This study was tried for understanding destination space's reconstitution of Nami Island using surrealism. and based on the assumptions that Nami Island's regeneration is achieved through space reconstitution to stimulate the lost desire in modern society. According to the study result, Mani Island reborn as an illusory object in itself and is filled with various objects to provides a visual pleasure. Objets in Nami Island stimulate the visitor's imagination and sensibility. Visitors accept these aura experience with nature and artificial things by walking around Nami island and distractional acception. Nami island's objects are made of a ordinary artificial and natural materials and provide the pleasure of imagination and spiel through the eyes of a young child, not adult. Nami island has created various type's promenade and object to facilitate this experiences. So, tourist's aura experience with object and nature is achieved through walking or wandering, one of the nomadism which promote the lost desire in modern society.
This study uses innovative technology to track and analyze the spatial movement patterns of walking tourists’ behavior in urban village streets. The spatial movement of tourists is dynamic and successive. This present study uses a smart phone GPS application at the Buk Chon traditional villages, one of the most famous walking tourists attractions in Korea, in gathering the data. The spatial movement patterns of tourists’ walking behavior are classified as 3 types: straight pattern, circuit pattern and complex pattern. Tourism planners and policy makers of community-based tourism should focus on these limited patterns of spatial usage by these walking tourists to adopt policies with such measures in mind. Future research in this area is needed to determine the relationship between the environment and spatio-temporal patterns of walking tourists, as well as the influence of season, weather and demographic factors.
The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between biological resources and harmful elements to the environment using system thinking, and to suggest a sustainable management plan regarding harmful elements to the environment. In the results of this study, four causal loop diagrams were developed, and a mutuality among variables was found. From this, applicable major variables for a management plan were elicited. Consequently, a synthesized causal loop diagram was able to be constructed, and elements for a management plan about harmful elements to the environment in Bamseom could be elicited. Results from this study contribute to a sustainable management plan sought by system thinking about harmful elements to the environment through tourism activity in Bamseom. This will, in turn, aid in maintenance of the ecosystem of Ramsar Wetland and enable sustainable tourism activity.
This paper critically reviews the concept of 'existential authenticity' in tourism. The origin and condition of 'existential authenticity' in philosophy and sociology has been explored to have better understanding of how it has been developed before applying it to tourism study. We find that discussion on 'existential authenticity' in tourism is lacking a philosophical framework, which creates mystification and idealization of tourism experiences, excessively stressing a diversional effect of the tourism experience. This paper concludes that if existential authenticity in tourism becomes a valuable theory of discourse, it is necessary for a more sophisticated and elaborated theoretical framework to be constructed on how, in particular, the 'inauthentic-self' transforms into the 'authentic-self'. Further investigation is needed into what is the in-depth structure of the 'internal human self', and how this condition engages within the realm of 'placeness'.
The current study examines the economic effect of FDI (Foreign Direct Investment) on the domestic economy in terms of the GDP (Gross Domestic Product) growth rate and employment rate, respectively. The inflow of FDI is believed to induce growth in the domestic economy in light of GDP and Employment. However, the growth in the domestic economy may attract the FDI inflow. Thus it is necessary to conduct the Granger causality test among the variables under consideration to determine the direction of flow. As we classify the sample in such sectors as the manufacturing industry, service industry (including the tourism industry), the industry-wise effect turns out to differently greatly among them. Contrary to the common belief, according to the Granger causality test, FDI neither causes growth of GDP, nor the increment of employment rate, in the manufacturing sector. In contrast, FDI leads to increase of GDP growth rate and the employment rate within the service sector. The growth of the service industry rather attracts the inflow of FDI not vice versa, this is particularly most pronounced with the impulse-response test. In conclusion, domestic investment is required to attract FDI inflow, with this sustainable growth can be achieved.
The purpose of this study is to analyze 'factor structure' of festival experiences.
In order to examine the quality of a festival's experience, focus on essentiality of the experience is needed, rather than looking at the over management of the festival's service. This study's results indicate that the structure of a festival's experience consists of five constructive concepts: 'playfulness', 'deviation', 'accompaniment', 'sacredness', and 'placeness'. In spite of the fact that 'playfulness' and 'deviation' are known for their vitality conceptually, this study reveals that the traditional concepts of a festival (accompaniment and sacredness) also have influence on the festival experience. Also, it is important that a festival provides an existential, constructive, and objective authenticity for the festival participant who might experience a sense of alienation in everyday life. This allows the participant to take part in a ritual and somewhat retrieve their lost experience. This study attempted an empirical investigation on a festival experience that was only until now explored conceptually. Through this research, a scale was developed to assist in measuring conceptual characteristics of a festival's experience.
This study attempts to investigate the difference in adolescent leisure activities based on the parent's socio-economic status in the Korean context, using Bourdieu's Cultural Capital theory. Cross-tabulation analysis was conducted based on raw data from Korea Youth Panel Survey (KYPS), which analysed second grade middle school students during 5 years from 2003 to 2007. Annual cross-tabulation analysis was conducted as well to figure out differences between status group, which is divided based on the parents socio-economic status. The results showed that adolescence leisure activities differ according to the parent's socio-economic classification. This study concludes with the suggestion that eventually this leisure activity inequality in adolescence can became a base for the hierarchical differentiation later in life in Korea.
This study aims to examine how a tourist's 'post-gaze' in TV reality programs can influence their decision-making process to engage in the participation of outdoor recreational activities, and to investigate the structural relationship link between these two entities. In order to analyze the decision-making process, a model of goal-directed behavior, including the factor of weather influence on the structural equation method, were adopted. An on-site survey collected 403 samples for analysis. Results from this study found that prior experience, and family affection, have a statistically significant effect on attitude. In addition, attitude, subjective norm, positive anticipated emotion, and negative anticipated emotion, all have a significant effect on desire. While perceived behavioral control does not have significant effect on desire, it has significant effect on behavior intention. Desire was shown to have a great effect on behavior intention.
This study examined the effect of visitors' dispersion methods and admission fee policy applicable to a slow city destination with respect to reduction of perceived crowding. Data were collected through surveying 284 visitors to Shinan Jeungdo, Chunnam. ANOVA and regression analysis were performed to explore attitude differences between dispersion method and coping behavior according to the type of wellness lifestyle of the visitors. The results indicated that the those that pursued a slow city destination and were interested in wellness attributes were an active lohasian followed by a neutral group, as compared with an onlooker and indifferent groups. Slow city properties such as slowness and natural ecology showed impacts in all the social, psychological, and physical factors, but the property of traditional culture showed significant effect only in psychological factors and physical factors. The results may reflect the desire to enjoy a more relaxed and leisurely sightseeing experience, depending on the degree of importance a tourist places on wellness.
This study explored the relationship between social capital and community integration as a collective aspect, conducting face-to-face interviews with eight rural community leaders in South Korea. Findings from the interviews indicate that structural and cognitive social capital are both equally as important to community integration. In particular, an organization’s operation on structural social capital, and formation of trust among residents on cognitive social capital, are both important in rural tourism development. The major contribution of this study is that it confirms differences of perception between community leaders and residents about rural tourism development, and it provides useful data towards future rural tourism development studies.
This study was conducted in order to investigate the relationship of tourist motivation types (i.e., push and pull theory) on disabled tourists' decision making (i.e., travel intention formation and destination choice), and to identify the different characteristics in the relationship among groups based on the individual's travel experience. A self-administered questionnaire was developed and distributed using convenience sampling to a select sample of people with a disability. A total of 201 usable responses were analyzed with SPSS 21.0. The major findings were: first, generally push-related motivations were given higher importance than pull-related motivations in both types of the disabled tourists' decision-making; second, in the case of travel intention formation, no significant differences were found among the groups in all push-related motivation dimensions, but, in another type of decision-making, statistically significant differences were found among the groups in the 'accessibility' and 'novelty' dimensions. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed.
This study examined behavioral intention of volunteers for the 2012 Yeosu Expo using an Extended Theory of Planned Behavior(ETPB) by introducing motivations of volunteers. An onsite survey was conducted for 464 volunteers for the Yeosu Expo. The results of structural equation modeling reveal that motivation factors of patriotism, intrinsic rewards, and altruism had positive effects on volunteers’ attitude which influenced behavioral intention. Subjective norm and perceived behavioral control also appeared to be positively related to behavioral intention. Subjective norm of volunteers had an effect on attitude. The results indicate that patriotism was an important motivation when explaining attitude of volunteers. Attitude of volunteers was found to be the most influential variable when predicting behavioral intention. The findings imply that ETPB explains behavioral intention of volunteers very well for the Yeosu Expo by incorporating motivations into TPB.
This study was conducted to identify whether or not the effects of a smart-phone application called 'Hwaseong Haeng-gung' ('Haeng-gung fortress') could change visitors’ attitudes toward cultural heritage tourism. For this, 46 students were paired according to socio-demographics and were assigned into either control group, or an experiment group, respectively. Attitudes toward cultural heritage tourism were measured before and after their visit to the Hwaseong Haeng-gung site. The control group's attitude of both before and after the visit to the fortress were compared to experiment group's attitude. Both groups attitude was found to be significantly changed from before and after the visit; the experiment group's attitude changes were not significantly different from control group's attitude changes. The current research findings indicate that the 'Hwaseong Haeng-gung' application fails to significantly change visitors' attitudes toward cultual heritage tourism. The implications of this research are discussed for further development in this area.