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2015, Vol., No.39

  • 1.

    A study of demonstratives in rhetorical sentences -A contrastive analysis in Korean and Japanese-

    김수진 | 2015, (39) | pp.7~22 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    <Abstract> A study of demonstratives in rhetorical sentences -A contrastive analysis in Korean and Japanese-  In this study, a rhetorical grammar device known as <the use of references> was taken into consideration that oriented around rhetorical questions of the Korean and the Japanese language. When expressing rhetorical sentences, both countries had in common - the many uses of rhetorical references and [geu/so series] – but the following differences were found through a detailed analysis. One can analyze that the references included assessments of the narrator as the demonstrative pronouns that refer to objects or people often followed a context that expresses an independent assessment of the narrator. However, references referring to places are used as an expression of simple reference that puts the location of the narrator as a standard location and therefore not interpreted as being evaluated. Demonstrative adjectives, especially [i-reon, geu-reon, jeo-reon (konna, sonna, anna)] in Korean often uses a sentence structure of [(i-reon, geu-reon, jeo-reon) + noun + i/ga eo-di-seo-yo?]. Japanese often uses a noun phrase such as [(konna, sonna, anna) + adjective (substantial expression) + noun] to deliver the assessment of the narrator. There are fewer examples of rhetorical adverbs in both languages. In Korean, there are many expressions including [i-reo-ke] such as [ni-ga na-han-te eo-tteo-ke i-reol su i-seo?] while in Japanese, one cannot put it in a sentences structure, the rhetorical adverb itself contains the meanings of the evaluation, and therefore can read the evaluation of the speaker from the entire rhetorical sentence.
  • 2.

    A Study on Linguistic Behavior in Korean and Japanese Language Learners

    Kim Yoon-hee | 2015, (39) | pp.23~42 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    In relation to the thesis, I have conducted surveys with interview, and follow-up interview in Seoul and Tokyo to analyze the differences in sociocultural norms with regard to personal information request in Korea and Japan. To be specific, setting up situations in which a student exchange with a professor questions and answers about his or her personal information, differentiated between mother tongue and contact, in colleges of Korea and Japan, and to figure out the practice and background, I have used sociolinguistic methods to conduct analysis and scrutiny of the following linguistic phenomena. the analysis of the linguistic behaviors related to ‘personal information request’ involving foreign language learners in Korea and Japan shows that those who register a linguistic behavior closest to target language are Japanese learners of Korean(JK), and this group have diverse exchange partners and register high levels of convenience and contact in language use. These traits are thought to have contributed to the learners performing linguistic behaviors closest to target language. Like this, this thesis has surveyed the reality of consciousness of the abstraction called ‘personal information request’ in Korea and Japan through the different sociocultural norms related ‘personal information request’ involving Korea and Japan. And by analyzing the linguistic behaviors that transpire in the supposed situation involving ‘personal information request’, I have analyzed speech strategy for each country through the stereotypes that appear in Korea and Japan.
  • 3.

    The meanings and functions of “sue” with a noun -A comparative study between the Meiji-Era and the present-

    BAHNG, YOON HYUNG | 2015, (39) | pp.43~57 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    The meanings and functions of “sue” with a noun -A comparative study between the Meiji-Era and the present- This paper analyzes several meanings and functions of “sue” connected with a noun. In the paper, the usages of “sue” are mainly focused by comparing the two periods between Meiji-era and the present. Regarding the meanings and functions of “sue” connected with a noun, the two different cases in the study are described as follows. ① The first case of “sue” represents the space where a front noun exists. In this case, the goods noun and the noun representing body parts are used in the front noun, and designated patterns are used in the predicate. This usage was often used in Meiji-era, but it is never shown in the present. “N+sue” plays an important role as a hogo in the sentence, and the predicate controls the “N+sue”. ② The second case of “sue” represents the time which a front noun indicates. A movement noun and a time noun are used in the front noun, and the various types of predicates are used. “N+sue” does function as a jyokyogo in the sentence, and the predicate excludes the “N+sue”. Summarizing the above two cases, we can conclude that the pseudo noun “sue” connected to a noun preserves the historical changes up to Meiji-era, while it gets gradual changes from Meiji-era to the present.
  • 4.

    On the kana notations of rhyme Ma(麻) in the Sino-Japanese dictionaries

    baek hye young | Lee, Kyong Chul | 2015, (39) | pp.59~74 | number of Cited : 14
    Abstract PDF
    On the kana notations of rhyme Ma(麻) in the Sino-Japanese dictionaries In this research, I studied on the kana notations of rhyme Ma(麻) in six Sino-Japanese dictionaries. The results of this research as followings. 1) Sino-Japanese Kan’on is appears as a -a type in all of six Sino-Japanese dictionaries. but Go’on is appears as a -e type almost and as a -ja type, -a type. And kana notation of Go’on is different in six Sino-Japanese dictionaries. 2) Ka(カ) is a kana notation of Jia(加) in the Kikiman’yo and it is appears as a Ka(カ) also in Go’on because of Go’on effected by kana notation of Kikiman’yo. The kana notation of Kikiman’yo must be contained in Go’on because of kana notation of Kikiman’yo is not classified as a Sino-Japanese in Sino-Japanese dictionaries. 3) A(ア), Kana notation of A(亞) is classified as a Go’on in all of six Sino-Japanese dictionaries. but Go’on is a E(エ) because it is appears as a E(エ) in Kojiki. 4) Labials of Sino-Japanese Go’on in rhyme Ma(麻) are not consistent in six Sino-Japanese dictionaries. The kana notations of Go’on in Labial is Ha(把), Ha(覇), Me(馬), Ma(麻). 5) There are mistakes in all of six dictionaries to the notations of Cha(茶). The right kana notations are as that Go’on is Da(ダ), Kan’on is Cha(チャ), To’on is Sa(サ). 6) Dentals in Go’on of rhyme Ma(麻) are appears as a -ja type. 7) Kan’on is appears as a -wa type in all of six Sino-Japanese dictionaries. but Go’on is appears as a -we type almost and as -wa type in the case of rhymes that contained ‘w’ also. 8) Go’on of the Gwa(寡) is Kwa(クワ)>Ka(カ) because it is appears as a Kwa(クワ) and it is not appears as a Kwe(クヱ) in Go’on data. 9) Go’on of the wa(瓦) is Gwa(グワ)>Ga(ガ) because it is appears as a Gwa(グワ) and it is not appears as a Gwe(グヱ) in Go’on data. 10) Go’on of the Hua(華) is not consistent in six Sino-Japanese dictionaries. but Go’on of that is Kwe(クヱ)>Ke(ケ) because initial of that is ‘h’.
  • 5.

    Mutual Evaluation on Language Behavior by Koreans, Chinese and Japanese-Focusing on Speech Act of Refusal-

    lee kil yong | 2015, (39) | pp.75~95 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    Mutual Evaluation on Language Behavior by Koreans, Chinese and Japanese-Focusing on Speech Act of Refusal- This research is about evaluation of language behavior in Korean, Chinese and Japanese. Its originality is due to the fact that it is not an analysis on the causes of language behavior or a descriptive research of language behavior. It focuses on patterns of utterances taken from real speech data, analyzing positive and negative evaluation by Korean, Chinese and Japanese speakers on refusal and account utterances. The survey was carried out between 2009 and 2010 among 922 college students in Korea, China and Japan, around 300 students in each country. The subjects were asked to evaluate utterances in their own language and in the two other languages. The results found are the following: (1) Japanese speakers highly evaluated request utterances in their native language. This result shows that Japanese language has a typical pattern of language behavior. (2) Japanese speakers highly evaluated refusal utterances in Chinese and Japanese, but negatively evaluated request and account utterances in these two languages. (3) Korean speakers negatively evaluated account and refusal utterances in Japanese, but they positively evaluated request utterances. On the other hand, an opposite tendency is seen in the results concerning the same speech acts in Chinese. (4) Chinese speakers positively evaluated all three speech acts in Korean, request, account and refusal speech acts. However, negative evaluation of speech acts in Japanese grows in this order: request, account and refusal. Until now, researches in this field often pointed that differences in the performance of refusal speech acts across languages was a major cause for misunderstandings. However, the results of this survey shows that in the case of speech acts that presents high risk for loosing face such as refusal speech acts, detailed explanation of the reasons can be more effective in communication. This explains why Japanese ambiguous language behavior were negatively evaluated.
  • 6.

    A study of 「~ga sukida」 and 「~o sukida」

    chun sung yong | 2015, (39) | pp.97~114 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    A study of 「~ga sukida」 and 「~o sukida」 This paper probes the usage of Japanese 「~ga sukida」 and 「~o sukida」. In Korea, Japanese language teachers consider 「~ga sukida」 as the grammatical expression while degrading 「~o sukida」. However, Japanese grammarians demonstrate that 「~o sukida」 is also an accurate expression as well. The expression can be easily found in Japanese literature, which proves the legitimacy of 「~o sukida」. And one of Japanese grammarians insists that usage of expression <o sukida> appeared in these days by the young generation. However the expression <o sukida> is used in <Gawabatayasnari> - [YUKIGUNI] which is old novel, so it is hard to insist that <o sukida> appeared in modern. The usage of 「~ga sukida」 and 「~o sukida」 tends to depend on the preceeding form within sentences. For example, 「~ga sukida」 appears when the subject takes <ha> as its marker while 「~o sukida」 is used if the subject takes <ga> as its marker. Thus, 「~o sukida」 is not a misuse, but rather tends to be in a complementary relationship with 「~ga sukida」 depending on the preceding subject form. In conclusion <o sukida>is right expression as well as <ga sukida>, so it has to be corrected in educational field in Korea.
  • 7.

    A pragmatic study on the behavior of less-burdened invite in the Korean and Japanese male university students

    Choung, youngmi | 2015, (39) | pp.115~133 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    A pragmatic study on the behavior of less-burdened invite in the Korean and Japanese male university students This study aims to analyze the conversation on the behavior of less-burdened invite, and find out their unique characteristics from the recordings of the casual conversation between the close friends of Korean and Japanese male university students. The study subjects were 11 recordings by each language, 4 hours 41 minutes 50 seconds for Korean and 5 hours 8 minutes 4 seconds for Japanese, in total. 24 times and 20 times of invites occurred during the conversations in Korean and Japanese subjects, respectively. Upon the analysis results of invite contents, Koreans showed tendency of invite on the same date of conversation without any burden compared to Japanese. In addition, both showed the tendencies of new things invites which had not been discussed without any burden, more remarkable in Korean language. From the review of invite behavior on discourse level, we found that Korean did not prefer introducing irrelevant topics of the invite during the conversation compared to Japanese. In case of negative response from the other party on the invite, Korean tried to introduce irrelevant topics as a strategy of discourse level so as to change it into the positive ones. On the other hand, Japanese suggested that they introduced irrelevant topics of invite in order to delay the speed of invite behavior process before setting the concrete dates and places after the acceptance of invite.
  • 8.

    A Study of the Lesedrama for Shingeki Drama with 1910’s - Focusing on the “Birth” and “Shinzei” -

    Seung-Hoe, Na | 2015, (39) | pp.135~152 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    A Study of the Lesedrama for Shingeki Drama with 1910’s - Focusing on the “Birth” and “Shinzei” - This study focuses on Tanizaki Junichiro’s Lesedrama “Birth” and “Shinzei” to further analyze the development of the modern new drama in Japan in the 1910s and the trend of Lesedrama. The 1910s was a period of time called the “Taisho Democracy” as the uprising interest in pop culture grew up into an age of innovation. Different types of modern creative play were being created during this time in the play business in Japan, developing great popularity in pop culture. Also, it is a big characteristic in the new play movement in Japan is that during the Taisho period, creative plays concentrated more on Lesedrama alongside with the trend of novelists writing and creating plays. Lesedrama became a trend in the Taisho period because of its liberal and open generation mindset embraced experiments and challenges. It was not a play for theatre, and it shows that it was taken in and accepted as a part of literature. In other words, it was made clear to the audience that plays were based on literary understanding and recognized Lesedrama as literature and a mean of expression. “Birth” and “Shinzei” are two literary works that has the characteristics of Japanese new drama and Lesedrama created in the 1910s. Created in the same period of time as Tanizaki’s first publication, “The Tattooer,” these plays are written in a drama format, which was unusual during the time. This shows that Tanizaki was ahead of his time and had ambition for literature. However, the plays were presented out to the public during the time when the difference between the mainstreams like Kabuki, soap opera, and Lesedrama were not properly distinguished. Despite the confusion, Tanizaki carried out writing both novels and plays, which later explains how modern new plays in Japan developed and struggled between literature and theatre.
  • 9.

    Meaning Connoted by US Military in Oshio Tatsuhiro’s Literature - with the sight of connection between Okinawa, US, and Mainland Japan -

    Ji-Youn SON | 2015, (39) | pp.153~176 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    Meaning Connoted by US Military in Oshio Tatsuhiro’s Literature - with the sight of connection between Okinawa, US, and Mainland Japan - The interest of this paper lies in placing the meaning connoted by character, the US military, in Oshio Tatsuhiro’s literature in the state of same generation, especially in the connection of Okinawa, America, and mainland Japan, and thinking. The virtue of Oshiro’s literature is that when it talks about the relationship of Okinawa and US during postwar, it is not buried in the binary opposition ‘Okinawa vs. US’, rather lies in capturing the close relationship of people and nation, Japan which appears again in the cold war system in postwar. The US military in the debut work of literary circle 『The Junior(二世)』(1957), they are the occupants but the position is ambiguous. By setting the US soldier as the main character, it revealed enough that Okinawa as the occupied, but put-off many criticisms towards the violent occupation system. Contrary to this, the US soldier in 『Cocktail Party』(1967) in itself is the violent and suppressing occupier in every side. Of course the victim is the Okinawan. (especially the women) Though they were published with a difference of 10years, it was verified that the existence of US soldier in both works either regulates the relationship with mainland Japan or that it was the rhetoric strategy which couldn’t be omitted in judging the course of Okinawan identity.
  • 10.

    『Colorless Tsukuru Tazaki and His Years of Pilgrimage』 by Haruki Murakami. -Focusing on the Haruki’s historical awareness-

    Hyunjin Oh | 2015, (39) | pp.177~198 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    『Colorless Tsukuru Tazaki and His Years of Pilgrimage』 by Haruki Murakami. -Focusing on the Haruki’s historical awareness- This study has analyzed the changes in historical awareness of the author through 『Colorless Tsukuru Tazaki and His Years of Pilgrimage』 by Haruki Murakami. ‘Tsukuru’ had lived while disregarding his wound from the past. After 16 years, he realized that his wound was still traumatizing and disturbed his social relationships, and he starts a journey back to his personal history. Thus, the pilgrimage of Tsukuru was started from Nagoya, then continued to Finland. Next to Tsukuru, who took an active approach towards his personal history, was ‘Sara,’ and she can be considered as the most precise spokesperson of Murakami’s historical awareness, and a person who reminds of the importance of healing of wounds from human relationships through her repetitive use of the word history. In his pilgrimage, Tsukuru was able to recover from his wounds in Finland. The significance in setting of the novel in Finland, a country that had experienced historical responsibilities and recovery from it, can be considered as an author’s intention to deliver his thoughts on history to readers. After the pilgrimage, Tsukuru comes back to Nagoya, where the past event had took place in. Instead of searching for a new place, the place where it had all begun becomes a new place. Yōichi Komori has criticized that Haruki Murakami shall define his position before Japan and the world as a writer and a first generation Japanese after the war. In recent, Murakami has spoken about his thoughts on history and Japane se society through interviews with various media, and has been including more and more historical/social issues in his writings through active characters. Thus, Murakami has confronted history, which he had disregarded in his past works, in『Colorless Tsukuru Tazaki and His Years of Pilgrimage』to demonstrate healing and recovery from pains and wounds of history.
  • 11.

    Psychopath, the monster of modern society and the maternal myth -Goodnight, Mom by Seo Mi-Ae and I’m sorry, Mama by Kirino Natsuo-

    Jaejin Yu | 2015, (39) | pp.199~216 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    Psychopath, the monster of modern society and the maternal myth -Goodnight, Mom by Seo Mi-Ae and I’m sorry, Mama by Kirino Natsuo- In today’s detective mystery novels, criminals do not commit murder for vengeance or money. Rather, they are too egotistical and therefore unable to feel empathy with other people. This state causes them to continuously and guiltlessly commit murder in order to fulfill their distorted desires or to gain relief. These serial killers are better known as psychopaths. This study deals with two detective mystery novels, Goodnight, Mom published in 2010 by Mi-ae Seo and I’m Sorry, Mama in 2004 by Kirino Natsuo. Both are stories that feature female serial killers. The ways in which the mothers assert motherhood to be a myth and choose to escape from the restraint of motherhood only leads to the result that their children grow up to be serial killers. The choices they had made are deemed negative. That is, the two novels are paradoxically demanding motherhood by linking the personality development of serial killers with that to “mothers”. In such a way, the thought that society needs to intervene in child care from I’m Sorry, Mama is not shown in Goodnight, Mom. Goodnight, Mom only distinguishes the good mother as absolutely good and the bad mother as absolutely bad. This signifies that this novel fails to escape from the predominant idea in Korean society that sanctifies and enforces motherhood.
  • 12.

    Response of the Japaneses Rresidents’s Media in Joseon about the March 1st Movement and 1919’s Japanese-Language Literature

    Jung, Byeong-Ho | 2015, (39) | pp.217~233 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    Response of the Japaneses Rresidents’s Media in Joseon about the March 1st Movement and 1919’s Japanese-Language Literature This study investigated the characteristics of Japanese literatures about the March 1st Movement to examined how Japanese magazines published by Japanese people recorded the March 1st Movement in colonized Joseon. There have been various discussions about the March 1st Movement in Korean modern literature and the studies on Japanese literature, whereas there has been no studies on how the Japanese residents in Joseon who witnessed the Movement understood it through the magazines in Japansese and how the literary section of those magazines expressed the reality. Most Japanese magazines written by the Japaneses residents in Joseon disputed and criticized the appropriateness and basis of the Movement. On the other hand, there were also a lot of articles which indicated the problems of Japanese colonial policies, required other policies which could actually unite the two races, and criticized the discrimination against Koreans. In particular, the most distinctive characteristic of the Japanese literatures about the March 1st Movement was the love(marriage) between a Japanese and a Korean for taking the issue. In other words, the emotional communication and friendship between the Japanese and the Korean were considered to be effective on teaching the importance of harmony and assimilation between the Japanese and the Korean. Thus, the love between a Japanese and a Korea was one of the ideologies for the March 1st Movement.
  • 13.

    Balhae envoys & Bugaku exchange in Heian period -Focusing on New Year’s royal rituals-

    김홍래 | 2015, (39) | pp.235~257 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Balhae envoys & Bugaku exchange in Heian period -Focusing on New Year’s royal rituals- This paper is the study of Japanese royal court dance and music contacting Balhae envoys, focusing on the New Year’s royal ritual of the Heian period. In the early Heian period, Japan had accommodated the many institutions and cultural relics from the Tang Dynasty, and declared its own imperialism was trying to build the discriminate-barbarism of Japan. According to the “Konin-Dairisiki”, Balhae envoys were attending the New Year’s royal ritual, Ganjitunosetie Aoumanosetie Toukanosetie Zarai, as a part of the Japanese diplomatic strategy. In case of Zarai there was no court dance and music. But the other case, Ganjitunosetie had danced Banzaigaku Ziku Yuntengaku Gaden Engigaku, Aoumanosetie had danced Koteihazingaku Gyokusyugoteika Sekihakutorika Banzaigaku Kisyungaku, Toukanosetie had danced Toka Banzaigaku Gaden Ziku Engigaku. Therefore, I guess that Balhae envoys was actively contact to Japanese royal court dance and music in the New Year’s royal events. Japan had welcomed Balhae envoys with diplomatic courtesy and court ceremony, and visually embodied their own Reigakusiso & Imperialism with playing the royal court dance and music. Balhae envoys were communicating actively through the royal court dance and music in a variety of events. And ‘Shinmaka’, the dance of Balhae, became settling into Japanese royal court dance and music. But on the other hand, we can see that Japanese dancer & Bugaku were flowing into the Balhae and that it was propagated to Tang. In addition, the Japanese royal court dance and music were inflowing directly to the Tang Dynasty, through the Kentoshi. Heian Japanese royal court dance and music were being spread in Northeast Asia through international exchange.
  • 14.

    A Study on Strategic Meaning of Main Industries during the Early Showa Reign -Focus on the Geography Textbooks edited by Governor-General of Korea-

    Kyungsoo Park | 2015, (39) | pp.259~277 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    A Study on Strategic Meaning of Main Industries during the Early Showa Reign -Focus on the Geography Textbooks edited by Governor-General of Korea- Japan’s was focused on the cultivation of cotton and rice through the modern industrial period Becauce of Food supply and the source of clothing life for own people. Actually, textile industry including the cotton textile, it led the development of Japan‘s industry and capitalism, and these Processing Trade granted a mighty force in the national interest. However, This became appeared a colonial exploitation, Japan was strategically nurturing the country put the power. Therefore, the accumulated capital can be seen to have been to enable the building a cost defense industry of war and it’s infrastructure. Based on this strategy, intention to extend the country’s position in the world is noticeable in the content and descriptions. Relevant parts of the Western industrialized countries, they confirms the Japan’s position through described the extent of its development in the big city, and trade aspects was equal or more excellent. However, in developing countries such as southeast Asia or Africa, it can be seen that to achieve economic decorations through depicted as suppliers of raw materials for the country’s industrial development while referring to the colonial history of industrialized powers. Therefore, deep and multi-faceted research about initial education system in the Showa Reign(昭和) must be continued. It is the methods of looking for a solution to the outstanding issues that remain as the failure to improve the Korea-Japan relations, and expected to be able to crated the corresponding logic the current Japanese political movements.
  • 15.

    The change and symbolism of Star Festival in The Japanse Imperial Court

    ParkJeonYull | 2015, (39) | pp.279~302 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The change and symbolism of Star Festival in The Japanse Imperial Court They include the Star Festival, and all courtesy is a kind of communication acts. The people gather in the time and place that was fixed to achieve a purpose and they make various symbols and share it. The community reconfirms that I explain the meaning of the matter to aim. This increases identity and the happiness of the group. A legend of the Star Festival to establish a fountainhead in China was shared in the East Asia. Japan regarded a legend of the material as important. However, their nature and climate formed culture of the reflected Star Festival. I was going to elucidate the accommodation and a change process of the Star Festival courtesy in Japan in this report. There were sovereignty and a noble effort to make Imperial Court courtesy in this process. They constituted a meaning of the Star Festival courtesy more nobly. I understood a method to perform labor to maintain a style of the courtesy well. The tradition of the open Star Festival was dismantled at the Imperial Court and the outskirts in modern times. Star Festival courtesy is not opened up in the Imperial Court today. However, in the private enterprise, a Star Festival event is held as a local event, a commercial event. Star Festival opened in midsummer ties a tradition as the event that I play vigor and put in the society.
  • 16.

    Empire and Misogyny -The works of Kataoka Kisaburo, a Japanese resident in colonial Joseon-

    Lee Sun Yoon | 2015, (39) | pp.303~324 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Empire and Misogyny -The works of Kataoka Kisaburo, a Japanese resident in colonial Joseon- This study focuses on the misogyny of empire by examining Humor Essay Shinseonro (1929), Anatomy of Japanese Women(1931), and Ladies of Showa Japan(1934), all written by Kataoka Kisaburo, an educator and journalist in colonial Joseon for more than 20 years. Kataoka’s three books have never been considered academic topics, yet include important information about imperial views on women. In Humor Essay Shinseonro, objective views on women are very easily found, but ironically, Kataoka’s second book, Anatomy of Japanese Women was almost all about women. This study attempts to understand the history and system of misogyny in imperial Japan, including colonial Joseon, through the discourses on women in Kataoka’s texts, especially in the last one, Ladies of Showa Japan, which clearly shows the strong misogyny of an imperial and patriarchal nation. Moreover, the idea of motherhood was emphasized more strongly in it than in Kataoka’s two other texts, even though it was written before Japan’s national mobilization in the late 1930s.
  • 17.

    Two Americas -Politics of Representation Surrounding American Village in Okinawa-

    Cho,Jung-Min | 2015, (39) | pp.325~348 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Two Americas -Politics of Representation Surrounding American Village in Okinawa- The purpose of this study is to examine the politics of representation surrounding American Village in Tyatan, Okinawa. American Village is an urban resort constructed on the reclaimed land around the American airfield and shooting range on the seashore in 1981. This facility was built by modeling Seaport Village in San Diego, America, and is often considered as a successful case in the aspect of utilizing American military base. However, American Village and the American military base Camp Lester, which is on the opposite side, are suggesting conflicting America and keeping a tense relationship. This scenery shows the repeated negative/positive views of America and the existence of both temptation of and objection to the American culture. In other words, American Village and Camp Lester having Japan National Route 58 in the middle represent the space of imitation and acceptance of America, conflict and connection, and agreement and denial. What matters is that the space of ‘Two Americas’, American Village and Camp Lester, is being forced to follow the order of the hierarchy by military power and capital strength. In addition, how to imagine and practice the force to disrupt and break that order would be a huge task. This study tried to examine the formation process of American Village and analyze the aspects of American reproduction and expression of the identity of Okinawa. It will provide the possibility to look at the phenomenon of post-colonialism working complexly in Okinawa from a new angle.