This study examined the representation of ‘truth’ or ‘real’ attempted in Japanese modern literature, and what it implies, and the principle of structure that is highlighted through contrast with false or fake. It is a major text. “Confession of Mask” by Yukio Mishima and “Ake wo Ubau mono” by Fumiko Enchi. The two works overwhelm the atmosphere.
Contradiction or contrastive combination is noted, In this paper, the authenticity of what is simply true, false, and what is real and fake is stated in the text, but the “face of mask” in common in both works and the justification of the main characters who can not help living like that reveal the structural contradiction of the work and give a glimpse of the artist’s strategy and intention.,Because it seems to be reflected in many cases, especially the two works are known as autobiographical novels of Mishima and Enchi, and the main characters ‘I’ and Shigeko are conscious parts of the two writers