The Organization and Role of the Chinese Consulate in Chongjin, Colonial Chosun During the Republic of China Period
The Chinese Consulate in Chongjin began operations in June 1930 under the jurisdiction of North Hamgyeong Province of the Colonial Chosun, but was closed in July 1936 because of the incident of the Chosun Army's attack on the Chongjin Consulate. This article examines the organization and role of it.
Firstly, I review the reason for the establishment of it. The reason is that, first, as a military and economic hub that connects with Manchuria, Chongjin is important, and second, there is an increasing number of overseas Chinese in Chongjin. Fu Shi-ying, Ma Ting-liang and Wang Shou-shan, the Consul-General in Colonial Chosun, consistently requested that the establishment of it was necessary for the above two reasons Secondly, I analyse the organizational change of it and the Japanese response to it. At the time of the opening of it, four consulate officers were in charge, including Ma Yong-fa, the consul of Chongjin. However, It was reduced in July 1931 when Ma Ying-fa, still consul in Chongjin, moved to Wonsan on the grounds of his appointment as vice consul in Wonsan, was converted into a office because of the lack of operating expenses. At the end of 1933, when the probationary consul Sun Bing-gan was dispatched, it was reinforced, and the end of 1935, five consular officers worked. Since the Japanese Government-General of Korea did not recognize consulate officers, which requested that the Chongjin part be removed from the list.
Finally, I examine the role of it, focusing on the Anti-Chinese Riots and Chongjin incident. The establishment of it was a long-time wish of local overseas Chinese. When the Riots spread nationwide, the consular officers actively responded and tried to protect the overseas Chinese. Seven people, including five consular officers involved in the Chongjin incident. After negotiations between China and Japan, they released on the condition of repatriation, but suftered great pain.