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2019, Vol., No.50

  • 1.

    A Study of ‘謂’ in The Nihonshoki

    kim yeon hwa | 2019, (50) | pp.7~26 | number of Cited : 0
    The book of The NIHONSHOKI was completed in AD.720 years. This book is regarded as the first written history book of Japan from the origin tale to the Jito Tenno emperor. Because it is a history book, there are presented various kinds of people and many contents to describe speech act of the characters of the people in the book. To deal with the characters’ speech act there are used of many kinds of Kanji notations such as “曰・言・云・謂”. Even though they is letter to express the meaning of “say”, the writer would have chosen the kanji according to certain criteria. In this article, we firstly outlined the use of situation of “謂”, and then focusing on the examples used for utterance quotations considered two angles of the usage of “謂” which are the form of utterance citation, and the vertical relationship between the spoken subject and the object. “謂” is used as verb and noun. When “謂” is used as verb, it is used as quotation and it can be categorized into dialogue quote and general quote.When it is used as dialogue quote, it is mainly co-occurred with “曰” and is used as quoting for utterances to the same level and inferior person.
  • 2.

    A Study on the Needs of blended learning Learners —Focusing on A Survey of Tourism Japanese Learners—

    Kim Yoon-hee | 2019, (50) | pp.27~47 | number of Cited : 1
    The current study researched the detailed reasons regarding the satisfaction and dissatisfaction of blended learners, as well as their needs. The survey results are as follows: First, Recipients of blended learning were satisfied because of “convenience in time use,” “higher efficiency than 3-hour classes,” and “utilization in reviewing.” Second, They were dissatisfied because of “lower understanding and concentration of cyber classes,” “lower efficiency,” “difficult attendance management,” “lack of response due to unilateral class structure,” “dullness of repeated learning,” and “difficulty of taking two styles of classes.” Third, The needs of the learners were “enhancement of cyber classes to be used for review and pre-studying,” “utilization of the classes for quizzes,” “use of cyber classes as supplementary classes using recesses between physical classes,” “utilization of various contents such as videos in cyber classes,” “improvements in attendance system,” “enhance speaking programs in the physical classroom and provide more grammar instructions in the cyber classrooms,” “provide chapters in the cyber lessons to allow learners to index classes better,” and “provide cyber classes with different learning contents than ones offered in the physical classroom.” Instructors should identify such needs of the learners to manage them better and produce adequate blended learning contents.
  • 3.

    A Study on the Content Analysis of Japanese American Soldier’s Regular Japanese Language —Focusing on the 5th National Reunion deleted by inking—

    Song, Sook-Jeong | 2019, (50) | pp.49~63 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    In this study, we analyzed the quantitative texts of the contents which were removed by the attention of the past which Japan which it faced the losing tried to rush out by itself. As a result, the 4141 vocabularies revealed that the contents of their deletion consisted of militaristic contents containing many vocabulary suggestive of war. In the frequency of the nouns, the tendency was also revealed in the frequencies of the subexpressions, and the air network between the nouns and the verbs was found to be a collection of meaningful vocabularies implicating the contents of the Korean language. The contents of the Korean language dictionary containing these vocabularies must have been incompatible with the educational reform ideas of the US military that will be welcomed by Japan.
  • 4.

    On the Discourse Construction Attitude of Japanese Compared with Chinese and Korean - An Exploration of How Models Can Explain Differences in Ways of Thinking and Expression-

    oki, hiroko | Kang, Suk-Woo | cho hwa min | 2019, (50) | pp.65~88 | number of Cited : 0
    This paper discusses the Discourse Construction Attitude of the Japanese, compared with that of Korean and Chinese people. The authors define Discourse Construction Attitude as an unconscious conventional posture in speaking in that language, including the way the speaker and the listener’s view of the situation surrounding them becomes the basis of a mindset. Discourse Construction Attitude determines how a speaker chooses to express him- or herself, affecting the selection of content and vocabulary, as well as sentence and discourse development. In Japanese Discourse Construction Attitude, the speaker and the listener stand separate; the speaker is conscious of the surrounding environment; and the speaker sees the object and, at the same time, the listener’s perception of that object. The listener, on the other hand, sees the speaker and the speaker’s perception of the object, a structural pattern known as the Ternary Relationship. In Korean Discourse Construction Attitude, the speaker and the listener stand separate; the speaker is less conscious of the speaker and the listener’s surroundings; the speaker and the listener see each other and the speaker focuses their attention on the listener in the conversation. In Chinese Discourse Construction Attitude, speaker and place are perceived as a whole; the speaker is conscious of the listener as a character in that place; the speaker constructs the discourse using explicit language without thinking about the listener; and the listener understands the speaker’s discourse from the speaker’s point of view.
  • 5.

    A Study of the discourse marker 「-teiuka」

    YOUYAEJIN | 2019, (50) | pp.89~105 | number of Cited : 0
    This paper aims to logically explain the concept of the discourse marker 「-teiuka」and analyze the pragmatic features. 「-teiuka」 has various features, which are frequently used in conversation in which there is no formality in some meaning instead of losing the meaning of the original dictionary. However, in the previous research, I could not see the explanation of the logical concept as a discourse marker which is often discussed in discussing these 「-teiuka」, and the analysis from the viewpoint of various forms of integration. In this paper, focusing on these points, we analyzed the characteristics of 「-teiuka」 as discourse markers from a word pragmatic point of view. In previous studies so far, it was done from a microscopic viewpoint of 「-teiuka」. However, in this paper, it is meaningful in that it has analyzed from the integrated viewpoint in terms of logic explanation as a discourse marker and various related linguistic levels. From now on, for more objective analysis, I would like to analyze 「-teiuka」from the word theory side based on many example sentences. Specifically, I would like to display the meta-proposition as a meta-proposal I would like to tell the opponent I would like to see detailed functions in the actual conversation that make the contents of conversation clear and effective.
  • 6.

    Awareness of Japanese Learners on the Teacher Correction of Japanese Writing and Activity on the LMS —Focused on the class of “reading-writing of Japanese texts”—

    Cho, Eun-Young | 2019, (50) | pp.107~127 | number of Cited : 3
    In this thesis, it has been investigated and analyzed how Japanese learners think of teacher’s correcting their compositions written every week in the Japanese composition class as well as how the learners are aware of the comment activity after reading compositions uploaded on the LMS. It has revealed the following. (1)87.1% of learners answered that teacher correction had a positive effect. (2)The items learners felt difficulties while writing Japanese were in order of Chinese characters, Japanese expression, vocabulary, grammar & sentence structure, and writing style. (3)Precedence tasks necessary for improving the composition ability were in order of writing practice, reading, knowledge of literary style, and experience. (4)In regards to reading compositions written by other learners, 47.4% of learners answered that writing their own compositions was “helpful”. Also, the same percentage of learners answered that reading compositions of other learners contributed to an increased understanding toward others. (5)Learners answered that comments (appreciation) on their compositions made them happy because other learners “sympathized” with what they had written in their compositions, and that they realized that others held “many different perspectives” and had “similar experiences”.
  • 7.

    The Semantic Relations in Compound Adnominal Phrase —Focusing on the semantic relation of verb phrase and adjective phrase—

    Hwang Younsil | 2019, (50) | pp.129~148 | number of Cited : 0
    This paper considers sentences of the type “Verb Phrase+Adjective Phrase+Noun da”, such as “Shigoto ga dekiru subarashii hito da”, in which verb phrases and adjective phrases form adnominal phrases. I focus on the internal structure “Adjective Phrase+Verb Phrase” (compound adnominal phrase) making comparisons with sentences of the type “Adjective Phrase+Verb Phrase+Noun da”, such as “Wakai yaseta josei da”, and describe the nature of the semantic connection between verb phrase and adjective phrase. First, from a numerical perspective, the frequency of “Verb Phrase+Adjective Phrase+Noun da” type sentences (95.5%) is overwhelmingly higher than that of “Adjective Phrase+Verb Phrase+Noun da” type sentences (4.5%). Observing the semantic relation between the Verb Phrase and Adjective Phrase forming the adnominal phrase, those describing aspects with similar attributes are more common than those describing aspects with different attributes. In “Verb Phrase+Adjective Phrase+Noun da” type sentences describing aspects with similar attributes, the Verb Phrase expresses an individual and concrete attribute, which is generalized and evaluated by the Adjective Phrase. In “Adjective Phrase+Verb Phrase+Noun da” type sentences, this kind of connection is hardly observed at all. This means of expression is considered the semantics of the form “Verb Phrase+Adjective Phrase”.
  • 8.

    The Life in Postwar Japan Women’s Poetry

    RHEEM YONG TACK | 2019, (50) | pp.149~166 | number of Cited : 1
    The starting point of Japan women’s poetry is in 1950s. After war, It was formed various legal system for being grow up the social position of women and then going on 1960s. At that time, the poetries related to war appeared the attitude of gazing at the present and future life, it was to be freed by the direct scars of the war. Women were relatively free from the memory of war compared to men, naturally, their poetic interests were seen as the gaze of ordinary everyday life or the pursuit of life as a woman. For example, Isigaki Rin aspired to a minor life in a deprived daily, and Ibaragi Noriko and Sinkawa Kazue asked themselves about overcoming sexual handicaps as a woman and the sceptical meaning of social life through it actively. Their poetical common feature was the mother and further more the perception of life based on the subjectivity of femininity, it has passed to woman’s poetries boom in 1970·80s. It is the basis to view the life as an identity of postwar women’s poetry.
  • 9.

    A study on Ozaki’s Platonic Love —About the love in the creative motive—

    Han, Kwang-Soo | 2019, (50) | pp.167~182 | number of Cited : 0
    This paper is a review of love which was the creative motive of Ozaki Koyo. Koyo said in his ‘Konzikiyasya’, “For the creative motive of Konzikiyasya the power of money is simply instantaneous and no matter how powerful it may be, but it cannot be preserved permanently. On the contrary, I think love is forever dominating life. In other words, it is love that brings life very closely together. So I started writing because I wanted to write it.” I pay attention to his expression that love is not eternity, but love controls life invariably forever. I think he had a different idea than the fantasy of love, which insisted on eternal and immutable love in the midst of the age of Western worship by other authors. I wrote this paper after making such a hypothesis. As a result analyzing ‘tazyotakon’ and ‘Konzikiasya’ which are said to have drawn platonic love shows that neither side is talking about the eternity and immutability of love. I think that the reason is reflected in his willingness to stick to his position as a realist writer, and conclude that he did not talk about the ideal of love in his work but tried to paint the reality of Japanese as it is.
  • 10.

    Study on the exchange through a letter sent by the Bashō to Dosui

    Heo Kon | 2019, (50) | pp.183~200 | number of Cited : 0
    Dosui interacted with Bashō and had a great influence on the development of Bashō’s Haikai literature. Bashō exchanged through his travels with his literary men, and exchanged letters with the literati. There are four characteristics of letter Bashō sent to Dosui as follows. First, Dosui provided Bashō with a variety of necessities and economic help. Dosui was an economic supporter of Bashō, who supported daily necessities and literary necessities. Second, Bashō, through Zhuangzi’s thought, requested Dosui’s academic endeavors and present Doshi his book “Zhuangzi”. These facts indicate that Bashō recognized Dosui as an important academic companion at the time. Third, through the letter, we asked for trouble intervention among the literary men, or active efforts in literary activities. He also advises on the life of the right literary person. This is the relationship between Bashō and Dosui as mentors and pupils who instruct literary people at the time. Fourth, Bashō and Dosui made friendly exchanges in everyday life, and Bashō mentions his daily life in detail to Dosui. Bashō and Dosui kept academic and human relationships very intimate. In this way, it can be seen that Bashō’s letter to Dosui is recorded from Bashō and Dosui to human exchanges, economic cooperation and academic exchanges.
  • 11.

    Origins and socio-cultural context of Hono-sumo(奉納相撲) in the Meiji Jingu Shrine

    Kim Yongui | 2019, (50) | pp.201~216 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Japanese sumo wrestled with the festivities of the shrine. This continues to this day. In particular, shrines with a special historical, social and cultural status such as the Meiji Jingu Shrine, Ise Jingu Shrine and Yasukuni Shrine regularly perform ceremonies related to sumo wrestling. In this paper, the origins and changes of the Japanese Meiji Jingu Hono-sumo(奉納相撲) were examined with a focus on the socio - cultural context of the time.The socio-cultural context in which Meiji Jingu shogunate sumo wrestlers can be summarized as follows. First, before the modern era, there was a base that had enjoyed watching sumo. Second, it originated from the folk tradition of dedicating sumo to the rituals of shrines and temples throughout the country since the modern era. Third, in the process of modernization, when Sumo was in danger of being abolished, Sumo Association officials strengthened their relationship with Shinto, including Meiji Shrine, as a self-help measure to escape the crisis. Fourth, it is consistent with the historical, political, and social context of strengthening nationalism as a whole. Fifth, the same socio-cultural context was combined with the so-called “national flag sumo”.
  • 12.

    The Cultural Power of the Empire of Japan : The Intricacies of the State Power and the Culture —From “the Nationality of Japanese Spirit” To the “Kanon”—

    JohngWan Suh | 2019, (50) | pp.217~253 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This paper is a part of the research that explores how a representative of today’s Japanese ‘traditional culture’ or ‘traditional performing art’, Noh(能) had developed in the colonial Chosun and what kind of cultural apparatus it was working as. The Noh, which started its revival as a state entertainment when a new power created by the Meiji Restoration had recognised it, has a history of 1)the preservation of its vitality under the protection of sovereign rulers of each period after the Zeami epoch, 2)the establishment of its firm position as an official ceremonial music - the ‘Shikikaku(式楽)’ - in the Tokugawa Bakufu era. Such Noh however, had duplicity under the empire of Japan which was modern and nation state that had a profound impact in Asia as a result of its expansionism and militarism. On one hand, it was a performing art that symbolised the grandeur of empire, extolled as the ‘nationality of Japanese spirit(日本精神の国粋)’ and used as a cultural apparatus to uphold the national polity and boost the nationalism, with the glamorous appearance on the oustside. On the other hand, it was deemed a ‘sacrilege’ towards the Japanese emperor, criticised as a popularisation movement and forced to assist the Entertainment Patriotism(芸能報国) as one of the ‘common’ performing arts due to the ‘Gigeisha-Sho’ system, which indicates the dark side of it. This paper considers the polarity behind a discourse - that could be regarded as a sort of ideology - “the traditional Japanese culture that has been inherited over six-hundred years” as the cultural power’s dynamics and think about the problem ‘tradition’ and an era ‘modern’, focusing on the relationship between the power and performing art through the cultural apparatus called Noh.
  • 13.

    A Study on the Ukiyo-eji and the Kibyō-shi of the 1780’s

    milim Lee | 2019, (50) | pp.255~273 | number of Cited : 0
    The Gibiyo-shi is one of the literary works which appeared in 1775 and 1806, the proportion of illustrations is high, and the remaining margins are booklets that outlines the appeal of the wisdom sutras filled with hiragana like a picture.In the book covering the amount of about 5 pages on the front cover, Masanobu and other promising Ukiyo-e artists actively participated and demonstrated their creativity freely. From the origin of Gibiyo-shi “榮花夢” to the publication of “鸚鵡邊文武二道” The development and response with the policies of the Edo shogunate and the mutual influence of the delicate and realistic style of kabuki painting It was. Particularly in 1781 participation in the production of publishers such as Utarigi became a detonator, and it was activated further.In 1787 the vibrant atmosphere that Mompei Masanobu of Matsudaira Junpo was ordered changed extremely. As a result, the churches of the common people who were able to adapt themselves to the new administration at the time of the Gubi - yo, and many writers borrowed the enemy and took up the enemy’s enemies.
  • 14.

    A Study of Vocabulary Expression and The nuance of word in “Kon-katsu Sen-ryu”

    Takao Ito | 2019, (50) | pp.275~291 | number of Cited : 0
    This study is aimed at highlighting an aspect of the images of vocabulary expressions found in “Konkatsu Senryu” that is closer to the actuality that is exchanged in daily life linguistic space rather than being limited to the category of fixated interpretation such as those in dictionary through “Konkatsu Senryu.” As the result of the study, there was a trend that can be predicted under the themes of “Konkatsu Senryu” including <Konkatsu>, <Red string of fate> and <Encounter>, etc. in the survey for frequency of occurrence of vocabulary. However, when viewed from other perspective, it can be deemed that this characterizes this Senryu. In addition, due to abundance of works that used the same vocabulary, it is possible to compare a diverse range of cases for the significances and images contained in the vocabulary. Furthermore, as the result of observing the meanings in works with focus on the frequency of occurrence of vocabulary, diversified and multifaceted images were highlighted. Although some of the limited vocabulary was analyzed in this study due to the limited space, I am planning to pursue research on greater number of cases in the future.