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2020, Vol., No.53

  • 1.

    The continuation of the Japanese Matsury and the main role of the transmission group —An Anthrography of Taketomijima Danadui in Okinawa—

    Kim Yongui | 2020, (53) | pp.7~28 | number of Cited : 0
    This paper is a folklore study of a festival called “Danadui” that is handed down to Taketomi Island in Okinawa. The most important thing in the study of the festival will be the “site” to perform the festival and the “transit group” in charge of the festival. There are indeed a variety of people at the festival site. The people participating in the Tanadui site were analyzed by dividing them into the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd leading groups. Although Tanadui has undergone many changes, it is still Taketomijima’s largest annual event and has been handed down by local residents. I would like to summarize the ‘transmission power’ that Tanadui could continue without being cut off. The first is the human-God communication. The awe of the “god” that took root in the lives of local residents served as a great driving force. Second is the relationship between man and man. Tanadui has a well-established organization that supports festivals such as Hyangwoohei Association, Entertainment Preservation Association, and the National Taketomijima Cultural Association.
  • 2.

    A Study on the Learning Motivation, Level of Interest, and Perception of Japanese Learners —Focusing on College Students Majoring in Tourism—

    Kim Yoon-hee | 2020, (53) | pp.29~48 | number of Cited : 3
    The survey results are as follows. First, In a survey regarding the level of interest in Japan, the subjects found Japanese tourist attractions and food more interesting, while finding Japanese sports and celebrities less interesting. Second, In a survey regarding the perception of Japanese elements, the subjects had more than average levels of positive perception on the Japanese language, an average perception of the Japanese nation and its people, and a highly positive perception on Japanese tourist attractions. Third, In terms of motivations that formed perceptions about Japan, the following positive elements(66.44%) were found, in order of the level of their influence: Comicsㆍanimationㆍcharacters>tourism experience> Japanese food, film>cultureㆍlanguage, fashionㆍcosmetics>TVㆍdrama>video contentsㆍ social media,acquaintances>musicㆍsingers> books>sports. The following negative elements(33.56%) were found, in order of the level of their influence: history>politicsㆍ social issues> environment. Fourth, In terms of motivation for learning the Japanese language, the subjects indicated higher internal motivational factors(66.51%) than external ones(33.49%). The following learning motivations were found, in the order of their importance: Career advancement>travel preparations>access to popular culture>advance foreign language skills>college credit acquisition>linked learning> surrounding influence> language and cultural access>new foreign language exploration
  • 3.

    A study on tone marks of korean proper nouns of the NIHONSHOKI printed in 1669

    Mihyun Park | 2020, (53) | pp.49~66 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study explores the tone marks of the proper nouns of Korean origin in the 9-year edition of Kanbun(1669). This paper presents them as data, and examines the correspondence with the Ganemigi-bon, a manuscript of the Urabe family. As a result, the tone marks of proper nouns of Korean origin in the 9-year edition of Kanbun was the most common Hyosyo, and this is the same as the result of the old manuscripts and the manuscript of Kanemigi. As a result of responding to tone marks common to the manuscript of Kanemigi, the perfect agreement reached 95%. Therefore, it is considered that this data can be regarded as a material that can complement the manuscript of Kanemigi. However, the volumes for which the scores have not been judged are shown depending on the volume, so volume 27 and volume 29 should be used with caution.
  • 4.

    Ogyu Sorai’s Theory of Utopia —Focusing on the Reform Thought in Seidan—

    Lim, Taihong | 2020, (53) | pp.67~94 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This paper investigates the utopia, or the ideal society of Ogyu Sorai(荻生徂徠, 1666~1728) through his Seidan(政談). The writer considers the image of Sorai’s ideal society in terms of the ruler’s state, figure of the governed people and the method of rule, as follows. Firstly, about the ruler’s state, Sorai suggested that the ideal ruler has unlimited absolute power, and no moral obligation is imposed. Secondly, on the figure of the governed people in the ideal society, Sorai was especially interested in making the people comfortable. He discussed how to control the inhabitants of Edo city in Seidan, Volumn 1. In the book, he pointed out that too many people had flowed into Edo, the order was collapsing, and various crimes were increasing. With this in mind, he presented various countermeasures. Lastly, Sorai asserted the governance by system, or ‘the rule by rites(禮治)’. He, in the Seidan, pointed out that the most big problem was that there was not system at that time in the Japan society.
  • 5.

    Historical Awareness of Okinawa Community and Literary Representation —Focusing on Oshiro Sadatoshi’s sequel novel Aiena Okinawa on June 23rd—

    Kim,Dong-Yun | 2020, (53) | pp.95~123 | number of Cited : 0
    This paper examines the historical recognition of the Okinawa community and its literary representation through Oshiro Sadatoshi’s sequel novel Aiena Okinawa on June 23rd [六月二 十三日 アイエナー沖繩] (2018). The contents discussed are summarized as follows. First, in this novel, 70 years of Okinawa history from 1945 to 2015 were routinely checked over a period of 10 years. In the eight stories, four men and four women first-person focusers testify to the modern history of Okinawa’s hardship at the right place, and it can be said that the work has achieved results by carefully combining real and fictional events. Second, in this novel, the form of serialization is used to the full. Repeatedly reenacting the hardships of the Battle of Okinawa such as the sacrifice of the teenage local defense personnel, mass suicide, and the dissolution of families, in addition to the extreme difficulties in modern history including the U.S. military’s land exploitation and indiscriminate sexual violence experienced by the Okinawa community has had the effect of emphasizing the issues. Third, this novel concretely showed the aspect of critical awareness of the violence, confirming that the miserable reality of Okinawa originated from the greed of the two great empires of Japan and the United States. Based on such critical perceptions, the artist portrayed not only the ongoing struggles of Okinawa, but also the frustration and settling for reality. Fourth, the novel highlights the love for peace by the Okinawa community, while introducing the Age of Discovery during the era of the Ryukyu Kingdom. It is a work that meaningfully embodies the desire for independence for a truly peaceful world, dreaming of extreme actions such as terrorism or praying for the world of Buddha to overcome the reality of no exit.
  • 6.

    Ancient narratives reproduced in modern times —Focusing on Iwaya Sazanami’s “Momotaro”—

    Park Mi-Kyong | 2020, (53) | pp.125~143 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This paper intends to examine how ancient Japanese narratives, namely folktales, were re-discovered as a device to promote nationalism in the Japan modern era. The correlation between the role of these traditional narratives and cultural shift during the Japanese mordern era, which was referred as the “Modern Period of Knowledge”, highlight how these texts were reintroduced in the height of the 19th century and played both political and social roles in the process of forming the modern nation-state One such relevant ancient narrative is Momotaro, which was one of the most well-known folktales written by Iwaya Sazanami. With research it can be concluded that Momotaro was reconstructed and reproduced in the Japanese modern era and helped establish a sense of nationalism and community sentiment during this period. As a result, Sazanami not only contributed to the advancement of children’s literature during the Meiji era through publishing of children’s megazines, but also through popularization of theater to build political nationalism through literary culture.
  • 7.

    Spatial Representation Consideration in the Poetry of Kazue Morisaki —Focusing on the sky and Korean memories—

    SORIMACHI MASUMI | 2020, (53) | pp.145~164 | number of Cited : 2
    In this article, he focused on his appearance as a poet and writer in his expression activities. Then he tried to look at the spatial expressions that appeared in the poem of poet Kazue Morisaki. First of all, we focused on the “spatial symbols” that emerge from the poem, and compared them with the “sky” and “sea” which can be classified into two major categories according to the difference in perspective of the speaker in the poem. In addition to the “sea,” which has been pointed out in the previous research, this article made new recommendations on the expression of “sky” in Morizaki’s poems. I studied the meaning of the spatial representation of “sky” and what role “sky” plays in Morizaki’s poetry. This article is intended to clarify the figure of the poet Kazue Morisaki and some of the characteristics of her poems by attempting to analyze spatial symbols in the poem and, among other things, searching for the meaning of the symbol “sky.”
  • 8.

    A Study on The Paradox of Truth or Real in Modern Literature in Japan —Focuse on “Kamen no Kokuhaku” and “Akeo Ubau Mono”—

    Eunkyung Choi | 2020, (53) | pp.165~188 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study examined the representation of ‘truth’ or ‘real’ attempted in Japanese modern literature, and what it implies, and the principle of structure that is highlighted through contrast with false or fake. It is a major text. “Confession of Mask” by Yukio Mishima and “Ake wo Ubau mono” by Fumiko Enchi. The two works overwhelm the atmosphere. Contradiction or contrastive combination is noted, In this paper, the authenticity of what is simply true, false, and what is real and fake is stated in the text, but the “face of mask” in common in both works and the justification of the main characters who can not help living like that reveal the structural contradiction of the work and give a glimpse of the artist’s strategy and intention.,Because it seems to be reflected in many cases, especially the two works are known as autobiographical novels of Mishima and Enchi, and the main characters ‘I’ and Shigeko are conscious parts of the two writers
  • 9.

    A Study on the Exchange of Bashō and Kakei

    Heo Kon | 2020, (53) | pp.189~207 | number of Cited : 0
    The exchange of Bashō and Kakei is about 10 years. Bashō and Kakei interacted with Haikai literature in human relations. Kakei played an important role in the trip, which was the means of Bashō Haikai reform. Bashō helped a lot in the growth of Kakei Haikai literature. As a result, Haikai literature of Kakei grew greatly, but he failed to adapt to new Haikai literary of Bashō reform and broke up with Bashō. The academic relationship between Bashō and Kakei and the process of changing the human relationship can be confirmed by letter Bashō to various writers. Until Bashō died, relationships with Bashō and mentors of Kakei were maintained. As a Haikai literary person, philosophy of Bashō life, which cherishes human relations, can also be seen in relation to Kakei. Bashō and Kakei could not share a scholarly path because of their differences in Haikai literature. Bashō had a different academic path from Kakei, even before his death, but he showed a sense of pursuing unity in human relations. This is a true figure of Bashō as Haikai literary man.
  • 10.

    A comparative study of Takiji Kobayashi’s “absent landlord” and Lee Ki-young’s “hometown”

    HWANG Bongmo | 2020, (53) | pp.209~228 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This article is a comparative analysis of the rural novel “absent landlord” of Takiji Kobayashi and the rural novel “hometown” of Lee Ki-young. As we have seen, “absent landlord” and “hometown” have similarities and differences. The similarity between Takiji Kobayashi’s “absent landlord” and Lee Ki-young’s “hometown” is that village farmers are bothered by the high tenant fees of landlords, that landlords are absent landlords, that the character of middle manager are the same, that the landlord has a relationship the state power, and that the villagers win the dispute. On the other hand, the difference between “absent landlord” and “hometown” is that the relationship between farmers and workers is different, the object of the fight is different, character of the landowner is different, and the “hometown” has a Dure. In conclusion, the development of capitalism is slower in “hometown” than in “absent landlord”. This is because village farmers in “absent landlord” win a dispute by establishing a labor-management alliance and village farmers in “Hometown” win by threatening Ahn Seung-hak’s family history. However, there is hope in “hometown”. This is because villagers in “hometown” recognize that the triumph of a dispute is a temporary victory. That is why you can have hope in “hometown”.