Journal of Sasang Constitutional Medicine 2021 KCI Impact Factor : 0.75

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pISSN : 1226-4075 / eISSN : 2287-786X
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2018, Vol.30, No.1

  • 1.

    The outline and prospects of Sasang Constitutional Medicine

    Koh Byung-Hee | 2018, 30(1) | pp.1~6 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    In modern western science, the humanities and social sciences are separated from the natural sciences. However, new interpretations should be explored based on holistic concepts and the principles of wholeness found in eastern nature. Examples of the latter from Korea include Lee Je Ma’s Sasang Constitutional Medicine(SCM). We aimed to examine the features and problems associated with SCM, as well as approaches to these problems. Sasang constitutional medicine suggests that an individual’s constitution is determined congenitally, and the body and mind need to be considered simultaneously when treating disease. And SCM thinks that individuality is important in clinical practice even in social relationship. SCM needs to develop for objective diagnoses, and basic research needs to be conducted in parallel such as study of the Confucian classics and neo-confucianism. Expanding the scope of patient-centric academic exchange has been raised as an important issue to exchange with Western medicine and so on. SCM can be the medicine that places humanity at the center, and its mentality could apply to preventive medicine and personalized medicine. So it has positive influence on construction of a healthy society and improvement of healthcare worldwide.
  • 2.

    The Preventive Thoughts of Sasang Constitutional Medicine

    Yoo Jun Sang | 2018, 30(1) | pp.7~13 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives On the point of modern preventive medicine, Sasang Constitutional Meidicine(SCM) has the thoughts of preventive medicine. Modern preventive medicine has the three dimensional prevention; primary, secondary and tertiary prevention. The preventive thoughts of SCM concerning three dimensional prevention have been investigated in this article. Method Materials and references were collected about the prevention of SCM. Lee Jema’s books such as Donguisusebowon, Gyeokchigo and Donguisusebowon Chobonguen were included. Result and Conclusions As the primary prevention of SCM, Regimen according to ages, explanation according to health index as Myeongmaeksilsu(命脈實數), moderation of four ruinous causes such as intoxication, seduction, opulence and authority, adequate social life and control of 4 kinds of emotions(sorrow, anger, joy and pleasure) are included. As the secondary prevention of SCM, explanation according to disease index , fragile Organs and frequently acquired diseases according to constitutions are included. As the tertiary prevention of SCM, rehabilitation for the stroke patients according to constitutions is included. In conclusion, SCM has all of 3 dimensional prevention methods although that might be applied with modern considerate modification.
  • 3.

    A Literature Study on Five Type Personality (Wutairen) in China: characteristic, treatment and prevention

    Zhen-Yang Cui , Si-Ra Gwak , Joo, Jong Cheon | 2018, 30(1) | pp.14~23 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives Because of growing interest in personalized medicine, constitutional medicine also becomes more important. Constitutional medicine has already developed in many countries. In this study, we tried to investigate five type personality (Wutairen), a kind of Chinese constitutional medicine. Methods We did a research on five type personality using CNKI ( up to Jan 15, 2018. Total 204 papers were searched with the keyword "Wutairen". We excluded 170 papers away from the subject or clinically studied. As a result, 34 papers were selected and analyzed. Results and Conclusions Five type personality (Wutairen) originated from Huangdi Neijing-Lingshu. There are 5 types: greater Yin person (Taiyin), lesser Yin person (Shaoyin), greater Yang person (Taiyang), lesser Yang person (Shaoyang) and Yin-yang balanced person. These are classified according to Yin-Yang content. Each type has different characteristic, treatment and prevention. Five type personality theory considers internal factors more important than external factors. Also, it considers the balance of Yin-Yang important.
  • 4.

    Comparison of Lifestyle by Sasang Constitution Type and Health Status

    Kim Sang-Hyuk , Hoseok Kim , Lee Siwoo | 2018, 30(1) | pp.24~31 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives The purpose of this study is to find out whether there is any difference in lifestyle by health status in the same Sasang constitution type, and whether there is any difference in lifestyle by the Sasang constitution type in the same health condition. Methods We used collected the clinical data of Korean medicine Data Center (KDC). In this study, we used items of the lifestyle about meal and sleep (Meal regularity, Meal amount, Meal time, Dream, Sleep well, Hard to fall asleep, Shallow sleep, Nap, Sleep time, Quality of sleep) as variables. We found the differences of lifestyles using the Chi-square test and ANOVA. We analyzed using SPSS statistics 21.0 for Korean. Results & Conclusions When we compared the lifestyle by Sasang constitution type in each health status, there were differences in items of meal amount and nap. When we compared the lifestyle by health status in each Sasang constitution type, we found differences in items of meal regularity, sleep well, nap etc. However, in TE tpe, there was not these differences by health status.
  • 5.

    The Association between Seven Health Practices and Self Rated Health by Sasang Constitution

    jang eun su , Yunyoung, Kim , Younghwa Baek and 1 other persons | 2018, 30(1) | pp.32~42 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study aimed to know the association between seven health practices and self rated health by Sasang constitution. We recruited 367 subjects aged from 30 to 59. KS 15 questionnaire was used to classify Sasang constitution and visual analogue scale was used to estimate self rated health. Chi-square test was used to know the difference of occupation distribution by Sasang constitution. Anova test, T-test and Chi-square test also used to analyze the difference of self rated health between the health practice group and non- health group in individual Sasang constitution. SPSS 21.0K was used and significant p was <.05. Regular morning meal, non-snaking, good sleeping and sufficient exercise had higher self rated health score (p<.05). Regular morning meal, good sleeping and sufficient exercise had higher score in Tae-eumin (p<.05). Good sleeping had higher self rated health score in Soeumin and Soyangin (p<.05). These results suggest there is possibility that health practices for health promotion could be different according to Sasang constitution.
  • 6.

    A Study about Psychological Counseling Methods for Mental Curing Classified by Sasang Constitution

    Minsu Kang , Jiwon Oh , 양성필 and 1 other persons | 2018, 30(1) | pp.43~49 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives In modern psychiatry, psychological counseling is important to mental curing. Although there are so many methods for mental curing, but counseling is known as the most efficient methods for mental curing. So, we are going to study about psychological counseling methods according to sasang constitution. Methods We analysed the characters of each constitution, and tried to find out which kind of counseling is suitable for each constitution. Results and Conclusions Soeumin is passive and tend to be depressive. So the self-esteem of soeumin is lower than that of other constitution. So, they mainly need social support and supportive counseling. Soyangin is tend to be extrovert group and easy to have fear. It is mainly caused by cognitive distortion, so they mainly need cognitive therapy. Taeumin is very stable and don’t like to move. Taeumin Jeongchung(怔忡) is similar to panic disorder. So they need cognitive therapy and exercise counseling to exercise regularly. Taeyangin is tend to be angry, so they need meditation therapy to quell anger.
  • 7.

    Cold hypersensitivity in the Hands, Feet and Abdomen according to Sasang Constitution

    Kwang-Ho Bae , Kihyun Park , Lee Siwoo | 2018, 30(1) | pp.50~57 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives This study was aimed to examine cold hypersensitivity tendency in the hands, feet and abdomen according to Sasang constitution among Koreans. Methods Multi stage stratified sampling was conducted for random selection of 1,100 participants aged ≥ 19 years, based on sex, age, region in Oct.2010. Cold hypersensitivity was measured using a questionnaire to score the extent of cold hypersensitivity in the hands, feet, abdomen. Subjects’ constitution was diagnosed by Korea Sasang Constitutional Diagnostic Questionnaire (KS-15). The cold hypersensitivity scores according to Sasang constitution were analyzed using logistic regression and one way ANOVA. Results On the one way ANOVA, Soeumin group’s cold hypersensitivity in the hands and feet scores were significantly higher than those of Taeeumin and Soyangin groups. However, there was no significant difference in the abdominal cold hypersensitivity scores by constitution. The regression analysis, adjusted for age, sex, and sociodemographic variables, showed that Soeumin group had significantly higher cold hypersensitivity effects of the hands (β = 0.105, p = 0.002) and feet (β = 0.099, p = 0.003) than Taeeumin group. Conclusions Soeumin group significantly had higher cold hypersensitivity scores in the hands and feet than Taeumin and Soyangin group.
  • 8.

    Effects of Stress and Obesity on the Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome to the Sasang Constitution

    유하나 , Hoseok Kim , Lee Siwoo and 2 other persons | 2018, 30(1) | pp.58~65 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives This study is to identify the relationship between stress, obesity and metabolic syndrome (MetS) by Sasang constitution (SC) and to use it as a basic data for the customized healthcare system of chronic disease management. Methods In a cross-sectional study conducted in a rural area of the Gyeongju area in 2014, we extracted data on 1,847 people using data from Korean medicine Data Center (KDC). The SC types diagnosed by Sasang constitutional medicine doctor. The stress was measured by the psychosocial well-being index questionnaire, and the obesity was defined by the body mass index. Results In all SC type, the stress and obesity was associated with MetS. There was a significant difference in the prevalence and trend of MetS according to presence of stress and obesity. The prevalence of MetS was the highest in Taeumin with all the stress and obesity, in order of Soeumin and Soyangin. Regardless SC types, the stress was associated with higher risk of MetS in the obese but not in the nonobese. Conclusion The results of this study indicate that further research is necessary to the SC types for the management of the Metabolic syndrome according to stress and obesity.
  • 9.

    Development of Mobile Application for Preventive Management based on Korean Medicine: Mibyeongbogam

    Youngseop Lee , Heejeong Jin , Park-Daeil and 1 other persons | 2018, 30(1) | pp.66~73 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives The purpose of this study was to develop mobile a application that evaluate the Mibyeong(deterioration of the health) in daily life and provide optimal Yangseng(養生) interventions according to the Korean medicine types. Methods The evaluation of Mibyeong utilized questionnaire or objective informations including Facial photographs and hemodynamic information. The Korean medicine type classification was reconstructed based on the concept of Sasang constitution and cold-heat pattern identification. Yangseng interventions were recommended based on Mibyeong symptoms, Korean medicine types, and demographic information. And we have developed tracking and ranking functions for user motivations. We used a Korean medicine database that focused on healthy people as a reference data, and used Yangseng interventions database that reinterpreted classical Yangseng in a modern way. Results and Conclusions We have developed a mobile application that evaluates the user's Mibyeong state and provides optimal Yangseng interventions based on Korean medicine types. This study are expected to improve the quality of health and contribute to the prevention of diseases.