Journal of Sasang Constitutional Medicine 2021 KCI Impact Factor : 0.75

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pISSN : 1226-4075 / eISSN : 2287-786X
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2021, Vol.33, No.2

  • 1.

    Study on the Sasang Type Diagnosis Using Objective Biopsychological Measures

    Chae, Han , Yosun Hwang , Kimmin sung and 5 other persons | 2021, 33(2) | pp.1~13 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    Introduction The previous study showed that the psychological Sasang Personality Questionnaire (SPQ) and physical Body Mass Index (BMI) were clinically useful for predicting Sasang types diagnosed with certified clinical specialist and QSCCII. The purpose of current study was to examine its clinical usefulness using large sized clinical sample. Methods The age, sex, height, weight, circumference of waist and hip, Sasang Personality Questionnaire (SPQ), and Sasang type of 2,049 participants listed on the Korean Medicine Data Center were acquired. The anthropometrics of BMI, Ponderal Index (PI), Waist-Hip Ratio (WHR), and Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR) were calculated. The discriminant analysis using SPQ subscales, BMI, age and sex were performed to predict Sasang types. And, the ANCOVA with age and sex as covariate was also used to examine differences among diagnosed and predicted Sasang type groups in biopsychological features. Results The discriminant analysis showed 82.0% of percentage correctly predicted. And, the biopsychological characteristics of predicted Sasang type groups were significantly similar to those of diagnosed Sasang type groups. In both predicted and diagnosed Sasang type groups, the anthropometric measures were in increasing order of So-Eum, So-Yang, and Tae-Eum types, and the psychological measures were in increasing order of So-Eum, Tae-Eum, and So-Yang types as shown in previous studies. Discussion and Conclusion The well validated biopsychological variables of SPQ and BMI showed theoretical and clinical usefulness, and were found to be useful for diagnosing Sasang types in clinical setting. The current study might be useful for the East-West integrative medicine and evidence-based teaching.
  • 2.

    A Pilot Study for Applying Korea Sasang Constitutional Diagnostic Questionnaire(KS-15) to the Vietnamese

    Sang-Hyuk Kim , Kihyun Park , Kyung Sik Jeong and 1 other persons | 2021, 33(2) | pp.15~23 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives The purpose of this study was to evaluate the possibility of Korea Sasang Constitutional Diagnostic Questionnaire(KS-15) when was applied to the Vietnamese. Methods The subjects of this study were Vietnamese participants who visited National Hospital of Traditional Medicine in Hanoi in 2012-2013 among the data established at the Korean Medicine Data Center. Among them, 188 people were used to assess the reliability, and 116 people were used to assess the validity. The reliability test was conducted through test-retest analysis, and the validity test was conducted through cross analysis comparing to diagnosis by Sasang Constitutional experts. Results & Conclusions Three items of total 14 items, except for BMI, showed 0.4 or below in Kappa, 3 items were ranged in 0.4-0.6 and 8 items showed 0.6 or over, using 188 people. The concordance rate between the results of KS-15 and diagnosis of experts was 66.4% in 116 people (85.4% in Taeeumin, 47.4% in Soeumin, and 64.9% in Soyangin). The KS-15 could be usable for supporting to diagnose the Sasang constitution of the Vietnamese.
  • 3.

    A Comparative Study of Response of KS-15 Questionnaire between Migrant Vietnam and Daejeon Women

    Younghwa Baek , Hoseok Kim , jang eun su | 2021, 33(2) | pp.25~36 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives The aim of this study was to reveal the difference of body shape, personality, physiological characteristics between migrant Vietnam and Daejeon women using propensity matching. Methods The number of 274 Vietnamese migrant women and Daejeon city women participate in this study. We surveyed Sasang Constitution (SC) expressive factor, such Body Mass Index (BMI) using Korea Sasang Constitutional Diagnostic Questionnaire (KS-15). A Chi-square test and a T-test were used. Significant p was .05. Results The height, weight and BMI of Daejeon women was bigger than those of Vietnam(p<.001). There was significant difference in personality characteristics in ‘broad mind-narrow mind’(p<.001), ‘Active–Passive’(p<.001), ‘Masculine–Feminine’(p=.002). There was significant differentce in physio-pathological symptom in ‘digestion’(p<.001), ‘urine time’(p<.001), ‘feeling cold/heat’(p=.006). There was significant differentce in distribution of SC between Vietnam and Daejeon women(p=.025). Conclusions This study reveals that there is differentce in body shape, personality, physiological characteristics between Vietnam and Daejeon women. These factors might influence on SC distribution between Vietnam and Dajeon women
  • 4.

    Association of Breakfast, Eating Frequency, and Energy Intake with Health-related Quality of Life According to Sasang Constitution: in Korean General Population

    Kyoungsik Jeong , Lee Siwoo , Jieun Kim and 1 other persons | 2021, 33(2) | pp.37~46 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Background According to the Sasang constitutional medicine, eating habits according to the characteristics of Sasang Constitution (SC) types affect management of chronic diseases and health conditions. The aim of this study is to identify the association between eating habits, such as breakfast, eating frequency, and energy intake, according to SC, and quality of life. Method This study is a cross-sectional study of people aged 33 to 55 years, sampled by stratification based on population distribution. The SC types were classified into Taeeumin (TE), Soeumin (SE), and Soyangin (SY) using a structured questionnaire (KS-15). Items examined regarding eating habits were whether the subjects had breakfast; the frequency of eating such as breakfast, lunch, dinner, and after-dinner snacks; and energy intake surveyed using a food frequency questionnaire. As for quality of life, SF-12, which is widely used worldwide to assess health conditions, was utilized. A regression analysis was conducted on the relations between eating habits according to SC and quality of life. Results The SC distribution of the 3,895 subjects was 47% for TE, 22% for SE, and 31% for SY. The scores indicating quality of life differed for TE and SY depending on whether they ate breakfast and eating frequency groups, and those of SE varied depending on levels of energy intake. A regression analysis having adjusted all covariates demonstrated for TE a positive relation between the eating frequency of three times per day or more (compared to 1.5 to 3 meals per day) and quality of life (B=1.365, p<0.001). For SE, there was a negative association between low energy intake (compared to adequate energy intake) and quality of life (B=-1.642, p=0.004). Meanwhile, no relation was found between eating habits and quality of life for SY. Conclusion This study identified the association between eating habits according to SC types and quality of life. For TE, it was found to be important to eat evenly dispersed adequate amounts as opposed to overeating or binging at once. For SE, adequate energy intake affected good quality of life. This study suggests that eating habits based on SC improve quality of life, and health management customized for each constitution should be performed in the future through proper eating habits.
  • 5.

    Effects and Safety of Electroacupuncture on Cold Hypersensitivity on Hands and Feet by Sasang Constitution: A Multi-center, Randomized Controlled Trial

    Kwon Na-Yoen , Yoo Jun Sang , Kim, Dong il and 2 other persons | 2021, 33(2) | pp.47~64 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives The purpose of this study was to figure out the effect and safety of electro-acupuncture and acupuncture on cold hypersensitivity on hands and feet(CHHF) by Sasang constitution. Methods 72 subjects were recruited from three Korean medical hospitals from October 2019 to October 2020. Subjects were randomly allocated in 1:1:1 ratio to electro-acupuncture group(EA group), acupuncture group(AC group), and control group. The EA and AC group received treatment twice a week for 5 weeks. We tried to confirm the effectiveness of electro-acupuncture and acupuncture treatment by checking changes in Visual analogue score(VAS), body temperature of LU4, PC8, ST32, LR3, and WHOQOL-BREF score. Results The VAS score of CHHF was reduced after treatment, and the effect continued for 4 weeks after the end of treatment in all Sasang constitution, all treatment groups. In all Sasang constitution, the body temperature of the electro-acupuncture group or acupuncture grouop was higher than that of the control group except LU4 in visit 11. And no clinically significant adverse events have been identified. Conclusions Electro-acupuncture and acupuncture treatment are effective on hypersensitivity on hands on feet, and the effect was shown regardless of Sasang constitution.