The Journal of Sasang Constitutional Medicine is the official publication of the Society of Sasang Constitutional Medicine. It was launched in 1989, and accepts original articles, reviews, case reports, brief reports and other invited papers in the field of sasang constitutional medicine. Manuscripts must be prepared according to the instructions that follow; those that do not conform or are incomplete may be returned for correction prior to review. Each article published is assigned a unique DOI that serves to identify the article in a digital environment.
Objectives The aim of this study was to investigate the change in Sasang constitution prediction value in 2 years and find the factors associated with it.
Methods Cohort data from Korean medicine data center was used. Using Korean Sasang Constitutional Diagnostic Questionnaire (KS-15) which consist of questions related to body shape, temperament, and symptoms, participants were categorized into Tae-Yang (TY), Tae-Eum (TE), So-Yang (SY), and So-Eum (SE). Sasang constitution was assessed on the baseline and after two years.
Result Total 5,784 participants were analyzed. (TE 3, 341; SE 911; SY 1,532). Among them, 1,402 participants (24.2%) showed different prediction value in KS-15 after two years. The proportion of participants showing different prediction value in two years was the highest in SY, and the lowest in TE group. The factors associated with the change in Sasang constitution prediction value were different by constitution type. The change in feeling after sweating was significantly associated with the change in prediction value in TE and SY groups, not in SE group. Although temperament was not significantly associated with the change in prediction value from TE to SE, it was significantly associated with that in the change from TE to SY. The change in BMI and appetite were associated with the change in constitution prediction value in all three constitution types.
Conclusion Although the factors associated with the change in prediction value of Sasang constitution were different by each constitution type, BMI and appetite were significant in all three types. These factors could be useful for developing Sasang constitution questionnaire and deciding re-prediction needs of Sasang constitution. Further research about the factors related to Sasang constitution diagnosis need to be conducted.
Objectives Recent studies have reported that the digestion-related items contribute significantly to the diagnosis of constitution, though these were not described as the indicator for diagnosing Sasang constitution in Donguisusebowon(東醫壽世保元) ｢Sasanginbyeonjeunglon(四象人辨證論)｣. The purpose of this study was to explore the reasons why such a gap appeared.
Methods The digestion-related items and their rationales to be shown in eleven studies on the Questionnaire for Sasang Constitution Diagnosis were reviewed. Thirty primary studies included in two systematic reviews were also reviewed to reconsider the significance of digestion-related items as an indicator for diagnosing Soeumin.
Results & Conclusions A few pathways were found in studies on the Questionnaire for Sasang Constitution Diagnosis, which could overestimate the significance of digestion-related items more than actual. Besides, in the primary studies included in two systematic reviews, there was also a possibility of overestimating the importance of digestion-related items due to some biases in the selection of subjects and the conducting of the study. Therefore, there might be room for reconsideration that indigestion was necessarily an indicator for diagnosing Soeumin.
Objectives The purpose of this study was to systematically review previous studies on constitutional herbal medicine treatment for the obesity.
Methods A total of 11 databases were searched in English, Chinese, and Korean. Standard methodologies for the systematic review were used to search, analyze and synthesize data for undertaking review and meta-analysis for intervention. The risk of bias was assessed by two independent researchers using the Cochrane risk of bias.
Results A total of 2 RCTs were selected and analyzed. The results of the meta-analysis showed a significantly positive effect in the body weight and body mass index for the patient group treated with Taeeumjowi-tang compared to the placebo control group.
Conclusions Our results suggested that Taeeumjowi-tang could be considered for improvement of symptoms in obese patients, without serious adverse events. Due to the low quality of the clinical evidence in this study, further studies are needed to evaluate efficacy and safety of constitutional herbal medicines for obesity.