Journal of Sasang Constitutional Medicine 2021 KCI Impact Factor : 0.75

Korean | English

pISSN : 1226-4075 / eISSN : 2287-786X
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2022, Vol.34, No.2

  • 1.

    The change in Sasang constitution prediction value and the associated factors using KS-15 questionnaire

    Ji-Eun Park , Eun Kyoung Ahn , Kyung Sik Jeong and 1 other persons | 2022, 34(2) | pp.1~14 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives The aim of this study was to investigate the change in Sasang constitution prediction value in 2 years and find the factors associated with it. Methods Cohort data from Korean medicine data center was used. Using Korean Sasang Constitutional Diagnostic Questionnaire (KS-15) which consist of questions related to body shape, temperament, and symptoms, participants were categorized into Tae-Yang (TY), Tae-Eum (TE), So-Yang (SY), and So-Eum (SE). Sasang constitution was assessed on the baseline and after two years. Result Total 5,784 participants were analyzed. (TE 3, 341; SE 911; SY 1,532). Among them, 1,402 participants (24.2%) showed different prediction value in KS-15 after two years. The proportion of participants showing different prediction value in two years was the highest in SY, and the lowest in TE group. The factors associated with the change in Sasang constitution prediction value were different by constitution type. The change in feeling after sweating was significantly associated with the change in prediction value in TE and SY groups, not in SE group. Although temperament was not significantly associated with the change in prediction value from TE to SE, it was significantly associated with that in the change from TE to SY. The change in BMI and appetite were associated with the change in constitution prediction value in all three constitution types. Conclusion Although the factors associated with the change in prediction value of Sasang constitution were different by each constitution type, BMI and appetite were significant in all three types. These factors could be useful for developing Sasang constitution questionnaire and deciding re-prediction needs of Sasang constitution. Further research about the factors related to Sasang constitution diagnosis need to be conducted.
  • 2.

    Revisit of the Digestion-related Items for Diagnosing Soeumin

    Kim Sang-Hyuk | 2022, 34(2) | pp.15~35 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives Recent studies have reported that the digestion-related items contribute significantly to the diagnosis of constitution, though these were not described as the indicator for diagnosing Sasang constitution in 󰡔Donguisusebowon(東醫壽世保元)󰡕 「Sasanginbyeonjeunglon(四象人辨證論)」. The purpose of this study was to explore the reasons why such a gap appeared. Methods The digestion-related items and their rationales to be shown in eleven studies on the Questionnaire for Sasang Constitution Diagnosis were reviewed. Thirty primary studies included in two systematic reviews were also reviewed to reconsider the significance of digestion-related items as an indicator for diagnosing Soeumin. Results & Conclusions A few pathways were found in studies on the Questionnaire for Sasang Constitution Diagnosis, which could overestimate the significance of digestion-related items more than actual. Besides, in the primary studies included in two systematic reviews, there was also a possibility of overestimating the importance of digestion-related items due to some biases in the selection of subjects and the conducting of the study. Therefore, there might be room for reconsideration that indigestion was necessarily an indicator for diagnosing Soeumin.
  • 3.

    A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis on Constitutional Herbal Medicine Treatment for Obesity

    Hyeri Lee , Hyunjoo Oh , Jeongyun Lee and 1 other persons | 2022, 34(2) | pp.36~47 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives The purpose of this study was to systematically review previous studies on constitutional herbal medicine treatment for the obesity. Methods A total of 11 databases were searched in English, Chinese, and Korean. Standard methodologies for the systematic review were used to search, analyze and synthesize data for undertaking review and meta-analysis for intervention. The risk of bias was assessed by two independent researchers using the Cochrane risk of bias. Results A total of 2 RCTs were selected and analyzed. The results of the meta-analysis showed a significantly positive effect in the body weight and body mass index for the patient group treated with Taeeumjowi-tang compared to the placebo control group. Conclusions Our results suggested that Taeeumjowi-tang could be considered for improvement of symptoms in obese patients, without serious adverse events. Due to the low quality of the clinical evidence in this study, further studies are needed to evaluate efficacy and safety of constitutional herbal medicines for obesity.
  • 4.

    A Systematic Review on the Treatment of Post-Stroke Patients Based on Sasang Constitutional Medicine

    HyunJoo Oh , Jeongyun Lee , Hyeri Lee and 1 other persons | 2022, 34(2) | pp.48~64 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives The purpose of this study was to review and evaluate the clinical evidence of the efficacy and safety of treatment based on Sasang constitutional medicine (SCM) for post-stroke patients by systematic review and meta-analysis. Methods Randomized controlled trials (RCTs), published in 10 electronic databases up to December 2020, were searched. For the included studies, Cochrane’s risk of bias assessment was performed to analyze the methodological quality. The strength of evidence was evaluated using the grading of recommendations assessment, development, and evaluation system based on the results of analyses. All review processes were performed by two independent researchers. Results Five RCTs were finally included. All included RCTs were conducted for one month on post-stroke patients in 60-80s, four studies on Tae-Eum patients and one study on So-Yang patients. Four types of constitution-specific herbal medicine (Chungpyesagan-tang, Cheongsimsanyak-tang, Yeoldahanso-tang, and Yangkyuksanhwa-tang) and constitution- specific acupuncture therapy were identified as interventions. More than half of the included studies were evaluated as low quality due to the high-risk of bias in selection, performance, and detection. The combination of constitution-specific herbal medicine, acupuncture, and conventional treatment was more effective in improving the patients’ motor impairment, dysphagia, aphasia, and depression than conventional treatment alone. No serious adverse events by SCM treatment were reported. Conclusions SCM treatment may improve the sequelae of post-stroke patients safely in combination with conventional treatment. Since the quality of clinical evidence included in this study was low, higher quality clinical evidence obtained in well-designed clinical studies will be needed.
  • 5.

    A Case-Report of a Soyang Person Patient Diagnosed as Hepatitis type A with Edema

    Won-Young Kim , Eun-Chul Lim , Seo-hye Oh and 3 other persons | 2022, 34(2) | pp.65~74 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Objective In this study, we report significant improvement of edema patient who was diagnosed with Soyang person chest bind syndrome/pattern based on Sasang Constitutional Medicine. Methods The patient was identified as Soyang person chest bind syndrome/pattern and treated with Hyeongbangjihwang-tang- ga-moktong and Euphorbiae Kansui. Radix(Gam-sui). To evaluate the results of this treatment, the patient assessed edema by using the Numeral Rating Scale(NRS). Result and Conclusion After treatment with Hyeongbangjihwang-tang-ga-moktong and Euphorbiae Kansui. Radix(Gam-sui), patient’s symptms were improved. This study shows that Sasang Constituitional medicine can be effective treatment for edema.
  • 6.

    A Case Report of Taeeumin Patient with Diabetes Treated with Yeoldahansotang-Gamibang

    Su-zy Han , Da young An , Yoo Jun Sang | 2022, 34(2) | pp.75~83 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Objectives The aim of this study is to report the improvement in Taeeumin’s dryness-heat symptom of a 54-year-old man diagnosed with type-Ⅱ diabetes mellitus after treated by herbal medicine. Methods The Taeeumin patient took Yuldahansotang-gamibang for 9 months to manage Taeeumin’s dryness-heat symptom. We examined the changes of Body Mass Index(BMI), Fating Blood Sugar(FBS), Hemoglobin A1c(HbA1c), and ketouria. Results Type-Ⅱ diabetes mellitus symptoms in the patient with Taeeumin’s dryness-heat symptom were thirst, fatigue, and increased body weight. All numerical levels for blood sugar, HbA1c, and ketouria were reduced after taking Yuldahansotang-gamibang. Conclusions The treatment of the patient with Taeeumin’s dryness-heat symptom and type-Ⅱ diabetes mellitus with Yuldahansotang-gamibang was efficient, and further research is needed to prove the effect of Yuldahansotang-gamibang for treating such patients.
  • 7.

    A Clinical Case Report Set of Pattern of Soyangin Yin Collapse and Taeumin Dryness-heat Diagnosed with Chronic Urticaria

    Jiyeon Lee , Min-jung Lee , HWANG MINWOO | 2022, 34(2) | pp.84~96 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Introduction Chronic idiopathic urticaria in patients diagnosed with an unfavorable pattern in Soyangin and Taeumin based on Sasang medicine showed a significant improvement after herbal medicine treatment. Methods The patients had treatment with both herbal medication and antihistamine. We checked the patients' cutaneous manifestation, original symptoms, and the number of antihistamine doses in each visit. We evaluated the medical records retrospectively. Results After one month of treatment, the patients showed cutaneous manifestation relief. Each patient reduced and withdrew antihistamine at four moths and eight months respectively, and the cutaneous manifestation did not recur. We maintained the herbal medicine prescription until the origin symptoms improved. Throughout the subsequent follow-up, the patients showed both urticaria and the original symptoms in good condition without treatment. Discussion Sasang medicine treatment can be an effective treatment for chronic idiopathic urticaria and long-term management is necessary for an unfavorable pattern which can take more than 6 months.