This paper is to review the problem of Overseas Chinese refugees of Vietnam during the First Indochina War through official documents of Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Republic of China. The results of these review are as follows. Overseas Chinese refugees of Vietnam who escaped to Guangxi province and Yunnan province in China were from Northern Region of Vietnam. These reasons resulted from geographical factor with China–Vietnam border. Overseas Chinese refugees of Vietnam hoped to return to former Vietnamese residence because of no means of livelihood and hyper inflation in Chinese Civil War. After accepting their petition, the Republic of Chinese government took administrative actions, including diplomatic negotiations with French Colonial Government of Vietnam. UNRRA and IRO of international organization in UN played a small part in solving the problem. French Colonial Government of Vietnam provided them relief funds and removed restrictions concerning passport and visa to return to Vietnam. These actions enabled them to return to former residence of Vietnam.