The difference between Baek Nam-Woon’s Coalition for New Democracy and Choson Kongsan-tang’s 「August Theses」
In this paper, the history of the resistance of the Korean people against Japanese colonial dominance is studied in terms of the history of ideology, and the perspective of those who considered what kind of nation could be constructed after liberation is examined as well. Theorists who represented the national movement deeply thought about what the form of the new state should be and finally suggested the diverse principles of State Establishment after the 8․15 liberation. The concept of the Coalition for New Democracy was a theory of State Establishment proposed by Baek Nam-Woon, who was a middle-left centrist politician and theorist at that time. To reveal his idea of a new form of Chosun to the world, he coined the term the Coalition for New Democracy.
Having examined all kinds of existing forms of democracy, including liberal democracy, social democracy, proletarian democracy, Eastern Europe's people's democracy, and Mao Zedong's New Democracy, Baek Nam-Woon clearly declared that all such systems of democracy could not be applied to Chosun. The Coalition for New Democracy was a principle of State Establishment against 「August These」s advocated by Jaegunpa Choson Kongsan-tang(Korean Communist Party). In April of 1946, the Coalition for New Democracy was revealed to the world long after 「August Theses」 was established. The logic was that critical intervention would inevitably be needed, refuting the bourgeois-democratic revolution propagated by 「August Theses」, while Baek Nam- Woon advocated at the same time his principle of State Establishment, which opposed the revolutionary route of the Korean Communist Party.
In the proceeding paper, I indicated that the Coalition for New Democracy was entirely different from 「August Theses」 and the other principles of State Establishment; I did not totally describe the differences. Therefore, I have tried to analyze the Coalition for New Democracy in depth in this paper, delving into the other side of the bourgeois-democratic revolution, for which Baek Nam-Woon did not make a distinction.
In conclusion, I have pointed out three differences between the Coalition for New Democracy and 「August Theses」. First, the Coalition for New Democracy was based on Marxism, but it did not set up the communist community as an ultimate purpose of state establishment. Second, the Coalition for New Democracy did not prioritize the proletarian originality, and there was not any argument of proletarian hegemony. Third, the Coalition for New Democracy intentionally attempted to construct a classless, united nation-state, accomplishing both national liberation and social liberation simultaneously.