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Research & Publication Ethics
Researchers shall comply with the following.
1. A researcher shall maintain integrity in the creation of research ideas, carrying out of research, and arriving at research results.
2. Researchers shall ensure that research misconduct does not occur.
3. Researchers shall respect and not violate the intellectual property rights of other persons.
4. Researchers shall carry out research in a conscientious manner, and shall contribute to the progress of society.
[Definition of Research Misconduct]
Research misconduct refers to violations of research ethics and integrity in the research process, and may include acts of forgery, falsification, plagiarism, improprieties of authorship, and other misconduct, which are defined as follows.
1. “Forgery” refers to creating data or research results, etc. which do not exist.
2. “Falsification” refers to acts of artificially manipulating the research process and results thereof, etc., or arbitrarily modifying or deleting data so as to distort the content or results of research.
3. “Plagiarism” refers to the use of the content and results of published research or the ideas of another person without proper approval or citation.
4. “Overlapping publication" refers to cases wherein the same paper is simultaneously published in two or more academic journals.
5. “Improprieties of authorship” refers to acts of failing to include individuals having made academic contribution to the research or results thereof as authors, or including persons without academic contribution thereto as authors (gift authorship).
6. “Other misconduct” refers to acts such as intentionally impeding investigation into suspected research misconduct by oneself or by another person, acts of inflicting harm to an informant, unfairly executing research funds, violating the rights of research assistants, and other acts in violation of transparent and democratic research activity.
[Installation of the Research Ethics Committee]
A Research Ethics Committee shall be installed in the Educational Research Institute at the Cheongju National University of Education to deliberate on matters relating to research ethics.
① The ex officio members shall be Committee consists of the Director of Education Research Institute, the Director of Teacher Professional Development Center, the Director of the Teaching and Learning Support Center, and the Director of the Center for Literacy Support at the CNUE. The committee shall be made up of no more than seven members,including editors and the like.
② The ethics committee shall be chaired by the director of the Educational Research Institute. Members of the ethics committee shall be appointed by the chair, and they shall serve a term of two years and may serve consecutive terms and hold other positions concurrently.
[Functions of the Research Ethics Committee]
The ethics committee shall deliberate on and resolve the following matters.
1. Matters reported or lodged regarding the ethics and integrity of research associated with the institute
2. Investigation of research misconduct associated with the institute
3. Matters relating to the prevention of research misconduct associated with the institute
4. Other matters referred by the director of the institute or committee chair
[Operation of the Research Ethics Committee]
① The committee shall be convened by the chair at the request of the director, or when convocation is deemed necessary by the chair.
② The committee shall resolve issues with consenting votes from a majority of the members in attendance.
③ Members involved in research subject to deliberation by the committee may not participate in deliberation relating to said research.
④ When necessary for deliberation, the chair may require the research director or manager to make reports or submit materials. Outside experts may be requested to give opinions on research misconduct relating to the research.
⑤ Members shall maintain confidentiality for all matters relating to deliberation. Meetings shall not be open to the public.
⑥ The committee shall deliberate and resolve on matters reported as ethical breaches within 50 days of receiving the report.
[Filing research ethics-related reports and preserving evidence]
① Reports relating to research ethics may be made to the director, editor-in-chief of the journal, or members of the editorial committee under the real name of the reporter using any available means, including in person, in writing, by e-mail, and the like.
② Members of the editorial committee are obligated to examine papers submitted to the journal for research misconduct. After becoming aware of any research misconduct, they must consult the chair of the editorial committee and report the matter to the committee.
③ The results of investigation into research misconduct shall be reported to the institute, and records of such research misconduct shall be kept at the institute for three years from such time processing of the case is completed.
④ The institute is obligated to protect persons reporting research misconduct from disciplinary action and other disadvantage, discrimination at the workplace, unfair pressure or other harm for having made such report. The institute shall institute policies necessary for the same.
⑤ Information concerning the identity of informers is not subject to disclosure. Should an informer be subject to disadvantage under Paragraph 4 for reporting research misconduct, or their identity is disclosed against their will, the institution in charge of receiving the report shall be held responsible.
⑥ If the informer wishes to be informed of investigation procedure and timelines following a report of research misconduct, then the informer may demand that the institution receiving the report or the Research Ethics Committee in charge of investigation thereof furnish such information. The institution in question shall faithfully comply with such request.
⑦ Informers who knew or could have known a report was false but nevertheless made such report shall not be protected under the above.
[Research integrity verification procedure]
① By principle, the procedure to verify research misconduct shall progress in the order of preliminary investigation, investigation, and adjudication, provided that preliminary investigation and investigation may be carried out at the same time.
② The committee may include and carry out other procedure deemed necessary in addition to the verification procedure of Paragraph 1.
[Handling of results of investigation relating to research integrity]
① The committee shall report the results and details of preliminary investigation and investigation to the director of the institute by no later than 10 days after the end of preliminary investigation and investigation, and after adjudication, respectively.
② The preliminary investigation report and investigation report shall include the following.
1. Examples and definition of breaches of research ethics
2. Agent and procedure for handling of research ethics breach
3. Measures taken against the research ethics breach
③ The committee shall, after consulting with the director, give notice to the person having committed the research ethics breach in writing of the measures taken by the institute, attaching the final investigation report.
④ If an article is judged to have violated research ethics, then such article shall be withdrawn from the academic journal of the institute. Invalidation of its publication shall be announced in the journal. Where necessary, notice shall be given to the head of the violator's institution of affiliation.
⑤ A person having breached research ethics shall be barred from submitting articles to the academic journal of the institute for three years from the date they are judged to have committed such breach.
⑥ Measures which may be taken against the author(s) of papers found to have committed research misconduct may include issuance of warnings and notification of related institutions.
⑦ Persons suspected of having engaged in research misconduct shall be afforded the right to challenge the results of the committee's investigation, and the committee shall guarantee such persons the opportunity for re-deliberation.
① If the author(s) of an article found to have committed research committee objects the decision of the committee, such author(s) may submit to the committee a written request for re-deliberation no later than 30 days of receiving notice of the committee's decision.
② The committee shall perform re-deliberation according to the provisions of Article 5 within seven days of having received a request for re-deliberation, and the researcher in question shall be notified of the result of such re-deliberation within 30 days.
[Research Ethics Statement]
① All researchers engaged in research activity associated with the institute are obligated to comply with the research ethics regulations. To ensure compliance with the research ethics regulations, researchers are required to submit a research ethics statement.
② When requesting to contribute an article to the journal, a researcher must sign the “Research Ethics Statement” in the Manuscript Submission Application (Form).