Rapid social changes demand innovation in public education in preparation for future society, which will be different from existing education; in Korea, IB education has recently emerged as an effective way to reform public education. This study aims to evaluate the effect of introducing IB in public education by understanding the perception of IB learning community members on the operation of IB-PYP in public schools. To this end, in-depth interviews were conducted with the learning community members of three IB-PYP candidate schools and authorized schools as research cases to determine their perception of the operation of IB-PYP; based on this, implications for applying IB-PYP in the national curriculum were presented.
The analysis of the learning community members' perceptions of the IB-PYP operation was divided into eight categories: vision and values of IB-PYP, collaboration between peers, learning attitudes, teacher's teaching expertise, change of principal's leadership, difficulties in implementing IB-PYP, parents' understanding of and participation in IB-PYP, and achievements and challenges of IB-PYP. Based on this analysis, some implications were suggested for the successful settlement of IB-PYP in public schools, such as ensuring autonomy in curriculum management, changing to class-oriented system, strengthening school-based professional learning communities, connecting with parents and the community, and securing the continuity of IB programs. This study is expected to contribute to strengthening the implementation of the school curriculum through the application of PYP based on the national curriculum.