Emperor Culture Observed in the Poetry of Taizong and Xuanzong
This study investigated 92 poetry written by emperor Taizong and 65 poetry written by emperor Xuanzong, and the culture inside the poetry.
The first part covered cultural policies of Tang dynasty. Tang dynasty is known for stable society and strong economy. This is attributed to the efforts made by Taizong and Xuanzong; They revitalized Confucianism education, valued school education, and established social atmosphere where scholars are respected.
The second part is the study of banquet which should be held by emperor. Observations found in 12 poetry written by Taizong and Xuanzong are as follows: First, they took a rested appreciating garden and surrounding landscape at the banquet. Second, they held banquet during the seasonal holidays and when celebrating emperor’s birthday. Third, banquet was held to commemorate the victory in the war, appreciate wise retainers, and to inform etiquette culture to accomplish political purpose of emperors.
The third part focused on royal tour which was made for the political purpose by Chinese emperors. While going on a patrol, the emperors visited historical plates and determined to respect and pursue the words of the sage. In addition, they recollected initial difficulties of ancestors, reminded history, and refreshed themselves while appreciating Pungmul and customs among people.
The fourth part is about jieling(节令) which represents seasonal or national holidays. Taizong wrote poetry of four seasons including spring, summer, fall, and winter and expressed a sense of futility with the change of seasons. Meanwhile, Xuanzong wrote poetry of seasonal holidays such as hanshi(寒食) and duanwu(端午), which reflected the customs of the period. On duanwujie(端午节), people enjoyed qiuqian(鞦韆) and cuju(蹴鞠), while on hanshi(寒食), they hung changmingsi(长命丝) in their arms, ate boiled tame duck, and made plum wine.