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2011, Vol., No.18

  • 1.

    Little Emperor Syndrome in Contemporary Chinese Children Literature

    Song yun ok | 2011, (18) | pp.5~28 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    The 'One-Child Policy' implemented by the Chinese government since the 1980s has caused “Little Emperor Syndrome" (小皇帝-xiao huang di), which results from the child's sole command of the attention of their parents. China's economic growth around the same time also greatly increased the amount of money parents spent on their children, which resulted in a variety of themes for children literature. When examining "Little Emperor Syndrome" and the trend in contemporary chinese children literature, there are some differences between the children literature of China and that of other countries : Firstly, we can see many "Friendly Daddy" characters in Chinese children literature. This reflects China's children-focused atmosphere and the ideal role of fathers in China. It also shows the emphasis on the father's role to solve the problem of excess males in China. Secondly, twin characters, step-siblings from remarriage and characters having very close friendships among only children frequently appear in Chinese children literature to supplement the absence of siblings. Thirdly, we see many cheerful main characters who are not easily seen in the real school circumstances. Although these characters are not good at studying and don't have any special skills, they are warm-hearted and thoughtful. Little Emperors, having the heavy burden of academic expectation, get a vicarious thrill by seeing these characters do what they themselves cannot do in the oppressive reality. Also fantasy and humor can be very comforting for them and this is why fantasy and humor genres are the general trend in contemporary Chinese children literature. Fourthly, we can see many children novels published in a serial form. Many of them have a separate plot in each volume and are published as an expanded series up to dozens of volumes. These long stories can include various real life situations and detailed descriptions of the characters, which enables children readers to feel like making friends with the story characters. The great success of the series in children literature shows that Little Emperors have the purchasing power to enjoy their own cultures and that many excellent writers have the ability to meet their readers' expectations.
  • 2.

    A Study on Chinese and Korean Content Meaning Causative Verb Sentences.

    PARK, EUN SOK | 2011, (18) | pp.29~58 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    本文研究汉语實義致使動詞句和韩国语實義致使動詞句的特征及其對比。有的学者把汉韩實義致使動詞句排除在致使句的范围之外,但是本文主张汉韩實義致使動詞句满足致使句的成句条件,所以应该把它们包括在致使句内。类型分类上汉韩實義致使動詞句属于分析型致使。而且表达“命令义”和“允许义”的汉韩實義致使動詞句属于“目的(PURP)类型”致使。本文阐明了汉韩實義致使動詞句能表达的语义范围。也阐明了汉韩實義致使動詞句表达的语义和汉韩實義致使動詞句的各种特征(比如,蕴含性特征、致使者控制度特征、被致使者自控度特征)之间的关联。最后指出了汉语實義致使動詞句和韩国语实义致使动词句之间的共同点和不同点。
  • 3.

    A Study on the structure of SUOZI in SANGUOZHI

    이소동 | 2011, (18) | pp.59~86 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    本文主要探討西晉《三國志》所字結構的功能,並通過與《史記》所字結構的比較考察了從先秦到西晉時期所字結構的發展趨勢。《三國志》所字結構有以下幾個方面的特點:首先,所字結構在提取成分上主要提取受事,也可以提取處所,目的,原因等方面,與此相應,《三國志》所字結構中出現頻率最高的類型就是提取動詞賓語的‘所VP’結構,占83%。所字結構出現的句法位置方面,出現頻率最高的是賓語位置,其次為判斷句謂語,主語,定語。在充當所字結構的VP類型上,大部分是由單個動詞充當的,全所字結構中占72%。這樣的事實可以說是反映西晉時期所字結構的發展方向。通過與《史記》所字結構的比較,我們可以發現所字結構的幾個發展趨勢:指稱成分上的單純化,出現句法位置上的固定化,VP類型上的簡單化。
  • 4.

    The Study of femme fatale in《Lienǚ-zhuan(列女傳)》and《Shin-shuo Hsin-yu(世說新語)》

    Youngsuk Lee | 2011, (18) | pp.87~120 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    《Lienǚ-zhuan(列女傳)》 is representative literary works of Han dynasty(漢) which claims to support Confucian ideas. Liuxiang(劉向) created《Lienǚ-zhuan(列女傳)》 to admonish Cheng-di(成帝) who gave his heart to Zhao-feiyan(趙飛燕) and spoiled the political affairs. The contents were based on feudalism of Confucian ideas, so very instructive. 《Shin-shuo Hsin-yu(世說新語)》is the representative literary works of gathering anecdotages about famous people who lived in Wei-Chin Nan-Bei dynasty(魏晉南北朝). Wei-Chin Nan-Bei dynasty(魏晉南北朝) is a political terrorism period, but in the literaryㆍideologyㆍphilosophy field that era can be called as a period of social revolution which created new social system and advanced culture so on. Through both literary works we can find various tendency of the women who had lived in those period, especially the women named femme fatale. This manuscript focuses on femme fatale of both period, and considered how the different ideologies influence the lives of those women. This manuscript would attempt to reinterpret the positive and aggressive tendency of the women underestimated as femme fatale simply because they went up against the Confucian rules.
  • 5.

    韓少功의 《馬橋詞典》 읽기

    김순진 | 2011, (18) | pp.121~148 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    本论文通过《马桥词典》考察韩少功对人类生命力和文学的思维。《马桥词典》通过解释“马桥”这个中国小乡村的语言,显示马桥的传统和马桥人的生命。作家在一个中国方言里探索中国人的文化和精神上的根源,同时也要探讨生命本质和生命力的源泉。韩少功为了理解“马桥”这个空间的文化和历史,就选择了115个语词。 对韓少功看来,语言是人们能进入社会的工具,也有能控制社会的力量。所以韩少功要探讨马桥的深入结构、人间的深入结构,就分析马桥语言。也可以说《马桥词典》的第一主要角色就是“马桥语言”。这部小说是关于马桥方言的词典,韩少功想要以马桥方言抵抗主流话语。这就是寻根文学的特征之一。但是作家再走一步探讨人类生命的本质、沟通的生命力,还有进行有关书写方式和书写思维的哲学性探索。韓少功要在没有规范化的方言中寻找人们的原始生命力。没被作家加工的语言就是词汇。笔者以为《马桥词典》是对于矛盾和没加工的人类欲望的神话,是对于现存书写方式的抵抗和新书写方式的实验。韩少功怀疑集体的历史、被隐蔽的历史。历史不是线性发展的,是反复的东西。作家选择的“词典”形式就是要露出平面时间、多层时间的装置。作家选择的115个词汇多层的相交,制造马桥人的历史。马桥人被描写为离现实脱离的落后人物,但是韩少功给马桥人赋予崭新的力量。维持他们自己生活逻辑的马桥人也变化都市知识分子和接受主流意识形态的人们。躲避主流权利的马桥力量就在于他们非逻辑和非理性的思维。《马桥词典》的更大意义在于超过了理性思维逻辑而企图对生命根源的反省。《马桥词典》是一篇袒露人们矛盾欲望的神话。马桥是很矛盾的空间,有矛盾思维,有矛盾的语言。不仅词汇,句子结构也有矛盾逻辑。韩少功觉得一般人认为矛盾的其实不是矛盾。他认为“矛盾的统一性”就是能表现人本性的逻辑形式。要解决这个矛盾,韩少功否定“虚无主义”,重视心智求索的过程。韩少功把这种看法叫作“过程价值论”。文学不是某个目的性的结论,而是作家追求能理解世界的智慧的过程美学。
  • 6.

    붉은 수수밭〉에 나타난 탈식민주의 페미니즘

    Ro hea Sook | 2011, (18) | pp.149~168 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    影片〈红高梁〉的女主角‘九兒’,可谓是封建社会买卖婚的被害者。可是她不屈于陋劣的环境,抵抗封建社会,活着自主、成功的人生。从下面三个方面分析了九儿有自主的一生。1)免于被支配走向自主的一生, 2)大地上的母性, 3)向帝国主义日本的抵抗(向日本侵略者的抵抗)。〈红高梁〉可评价于脱殖民化女权主义浓厚、抵抗传统、对抗帝国主义的不轨和抵抗的电影。
  • 7.

    시와 고사를 통해 살펴본 중국의 떡 문화

    Wonhee Kim | 이종무 | 2011, (18) | pp.169~196 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    中國古代糕點數千年来與人們的日常生活和傳統節日息息相關。尤其是在宋詩中存在着很多有關‘糕’的語詞, 這是因爲宋代詩人在語言的運用上不避俗俚, 追求平易自然。本論文通過宋詩與故事來考察中國的‘糕點’文化。首先,在宋人趙汝績、姜夔、朱淑貞、方回、陸遊等的詩篇中考察傳統節日有關的年糕、春餅、湯餅、重陽糕等糕點。其次,研究在民間故事、彈詞中的蘇州糕點,例如: 定勝糕、方糕等。‘糕點’在人們的生活中佔據着重要而獨特的地位, 它不僅是一種美食, 而且更體現了文化和歷史價値。與'糕'有關的詩歌與故事, 具體表現在古代中國節日文化與日常生活習慣之中,通過这些詩歌、故事,我们可以了解獨特的文化蘊含和古代民俗風情。
  • 8.

    Zhou zuoren's ZaXue & Consilience of Knowledge

    홍준형 | 2011, (18) | pp.197~224 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    After the 20th century, the new intellectuals in China had a critical mind in common, which was how to get out of the traditional academic thoughts and secure the self‐ruling academic independence liberated from ethics. Zhou zuoren also sought to make up a new academic system through securing its independence, pointing out how detrimental the traditional Chinese academy was, which had been subjected to ethics. On the other hand, however, he didn’t deny the connection itself between academy and ethics. He thought that academy which studies human beings and objects could hardly be separated from ethics and must not be separated from ethics in that the latter was a total form of what human beings accumulated as human culture passed through a long time. But he believed that what was problematic was that academy must not be completely subjected to ethics as it had been or be treated as a byproduct for ethics, and that academy should be able to make contributions to creating human beings’ new future‐oriented ethics in the end through mutual communications and exchanges, while sustaining its original independence. In order to achieve his idea, Zhou zuoren tried to practice a series of new academies which he himself called ‘Za Xue(雜學)’. What he called sundry learning had the relative meaning compared with so‐called ‘authentic academy’ or ‘mainstream academy’, through which he endeavored to pull himself out of the frame of mainstream academy previously subjected to ethics, draw up new academic areas based on individuals’ independent consciousness and knowledge, and lay the foundations for a new human academy through communications and exchanges among each academic area. He tried to ultimately examine the root of China’s national character by exploring the Chinese people’s daily lives, customs, and folk art through the in‐depth study of anthropology and folklore, and establish new viewpoints towards children and juvenile literature on the basis of scientific reason while criticizing universal recognition of children in traditional societies by studying mythology and fairly tales. In addition, he intended to go beyond the limits of human beings‐oriented thoughts by studying Western sex psychology and biology, and think and form the relationship itself between human beings and objects in a fresh way through scientifically understanding human beings and observing objects themselves. He made efforts to introduce to China Japanese culture through the research of Japan and, in particular, the arts and aesthetics in daily living which was peculiar to Japan as he was greatly interested in them. Moreover, he read China’s idea history from a new point through the research of writing methods during the Ching Dynasty and tried to regard it as a foundation for help past and present communicate with each other through having a dialogue with the present and for historic recognition. On top of that, he made great achievements in translating foreign literature and ancient Greek mythology and had interests in studying Buddhist scriptures and medical history and went on with in‐depth researches.
  • 9.

    China's perception and policy of multiethnic state : focused on official policy and viewpoints of academia

    서정경 | Cha, Chang Hoon | Dongwook Won | 2011, (18) | pp.225~248 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    This study aims to analyze China's multiethnic policy while driving the nation's goal, 'the Grand revival of Chinese people'. for this purpose, this study analyzes the formations of China's multiethnic policy in its historical context, and also scrutinizes the main discussions of Chinese academia which is believed to has certain influence on CCP. CCP once maintains the principle of self-determination of peoples which permits minor race's right to stablish its own nation, but has changed to minor race's self-governing system. the main purpose of many another multiethnic policies made by CCP, which seemingly very beneficial to minor race, but lies in strengthening its jurisdiction over people in fact. Chinese academia, also develops logic of 'plural races but all in one', helps CCP maintain and strengthen its one-party dictatorship. CCP mistakenly confuses state, a political substance with race, a cultural community on purpose. China's multiethnic policy not only meets resistance from its minor race, but also leads to some kind of friction from neighboring countries.
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