Australia is a federal state of six states and two brigades. Prior to 2008, the Australian Curriculum of Education and Training Program's method of operation was implemented in accordance with the guidance of the Office of Education. Each school reorganized its programs according to the actual conditions of the local community and the educational community to provide education. After 2008, Australia tries to solve existing education problems by setting national-level curriculum goals in earnest, based on the Melbourne Declaration. A typical feature of the Australian national curriculum is its capacity-oriented curriculum. Through the national curriculum, seven general competences are evenly incorporated into the contents of all the classes, so that students can acquire not only the content of the curriculum but also the capabilities and functions that are the components of the curriculum. By analyzing the national curriculum of Australia and the education program of state and school, this paper analyzed how Australia's moral education was organized and operated. Australia's curriculum does not have a "moral" curriculum, but it is characterized by allowing students to acquire general skills that moral values while learning other subjects. Australia's moral education is run through a wide variety of methods of project learning and cooperative learning in a wide variety of contexts. In addition, Australia's moral education methods and characteristics were analyzed by looking at various types of moral education, such as programs reflecting positive psychology and education through connection with the community. By doing so, the paper aims to explore the implications and direction of teaching and learning methods and strategies in Korean moral education.