age. Results 1) The concordance rate was 65.9% and 59.4% in the male and female groups, respectively. 2) Overall, the concordance rate increased as the SC probability difference increased. In case of more than 5% SC probability difference, it increased up to 71.0% and 66.7% in the male and female groups, respectively. 3) The concordance rate did not show any trend as the number of packs of herbal medicine prescribed and the number of hospital visits increased. 4) The higher concordance rate was observed in Taeeumin, Soyangin, and 20s ∼ 40s groups of male patients, and in Soyangin, 20s, and 40s groups of female patients. Conclusions The strong and weak points of SCAT were observed and they will contribute to the improvement of SCAT performance.
  • 4.

    A Comparative Study on Responses to the Sasang Constitution Questionnaire for Patients between Korean and Japanese

    류동훈 , 정종훈 , 배우열 and 3 other persons | 2013, 25(3) | pp.167~179 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives This study was performed to compare responses of Korean to the Sasang Constitution questionnaire with those of Japanese and to learn difference in characteristic according to the Sasang Constitution between two countries. Methods 301 Korean visiting the department of the Sasang Constitution, Dong-Eui Medical Center in Busan, Korea from November 2006 to September 2010 responded to the SSCQ-P(Sasang Constitution Questionnaire for Patients). Sasang Constitution specialist interviewed subjects and diagnosed their Sasang Constitution. 361 Japanese visiting the center for Kampo Medicine, Keio University in Tokyo, Japan from January 2010 to February 2011 responded the SSCQ-J(Sasang Constitution Questionnaire for Japanese). The Sasang Constitution was diagnosed in the same way as Korean. We compare responses to the SSCQ-P in Korean with those to the SSCQ-J in Japanese. Results 1. Among Soyangin related 58 items of Sasang Constitution questionnaire, 26, 46.36% items had statistically significant response results in both Korean and Japanese and response disposition of all these items was same.Among Taeeumin related 68items, 36, 52.94% items had statistically significant response results in both Korean and Japanese. Of these, response disposition of 35 items was same and that of 1 item was different. Among Soeumin related 71 items, 31, 43.66% items had statistically significant response results in both Korean and Japanese. Of these, response disposition of 28 items was same and that of 3 items was different. 2. The proportion of items having statistical significance and same disposition in both Korean and Japanese by Sasang Constitutional characteristic category[Features and Way of Speaking, Physical Appearance, Temperament and Talent, Pathological Syndromes] was as follows; In Soyangin, the proportion in Pathological Syndromes was 27.8% and that in the others was more than 41.7%. In Taeeumin, the proportion in Pathological Syndromes was 33.3% and that in the others was more than 57.9%. In Soeumin, the proportion in Features and Way of Speaking was 70.6%, that in Physical Appearance was 8.3% and that in the others was 30∼40%. Conclusions The response disposition of many of items having statistical significance between Korean and Japanese was same and that of a few was different. From this, there are many common Sasang Constitutional characteristics between two countries, and possibility of applying the Sasang Constitutional Medicine of Korea to Japan
  • 5.

    Association between Sasang Constitution, Impaired Lung Function and Metabolic Syndrome among Middle-aged Adults in Korea

    박윤성 , 김제신 , jun-hee lee and 2 other persons | 2013, 25(3) | pp.180~194 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives Impaired lung function(ILF) and sasang constitution(SC) is associated with metabolic syndrome(MS). However, the relationship between ILF and SC is unclear. So, we assessed the relationship between ILF and MS according to SC, and examined whether SC is an independent risk factor for ILF. Methods This study included 1,148 subjects 40years and older who were performed the health examination at Kyung Hee University Hospital in Korea between December 2011 and February 2013. We defined ILF if FVC or FEV1 value were less than lower limit of normal(LLN), and classified ventilatory patterns as obstructive pattern and restrictive pattern. MS was assessed according to AHA/NHLBI criteria. We used multivariate logistic regression to analyze the association of ILF with MS respective to SC types, and to identify the risk of SC types for ILF. Odds ratio(OR) was calculated by adjusting for age, sex, smoking status, drinking, physical activity, and BMI. Results In whole subjects, ILF was associated with MS [OR (95% CI), 1.69 (1.24-2.31) for FVC, 1.67 (1.20-2.33) for FEV1]. And in Taeeum type(TE type) and Soeum type(SE type), ILF was associated with MS [1.63 (1.10-2.42) for FVC, 1.48 (1.01-2.24) for FEV1 in TE type; 6.93 (1.14-42.00) for FVC in SE type], while in Soyang type(SY type), it wasn’t. The restrictive pattern was associated with MS in TE type and SE type, while in SY type, it wasn’t. Furthermore, TE type and SY type had more risk for ILF than SE type [1.71 (1.12-2.59) for SY type, 1.95 (1.23-3.08) for TE type in FVC; 2.06 (1.26-3.36) for TE type in FEV1; 1.85 (1.21-2.85) for SY type, 2.17 (1.35-3.49) for TE type in Restrictive pattern]. Conclusions These results show that SC is an independent risk factor for ILF, especially TE type and SY type than SE type, and the prevalence of MS is an independent risk factor for ILF in TE type.
  • 6.

    Study on Liver Function Test and Liver Disorders under the Ultrasonography for each of the Sasang Constitutional Types

    김민지 , Bea hyo sang , Park Seong-sik | 2013, 25(3) | pp.195~207 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives This study aimed to examine differences in the hepatic function disorders and prevalence rates of liver diseases in accordance with the Sasang constitutional type, and to analyze whether Sasang constitution is a significant risk factor for fatty liver. Methods A total of 1211 patients who underwent health check-up at the Ilsan Hospital of Dongguk University and had their physical constitutions diagnosed by a specialist in Sasang constitutional medicine from October 31, 2011 to September 28, 2012 were used as the subjects of this study. Presence of hepatobiliary diseases was analyzed from the results of the hepatic function test, lipid test and viral hepatitis infection marker test in the biochemistry tests, and abdominal ultrasonography. Results & Conclusion Subjects of the study were composed of 691 males and 520 females and, in terms of Sasang constitution distribution, 550 Taeeumin, 343 Soeumin and 318 Soyangin. As the results of analysis of prevalence rates in accordance with Sasang constitutions, significant differences were observed in the prevalence rates of abnormal groups in the cases of AST, ALT, GGT, Triglyceride, HDL-cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol, and all of their prevalence rates were in the descending order of Taeeumin, Soyangin and Soeumin. Soeumin displayed significantly higher positive rate for HBs Ab in comparison to Taeeumin and Soyangin. In the results of abdominal ultrasonography, the prevalence rates of fatty liver displayed significant differences and were in the descending order of Taeeumin, Soyangin and Soeumin. And as the result of logistic regression analysis in order to find the risk factors of fatty liver, the Sasang constitution was found to be a significant risk factor for fatty liver. The odds ratio of Taeeumin in fatty liver was found to be 1.634 higher than Soeumin and 1.773 higher than Soyangin
  • 7.

    Autophagy inducing Effect of modified Yeoldahanso-tang and its related Proteins in SH-SY5Y cells

    김희주 , Nayoung, Bae , 장문희 and 2 other persons | 2013, 25(3) | pp.208~217 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives Modified Yeolda-Hanso tang (MYH) is a traditional herbal formula in Korea for various diseases. MYH is containing the 10 herbs : Pueraria lobata (Willd.) Ohwi, Angelica tenuissima Nakai, Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi, Platycodon grandiflorum (Jacq), Angelicae Dahurica, Cimicifuga heracleifolia Kom, Raphanus sativa L., Polygala tenuifolia (Willd), Acorus gramineus Soland and Dimocarpus longan Lour. The 10 herbs is constituted as a ratio of the 6:4:2:1:2:2:2:4:6:6. We investigated neuroprotective effects of MYH on human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells and evaluated the ability of MYH to prevent and treat for neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson’s disease via basal autophagy enhancement. Methods Pharmacological induction of Autophagy by MYH in SH-SY5Y cells:Induction of autophagy by MYH in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells was carreid out by immunoblot analysis with several autophagy markers. SH-SY5Y cells were treated with MYH at the concentration of 400 and 800 µg/ml for 24 hr. Specifically, the autophagosome proteins LC3 II and Atg5 levels were increased and autophagy pathway related proteins such as beclin-1, PI3 Kinase class III protein, ULK1, mTOR and AMPK were activated. Conclusions MYH can enhance the induction of autophagy through key regulator AMPK, mTOR, and Beclin-1 and it should be considered as a possible candidate of neuroprotective agents for such as Parkinson’s disease.
  • 8.

    The Effect of Yongyukjowitang Distillate on the Immune Activity of Spleen Cells of Aged Rats

    이진욱 , 장문희 , 최재송 and 1 other persons | 2013, 25(3) | pp.218~232 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of Yongyukjowitang(YJT) distillate on the immune activity of spleen cells of aged SD rats. Methods Spleen cells from 10w, 52w, 72w old rats were stimulated with Concanavalin A(Con A) and treated with Vitamin C(Vit.C) or Yongyukjowitang distillate(YJT). After 24 hours, levels of IL-2, IL-4, IL-10, IFN-γ were measured using ELISA in spleen cells. Results and Conclusions 1. The concentration of IL-2, IL-4 in spleen cells of 52 weeks old SD rats(YJT group) significantly decreased in comparison with ConA group. 2. The concentration of IFN-γ in spleen cells of 72 weeks old SD rats significantly increased in comparison with 10 weeks old SD rats(NT group), but decreased in comparison with 10 weeks old SD rats(YJT group).These results suggest that Yongyukjowitang distillate has an effect on the immune activity of spleen cells of aged SD rats.
  • 9.

    A Case Study about Soyangin Cerebellar Atrophy Patient suffering from Dizziness improved by Hyeungbangjihwang-tang

    고가연 , 장문희 , 김강윤 and 1 other persons | 2013, 25(3) | pp.233~242 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives This case is about a Soyangin cerebellar atrophy patient. In this study, we report the effect of Sasang Constitutional treatment to this patient. Methods This patient was treated by Soyangin’s constitutional medications and acupuncture according to the result of Sasang Constitutional diagnosis. We used Visual Analogue Scale(VAS) and Equilibrium Function Test. Results and Conclusions This patient’s chief complaints were dizziness. By using Hyeungbangjihwang-tang, she showed positive response about her symptom. This study shows that Hyeungbangjihwang-tang has effect to cerebellar atrophy in Soyangin
  • 10.

    A Case Study of a Taeeumin Patient with Olivopontocerebellar Atrophy Improved with Jowisengcheong-tang

    이미숙 , Nayoung, Bae | 2013, 25(3) | pp.243~253 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives The aim of this study was to examine significant improvement of dizziness, gait disturbance, insomnia and xerostomia after treatment with Jowisengcheong-tang in a Taeeumin patient with olivopontocerebellar atrophy (OPCA). Methods The patient’s subjective and objective symptoms were observed daily throughout the hospitalization period using global assessment (G/A), and the Unified Multiple System Atrophy Rating Scale (UMSARS) was used to assess the overall function of patient. Results The symptoms of dizziness and xerostomia decreased from G/A 100 to G/A 10~30 for five days, and the UMSARS score decreased in PartⅠ,Ⅱ. Conclusions This case showed that Sasang constitutional medicine treatment can be effective treatment method for OPCA. We consider that consistent treatment can contribute to improve the patient’s quality of life.
  • 11.

    A Case-Report on Taeeumin Patient with Essential Tremor using Melonis Pedicelus

    함성훈 , 정해연 , 이성진 and 1 other persons | 2013, 25(3) | pp.254~263 | number of Cited : 12
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives The Purpose of this case is to report that a Taeeumin patient diagnosed as essential tremor was treated with Melonis Pedicelus and then patient’s symptoms improved. Methods We prescribed Melonis Pedicelus for patient’s physical symptoms. The improvement of the patient’s essential tremor was evaluated. Results After the Melonis Pedicelus was given, the patient’s Essential tremor and physical symptoms were improved. Conclusions This case study showed an efficient result of using Melonis Pedicelus in the essential tremor of Taeeumin.
  • 12.

    Case Report of Sjögren’s Syndrome with Arthritis diagnosed as Taeeumin’s Dry-febrile Symptom

    박근희 , 오재선 , Park Hye Sun | 2013, 25(3) | pp.264~275 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives This study was designed to evaluate the effects of Korean medicine therapy(Cheongsimyeonja-tang) on Taeeumin patients diagnosed with Sjögren’s syndrome with arthritis. Methods The Sjögren’s syndrome with arthritis patient was treated with Cheongsimyeonja-tang. The progress was evaluated with the visual analogue scale and erythrocyte sedimentation rate on hematologic examination. Results There was improvement in the patient’s Sjögren’s syndrome symptoms. The patient’s symptoms of the alimentary system, dried fever and arthralgia evaluated with the visual analogue scale improved. Erythrocyte sedimentation rate was decreased on hematologic examination. Conclusions This study suggests that Korean medicine(Cheongsimyeonja-tang) is effective in the treatment of Sjögren’s syndrome on Taeumin patients.