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Information for Authors

Purpose and Evidence for Publication

1.The Journal of Sasang Constitutional Medicine (J Sasang Constitut med) is the official publication of the Society of Sasang Constitutional Medicine. The instruction to authors follows the “Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals: Writing and Editing for Biomedical Publication” prepared by International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (http:// www.icmje.org/index.html). The creative theses, describing the field of theory, experimental research, clinical research and case report concerning the sasang constitutional medicine, are published in our paper, the another field is published by the decision of Editor committee.

2.This instruction prescribes the contribution for publishing our paper according to the regulations 4th of this society.



Journal Publication interval

1. Our paper is published 4 times a year (March 31, June 30, September 30 and December 31).


Research and publication ethics

1. On strength of Helsinki Declaration, in clinical researches the author should clarify that researcher has explained a purpose of research and has made efforts to protect subjects from possible psychical and physical damages arising during participation. Also, the research should pass through the deliberation of the Institutional Review Board(IRB).

2. In experimental researches, the author should describe the treatment which is carried out for reducing the pain of laboratory animals. And, the author should clarify that the experimental process doesn’t conflict the rules of IRB or “NIH Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals”.

3. If the thesis exists following unfair practices, the thesis cannot be published. Details related to this is decided at the editor committee.

1) Forgery : practices that make datas or results which are not existing, and describe or report them.

2)Modulation : insincere practices that manipulate materials, equipment, process of studies, or change the datas or results.


3) Plagiarism : practices that make a fraudulent use of another’s ideas, process, results, records without the reasonable right.

4. No overlapping contribution and publication. The manuscript that was published or submitted in other journals cannot contribute in our paper, and the thesis that was published or submitted in our paper cannot contribute in other journals. If overlapping contribution and publication is found, the author is prohibited from the contribution for 3 years.

1) The criterion of overlapping publication is that the thesis should not be published regardless of other languages; a part or the whole; prints or electronic media; registration of journals.

2) When the author would like to submit the thesis(published in our paper) in other languages, should receive the approvals of editor-in chief in both journals.

3) The editor committee decides by examining the contents whether the thesis overlaps or not.

5. Conflict-of-Interest Statement : If there are any conflicts of interest related to individual author’s commitments or project support, it should be clarified and described in the manuscript.

6.Results for the plagiarism test utilizing the thesis plagiarism prevention system(Korea Citation Index(KCI) paper similarity test services) shall be submitted when the paper is contributed.

7.When the above cases occur, the editor committee determines measures considering the severity of cases.

8. Other details follow ‘the regulations of research ethics in the Society of Sasang Constitutional Medicine’ and ‘Detailed enforcement regulations for the smooth managing of the research ethics committee’.



General guideline

1.The qualification of the contributor has no particular limitations, and all creative research is possible for contribution including theory research, experimental research, clinical research, and case reports concerning Sasang constitutional medicine.

2. The responsibility regarding the contents of manuscript lies with the author

3. The copyright on all drafts published on our paper is owned by The Society of Sasang Consititutional Medicine.

4. Editing committee decides ‘whether manuscripts is published’ and ‘the publication order’.

5. Various inquiries related to sending and editing draft must be perform at the editing committee, the editing committee may request corrections to writer on style and amount of draft and the expressions or system, etc may be corrected within the range of not influencing the draft by the decision of editing committee. All drafts are not returned after being submitted.

6.The confidentiality of patients must be protected in case of case technology.

7. A designated examination fee and publication fee can be charged for all drafts except requested drafts and deposits must be made to thesis reception desk at the time of submitting the thesis. The cost required for special printing or additional separate volume must be paid by writer for its actual expenses.

8. The submitting date of draft shall be the date draft was submitted at the editing committee and the selection of draft shall be the date when the corrections have been completed after examining.



Peer review

1. Every manuscript received is circulated to three peer reviewers.

2. The author’s name and affiliation is not disclosed during review process to reviewers.

3. The review process can be repeated till three times if the request of revision is suggested by reviewers. If the re-review is repeated more than three times, it may not be considered for publication.

4.If two reviewers do not agree to accept the journal, it may not be also considered for publication. Usually the first review process ends within one month.

5.If reviewer require revision before the final acception, the author should accomplish the revision.

6.Statistical Review : If there are any complicated statistical analyses in the manuscript, it may be reviewed by statistical editor.

7.Manuscript Editing:The finally accepted manuscript will be reviewed by manuscript editor for the consistency of the format and the completeness of references. The manuscript may be revised according to the opinion of the manuscript editor.



Draft Contribution Method

1. The draft is contributed to online homepage; Article Contribution Management System of the Society of Sasang Constitutional Medicine. It may be entered at the homepage of JSCM (http://www. jscm.or.kr).

2. After contributing the draft, the writer should submit the writer checksheet, statement of copyright transfer, the article examination fee (Korean Won 60,000), and deposit confirmation sheet to editing committee. The writer checksheet and statement of copyright transfer may be downloaded at the homepage of JSCM(http:// www.jscm.or.kr)

3. If the manuscript is approved, the writer may contribute the final version, and pay the publication fee(Korean Won 150,000 per paper).

4. The manuscript which is not based on this instructions can not be submitted to our paper.


*. Contact to Editing Committee

Tel) +82-2-958-9233

Fax) +82-2-958-9234

E-mail) easysasang@gmail.com

Address) Dept. of Sasang Constitutional Medicine, Kyung-Hee Univ Korean medical center, 1 Heogi-dong, Dongdaemun-gu, Seoul, Korea



Publication Type & Form of Draft

1.Original articles, reviews, clinical and case reports or brief reports, etc shall be published on our paper.

2. The format for word porcess program accepted is HWP and MS word DOC files. The draft should be prepared in A4 paper(210 x 297mm) with space of 30mm from top, 25mm from bottom, right side and left side. Font size should be 10.0 points, row space 180%.

3. The amount of draft should not exceed 15pages for the original article; 10pages for the case report. Whereas the review article is unlimited. The writer shall pay for expenses limited to the exceeding amount of draft(Korean Won 10,000 per page).

4. The text of draft can be written in Korean or English.



Thesis(Original Articles) Style

The order of thesis should be in the order of title page, abstract, key words, texts, acknowledgements, references, table & figure. While the text is divided into introduction, materials(subject) and method, result, considerations and conclusion (summary) except for clinical & case report and reviews.


1. Title Page

On the title page 1) Brief Korean and English title communicating the contents well (All words must be capitalized except for prepositions and articles), 2) Type of thesis(Original articles, reviews, case reports etc) 3) Full name and affiliation of writer in Korean and English, 4) Name and address, telephone, fax and E-mail of corresponding writer 5)Announcement (related academic degrees, supporters of research expenses, interests etc) should be written. When the Korean title exceeds 30 characters or English title exceeds 15 words, the running head is inserted separately on the bottom of title page (No more than 10 characters in case of Korean and no more than 5 words in case of English).


2. Writer

1) The person listed on draft as the writer of thesis must be qualified as a writer.

2) Each writer must be the person who has participated adequately in the research to the extent of being able to take responsibility for the details of research.

3) The writer is qualified only in case of contributing to establishing basic concept of research, planning of research and analysis & interpretation of materials, making considerable contribution in changing or improving main parts of indicated details or preparing draft, being able to consent to the details of final draft.

4) Writers are classified as the first writer corresponding writer and common writer while the order marked on thesis shall be in the order of first writer and common writer, but the corresponding writer is marked separately at the bottom.

5) The editor may inquire as to what work each writer was in charge of in the research.


3. Abstract

The English abstract is used in the draft. In the abstract, English title, name of writer (in the order of first name-last name), name of organization and details of abstract while the length of details shall be no more than 250 words in case of English abstract. The abstract should be recorded in a form of Objectives, Methods, Results and Conclusions including the following details.

Objectives : Describe briefly and clearly with 1-2 sentences on why this research was performed and what is the object to be accomplished. The objective recorded here must correspond with title of draft and details stated in the introduction.

Methods : Describe specifically on what has been done and how in order to accomplish the objective describe in the first paragraph. What materials are collected, how these materials are analyzed and how bias was adjusted are recorded.

Results : The details on how the results observed and analyzed using the method described in previous paragraph were should be logically described while presenting specific data.

Conclusions : The result derived from the outcome of this research is described with 1-2 sentences and this must be the one corresponding to the objective of research described in the first paragraph.

The key words of thesis are marked as no more than 6 words at the bottom of abstract. At this time, the key words must use MeSH (Medical Subject Heading) listed on Index Medicus.


4. Text

1)The text should be in the order of introduction, subject or material and method, consideration, conclusion and bibliography while each item can be combined or omitted out of necessity. Case reports follow the order which is set separately, and review articles may be described with a different form.

2) In the introduction, the objective of research and a brief background on this must be mentioned.

3) The method should include subject such as animals for experiment, method, experiment tool (state manufacturer and model) and procedure, etc while they must be described adequately and in detail for other researchers to reproduce in case of being performed using the same method and the statistical examination of result must be also recorded.

4) The result should be recorded in the same order as the order of diagrams but must not write the table of text or data of illustration by repetition while only the important observation results should be emphasized and summarized.

5) The consideration should be prepared based on new and important aspects of research as well as the conclusion from them, but the literary consideration irrelevant with result should be avoided.

6) Other principles

Terminology : Academic terminologies should be in Korean if possible and can be written in English or Chinese only in case there is trouble with translating them.

Abbreviation : Only standard abbreviations are used. Avoid use of abbreviations in thesis title and abstract. While using the abbreviation for the first time in the test, mark the abbreviation using parentheses, etc after writing the formal name first and can be only marked as abbreviation afterwards. While it is ideal to avoid using abbreviations that are generally used if possible, but the abbreviations of standard measuring unit is an exception.

Marking proper nouns, numbers and measurements : name of people name of places and other proper nouns should use original language if possible while the arabian numbers are used for numbers and metric units are used for weights and measures. The temperature is recorded in Celsius and blood pressure is recorded in mmHg. The measurements of hematology and clinical chemistry should use metric units of SI (International System of Units, SI) method. The measured values and unit indications must be spaced.

Name of drug : Use general name rather than product name as a general rule. But the product name can be marked only in case it is important for evaluation of result or tracking research.

a. The oriental medicine prescription should be marked by Korean pronunciation first and only the first word is capitalized. Words that stand for ingredients such as soup, acid or pill should be indicated by lower case letters after using the hyphen(-).(Ex) Chungpesagan-tang

b. The name of oriental medicine must not be marked only with name of herbal medicine and the actually used part or measuring method must be marked with proper English.(Ex) licorice (broiled) : Broiled root of Glycyrrhiza uralensis FISCH

Category Classification

a.In Korean, the categories of text are classified with Arabic numerals.(Ex) 1, 2, 3, 1), 2), 3), (1), (2), (3), , ,

b.In English, the categories of text are classified with Roman alphabet.(Ex) , , , A, B, C, 1, 2, 3, a, b, c

Book names described in text are marked with 『』; Chapter names are marked with 「」.

English spelling of sasang constitutional medicine terms shall be followed provisions of this society.(http://www.esasang.com/language01.htm)


5. Figure-Table-Picture

1) The contents of figure, table, picture should be simple for understanding, and be meaningful itself.

2) Figure, table, and picture should be marked in English, and can be written together in Korean or Chinese when necessary. The same rule applies for details in the table.

3) Table & Figure are attached together in order after the text and their location is indicated in the text.

4) Tables or figures (including pictures) shall be no more than 10 all together and the exceeding expenses should be paid by the writer in avoidable cases.(Korean Won 10,000 per unit)

5) Writing principles of Table

The title of table is located on the top of table, and it should be capitalized the first letter of words except for prepositions and articles. The title cannot use abbreviations as a general rule.

A number as Arabic numerals should be attached to the table according to the order quoted in the text.

The table should be prepared with single line not inserting vertical lines.

The explanation on category is inserted to footnote and not inserted to heading. Non-standard abbreviations used in tables are all explained in footnotes located on the left-lower end of table. (Ex. HR=Heart rate; T=Temperature).

In footnote, symbols are used for explanations and they are used in the following order : *,,,§,,¶,#, **. (Ex. *Survival case, Dead case.)

In personal informations, gender and age are written as M/F and yr respectively, and the average and unit size of age, weight, height are written to the first decimal point.

The p-value should be written as an intact value not adding a footnote, and be written to the third decimal place(Ex. p=.003). In case of ‘p=.000’, the value has to be written as ‘p<.001’.

6) Writing principles of Figure

The title of figure is located on the lower end of table, and only the first word is capitalized and the rest is marked with lower case letters. (Ex. Figure 1. Mean responses to questions by student grade categories.)

A number as Arabic numerals should be attached to the table according to the order quoted in the text.

The size of pictures should be regulated between ‘102×152mm(4×6 inch)’ and ‘203×254mm(8×10 inch)’.

If two or more pictures exists in the same number, alphabets should be expressed after Arabic numerals(Ex. Figure 1-A, Figure 1-B).

Microphotographs of tissue specimen are recorded with a name of tissue, process of dyeing, and magnification.

Symbols in figures are used in the following order : , , , , , , ,


6. Bibliography

1)The writers have responsibility to check whether the bibliography included in the draft is quoted precisely and completely.

2)All bibliographies should be prepared in English as a general rule.

3)The bibliography should be organized by putting serial numbers according to the order quoted in the text, indicated by putting arabic numerals only in a form of superscript number at the end of quoted phrase, but should be recorded by corresponding with serial number of bibliography at the end.

4) When using a footnote, use a superscript number in order of their appearance inside half a parenthesis, corresponding to the relevant part of the article.

5)The number of bibliographies should be 40 or less in case of original article and 20 or less for case report as a general rule. (But excluding the review thesis.)

6)English names should be written as last name first and the rest should be initialized.

7)The bibliography written by Korean should be described “Korean” at the end.

8)The abstract should not use bibliography. Quoting abstract, non published study report, internet and newspaper should be avoided if possible.

9)The “in press” should be marked at the end of thesis which is decided for publication but not published yet.

10)The form of writing a bibliography follows Vancouver group’s presentation.

Academic paper thesis

Write last name first and write initials for the rest in case of having 6 or less writer while writing 6 people in order and mark et al. in case of having 7 or more writer. Next, write the title of thesis, name of academic paper based on abbreviation, publishing year, volume (number) and first page & last page of corresponding thesis. The brief description of quoted magazines is based on the Journal Citation Reports of ISI.

Name of writer. title. name of magazine. publishing year ;volume(no.):starting page-ending page.(Ex1: Writing in Korean) Kim SY, Ryu BH, Park JW. Effects of Samiunkyungtang on inflammation and fecal enzymes in ulcerative colitis animal model. J Korean Oriental Med. 2008;29(3):50-62.(Korean)(Ex2: Writing in English) You CH, Lee KY, Chey RY, Menguy R. Electrogastrographic study of patients with unexplained nausea, bloating and vomiting. Gastroenterology. 1980;79:311-314.


Name of author. name of book. number of copies. place of publication:publishing company. publishing year:number of pages.

(Ex) Colson JH, Armour WJ, Sports injuries and their treatment. 2nd rev. ed. London:S. Paul. 1986:155-6.

chapter within book

name of author. chapter name:name of book editor. name of book. number of copies. place of publication:publishing company. publishing year:starting page-ending page.

(Ex) Foster DW. Diabetes mellitus. In: Fauci AS, Braunwald E, Isselbacher KJ, Wilson JD, Martin JB, Kasper DL, Hauser SL, Longo DL, eds. Harrison's textbook of medicine. 14th ed. NewYork:McGraw-Hill. 1998:2060-81.

Data of Electronic Media

(Ex) Morse SS. Factors in the emergence of infectious diseases. Emerg Infect Dis [serial online] 1995 Jan-Mar[cited 1996 Jun 5]; 1(1):[24 screens]. Available from: URL:http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/EID/eid.htm



Drafts other than Original Article

General details shall be according to Original Article.


1. Reviews Article/Editorial Article

Review article is consideration focused on specific title and published by requesting at the editing committee.

2. Case-report

1) The entire amount shall be prepared as 10 pages or less of A4 sized paper.

2) The composition of thesis shall be according to Original Article. The order of text should be A. Introduction; B. Case; C. Consideration; D. Summary; E. Acknowledgements; F. Bibliography; G. Table; H: Figure.

3) English abstract shall be no more than 150 words without classification of category. The key words of thesis are marked as 2~5 words.

4) The case is described about the constitutional diagnosis opinion, history of patient, examination results, demonstrating opinion, treatment & progress, etc. Especially, the constitutional diagnosis opinion should be described about basic factors of the constitutional diagnosis in principle. The constitutional diagnosis is mentioned at the textbook of sasang constitutional medicine(『四象醫學』, Jipmoon- dang, 2006. ISBN 89-303-0506-7)

5) The consideration should be focused on specific part emphasized by the case and lengthy literary consideration should be avoided.

6) The number of bibliography should be no more than 20.