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2016, Vol., No.41

  • 1.

    Japanese-language novel research in the 1930s of Women Writers : Focusing on the "Korean female writers literature" of 『The Osaka daily newspaper』

    Kyungsoo Park | 2016, (41) | pp.7~26 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    Japanese-language novel research in the 1930s of Women Writers : Focusing on the "Korean female writers literature" of 『The Osaka daily newspaper』 『The Osaka daily newspaper』was provided special section for Korean writers. It is because that they introduced to colonial Korean society and reality of the Korean culture to entire of Japan. Despite of missed their aim, it was significant that they introduced colonial Korean society which has particularities of the mid-1930s and reality of the Korean culture with the colonial woman writers point of view who alienated society and institutional, The 「Penance(苦行) which is described the joys and sorrows of the urban people written by Malbong-Kim, and the 「Boarding(下宿)」 written by Chun myung-Noh shows the colonial Korean plane. The 「Shade」 written by Jeong hee-Choi, and the 「a nursery song(子守唄)」 written by Deukjo-Jang were suggest that how to replaced with "Maternal of militarism". The 「Tukbuja」 written by Shinae-Baek, the 「Place of Jangsan」written by Kyeongae-Kang, and the 「Before and after flood(洪水前後)」 written by Hwaseung-Park are described delicately appearance of colonial layer people who are emphasized on political, social environment as a decision element of fate, and going frustrated of fall depending their environments. However, they expended reality critical view of reader through not criticism and resistive but accommodate side, because strengthening of the social system. In this study that are discussed in the literatures are extremely fragmented as compared to the literary activity of these authors. However, literature of the colony of Women Writers, and colonial social image that has been trapped in their point of view were introduced to Japanese media which is name recognition (famous) through translated Japanese, when it did achieve during the Sino-Japanese War based on Korea, In terms of that large number of Japanese has sympathy, it could be possible to find a decent meaning.
  • 2.

    A Study on Shimazaki Toson's "Tokkan"

    Tae Kyun Yim | 2016, (41) | pp.27~44 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    A Study on Shimazaki Toson's "Tokkan" In the life of a writer Shimazaki Toson, three years of residence in France is a very important watershed events. "Bihuu" of the work of Toson is a very remarkable anthology for looking at the meaning of his visitation to France. This paper mainly investigated the meaning of the silence appeared in short "Tokkan" described at Toson's 4th collection of short stories "Bihuu". First, this paper, I have focused at the 'Labor' that being used in the "Tokkan". As a result, it was revealed that the 'Labor' acts as a driving force to move the inner of the main character. I think that the word 'labor' used in "Tokkan" have two sides. It says here that the two sides refer to a 'static' aspect refers to the creative aspects of the novel and the 'dynamic' aspect of the protagonist struggling to cover the publication costs. Secondly, this paper examined about the meaning of 'silence' of inside the hero and the 'shout' of outside world. As a consequence, it was investigated by the stylistic features of this work. Finally, by considering the meaning of the dotted line marks used in the prologue and epilogue of this novel, I have found that these formal features is how to connect with the inner world of the hero. In conclusion, It is the work that "Tokkan" is set in Japan for the Russo-Japanese War, well showing dual social and personal attention through the appearance of the hero breaking the hardships of life, planing to publish works.
  • 3.

    Amateurism, Aura, Anarchy The Significance of Modernity for Nakaji Yasui (1903-1942)

    Koto yuko | 2016, (41) | pp.45~68 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    Amateurism, Aura, Anarchy The Significance of Modernity for Nakaji Yasui (1903-1942) Nakaji Yasui is a representative figure of modernity in photographic circles in Japan. He was born at the beginning of the twentieth century and died in the second year of the Pacific War. His works always provide a perspective of society, while also making a connection with the intellect towards civilization. He never abandoned this perspective, which is exceptional for amateurism when the world aspect was rapidly changing. Clearly, it was elaborated in various ways as to how observation leads to truthful inferences of an external world. Here Yasui will be described in terms of intellectual history, rather than the art history of these times. His action and work will be analysed in relation to what Yasui names as 'an invisible big thread'. I will define the significance of modernity for Yasui through an exploration of his 'amateurism'. the aura of his works which based on other's dignity, and the autonomy of his photographic expression which manifests a spirit of anarchy. It marks the seventieth anniversary of the end of the Second World War, and I will provide a new perspective on the times that offers the possibility of an intellectual course through the current crisis in Japan.
  • 4.

    A study on ≪Northern Goshikisumi≫ to Utamaro and his ukiyo-e

    milim Lee | 2016, (41) | pp.69~87 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    A study on ≪Northern Goshikisumi≫ to Utamaro and his ukiyo-e Kitagawa Utamaro is a master of the painting of the beauty who is excelled in soft line drawing, variety of figure and delicate facial expression of a woman. He was well known as an Ukiyo-e painter of the Edo period among European countries in the modern times. When he represented ≪Northern Goshikisumi(北国五色墨)≫to the public in 1794, the figure of the beauty included prostitutes from the lowest class that was considered far from the ideal figure of woman. The figure of the beauty in his paintings is shown as femme fatal and seems so sensual that nothing can have been parallel to such expression in history. In his painting, <Oiran(花魁)> and <Geigi(芸妓)> seduce a man by fascinating readings and hand gestures. Especially <Teppo(鉄砲)> among the three of the lowest prostitute is drawn as a death-threatening femme fatal who puts a life of a man into deadly dangerous situation. In his ≪Northern Goshikisumi(北国五色墨)≫, Utamaro considered these prostitutes equal to himself whose painting activity had been restricted by Kansei reforms and described the tragic reality of them who had been driven to the world of filth by unilateral decision of somebody. In other words, he wanted to reveal the cruel reality of the Edo period through the media of painting. Despite of the restriction of publishing by Bakuhu(幕府), Utamaro was bold enough to continue his painting of the beauty and represented ≪Taiko gosai rakuto yukan no zu (太閤五妻洛東遊観之図)≫ in 1804 that is based on Toyotomi hideyosi(豊臣秀吉). The painting was understood as a parody of hideyosi(秀吉) expressed like Tokugawa ienari(徳川家斉), the 11th general of Bakuhu in the Edo period. Because of this, he was sentenced by 2 days in prison and 50 days of being handcuffed. In short, Utamaro used the media of Ukiyo-e, one of the most popular journalism, to transmit the important messages to the society.
  • 5.

    A Study of the Multilingual Landscape in Osaka Nipponbashi Area : The Shop Signs Concerning Electrical and Electronic Appliances and The Distinctive Subculture

    磯野英治 | 上仲淳 | 大平幸 and 1other persons | 2016, (41) | pp.89~103 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    A Study of the Multilingual Landscape in Osaka Nipponbashi Area : The Shop Signs Concerning Electrical and Electronic Appliances and The Distinctive Subculture This research studied the linguistic landscape of Osaka Nipponbashi area, where many shops specializing in electrical and electronic appliances are present alongside a distinctive subculture. Nipponbashi is the largest electrical appliance district in Western Japan and has a distinct subculture. This research analyzed the multilingual and unique signage found in this area. Not only are there standard multilingual landscapes which include “Japanese, English, Chinese and Korean,” but Thai and Vietnamese signs exist as well. In addition, this study found functions of intralinguistic variation by qualitative analysis. In other words, these variations can be classified into three categories “information about a shop, customer service and attention information”. Moreover, we analyzed the typical shop signs in the Nipponbashi area. For example, picture 1 and 2 where hiragana is used to write words ordinarily are expressed in katakana. Deliberately choosing hiragana and the old form of the Chinese character to write words ordinarily written in katakana or numeric character provide a more informal impression and presents itself as more accessible. In addition, examples like picture 3 and 4 consists of social backgrounds about gender and secular variation. We have reached the conclusion that these linguistic landscapes in the Osaka Nipponbashi area are similar to the Akihabara area, namely in multilingual and distinctive signage, and symbolic signs. Furthermore, we gave a full detail of functions of signs. Lastly, we hope to analyze other areas and thus contribute to the current research method.
  • 6.

    ‘Manchuria’ Represented in Japanese occupation in elementary textbooks during the Japanese colonial rule : focused on the <geography textbooks> by Goverment-General of Korea compiled

    Mikyong Jang | 2016, (41) | pp.105~122 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    ‘Manchuria’ Represented in Japanese occupation in elementary textbooks during the Japanese colonial rule : focused on the <geography textbooks> by Goverment-General of Korea compiled Manchuria was a space of opportunity to fill the ambitions to expand Japan. The <geography textbooks> and other textbooks were represented in the hope of Manchuria to leave korea. Is a space of dreams' wishful pioneering korea’s wish be granted. enslave education of the labor force in the colonial center of the presentation of the Greater East Asia. Koreans were in labor, the Japanese in Manchuria that there is an economic activity within the research established the superiority of its own people. in the process of trying to establish links with Japan, ties and Manchuria were often describe it came from a long time ago. Movement of Lords is to create a Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere, and also built the royal is connected, and set to the required space of the Greater East Asia forward. In the textbook as an extension of the territorial ambitions region imperialist aggression in East Asia have emerged as it was geographically part of Manchuria was also a peek. The vision of Japan for the Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere is certainly also revealed the colonial textbooks to make the future of the colony. Manchuria is a territory that was extended the space and power of Japan for the Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere in the final sense. but as a food base for the conduct of war and labor providers.