Journal of Sasang Constitutional Medicine 2021 KCI Impact Factor : 0.75

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pISSN : 1226-4075 / eISSN : 2287-786X

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2003, Vol.15, No.1

  • 1.

    The bibliographical Investigation of songback(松栢)

    Kim Jong Dug , Song Il Byoung , Koh Byung-Hee | 2003, 15(1) | pp.1~11 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    In Sasang Constitutional Medicine, pine trees have been used as medicines for Taeyangin and a pine-nuts tree for Taeumin. However, there has been some misunderstandings in interpretation as the Koreans referred to back(栢) as pine-nuts tree as well as cheukback(측백) tree. Also, we have disputed over how to translate songback(松栢). Regarding this dispute, 1 came to the following conclusion based on a research with exactitude. 1. Songja (松子), Songjain(松子仁), Songsil(松實) means Pinus Koraiensis(잣), not a pine .one. 2. Backja(栢子) is a fruit of Cheukback(측백) tree, not of a pinus koraiensis(잣). 3. Some part of 'yulsunjun(列仙傳)' quoted to explain pine-nuts in Bonchogangmok(本草綱目) was misrepresented. 4. In regard to the record that a court lady of Chin(秦) Dynasty lived for bundle of years, Galhong(葛洪) made a mistake by saying that she took pine needles and a Pinus Koraiensis in 'Pobakja(抱朴子)', while saying that she took pine needles and leaves of Cheukback(측백) tree in 'Joohoobigeupbang( 後備急方). Also He made a mistake by saying that took pine needles and leaves of cheukback(측백) tree in Bonchogangmok(本草綱目). 5. Songback(松栢), which was referred to in the Analects of Confucius(論語) and the historical annals(史記), should be understood as an old pine tree with a hard quality of the lumber and evergreen, .rather than 'a pine tree and a pine-nuts tree' or 'a pine tree and Cheukback(측백) tree'. 6. Although 'Songback(松栢) mentioned in a book on medicine were sometimes considered as 'a pine-nuts tree' and 'Cheukback(측백) tree' or 'a pine tree and .Cheukback(측백) tree,' it should be regarded as an old pine tree in most cases.
  • 2.

    The Study of Chobongeun Soyangin prescription

    Bae Hyo Sang , Park Seong Sik | 2003, 15(1) | pp.12~26 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    1. Purpose This study is intend to catch DongMu(東武)'s viewpoint of Chobongeun Soyangin prescription. 2. Method Through Comparing Chongeun Soyangin prescriptions and medications on those of DongEuiBoGam(東醫寶鑑), DongyiSooseBowon Gabobon and DongyiSooseBowon Sinchukbon, we can find DongMu(東武)'s viewpoint of Sasang Constitutional Medicine. 3. Results 1) The same Hi prescriptions between DongEuiBoGam(東醫寶鑑) and Chobongeun Soyangin are not entirely identical. 2) GamCho(甘草), GaengMi(粳米) and Sagunja(使君子) were used in the Chobongeun Soyangin prescriptions. that means DongMu(東武)'s viewpoint of Sasang Constitutional Medicine was not entirely established. 3) PaedockSan(敗毒散), VukmijihwangTang(六味地黃湯) and BaekhoTang(白虎湯) were representative prescriptions in the Chobongeun Soyangin prescriptions. And that prescriptions were connected to DongyiSooseBowon Sinchukbon. 4) The same kind medications which were record on DongEuiBoGam(東醫寶鑑) and Chobongeun Soyangin are eighteen. And that medications are the structural principle of Chobongeun Soyangin prescriptions.
  • 3.

    The Study on the Upgrade of QSCC II (I) - A Study on Comparison of responses to the questionnaire based on Sasang constitution's differences-Questionnair of Sasang Constitution Classification II (QSCCII)

    Taeyeon Kim , Yoo Jung Hee , Eui Ju Lee and 2 other persons | 2003, 15(1) | pp.27~38 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Purpose: This study has focused on evaluating the effectiveness and accuracy of the questionnaire which considered as a basic data to indentify constitution Methods: By analysing the tendency of the respondents who has defined constitution by clinical diagnosis and comparing of their answers, the result of their constitution analysis by our questionnaire were re-examed. The answer of each question to each constitution were tested how it is relevent to a scale of a constitution. So I analysed each item response rates on QSCCII of those who had been tested and diagnosed as Taeyangin, Soyangin, Taeumin, Soeumin respectively. Results: 1. From the 537 results of QSCCII of those who were examined by professors, I made a selected Taeyang scale which is consists of 18 items, a selected Soyang scale which is consists of 40 items, a selected Taeum scale which is consists of 41 items and a selected Soeum scale which is consists of 32 items. 2. I have found that there is limitation to find out constitution by the questionnaire we used, one I hope that suitable questionnaire will be developed for the research in the future
  • 4.

    The Study on the Upgrade of QSCC II (II) - The study on the re-validity of QSCC II-

    Lee Sang Gyu , Kwak Chang Kyu , Lee Eui ju and 2 other persons | 2003, 15(1) | pp.39~49 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    1. The purpose of study The problem lies in the Sasang-constitutional-medicine is a subjectiveness of diagnosis that can be varied by every donor. Questionnare for the Sasang Constitution Classification II(QSCCII) was invented to solve this problem. This study was conducted for two purpose. The one is re-value the QSCCII. The other is to make a basis to upgrade QSCCII. 2. The method of study QSCCII was administered to 537 patients at Kyung Hee Oriental Medicine Hospital. Data was collected during 19 months from september 2000 to march 2002. For the purpose of this study, the collected data was analyzed by crosstabs, variation analysis and discrimination analysis. The analyzing program was SPSS 8.0 for Windows. And using this program I made the judgmental equation to re-value the QSCCII. 3. The result of study 1) not applied intensifying value The diagnostic discrimination abilities of the QSCCII is 61.5% about Taeyangin, 57.7% about Soyangin, 67.2% about Taeumin, 68.8% about Soemin. And its average is 65.0%. 2) applied intensifying value The diagnostic discrimination abilities of the QSCCII is 76.9% about Taeyangin, 59.9% about Soyangin, 68.9% about Taeumin, 71.2% about Soemin. And its average is 67.3%. 3) I propose a new diagnostic possibility with a different discriminant analysis and increase 42.3% of diagnostic discrimination ability considering 25% of accident diagnostic discrimination ability. 4) Development and complement of Taeyangin and Soyangin questions is needed to increase the accuracy of diagnosis.
  • 5.

    A Study about five-sounds (Gong, Sang, jiao, zhi, yu) of Sasang constitutional sound analysis

    Dal Rae Kim | 2003, 15(1) | pp.50~59 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Purpose Five animals sounds which are come under five sounds(Gong, Sang, jiao, zhi, yu) which are compared with the musical scale. It is looking for similarity between five animals' sounds and the musical scale. Methods 녹음 record 1 ig machine 1. Five animals (cattle, horse, pheasant, pig, sheep) sounds has been recording on tape. 2. That was transfer to CSL(computerized speech lab) 3. That was analysed to pitch, formant 1,2,3. energy pitch 4. That analysed result (Pitch, formant 1,2,3. energy ratio) of five animals are calculated and compared with the five musical scale(five sounds) Result The ratio of five animals sounds is not consistent with the musical scale in any five item (pitch, formant 1,2,3. energy). Conclusion 1.The five musical scale has no similarity with the five animals sounds 2.The five sound is supposed to oriented form theoretical back ground of five-going not have no relative with the five animals sounds
  • 6.

    The Effects of Medical Nutrition Therapy on Plasma Lipid Levels of Apo E3 genotype hyperlipidemic Patients according to Sasang Constitutions

    Moon Bo Kyoung , Cho Mi Ran , Lee Hei Ok and 2 other persons | 2003, 15(1) | pp.60~71 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of medical nutrition therapy(MNT) on plasma lipid levels of hyperlipidemic patients with apo E3 genotype according to Sasang Constitutions. From March to July, 2001, the 33 hyperlipidemic patients admitted to K University Medical Center were studied. The study subjects were classified according to their Sasang constitutions by QSCC II questionnaire which have been used at K University Oriental Medical Center. The anthropometric assessments, blood analysis, and apo E genetic typing were carried out. Nutrient intake was determined by food record method of food taken during two weekdays and one weekend. The MNT including the instruction for hypolipidemic and hypocholesterolemic diet (step l diet) was performed for 12 weeks. The results are as follow; (1) The mean age of hyperlipidemic patients was 49.91±8.48 years. (2) The distributions of Sasang Constitution were 60.6% of Tae-eum, 21.2% of So-yang, and 18.2% of So-eum. The distributions of apo E genotype were 6.5% of apo E2/3, 78.8% of apo E 3/3, and 15.2% of apo E 3/4. (3) The nutrient consumption of the apo E3 subjects before the MNT showed lower calorie, iron, calcium, and vitamin B2 intakes than the RDAs for each nutrients with no significant differences among the constitutions. After 12-week of MNT, only the fat consumption was decreased in the Tae-eum group. The MNT did not change the pattern of food intake. (4) The plasma level of triglyceride, total cholesterol, and LDL-C were not changed after MNT in the three constitutional groups. The level of HDL-C was significantly increased significantly in Tae-eum and So-yang group and the level of homocystein was lowered in Tae-eum group after MNT. It could be concluded that the 12-weeks MNT with hypolipidemic and hypocholesterolemic diet did not change the level of total cholesterol, triglyceride, and LDL-C effectively regardless of Sasang constitutions even though the subjects' dietary intake was improved by MNT.
  • 7.

    Influence of Yeoldahanso-tang on the Hypoxic Damage of Cultured Cerebral Neurons from mouse and SK-N-MC cells

    Soo-jung Park , Kim Hyoung-soon , Young Chun Bae and 4 other persons | 2003, 15(1) | pp.72~89 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    To elucidate the neuroprotective effect of Yeoldahanso-tang(YHT) on nerve cells damaged by hypoxia, the cytotoxic effects of exposure to hypoxia were determined by XTT(SODIUM3,3'-{I-[(PHENYLAMINO) CARBONYL]-3,4-TETRAZOLIUM}- BIS (4-METHOXY-6-NITRO) BENZENE SULFONIC ACID HYDRATE), NR(Neutral red), MTT(3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) and SRB(Sulforhodamin B) asssay. The activity of catalase and SOD(Superoxide dismutase) was measured by spectrophometry, and TNF−α(Tumor cell necrosis fector−α) and PKC(Protein kinase C) activity was measured after exposure to hypoxia and treatment of YHTWE. Also the neuroprotective effect of YHTWE was researched for the elucidatioion of neuroprotective mechanism. The results were as follows; 1. Hypoxia decreased cell viability measured by XTT, NR assay when cultured cerebral neurons were exposed to 95% N2/5% CO2 for 2∼26 minutes in these cultures and YHTWE inhibited the decrease of cell viability. 2. H2O2 treatment decreased cell viability measured by MTT, and SRB assay when cultured cerebral neurons were exposed to 1-80 μM for 6 hours, but YHTWE inhibited the decrease of cell viability. 3. Hypoxia decreased catalase and SOD activity, and also TNF−α and PKC activity in these cultured cerebral neurons, but YHTWE inhibited the decrease of the catalase and SOD activity in these cultures. 4. Hypoxia triggered the apoptosis via caspase activation and internucleosomal DNA fragmentation. Also hypoxia stimulate the release of cytochrome c forom mitochondria. YHTWE inhibited the apoptosis via caspase activation induced by hypoxia. From these results, it can be suggested that brain ischemia model induced hypoxia showed neurotoxicity on cultured mouse cerebral neurons, and the YHTWE has the neuroprotective effect in blocking the neurotoxicity induced by hypoxia in cultured mouse cerebral neurons.
  • 8.

    Study in the Hepatoprotective Effect of Sipyimiguanjung-tang and Osuyubujaijung-tang

    Lee Kyung seong , Kim Hyoung-soon , Young Chun Bae and 3 other persons | 2003, 15(1) | pp.90~108 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Osuyubujaijung-tang(OBT) and Sipyimiguanjung-tang(SGT) has been developed as prescriptions for the Soyeumin constitution. The hepatoprotective effect of the water extract of Osuyubujaijung-tang(OBT) and Sipyimiguanjung-tang(SGT) was investigated against carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced hepatic damage. A single intra-peritoneal injection of CCl4 produced liver damage in rats as manifested by the significant rise of aspartate aminotransferase(AST), alanine aminotransferase(ALT), and alkaline phosphatase(ALP) in serum as compared to those of untreated normal group. Pretreatments of rats with Osuyubujaijung-tang(OBT) and Sipyimiguanjung-tang(SGT) 500 mg/kg for 7 days) were significantly reduced AST, ALT, and ALP levels compared with CCl4-treated control group. Treatment of rats with CCl4 led to significantly increase in lipid peroxidation and significantly decrease in cytochrome P450 and P450 reductase. The oral administration of Osuyubujaijung-tang(OBT) and Sipyimiguanjung-tang(SGT) water extract significantly inhibited the accumulation of microsomal thiobarbituric acid reactive substance (TBARS) and increased the cytochrome P450 and P450 reductase activity. All these biochemical alterations resulting from CCl4 administration were inhibited by the pretreatment with Osuyubujaijung-tang(OBT) and Sipyimiguanjung-tang(SG1) extract. These results suggest that Osuyubujaijung-tang(OBT) and Sipyimiguanjung-tang(SGT) water extract can be useful as a hepatoprotective agent. And the effect of NO modulation by NO synthesis or precursors, and Osuyubujaijung-tang(OBT) and Sipyimiguanjung-tang (SGT) water extract was researched on chronic liver damage induced by CCl4 administration. It was observed that endogenous NO protected the liver from lipid peroxidation, fibrosis, and damage. Osuyubujaijung-tang(OBT) and Sipyimiguanjung-tang(SGT) water extract showed the hepatoprotective effect on the chronic liver cirrhosis model and relationship with NO modulation.
  • 9.

    A Study on the analysis of constitutional genes

    Han Sung Kyu , Chi, Sang-Eun , Sun-Mi Choi | 2003, 15(1) | pp.109~117 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    There have been several the reports that the mechanism of Sasang consititution might be understood in the level of genes. Previous study of the authors showed that HLA types and constitutional information had significant relationships. One hundred subjects who showed Taeum characteristics were selected in the present study. HLA-A, HLA-B, HLA-DRB1, ACE, ${\beta}-IIAR$, ${\beta}-IIIAR$, UCP-1, and ALDH2 polymorphisms were analyzed. Also, ACE, ${\beta}-IIAR$, ${\beta}-IIIAR$, UCP-1, and ALDH2 analyses were performed on the 100 samples of previous study who showed Taeyang characteristics. Despite of several significant differences of HLA allele frequencies between Taeum-inclined group and normal control group, this significance level was not sufficient ro support the association between constitution and HLA genes, because of the raised alpha error rate. The polymorphisrns of ACE, ${\beta}-IIAR$, ${\beta}-IIIAR$, UCP-1, and ALDH2 genes did not show relationship between Taeyang-inclined and Taeum-inclined groups, whereas BMI showed difference between Taeyang-inclined and Taeum-inclined groups. ALDH2 in Taeyang-inclined group confirmed the protective role of ALDH2*2 allele against alcoholism.
  • 10.

    A case of Drug Eruptions of Soyangin patient misrated with Taeumin

    Jeong Yong Jae , Lim Jinny , Lee Tae gyu and 3 other persons | 2003, 15(1) | pp.118~122 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    In this study, it is experienced that Drug eruptions of Soyangin patient mistreated with Taeumin, The patient was 61 years old, female. She entered our hospital for Stroke and sicked Drug eruptions by mistreatment of Taeumin, After we prescribed Yanggyuksanhwatang(凉膈散火湯), had the general improvement of drug eruptions. Drug eruptions is related to Yangdokbalban(陽毒發斑) in Oriental medicine. The Yangdokbalban(陽毒發斑) of Soyangin is classed as Wisuyulliyulbyung(胃受熱裏熱病). This is a kind of dermatitis caused by Wiyul(胃熱). We classified this as Soyangin-Liyuuljeung(少陽人裏熱證) and prescribed Yangdokbaekhotang(陽毒白虎湯) and Yanggyuksanhwatang(凉膈散火湯). In the result, we had the general improvement of Yangdokbalban(陽毒發斑).
  • 11.

    A Case study of hydrocele

    Kim Myung gune , Choi Jeong rak , Bae Hyo Sang and 1 other persons | 2003, 15(1) | pp.123~128 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Hydrocele is an accumulation of serous fluid greater in amount than the few drops normally present within the two layers of the tunica vaginalis. The most common type is simple hydrocele, in which the normally formed tunica vaginalis is distended with fluid. The case is a report about an old man with hydrocele. The hydrocele is founded by pelvis sono. Treatment was Herb-medication and rest. And the size of hydrocele and symptoms were reduced.
  • 12.

    A Case Study of heptitis on drug metabolism Impoved with Chungsimyeunjatang

    Moon Byung Ha , Kim Jae Gwan | 2003, 15(1) | pp.129~132 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This case was designed to evaluate the improving effect of hepatitis on drug metabolism. Gleditsiae Spina(?���) was included Taeumin' herb. but it maybe induced hepatitis on drug metabolism, if Taeumin take this herb long time. We use Taeyeumin Chungsimyeunjatang to the hepatitis on drug metabolism, and we improved it. so we report it.