As the perspective of knowledge, learning has been changed, the perception of teacher specialty development and growth also changed. As a new alternative to this, a teacher learning community has emerged and interest has also increased. If the previous studies for teacher learning community mainly focused on expertise development and class improvement of teachers, the purpose of this study is to investigate the actual conditions of the elementary school teachers in the same grade, analyze recognition level of the participating teachers for the elementary school teachers' learning community culture, and finally to grasp the teacher 's perception about ‘re-culturalization’ plan. To solve this problem, this study set up research problem as follows: First, what is the actual condition of operating the elementary school teacher’s learning community? Second, what is the perception level of participating teachers in the elementary school teacher learning community culture in the same grade of elementary schools? Third, what is the teacher 's perception of the ‘re-culturalization’ plan for elementary school teachers' learning communities in the same grade? In order to solve the above research problems, previous research was analyzed and questionnaires were used to investigate and analyze the actual state of the operation of the teachers' learning communities and interviews were conducted to find out more detailed culture. Based on these results, conclusions and implications of this study are as follows: First, J Elementary School run the same grade teacher learning community and the participation rate of its members was also high. Second, when the leader or member is a voluntary operator or an active participant, the average of cultural factors awareness of communication processes, communication protocol, communication attitudes, professionalism and autonomy was generally high. Third, in order to ‘re-culture’ the teachers' learning communities in the same grade of elementary school, external support such as administrative and financial support from the Education Office should be made. Fourth, the effective way of ‘re-culturalization’ of the teacher 's learning community in the same grade of elementary school can be achieved by cooperating, communicating and learning each other among the teachers' learning communities in the same grade in elementary school unit. In general, it is the basic premise that the 're-culturalization' of the teacher 's learning community in the same grade of elementary school must be intertwined with the ‘re-culturalization’ of the school and other teacher 's learning community within the school, it should be a cooperative and communicating culture.