Journal of Sasang Constitutional Medicine 2021 KCI Impact Factor : 0.75

Korean | English

pISSN : 1226-4075 / eISSN : 2287-786X

http://journal.kci.go.kr/JSCM
Home > Explore Content > All Issues > Article List

1992, Vol.4, No.1

  • 1.

    A Study on The Principles and Philosophical Basis of 'Sa Sang Medicine'

    Jeong-Mo Song | 1992, 4(1) | pp.5~29 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    In this study, the author researched the process in which the philosophical basis of 'Sa Sang Medicine (四象醫學)' and its methodology build up the principles of Sa Sang Medicine, and then, examined how the principles were applied to the theoretical system of Sa Sang Medicine. The conclusion would be summarized as follows. 1. 'Nae Kyung Medicine (內經醫學)' was developed under the concept that the cosmos's order and its moving rule could be directly applied to that of human body, which corresponded to the 'Theory of Hwang-No (黃老之學)'. On the contrary, Sa Sang Medicine is a thoroughly human-oriented theory formed in the Confucianism system. 2. Lee Jae-Ma's Substantialism can be briefed into 'Mind 心' (Tae Keuk 太極), 'Mind-Body 心身' (Yang Eui 兩儀) and 'Activity-Mind-Body-Matter 事心身物' (Sa Sang 四象), which respectively represents one-elemented substance, two-elemented substance and four-elemented substance. Especially, Sa Sang was used as a basic framework in which he recognized all the objects and phenomena. So, most critical significance of his substantialism consists in the intention of Sa Sang type classifying. 3. By the method of Sa Sang type classifying, Lee Jae-Ma not only redefined the main concepts of confucianism and developed a unique philosophy of his own, but also, in the field of medical science, resystemized and re-explained the structure and function of human body. 4. From the recognition that Activity-Mind-body-Matter (Sa Sang) are four different existence forms of energy 氣 (or four variation types of energy), Yi Jae-Ma thinks that the viscera of human body have a vertical structure of 'four parts 四焦' (upper, mid-upper, mid-lower and lower parts) and its physiological function is operated by the rising and falling action of four energy presentations (sorrow 哀, anger 怒, joy 喜 and pleasure 樂). 5. In "Gyuk Chi Go 格致藁", Lee Jae-Ma understood the concept of joy, anger, sorrow and pleasure on the basis of nature-emotion theory 性情論 from the philosophical viewpoint. But, from the medical viewpoint of "Dong Eui Su Se Bo Won 東醫壽世保元", he understood them on the basis of vital energy theory. That is, sorrow, anger, joy and pleasure are expression of advance or reverse of nature vital-energy 性氣 and emotion vital-energy 情氣. 6. The rising and falling action principle of four energy presentations (sorrow, anger, joy and pleasure) which produces and helps each other is an identical principles of Sa Sang Medicine, distinguished from the Oh-Haeng 五行 circulating principle in Nae Kyung Medicine. Through this principle, Lee Jae-Ma explained the viscera physiology of human body, pathology & diagnosis and pharmacology.
  • 2.

  • 3.

  • 4.

  • 5.

    A Research on the Health State According to Each of the Korean Constitution's Perceptual Level of Stress

    Jeon Eun-Young , Koh Byung-Hee , Kwuy Bun Kim | 1992, 4(1) | pp.81~106 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study was to find out the causal relationship between perceptual level of stress and health state according to Korean constitutions and to analyze that effect on the Korean constitution's health state. Subjects of this study were 87 out patient department of constitution at Kyung-Hee Oriental Medicine Hospital. Data were collected by using interview with Questionaire during 6 months from Feb. 2 to June 31, 1991. The Measurement tools used by this researcher were Go's The Questionaire of Identify about constitution, Lee's stress scale and Go's modified Cornell Medical Index which were approved it's reliability and validity. All of the questionaires of were used after pre- test. For the purposes of the study, the collected data were analyzed by frequency, t-test, ANOVA and Pearson correlation. And then this research's issue was tested by SAS program's ANCOVA. The findings of this study was summarized as follow. 1. There was significantly differences in stress perceptual level in Korean constitution. (F=9.68, P=.000). The So Em In (小陰人) were higher than the other constitution on stress perceptional level. 2. In health state, there was significantly difference among Korean constitution. (F=6.654, P=.002). Also the So Em In (小陰人) was lower than the other constitution at health state. Therefore, it was considerate that So Em In (小陰人) was higher perceptual level of stress than the other constitution and the resulting poor health state. 3. Stressful perception was effected on the health state, as a result inverted correlation was constructed between stress perception and health state. (r=-.6034, P=.0001) 4. After exclusion of stress perceptual level, each of the Korean Constitution's health state was not difference (F=1.01, P=.37). It was mean that differences of the Korean Constitution's perceptual level of stress effected on the health state. Bacause So Em In (小陰人) had higher perceptual level of stress than other constitution (F=9.687, P=.000), in proportion to that one's health state was poor. From the results of this study, it could be concluded that the higher stress perceptual level according to Korean constitution, the poorer health state. Further study in this area needs to be consideration that in order to coping with stress, researcher grope for quality nursing intervention with more accurative assessment about Korean constitution.
  • 6.

    A Study on the Morphological Diagrgmmings of Four Constitutiens

    Huh Man-hoi , Jeong-Mo Song , Dal Rae Kim and 1 other persons | 1992, 4(1) | pp.107~148 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The definitions of Four Constitution (Tae-Yang-In, So-Yang-In, Tae-Eum-In, So-Eum-In) in Four-Beginning-Theory (四端論) and Distribution-Theory (擴充論) were morphologically diagrammatized. the method of measuring the five parts came from the diagrams. The five parts are the followings; Top-Line is the distance between Rt. & Lt.Shoulders. Bosom-Line is the horizontal distance passing through the Rt. & Lt.nipples. Stomach-Line is the horizontal distance passing through the Rt. & Lt. acupuncture point Bool-Yong (不容穴). Navel-Line is the horizontal distance passing through the navel. Bottom-Line is the distance between the Rt.& Lt. anterior superior iliac spines. According to it, 311 people were measured in the clinic. Through the measured numerical values, to find out the objective propriety of the morphological diagrammings and the discriminating ability of Four Constitutions by the method of measuring the five, the author tried this study and got the following results. 1. On the ground of the Internal Organs-Theory (臟腑論), the definitions of Four Constitutions were classified and diagrammatized step by step and it was possible to draw the morphological graphs satisfying the reasonable condition objectively. 2. It was found that the graphings by Mean, Standard Deviation and 95% Confidence Interval for mean of the numerical values of five measured parts and the morphological diagrammings of the definitions in Four-Beginning Theory and Distribution-Theory drove to the same figures. 3. Through the method of the Analysis of variance and the Discriminant Analysis, it was discovered that the measured numerical values of five parts could distinguish the Four Constitutions. 4. Tae-Yang-In has the longest Top-Line and the shortest Bottom-Line. The Mean head of Confidence Interval from Top to Bottom is downwardly decreased at the rate of 3.7, 1.5, 1.8, 3.4. 5. So-Yang-In has the longest Top-Line and the shortest Bottom-Line. The Mean head of confidence Interval from Top to Bottom is downwardly decreased at the rate of 2.3, 1.5, 1.5, 1.1. 6. Tae-Eum-In has the longest Navel-Line. The Mean head of Confidence Interval from Navel to Top is upwardly decreased at the rate of 0.5, 0.4, 2.5 and downwardly decreased at the rate of 2.7 between Navel and Bottom. 7. So-Eum-In has the longest Bottom-Line. The Mean head of Confidence Interval from Bottom to Top is upwardly decreased at the rate of 1.1, 1.1, 1.8, 2.3. From the above findings, it was possible to draw the morphological graphings satisfying the objectively reasonable conditions in the definitions of Four-Beginning-Theory and Distribution-Theory and it was proved that the results of the Positive Analysis, carried with the measured numerical values of five parts from the diagramming, could show the objective propriety of the morphological graphings and the discerning ability of Four Constitutions by the method of measuring the five parts.
  • 7.

  • 8.

  • 9.

  • 10.

  • 11.

    SKIN CONDUCTANCE LEVEL IN PATHOLOGICAL STATES ON THE PHYSICAL CONSTITUTION

    Bongkwan Jo , Koh Byung-Hee , Kim, Deok-Ho and 6 other persons | 1992, 4(1) | pp.187~192 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Skin conductance level (SCL) is used to analyze the individual differences in pathological states. The points of measurement were on the back of the second metacarpals, according to the Zhang's biological whole body medical treatment method. SCL was measured in 38 healthy men and women and in 98 patients in lung, liver, stomach, kidney, and paralysis. The classification of the physical constitution was done to them with respect to Lee's physical constitution theory. The following tendencies were observed. 1. SCL in patients group is lower than that in healthy group. 2. In healthy group, SCL in micro-positive physical constitution is higher than those of micro-negative and macro-negative physical constitution. 3. In patients group, SCL in micro-positive physical constitution is lower than those of micro-negative and macro-negative physical constitution vice versa.
  • 12.

    A Study on the Specific Hormone Characteristics on the Blood in Four Types of Physical Constitution

    Kim, Dae Seong , kim kyung yo , Jong Hyun, Han | 1992, 4(1) | pp.193~212 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Comparative hormones quantities on the blood analysis was carried out to investigate the hormones specific characters on the blood in four types of physical constitution. Thyroid-stimulating (TSH), triiodothyronine(T3), triiodothyronine uptake(T3 uptake), free triiodothyronine(free T3), thyroxine(T4), free thyroxine (free T4), thyroxine-binding globulin(TBG), adrenocorticotropic hormone(ACTH), luteinizing hormone(LH), testosterone were measured. The results obtained were summarized as follows: 1. The value of thyroid-stimulating hormone(TSH) on the constitution didn't shown significant difference, while the value of So-EUM-IN was increased and SO-YANG-IN was decreased. 2. The value of triiodothyronine(T3) on the constitution didn't shown significant difference, while the value of TAE-EUM-IN was decreased. 3. The value of triiodothyronine uptake(T3 uptake) on the constitution didn't shown significant difference, but between the value of TAE-EUM-IN and SO-EUM-IN, TAE-EUM-In and SO-YANG-IN showed significant difference. 4. The value of free triiodothyronine(free T3) on the constitution didn't shown signifcant difference, but between the value of TAE-EUM-IN and SO-EUM-In, TAE-EUM-In and SO-YANG-IN showed significant difference. 5. The value of thyroxine(T4) on the constitution didn't shown significant difference, while the value of TAE-EUM-IN and SO-YANG-IN showed difference. 6. The value of free thyroxine(free T4) on the constitution didn't shown significant difference, but between the value of TAE-EUM-IN and SO-YANG-IN showed significant difference. 7. The value of thyroxine-binding globulin(TBG) on the constitution didn't shown significant difference. 8. The value of adrenocorticotropic hormone(ACTH) on the constitution didn't shown significant difference. 9. The value of luteinizing hormone(LH) on the constitution didn't shown significant difference, but between the value of TAE-EUM-IN and SO-EUM-IN, TAE-EUM-IN and SO-YANG-IN showed significant difference. 10. The value of testosterone on the constitution didn't shown significant difference.
  • 13.

  • 14.

    An Experimental Study on the Effects of Shipjuntaepotang on Immune Response in Mice

    Seong Ho Park | 1992, 4(1) | pp.221~230 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    In order to investigate the effects of shipjuntaepotang (少陰人 十全大補湯) on immune response, the author performed this experimental study. Delayed type hypersensitivity (DTH) and rosette forming cells (RFC) for cell-mediated immune response, hemagglutinin (HA) titers, hemolysin (HL) titers, and carbon clearance for phagocytic function of MPS (mononuclear phagocyte system) were measured in ICR mice. The results were summarized as follows. 1. DTH in the experimental group was increased, as compared with the control group, with statistical significance. 2. RFC in the experimental group was increased, as compared with the control group, with statistical significance. 3. HA-titers were increased in the experimental group, as compared with the control group, with statistical significance. 4. HL-titers were increased in the experimental group, as compared with the control group, with statistical significance. 5. Carbon clearance was increased in the experimental group, as compared with the control group, with statistical significance. Through invivo experimental study in ICR mice, these findings suggest that shipjuntaepo-tang enhance both cellmediated and humoral immune responce.
  • 15.

    An Experimental Studies on the Efficacy of Taeumin Handayŏlsot'ang and Gamihandayŏlsot'ang

    Park Seong-sik | 1992, 4(1) | pp.231~240 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    In order to investigate experimentally the effects of Taeumin Handayolsot'ang and Gamihandayolsot'ang, experimental studies were conducted about antipyretic effect, analgesic effect, antiinflammatory effect of edema, sadative effect, anticonvulsive effect experimental animals (mice and rats). Sample A group was a solid extract of Handayolsot'ang treated group. Sample B group was a solid extract of Gamihandayolsot'ang treated group. The results were summarized as fallows. 1. In antipyretic action by yeast method, sample A group was decreased significantly and sample B group showed decreasing tendency, but showed no significance. 2. In the effect of control for writhing syndrome by the acetic acid stimulating method, sample B group was repressed significantly and sample A group showed repressing tendency, but showed no significance. 3. Antiinflammatory action by carrageenine edema method was showed significant effect at all sample groups. 4. Sadative effect by rotor rod method in rats was not noted at all sample groups. 5. In anticonvulsive action by E C T unit method, time to death in mice was significantly prolonged at all sample groups. According to the above results, it is considered that Taeumin Handayolsot'ang and Gamihandayolsot'ang will be effective on pyretic diseases.
  • 16.

    Experimental Studies on the Effects of Bittern

    Sun Min Kim | 1992, 4(1) | pp.241~253 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    To observe the diuretic action in mice, the anti-inflammatory action by carrageenin method and the anti-pyretic action by yeast method in rats, the Bittern was administered. Diuretic effort of Bittern was studied by measuring the urine flow, sodium, potassium in urinary excretion. The results in this work were summarized as follows: 1. The Bittern showed significant diuretic action. 2. The Bittern showed significant anti-inflammatory effect. 3. The Bittern showed significant anti-pyretic effect. According to the above results, the Bittern seems to be applicable to the treatment of edema.