Journal of Sasang Constitutional Medicine 2021 KCI Impact Factor : 0.75

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pISSN : 1226-4075 / eISSN : 2287-786X
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2019, Vol.31, No.1

  • 1.

    The perennial philosophical approach of Sasang Constitutional Medicine

    Heo Hoon | 2019, 31(1) | pp.1~12 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Objective The purpose of this study is to reveal the universal truthfulness of Sasang Constitutional Medicine from the perspective of the perennial philosophy and the integral psychology. Methods Aldous Huxley's The perennial philosophy and Ken Wilber's Literature of integral psychology such as A Brief History of Everything was compared with Gyukchigo(格致藁)』 and 『Donguisusebowon(東醫壽世保元)』. Also investigated the literature of various countries related to constitution(temperament). Results and Conclusions 1. Historically, there are various constitutional theories, but the constitution that best corresponds to the constitution in the perennial philosophy of Aldous Huxley is Sasang Constitutional Medicine. 2. The Sasang theory(四象說) and Four element structure(四元構造) of Sasang Constitutional Medicine was confirmed to be the same as AQAL(all quadrants & all levels) of Ken Wilber. 3. The Sasang theory(Four element structure) of Sasang Constitutional Medicine was presented ahead of Ken Wilber's AQAL(all quadrants & all levels), therefore, Sasang Constitutional Medicine has universal truthfulness.
  • 2.

    A Study on the Relationship between the Mencius and the Maeumron of Donguisusebowon - focusing on Mencius Chapter 3 -

    Lim, Byeonghak , choi Gu Won , 윤수정 | 2019, 31(1) | pp.13~25 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives Lee Je-Ma’s Sasang-philosophy that was discussed in Donguisusebowon is Maeumron and Qi-philosophy. Sasang-philosophy has a direct origin to Mencius, which discusses the Maeumron of Confucianism. Therefore the relationship between Maeumron of Donguisusebowon and Mencius Chapter 3 will be examined. Methods Materials and references were collected about the literature survey. Lee Je-Ma’s books such as Donguisusebowon, Gyeokchigo and a book of Confucianism including the Mencius. Results and Conclusions Hoyeonjiqi in ‘Sadanron’ of Donguisusebowon encompasses the Qi of metaphysical personality and physiological Qi, and it can be seen that it is the Qi that fuses body and mind together. Benevolence, righteousness, propriety and wisdom are directly linked to the personal mind of Sasangin. Unlike the mencius's four clues of virtue, the Sadan is discussed in terms of the large and small organs in four constitution such sa lungs, spleen, liver, and kidneys. Next, In the relationship between Taesim of ‘Whoakchungron’ and greed of Mencius, if discuss a relationships between 'I understand language' and Taesim, Deceptive speech connects with the dogmatism of Soeumin, Licentious speech connects with indulgence of Taeumin, Crooked speech connects with laziness of Soyangin and Evasive speech connects with selfishness of Taeyangin. Also in the relationship between taking delight․gladness without real cause․idleness․arrogant and Taesim, taking Delight connects with the dogmatism of Soeumin, Gladness without real cause connects with selfishness of Taeyangin, Idleness connects with laziness of Soyangin, and Arrogant connects with indulgence of Taeumin. The next thing, people of Four types of ‘Gwangjeseol’ coincide with Mencius. Also Love benevolence and enjoy goodness, Envy benevolence and jealous talent in the ‘Gwangjeseol’ are able to find the source directly in Mencius.
  • 3.

    Status and Characteristic of Sasang Constitutional Medicine Philosophy Research in China through CNKI

    Bae,Young-Chun | 2019, 31(1) | pp.26~36 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Objective The purpose of this study is to understand how Sasang Constitutional Medicine has been understood in China. Methods I searched for topics in Chinese such as Sasang medicine (四象醫學), Sasang constitution (四象體質), Chao medicine (朝醫), philosophy (哲學), principles (原理), the school of Confucianism (儒家), Confucianism (儒學) and ideology (思想) in CNKI database on January 15, 2019. The selected studies were summarized as three sections; the basic principles of Sasang Constitutional Medicine, influences of Confucianism and comparison with other medicines. Results In China, the principles of Sasang Constitutional Medicine is explained using the concepts such as Heaven-Human- Nature-Order, the Great Ultimate (Taiji), Two Modes (Liang-Yi), Sasang, heart, sorrow-anger-joy-pleasure, nature-emotions (Xingqing), and viscera-bowels (Zang-Fu). Sasang Constitutional Medicine is considered to has been influenced by Confucianism. The form of Sasang Constitutional Medicine was affected by the Book of Changes (Zhouyi), and the contents were impacted by the Great Learning (Daxue), the Doctrine of the Mean (Zhongyong), the Mencius (Mengzi) and the Analects (Lunyu). Sasang Constitutional Medicine have distinctive characteristics in comparison with other medicines, such as inherent determinations of constitution, organs difference by constitution the actions of nature, emotions and desire, recognition of humans as social beings, and the signification of heart as a presiding center. Conclusion In China, the philosophy of Sasang Constitutional Medicine has been studied with basis of four-element structure; activity, mind, body and matter. Also, it has been researched in medical aspects of human trying to control the nature and emotions to be physically, mentally and socially healthy.
  • 4.

    Systematic review of Sasang typology studies from psychological perspective

    Ji Han Han , Hwan Seong Lee , Junyeop Lee and 2 other persons | 2019, 31(1) | pp.36~63 | number of Cited : 9
    Abstract PDF
    Introduction The purpose of this study was to review thirty years of studies on psychological characteristics of Sasang types to delineate generalizable psychological theories pertaining Sasang typology. Methods Research articles providing psychometric characteristics of each Sasang types were extracted from five database written in Korean and English. Demographic features of the participants, clinical methods for the Sasang type classification, and psychological characteristics of each Sasang types were reviewed and summarized. Results A total of 59 peer-reviewed research articles were found to be published from 1991 to 2018, and the So-Yang and So-Eum Sasang type showed distinctive and contrasting psychological features. The overlap between Eastern and Western psychology in Behavioral Activation and Inhibition System was highlighted as for personality studies, but the anxiety as a pathological factor was not found distinguishable between Sasang types. Discussion The present systematic review provided insight on psychological perspectives of Sasang typology, and would be useful for establishing unique construct of Korean Psychology.
  • 5.

    Disease-Related Vocubulary and its translingual practice in Late 19th to Early 20th century

    Eunryoung Lee | 2019, 31(1) | pp.65~78 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives This study aims to investigate how the Korean disease–related vocabulary is established or changed when it is translated into French or English. Through this, we examine changes in the meaning of diseases and the ecosystem of disease-related vocabulary in transition period of 19th to 20th century. Methods Korean disease-related vocabulary are extracted from a total of 148,000 Korean headwords included in our corpus of three bilingual dictionaries. Among them, the scope of analyisis is limited to group of vocabularies that include a high frequency words, disease(病) and symptom(症). Results The first type of change is the emergence of a neologism. In this case, coexistence of existing vocabulary and new words is observed. The second change is the appearance of loan words written in Hangul. The third is the case where the interpretation of meaning is changed while maintaining the word form. Finally, the fourth change is that the orthographic variants are displayed while maintaining the meaning of the existing vocabulary. Discussion Disease-related vocabulary increased greatly between 1897 and 1931. The increasing factor of vocabulary was the emergence of coined words, compound words and the influx of foreign words. The Korean language and the Western language made a new lexical form in order to introduce a new unknown concept to the Korean. We could also confirm that the way in which English word expanded its semantic field by modifying the way of representing the meaning of Korean Disease-related vocabulary.
  • 6.

    Experiential Understanding of Humans and Reconstructing the Theory of Pathophysiology in the Sasang Constitutional Medical Theory

    CHOI DAE WOO | 2019, 31(1) | pp.79~93 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Objective The purpose of this study was to show that the characteristics of the Sasang Constitutional Medical theory(SCM) are different from the traditional medical theory by comparing their theories of humans and pathophysiology. Methods The establishments and developments of the traditional medical theory were reviewed. Then the hypothesis that the theoretical foundation of SCM is different from that of the traditional medical theory was tested by comparing the traditional medical theory and SCM with respect to the theories of humans and the reconstructed theory of pathophysiology. Results The main findings of this study can be summarized as follows. 1. The theory of SCM reconstructed the traditional medical theory by shifting the paradigm concerning the structure of human existence. 2. The theory for SCM reconstructed the theory of pathophysiology by expanding Confucian moral theory from an experiential perspective. 3. The theory of SCM categorizes humans into four constitution groups according to congenital individuality in emotional expressions and pathophysiological functions. The categorization is based on medical treatment through which it was found that there are congenital individuality in the expression of his moral feelings. 4. The reconstructed pathophysiological theory of the SCM provides the foundation for establishing a verifiable medical theory. Discussion and conclusion The Sasang Constitutional Medical Theory is based on the idea that humans do not follow the changes of Nature but pursue morality and wealth in the Sasang system of the Heavenly qi and human affairs. Therefore, the theory is founded on Confucian moral theory but develops its own view of the theory of pathophysiology by way of experiential interpretation.
  • 7.

    The Stability of Yin-Yang Temperament in Middle School Students

    Soo Jin Lee , Chae, Han | 2019, 31(1) | pp.94~101 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives The Yin-Yang construct was shown to have stable internal reliability or consistency using Sasang Personality Questionnaire (SPQ) throughout the various ages, however the study of stability over specific period of time was only conducted using adults. The purpose of the study was to examine the stability across the time using middle school students whose physical and psychological characteristics were most rapidly changing. Methods The 122 middle school students (65 boys and 57 girls) completed the SPQ at 1st year and 2nd year with one-year time difference. Cronbach’s α and Pearson’s correlation analysis were employed in order to show the internal consistency and stability over one-year interval after considering sex difference. Results The internal consistency of SPQ-T, SPQ-B, SPQ-C, SPQ-E using Cronbach’s α were .61, .72, .28, .28 in 2016 and .62, .72, .26, .46 in 2017. The one-year test-retest reliability of SPQ-T, SPQ-B, SPQ-C, SPQ-E using Pearson’s correlation analysis were .56, .61, .31, .23 in boys and .58, .63, .64, .29 in girls. Conclusion The current study showed the stability of Yin-Yang temperament across the one-year time suggesting that the Yin-Yang temperament is quite stable and measurable concept and the SPQ would be considered as an objective and reliable personality assessment.
  • 8.

    A Case of Cold Hypersensitivity from Hypothyroidism of Soeumin Diagnosed as Greater Yang Disease Reverting Yin Pattern

    Lee, Yongjae , Seul Lee , So-hyung Kim and 2 other persons | 2019, 31(1) | pp.102~112 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives The purpose of this case study was to report that cold hypersensitivity caused by hypothyroidism was alleviated by diagnosing and treating as Greater Yang Disease Reverting Yin Pattern. Methods The patient was administered Insamosuyu-tang and Sammisamyu-tang and treated with acupuncture. Global Assessment Scale (GAS) and Digital Infrared Thermal Imaging (DITI) was used to assess the improvements of symptoms. Results and Conclusions Cold hypersensitivity of hands and feet was improved to GAS 20, and hours of sleep were increased from one to six. On DITI, the increase of the temperature were 1-3 degree celsius on the chest and the abdomen, 0.2-1 degree on the forearms and the hands, 1-2 degree on the thighs, and 0.2-0.5 degree on the shins and the feet.