The purpose of this paper consists in capturing the characteristics of in Japan that transformed through the study comparing the novel of two authors around the Nabi Taryong in Yangji Lee and Seizyouki no Kikoenai Heya in Levy Hideo.
By a comparative study of Korean residents in Japan and foreign residents in Japan, we reveal each effort to seek the new of in Japan.
It can be different from the past in Japan and also the future in Japan, each effort may differ even each existence of in Japan. Identity confusion, hometown and country, experience and language which has the different background of the homeland can be said to act as a major factor.
Identity, Zainichi and the concept of the mother land have shifted by the times. The different times of the crossing the border makes the difference of Identity, Zainichi and the concept of the nationality. And the difference of established Identity, Zainichi and the concept of the nationality make a call of the friction.
The novels of Yangji Lee and Levy Hideo show the current of the times. Their’s novels make a demand for the new analysis about the current of the times.
I have reviewed the bare face of misfortune of 「I」, a nameless young writer of Tokyo, shown in 『Plum Blossom by Night』 while comparing it to the real life of Ibuse. For him, complex of all the suffering of youth, except romantic feeling, has become the motif of his early works.
Afterwards, he recognized that his egoism(obsession), his characteristic demerit, was the main factor causing tragedy and from that recognition, he started to realize the misfortune as an avoidable fact of life and ceased useless emotional exhaustion. That is, the sensual enlightenment letting him recognize all the reality in a positive attitude was naturally occurred from of inner side of him. Since then, the works showing formula that 「I」 am Ibuse" has been almost disappeared. Even though 「I」 showed his presence in the novel, he only faithfully redendered narration but exerted no impact to it; a literary youth in the early days, filled with agony, could not be found anywhere. Ibuse has overcome the tragedy of youth appeared in earlier works and has steadily grown up while making real life of ordinary people main theme of life on the enriched base of painful personal experience.
This paper is a study on the egoism expressed in the short novel of "the Sprouting" and Toson’s memoirs. Toson compelled the family and his children into sacrifices for literary writing and business. He sent his children to relatives of the house. Toson was impressed on Rousseau as a thinkers when read young. Just as like Rousseau met maid of needlework of at the laundry room of the boarding house, and five children who were born between two, entrusted to the orphanage has caused a stir. Both of them did the same thing which was a thoroughly selfish with the aim of their success in life between Toson and Rousseau.
When Toson read Rousseau’s "confession", he caught and understood the ideas of liberty thought as a source of egoism in Toson. Any way, the liberty which not tied to regulations, exists in the human mind. Free people is who in the existence of conduct to remain his heart's content.
In terms of the analysis of "the Sprouting" and Toson’s memoirs, we have found that the self-centered egoism of Toson and the style of egoistic behavior in Toson being from the reading in his 22-year-old, and that he was impressed on “confession” wrtten by Rousseau. depicted as liberty thought. Toson said in his memoirs, that he found out a new ego through "confession" by Rousseau for the sake of self-realization. It is said that Toson confessed the fact that he received the idea of Rousseau and moved it to the action into life.
This research investigated type and mean of bird's previous lives in Japan. bird's previous lives(Kotorizensyoutan) is a class of animals Iranian folktales. Including the story of the little bird past life is folklore that before it comes to the origin of such a bird's cry, shape and behavior. Kotorizensyoutan contained in the main folklore kits in Japan can understand the classification of several prominent type. This paper analyzed the social and cultural implications of the Kotorizensyoutan in terms of the breakdown of family relationships. Many molded Kotorizensyoutan definitive cause the man to transform a small new is none other than the breakdown of family relationships. Therefore, it is necessary to pay attention to the molded Kotorizensyoutan in terms of the breakdown of family relationships. Kotorizensyoutan is paradoxically makes the audience aware of the cause by showing the disastrous consequences of the breakdown of family relationships or let the readers how precious in the tradition of the family group to process.
Japan has a traditional culture inheritance to associate with the Emperor deeply a lot. The Japanese tea ceremony was formed with a priest of the Middle Ages in samurai family society and developed.
This tea ceremony is called an austere refinement dado and makes much of the element which is like the Zen which is holy in thriftiness. However, the tea ceremony of the Imperial Court was formed at early time while I was monopolized led by the Emperor. The Emperor held a tea party by means to strengthen sovereignty according to a political intention.
When the new tea ceremony called the austere refinement dado was formed in the Middle Ages, the samurai received authority by giving this to the Emperor and was going to have it. I studied it the Emperor and a noble received it, and how they enjoyed tea by this report led by the Emperor. Emperor enjoyed tea as play, or the Emperor conjugated in political courtesy.
As a result, the tea party of the Imperial Court took in the austere refinement dado which was manners of the tea of the samurai and came to have various figures. The tea ceremony became available in modern times and stopped by if the interchange with the foreign country became active and was utilized in national courtesy positively.
I become the promoter of the tea party, and I show off identity of the Japanese culture, and the Emperor is proud of cultural sense of superiority to a culture event and a diplomatic event.
The Japanese tea ceremony systematized manners and an inner space of the tea which drank tea. In addition, there is a hit flow utilized for a political activity of the Emperor in this positively.
The first reason why Ukyo-e(the Japanese woodblock print) could captivate the european impressionists is its superior technique in color print that had been used one and half century ahead as a woodblock technique, which was not familiar with them. The second reason is that it was expressed with natural and loud colors made of natural pigments mainly from plants, which fascinated europeans. Lastly, the majority of Japanese woodblock prints introduced in Europe was mainly about a courtesan and an actor.
Voyeurism, the expression technique used by Degas and Seurat who had been influenced by <The Figure of Girls’ Bathroom> by Kiyonaga, namely in the pictures of dancers in Degas’ and the circus in Seurat’s, appears on the canvas using deployment of both dynamic and silence elements in a way of common composition likewise in the Kabuki Picture, <the Figure of Tegatari〉by Kiyonaga. However, the picture of Kabuki by Kiyonaga about the stage of Kabuki-za and the seats used the western perspective drawing technique in a Japanese way to impose more stress and reinterpretation as an Uki-e.
European expressionist art is more the result from the implantation of Japanese esthesia and art work rather than the reflection of Japanese pictorical expression. The title of <La Japonaise> by Monet is a good example. It shows an establishing element of Japanese hobby in color configuration on the canvas by portraying his wife, Camille Doncieux twisting her body in an S-shape like a courtesan in her reddish underwear. In other words, it seems to imply the meaning of both a Japanese curio and imitation of a figure of courtesan.